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Obj. ID: 22464  David Strashun’s Kloyz in Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania

© , Photographer: Unknown, .

The kloyz was established by the wealthy merchant David Strashun (1755–1842) after 1812. The kloyz housed a yeshiva, headed by Rabbi Avraham Ha-Levi Hurvits (1802–57) until 1832 and afterwards by Rabbi Mordechai Meltser (1797–1883), the future head of the Ramayles Yeshiva. It was a “rather small” kloyz with a women’s section; its interior was decorated with oil paintings.

Already in 1875 a conflict regarding property rights for the kloyz arose; arbiters decided that the entire household belongs to the heirs of Naftali Hirsh Strashun (Strashunskii), son of David Strashun, and that the kloyz remains to function in his courtyard. In 1904 the elders of the kloyz, situated in a wing facing Kvasnoi Lane, tried to register it as a separate property, but unsuccessfully. In 1905 they asked for a permission to convert one window facing Kvasnoi Lane, into a door. Supposedly, this was made with an aim at making the kloyz accessible directly from the street, and not through the Strashun’s courtyard. It could also be regarded as another attempt to claim the property rights to the parishioners. The municipal authority permitted the conversion of the window into the door, but the owner of the household, Moshe Strashun, disputed this decision; at the end, the question was brought to the Senate – the Russian Supreme Court for appeals. It is interesting that during the dispute the elders of the kloyz claimed that it has no name, while the owner of the courtyard stressed that the kloyz is named after his ancestor. In 1916 there were 30 regular worshippers and the kloyz had electric lighting; in 1933 their number reached 54. By 1942 the kloyz was “greatly damaged.” The building does not exist.

From Vladimir Levin, “Synagogues, Batei Midrash and Kloyzn in Vilnius,” in Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, ed. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin et al., vol. 2 (Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Arts Press, 2012), p.   321-322.

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Name/Title
David Strashun’s Kloyz in Vilna (Vilnius) | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Date
After 1812
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Lithuania | Vilnius County | Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno)
| 3 Stefanovskaia (today Šv. Stepono) Street
Historical Origin
Community
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Category
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
No
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Coordinates: 54.673477, 25.280355
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Vladimir Levin, “Synagogues, Batei Midrash and Kloyzn in Vilnius,” in Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, ed. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin et al., vol. 2 (Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Arts Press, 2012), p. 321-322.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Researcher
Vladimir Levin | 2016
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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