Hebrew University  
A Catalogue of Wall Paintings in Central and East European Synagogues
  CJA
2 image(s)
Object Alone
(XI* Edit) Obj. ID: 1085
Great Synagogue in Orla, .
Hierarchical List of Objects:
Object Detail
Subject
Unknown |
Date
Mid-17th century
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Community
Location
Poland | Podlaskie Voivodeship | Orla
| 37 Armii Czerwonej St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Category
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Material/Technique
Material Sdivucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Subgroup
Hallmark Identification
Hallmark Group Classification
Hallmark Reference
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Condition
Biography
Bibliography
Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 97 with ill.;

Tomasz Wisniewski, Jewish Bialystok and Surroundings in Eastern Poland: A Guide for Yesterday and Today (Ipswich, Massachusetts, 1998)., p. 96 with ill.;

Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóżnice murowane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw, 1999), pp. 362-4 with ills.;

Przemysław Burchard, Pamiątki i zabytki kultury Żydowskiej w Polsce (Warszawa, 1990), p. 63;

Pinkas hakehilot: Polin, vol. 8: mehozot vilna, byalistok, novogrudek (Jerusalem, 2005), p. 105;

Tomasz Wisniewski, Synagogues and Jewish Communities in the Bialystok Region: Jewish Life in Eastern Europe before 1939 = Bóżnice Białostocczyny: Hearthland of the Jewish Life - Synagogues and Jewish Communities in Białystok Region (Bialystok, 1992), p. 183 with ill., ills. on p. 34-37;

Hatsfirah, 23.10.1878, p. 315;

http://www.sztetl.org.pl/pl/article/orla/11,synagogi-domy-modlitwy-i-inne/4356,synagoga-w-orli-ul-armii-czerwonej-37-/;

http://cbj.jhi.pl/documents/809735/5/
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Photographer
Photograph Date
1995
Negative/ Photo. No.
Documenter
|
Researcher
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Carmen Echevarria | 2016
Donor
|
Description

The synagogue in Orla was designed in the Baroque style in the middle of the 17th century with a building plan for nine bays and a vaulted ceiling. The synagogue has been rebuilt and remodeled many times. In the early 19th century, two wooden staircases were added to the women's gallery and the façade of the synagogue received a classical design.

The wooden Torah ark, the murals on the eastern wall of the prayer hall, and its columns are original to the time of the construction of the synagogue. The murals on the eastern wall were connected to the wood and stucco ark and are partially preserved. The decoration theme includes peacocks and other birds, and garlands and grapevines.  

The murals in the arch above the entrance with 'the four animals' motif were painted in the 1920s.

For the interior see: