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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,
Below the end of the book of Exodus across the entire width of the page is an illustration. It consists of a diagram of the knotted ephod and the twelve stones of the hoshen, used by the high priest for divination, giving the right answer to the leaders of the community (described twice in Ex. 28:6–30 and 39:2–21). This was done by means of the Urim veTumim, which were also part of the “Hoshen of Judgment.” On top of the commentary column is the title: “This is a different, new commentary,” (זאת פרישה אחרת חדשה) and is in fact a shortened version of Rashi’s commentary on Ex. 28:6, with some variations (Rashi’s commentary on Ex. 39:2–21 is not extant). The diagram is drawn according to an interpretation written below it. Unlike the descriptions of the hoshen in the Bible (Ex. 28:15–21, 39:2–14), which arrange the stones in four rows, the diagram arranges all the stones in one long row, adding two additional rows below, all enclosed in knotted frames of the ephod. On the top row are the names of the twelve stones, and below them are the corresponding names of the twelve tribes in the order of their birth and Jacob’s blessing his sons (Gen. 49:3–27), which were to be engraved on the stones. In the lower row are the names of the three Patriarchs, divided in sections of one to three letters, followed by the term: “Tribes of Jeshurun.” According the Babylonian Talmud (Yoma, 73b) the names of the Patriarchs and the term were added in order to have the entire Hebrew alphabet appearing on the twelve stones, since the letters zadei and tet were missing in the names of the tribes. With these additions the alphabet was complete and enabled to enlighten the necessary letters on the stones of the hoshen and make up the correct answer. As our scribe-artist Shlomo explains, he drew them according to the learned commentary by R. Abraham bar Ytzhak, dean of the court of Lunel.
Name/Title
Albenc Pentateuch | Unknown
Object Detail
Fol. 119v
Date
6 February, 1340
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Present Usage Details
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
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Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
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Hebrew Numeration
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Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
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Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
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Bibliography
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Negative/Photo. No.