Hebrew University  
A Catalogue of Wall Paintings in Central and East European Synagogues
  CJA
56 image(s)
Object Alone
(XI* Edit) Obj. ID: 91
Wysoka Synagogue in Kraków, .
Hierarchical List of Objects:
Object Detail
Subject
Unknown |
Date
1556-1563
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Community
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Category
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Material/Technique
Material Sdivucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Subgroup
Hallmark Identification
Hallmark Group Classification
Hallmark Reference
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Condition
Biography
Bibliography
Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 64 with ill.;
Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóżnice murowane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw, 1999), pp. 120-3 with ills.;
Eugeniusz Duda, Krakowskie judiaca (Warszawa, 1991), pp. 97-99 with ills.;
Izabella Rejduch-Samkowa & Jan Samek (eds.), Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, tom IV: Miasto Kraków, część VI: Kazimierz i Stradom - Judaica: Bóżnice, budowle publiczne i cmentarze (Warszawa, 1995), pp. 15-17, ills. 16, 43-44, 61, 97, 107, 119;
http://www.sztetl.org.pl/en/article/krakow/11,synagogues-prayer-houses-and-others/3739,high-synagogue-in-krakow-38-jozefa-street-/
Rodov, Ilia, The Torah Ark in Renaissance Poland: A Jewish Revival of Classical Antiquity (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2013)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Original Object
Photographer
Photograph Date
1995
Negative/ Photo. No.
Documenter
Boris Khaimovich |
Researcher
Boris Khaimovich |
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Description

The synagogue was built in 1556. The building is included in the row of street buildings,  and were built over one of the houses. The prayer hall of the synagogue has three semicircular windows, located in the second level between the pilasters (buttresses). The building was restored in 1863, and after the Second World War, in 1970-1971.

The layer of Renaissance murals, which belong apparently to the second half of the 16th c., were opened in the 1970-s restoration. The murals are preserved in large parts of the southern wall and in the window openings. The fragments of the murals are preserved as well on the eastern wall near the Torah Ark. Rectangular tablets with texts, framed by ornamental borders, covered the walls of the prayer hall. The borders  are decorated with floral and deciduous ornament and by curly vine with bunches of grapes. The elements of Jewish symbols and Renaissance vases were included in the murals. Cinnabar and ocher were the main color of ornament.

The new murals, which have not survived, have been made, probably, over the old ones in the first half of the 20c. These were the images of the signs of the zodiac, sheep’s  of Abraham,  Noah's Ark and illustrations to Psalm 137,  according to Piechotka, M., and K. Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóznice murowane na ziemiach dzwnei Rzeczypospolitej, (Warszawa: Krupski i S-ka, 1999), P.123