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  (XI) Obj. ID: 9136 Synagogue in Alytus,, Alytus, 1911. // Unknown edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
5a Activity Dates Until WWII
5b Reconstruction Dates 2016-2019
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
20 Remarks
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

For the prayer hall see:

For the women's section see:

The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

For the rooms on the ground floor see:

On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

For the wall paintings in the prayer hall see:

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

For the measurement drawings see:

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material Brick

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer East
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem East

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
1992, 2007
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses

Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12)
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
9136
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (405 image(s))

      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [ ... ][17] [18] [19] [20] [21]

(XXII) ID: 79705 Synagogue in Alytus, Southern facade , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79705 Synagogue in Alytus, Southern facade , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Southern facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330579
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79705
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79762 Synagogue in Alytus, Northern facade, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79762 Synagogue in Alytus, Northern facade, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Northern facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330636
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79762
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79763 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79763 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330637
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79763
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79481 Synagogue in Alytus, Detail of Eastern facade, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79481 Synagogue in Alytus, Detail of Eastern facade, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Detail of Eastern facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330355
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79481
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79672 Synagogue in Alytus, Western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79672 Synagogue in Alytus, Western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Western facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330546
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79672
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79438 Synagogue in Alytus, Detail of Western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79438 Synagogue in Alytus, Detail of Western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Detail of Western facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330312
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79438
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79806 Synagogue in Alytus, Plaque on western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79806 Synagogue in Alytus, Plaque on western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Commemorative plaque
3b Object Detail Plaque on western facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330680
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79806
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79697 Synagogue in Alytus, Detail of roof, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79697 Synagogue in Alytus, Detail of roof, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Detail of roof
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330571
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79697
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79453 Synagogue in Alytus, Pilaster detail, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79453 Synagogue in Alytus, Pilaster detail, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Pilaster detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330327
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79453
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79466 Synagogue in Alytus, Window detail on western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79466 Synagogue in Alytus, Window detail on western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Window detail on western facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330340
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79466
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79455 Synagogue in Alytus, Window detail on western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79455 Synagogue in Alytus, Window detail on western facade, Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Window detail on western facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330329
20 Description

The synagogue is situated on the left bank of the river Nemunas in the part of town known as Alytus II.

The synagogue was built in 1911, after a large fire ravaged Alytus II in 1909, in the place of a wooden synagogue that was built as early as 1857.

In the first days of the Nazi occupation, the synagogue was converted into a hospital for prisoners of war, which operated there until the end of August 1941. Later it housed the locksmith workshops of the Alytus Craft School. In the Soviet period, the synagogue served as a salt warehouse, and as the building was adapted for a new purpose, the interior was changed and damaged. In 1992 a renovation project was put forward with the aim of converting the building into an art gallery. However, it has not been implemented. Today (2007) the former synagogue building is out of use and rapidly deteriorating.

The synagogue was erected in so-called “brick-style”, mainly from yellow bricks, using red brick to emphasize the decorative elements. The rectangular building, composed of a prayer hall in the eastern volume and a two-story western volume, is covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The western volume includes a vestibule with two adjacent rooms on the ground floor, and the women’s section on the first floor.

 The exterior of the synagogue has remained largely unchanged. Basically, the façades are treated in two ways, indicating the difference between the prayer hall with its fourteen windows and the two-story western volume. Pilasters divide the northern and southern façades into two unequal bays. Similar pilasters emphasize the corners of the building. The northern and the eastern façades facing the street are the most elaborate. Pointed arch windows of the prayer hall are decorated with pointed archivolts and topped with round pediments. Recessed narrow panels in red brick imitating gutters are placed between the arches. The windows are situated above a socle made from stripes of red and yellow brick, which, according to historicist architectural conventions, are elements of oriental design. While the northern façade contains four large windows, the eastern one is designed symmetrically with two groups of three windows and a central blind bay between them. This bay is framed by two slender pilasters rising up to the gable and topped with a small round pediment. Another round pediment matches the interior position of the Torah ark. Above it, the bay is pierced by currently blocked biforia windows, symbolizing the Tablets of the Law, and a central oculus in the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts, as well as two rhombi in red brick on both sides of the biforia. Broader red brick pilasters, decorated by recessed panels in yellow brick, mark the corners of the façade.

 On the northern façade, a similar pilaster indicates the division between the prayer hall and the western volume of the building. The western bay of the façade, occupying about one third of its whole length, has two tiers of segment-headed arch windows. To embellish the street façade, the lower windows received triangle pediments, while the upper tier windows are topped with segmental archivolts and interleaved with recessed red brick panels imitating gutters smaller than those in the eastern bay. The whole façade is crowned by a cornice with stepped modillions, and the tiers are separated by a thin stringcourse on the height of the window sills. The red and yellow stripes, which form a socle on the prayer hall façade, are applied to the whole height of the ground floor in the western bay.

The described design scheme is applied to the western façade, too, but while the windows of the ground floor are crowned by straight window cornices, those of the first floor follow the bending of the segmental arches. As on the eastern façade, a pair of lesenes flanks the central bay, dividing the façade into three unequal bays: the northern one with two window axes, the southern one with three, and the central one with the main entrance for men. Likewise, the corner pilasters are different: the northern one has recessed panels like those of the street façade and is crowned by a small “turret”, while the southern pilaster is plain like those on the southern back façade (see below). The entrance in the narrow central bay is framed by a deepened Neo-Romanesque portal with archivolts. The segment-headed window above it is topped by a large brickwork Star of David with red brick background. It is surmounted by currently blocked biforia windows, similar to those on the eastern façade. The central bay is crowned by a small triangular broken pediment with a redbrick field in the middle and a decorative corbel at the apex. The gable sides include two bricked-up semicircular windows adorned with archivolts and red rhombi like on the eastern façade. The doorway on the southern side of the façade was cut through the window during the Soviet period.

The southern, rear façade is the most modest one. Simple lesenes instead of decorated pilasters divide it into western and eastern bays like on the northern façade. The eastern bay, matching the prayer hall, has four pointed windows; the westernmost one and the adjoining pier are cut through by a new gateway. The two-story western bay is now blank but traces of a segment-headed window and a doorway in the first floor are still perceptible. This door served as the entrance for the women and probably was accessed by a wooden staircase attached to the wall, which could explain the absence of windows on the ground floor.

The synagogue represents a comparatively late example of “brick-style” architecture, where occidental motifs – as the Neo-Romanesque portal and the pointed arches – are combined with the oriental motif of colored brickwork stripes. 

(Citation from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 90-94).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79455
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79403 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79403 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Galkus, Mindaugas
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330276
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79403
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79404 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79404 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Galkus, Mindaugas
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330277
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79404
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79405 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79405 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Galkus, Mindaugas
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330278
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79405
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79407 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79407 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Galkus, Mindaugas
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330280
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79407
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79406 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79406 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Galkus, Mindaugas
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330279
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79406
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79408 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79408 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Galkus, Mindaugas
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330281
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79408
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79402 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79402 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A330305
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79402
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79421 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79421 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330294
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79421
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 79422 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 79422 Synagogue in Alytus, , Alytus, 1911 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Alytus | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1911
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Alytus County | Alytus
| 9 Kauno St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style "Brick Style" (Russia)|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Jucytė-Tikuišienė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A330295
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010. Vol. 1, pp. 87-95;
Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill on p. 34;
Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 146 ill. 129;
Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 142;
Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1479;
www.zydai.lt/lt/content/viewitem/614/;
Valentinas Bransišauskas, "Fate of Jewish Property in Lithuania during World War II," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Jewish Cultural Heritage in Lithuania (Vilnius: Versus aureus Publishers, 2006), p. 55;
Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), iil. 1, 2;
http://jewish-heritage-europe.eu/2017/07/25/lithuania-restoration-of-alytus-synagogue-progresses
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
79422
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” project 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a



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