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  (XI) Obj. ID: 6121 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor ,, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century . // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Eastern Ashkenazi Siddur-Mahzor for the entire year consisting of two codicological, palaeographical and textual units. The first unit includes a Siddur and Haggadah with commentaries in the margins by Eleazar of Worms; Ethics of the Fathers with commentaries from the Mahzor Vitry, and piyyutim for yozrot for particular Sabbaths, some with commentaries.
The second unit is a Mahzor, no commentary.
The manuscript is mutilated in many places.
I. Siddur, Haggadah and Ethics of the Fathers (fols. 1-107):
1. Siddur (fols. 1-23v), including weekday services (fol. 1-15v); Torah blessings recited at the beginning of the service (fol. 1; cf. Goldschmidt 1970, I:28); Sabbath services (fol. 16-23v), beginning missing, opens with אתה יצרת עולמך of the musaf amidah. The section מפני חטאינו גלינו of the musaf (fol. 16) is decorated with a large initial word; the Saturday night service includes the Blessing for the New Moon (fols. 16v-17).
2. Passover Haggadah (fols. 24-37): mutilated, begins at the end of the blessing for the washing of hands. Includes also Pour out thy wrath (Ps. 79:6), first verse only (fol. 32v), and the piyyutim: אז רוב נסים (fol. 35), אומץ גבורותיך (fols. 35v-36) and כי לו נאה (fol. 36v).
3. Ethics of the Fathers (fols. 37-47v, mutilated from 4:20).
4. Yozrot for Sabbaths and special occasions (fols. 48-95v): mutilated, begins with קדושים בנפשם עולים על גבי חרשים (middle of a piyyut for the fifth Sabbath after Passover, fol. 48); Sabbath before Shavuot (fol. 49); Sabbath after Shavuot (fol. 54); Shabbat Shlah Lekha (fol. 58); Shabbat Nahamu after 9th Ab (fol. 58v); Shabbat Shma (fol. 61v); Shabbat Ekev (fol. 63); Sabbath before New Year (fol. 64); עזרת מאורה לאחר שבועות (fol. 68); Shabbat Shuvah between New Year and Day of Atonement (fols. 69); Sabbath between Day of Atonement and Sukkot (fol. 72); Shabbat Holhamoed Sukkot (fol. 74v); Simhat Torah (fol. 76); Shemini Azeret (fol. 76v: including ofan for Shabbat Bereshit). Shabbat of a wedding (fol. 78v); Shabbat of Circumcision (fols. 84-87, first column); Shabbat and Roshhodesh (fol. 87); Second Shabbat Hanukkah (fols. 89-91); Purim (fols. 91-91v); Shabbat Shira (fol. 91v); Shabbat Decalogue (fols. 94v-95v, end mutilated).
5. Selihot for fast days (fols. 96-107v): beginning missing, opens with סופקת כף אל כף (fol. 96); selihot for Isruhag of Passover (fol. 96); 17th of Tamuz (fol. 97); 10th Tevet (fol. 99v); Fast of Esther (fol. 102), and two other selihot (fols. 105v-107). Addition by another hand of a section of the piyyut Zekhor Brit (fol. 107); Selihot customs fol. 107v, end mutilated.

II: Mahzor (fols. 108-230v): mostly includes piyyutim:
Passover (fols. 108-127v): first day morning service (fols. 108-113v); musaf (fols. 111v-116); second day morning service (fols. 116-117v): ending נחמדים מפי בפירושי of the yozer אפיק רנן.
Seventh day morning service (fols. 118-122): begins with ונ'(אמר) הסירותי מסבל שכמו from the end of the magen. The Aramaic piyyutim for the seventh day of Passover are omitted. Eighth day morning service (wrongly entitled יוצר ליום ש[מ]יני; fols. 122-127v).
Shavuot (fols. 127v-133v, end mutilated): first day morning service (fol. 127v-133v): the piyyut seder olam of the kedushta, omitting the addition at the end וישמחו כל העם, which is recited in western Ashkenaz.
Ends: ופדיון הבן [ו]נדר והקדש of the azharot (leaves missing). Additional piyyut (fol. 134 אורחי מעבר הנהר).
New Year (fols. 134v-157): first day: morning service (fols. 134v-139); musaf (fols. 139-148v): the piyyut מלך עליון includes the verses מלך אביון (fol. 141), which are usually omitted in the Ashkenazi rite. Also includes the silluq ונתנה תוקף קדושת היום (see Remarks).The title of the amidah piyyut ויאתיו was added later in the margin of fol. 143v. Between fols. 143v-144 there are remnants of two parchment leaves (no text is missing). Second day: morning service (fols. 148v-155), musaf (fol. 155-157): including the titles of the piyyutim to be said, among which is the silluq ונתנה תוקף.
Day of Atonement (fols. 157v-189): evening service (fols. 157v-164): Kol Nidrei followed by a few selihot and avinu malkenu: the abbreviated choice of the selihot is a typical eastern Ashkenazi custom. Morning service (fols. 164-187v): some piyyutim are missing between fols. 172-173; interrupted on fol. 179v: ואל ינום of the selihot; musaf (fols. 180-189v): beginning missing, opens with זמירות/ לסולח עוונות of the piyyut לאוהב צדקות; the piyyut ובכן שרפים עומדים ממעל לו/ זה אל זה שואלים is recited according to the western Ashkenazi rite. The kedushah ends with the silluqונתנה תוקף . Afternoon service (fols. 189v-193), the selihah יי' שמעה יי' סלחה on fol. 193 inserted later in semi-cursive script entitled פזמון אחר. Neilah (fols. 194-196), ending with blowing the horn (fol. 196).
Sukkot (fols. 196-203v, end missing): First day: morning service (fols. 196-197v); musaf (fols. 197v-198). Second Day: morning service (fols. 198-201). Shabbat Holhamoed: morning service (fols. 201-203v), with fragmentary hoshanot at the end (fol. 203v, incomplete).
24 Codicology
24a Scribes The text is written by five scribes: Scribe A: fols. 1-47v in light and dark brown ink: • Marginal commentary: Scribe A: fol. 1 (inner margin: ... י"ג תיבות נגד י"ג איברים... הוא לגוף). • Commentator 1: fols. 1 (inner margins: ברא ...)-37 (ואני לך ארץ וא"י …). • Commentator 2: fols. 37 (משה קיבל תורה ...)-47v. Scribe B: fols. 48-87 (first column) in brown ink: • Marginal commentary: Commentator 2, except for fol. 68-68v, which was copied by Commentator 3. Scribe C (Aharon): fols. 87 (second column)-107v in brown ink. On fol. 107v, end of the first codicological unit, inscribed by Scribe C: I the scribe Aharon, אני הסופר אהרון. This scribe added a missing passage in the margins of fol. 79 (in Scribe B's section). • Commentator 4: fol. 107v (Selihot customs). Scribe D: fols. 108-117v in brown ink. Scribe E: fols. 118-203v in brown ink. Script The text is written in Ashkenazi square (Scribes A-C) and semi-square (Scribe E) script; as well as quasi-Oriental(?) semi-square script (Scribe D); and the commentaries are in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
24b Script
24c Number of Lines Columns The text is written in two (mainly fols. 1-95v) and one (mainly fols. 96-203v) columns. Number of lines The main text is written in 17-29 lines per page (Scribe A: fols. 1-47v), 21 (Scribes B and C: fols. 48-107), 23-24 (Scribe D: fols. 108-117v), and 28 (Scribe E: fols. 118-203v).
24d Ruling Scribe A (fols. 1-47v): ruling for the main text in plummet for each leaf, hardly visible; 17-29 horizontal and 1+2+1 vertical lines. Ruling for the marginal commentary: 2+2 in the upper and lower margins and 2+2 in the inner and outer margins (e.g. fols. 20, 21, 23). Where the commentary does not fill all margins, the ruling outlines the allocated space (e.g. fols. 29, 30, 32). Scribe B (fols. 48-87): ruling for the main text in sharp plummet for each leaf, hardly visible; 22 horizontal and 1+2+1 vertical lines. The first and last two horizontal lines are sometimes ruled across the page (e.g. fols. 51-55v). The commentary is guided by a separate frame surrounding the text in the margins (e.g. fols. 40, 63). Scribe C (fols. 87-107): Ruling for the main text made in plummet for each leaf, hardly visible; 22 horizontal and 1+2+1 vertical lines for 2 text columns (e.g. fols. 88-95), and 1+1 for one (e.g. fol. 99v). Scribe D (fols. 108-117v): Ruling for the text by stylus on the hair side; 24 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines. The first and last horizontal lines are ruled across the entire page. Scribe E (fols. 118-203v): Ruling for the text by stylus on the hair side, 28 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines. The first one or two and last horizontal lines are sometimes ruled across the page.
24e Pricking Scribe A-C: Noticeable in all margins; the 11th and 13th lines were sometimes double-pricked and the upper and lower margins were pricked 2+2+2 (e.g. quire III, fols. 16-23). Scribe D-E: No pricking is visible.
24f Quires 26 quires of 8 leaves each, except for I8-1, XIV4, XV2+8, XV2+8, XXI8-1, XXIII8-1. Unit I: I8-1 (1-7: first leaf missing); II8 (8-15, quire missing?); III8 (16-23, quire missing?); IV8 (24-31); V8 (32-39); VI8 (40-47: end, Scribe A. The catchword does not correspond to the first word of the next leaf quire missing with text?); VII8 (48-55); VIII8 (56-63); IX8 (64-71); X8 (72-79); XI8 (80-87: end, Scribe B); XII8 (88-95, quire missing?); XIII8 (96-103); XIV4 (104-107v, end of first codicological unit, end Scribe C). Unit II: XV2+8 (108-117: the last two leaves of the preceding mutilated quire were added when rebound). fol. 117: end, Scribe D, finishing with catchword; some quires missing). Scribe E, some quires at the beginning missing: XVI8 (118-125); XVII8 (126-133, some quires missing); XVIII8 (134-141); XIX8 (142-149: a piece of parchment between fols. 143v-144, with 6 lines of text by Scribe E); XX8 (150-157); XXI8-1 (158-164: fourth leaf is cut out); XXII8 (165-172, leaves with text missing); XXIII8-1 (173-179: first leaf with text is cut out); XXIV8 (180-187); XXV8 (188-195: a quire missing); XXVI8 (196-203: finishing with catchword; some quires missing).
24g Catchwords Catchwords for quires are written horizontally at the lower left side in square and semi-square Ashkenazi script by the text scribes. The catchwords by Scribe A are decorated, two elaborately (fols. 7v, 15v, 39v). Hebrew numeration None.
24h Hebrew Numeration None.
24i Blank Leaves None.

25 Material/Technique
Two codicological units: vellum (fols. 1-107) and thick sheepskin (fols. 108-203).
II (glued to each other) + 203 + II.
Watermarks of flyleaves: hand with a cuff and a five-petalled flower attached to its middle finger (back cover first flyleaf; 89 mm): similar to Piccard, No. 210 (Nuremberg, 1492).
Two woodcut flyleaves now in the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung in Munich (Inv. No. 171526, Inv. No. 171523) were each attached to the pastedowns of the front and back covers (see Illuminated Documents).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
Full page: (309-311) x (245-248) mm.
Text space: Fols. 1-47v, Scribe A: (203-215) x (160-170) mm.
Fols. 48-87, Scribe B: (212-214) x (156-165) mm.
Fols. 87-107, Scribe C: (215-217) x (169-172) mm.
Fols. 108-117v, Scribe D: (215-225) x (165) mm.
Fols. 118-203v, Scribe E: (230-249) x (195-207) mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
Inscribed in black ink by Scribe C on the verso of fol. 107v: "I the scribe Aharon" (אני הסופר אהרון).
31 Scribal Notes
None.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

15th-century binding on wooden boards (321 x247 mm.); the spine and a quarter part (65 mm) of each board are covered with white pigskin decorated with a stamped chain of floral ornament. The spine has three double cords and a head band, the tail band is missing. Holes and remains of nails situated along the upper and lower edges of the front cover denote the place of two lost clasps. They correspond to the indented squares on the back cover where straps were attached.

The binding was probably done in the Augustinian Friars monastery of St. Vitus inNuremberg(Munich, EBDB p001297; Hernad 1990:66; Kyriss 1951/58, No. 19).

This binding is similar to other Hebrew manuscript bindings from Schedel's collection (cf. BSB Cod.hebr. 14, 16, 21, 69, 88, 90, 298).

36 Decoration Program

The main decoration is found in the Siddur and done by Scribe A. It consists of a full-page double arcade and decorated initial words and catchwords. They are mostly coloured in brown ink, red and green

and spared-ground technique, decorated with wrigglework, animals and foliage motifs and a chequered pattern.

 

By Scribe A:

  1. A full-page double gate (227 x 174 mm) encloses the text of the opening page (fol. 1); decorated with chequered columns and bases with quadrupeds in spared-ground technique. The arches are coloured.
  2. Decorated initial word panels (fols. 4, 16v, 37v), large initial words for main sections (stem length 50-80 mm: fols. 9v, 13v, 14, 20v, 24v, 32v, 46), medium ones (stem length 25-35 mm: fols. 10, 11v, 15, 24, 29, 30, 37, 39), and smaller words for sub-sections (stem length 12-20 mm: fols. 14, 16, 42, 48v, 49, 53, 54, 56v, 69, 81v, 88). They are mostly coloured in red, green and brown ink, decorated with wrigglework and spared-ground technique, with animal and foliage motifs and a chequered pattern.
  3. Decorated catchwords (e.g. fols. 7v, 15v, 39v).

By later hands:

  1. Plummet sketches of a rosette, an interlaced knot and a dragon in the lower margins (fols. 84, 96v, 97v respectively); and crude ink doodles (fol. 76).
  2. Two woodcut flyleaves, now in the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung (Inv. No. 171526, Inv. No. 171523), were attached to the manuscript as the front and back flyleaves and were detached on

1st December 1862.

36 Summary and Remarks

The mutilated manuscript is composed of two different codicological, palaeographical and textual units.

The first, vellum, unit is a Siddur and Haggadah copied by Scribes A, B and C (fols. 1-107). The second, sheepskin, unit is a Mahzor copied by Scribes D (fols. 108-117v) and E (fols. 118-203). The codicological features of the Mahzor, such as ruling by stylus, although without pricking in the inner margin, might point to a somewhat earlier date than the ruling in plummet with pricking in the inner margin of the Siddur

(Beit-Arié 2003:20-21). Although it is not clear when the two units were brought together, Scribes A, B

and C of the later Siddur unit added annotations to the earlier Mahzor.  

According to Goldschmidt this manuscript, especially the Mahzor, although lacking a great deal from the morning service until the end of the musaf for the Day of Atonement, is the oldest and most important source of the eastern Ashkenazi rite. This manuscript was used for collating variants in Goldschmidt, Mahzor for Rosh Hashana (Goldschmidt 1970, I:53).   

The custom of reciting the Torah blessings before the morning prayers (fol. 1) is a clear indication of the east European rite, whereas in the western Ashkenazi communities it is read later, before Parashat Tamid (Goldschmidt 1970, I:28; Y. and A. Fraenkel 2008:7). Another indication of the eastern rite is the recitation of the piyyut (silluq) ונתנה תוקף in the musaf of both New Year and the Day of Atonement, whereas in western practice it is recited only on New Year. This is the case, for example, in the Nuremberg Mahzor of 1331, one of the three largest Ashkenazi mahzorim (the others are the Worms Mahzor and the Amsterdam Mahzor), which represent the eastern Ashkenazi–Austrian rite. Nevertheless, for some reason, the silluq in our mahzor appears only once, in the New Year musaf.

There is also an inconsistency in the morning service for the Shabbat of Circumcision, which in the Nuremberg Mahzor as well as in our mahzor runs according to the western Ashkenazi rather than the eastern rite (Y. and A. Fraenkel 2008:80, notes 448 and 449).

Another outstanding example is the order for blowing the horn in the musaf for the first and second days of New Year (fols. 147 and 156v - תקיעה שברים תקיעה) which is a western Ashkenazi custom, whereas in Poland (and France) the order is in accordance with Rabbenu Tam (תקיעה שברים תרועה תקיעה; Goldschmidt 1970, I:259). These inconsistencies perhaps occur because the prayer books of the eastern practice only became fixed when they were printed during the 16th century, not earlier.

Only the first unit containing the Siddur is decorated. The double arcade (fol. 1) resembles that of a Mahzor produced in 1279 apparently inBamberg(fig. 2). In both manuscripts the arcade is decorated with a geometrical pattern, juxtaposing elements coloured in ink with others in spared-ground technique. A special affinity is evident in the three spared-ground lions passant decorating the bases of the columns in our manuscript and those decorating the capitals of columns in the Bamberg Mahzor, and the bases of the latter with a decorated catchword in ours (fig. 3). The juxtaposition of elements executed in ink and those in spared-ground technique is the main characteristic of Franconian scribal art, which is found in many other manuscripts from this region from the late 13th to the early 14th century (Cohen-Mushlin 1985:92).

Another example is the Munich High Holidays and Sukkot Mahzor, which shows the general type of decoration also prevalent in our manuscript (cf. figs. 4 and 5). The variety of simple elements drawn by scribes, not always with a dexterous hand, nevertheless enrich the initial words with their different combinations, whether executed in colour, brown ink, spared-ground or all three. Thus the rich initial word in our mahzor is comparable to that in another of c.1270, although the scribes used different motifs (cf. figs. 6 and 7). We may conclude that our mahzor was produced at the end of the 13th or the early 14th century, in the region ofFranconia.

 

 

   

 

Fig. 1: Decorated arcade

MunichAshkenazi Siddur-Mahzor

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 69, fo1. 1

Fig. 2: Decorated portal

TheBambergMahzor

Bamberg, 1279

New York, JTS mic. 4843, fol. 1v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)

Fig. 3: Decorated catchword

MunichAshkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 69, fo1. 7v

 

 

Fig. 4: Inhabited initial word

MunichAshkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 69, fol. 24v

 

Fig. 5: Inhabited initial word

MunichHigh Holidays and Sukkot Mahzor

Franconia, end of 13th-beginning of 14th century

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 86, fol. 19

(See CJA Documentation)

 

Fig. 6: Decorated initial word

MunichAshkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 69, fol. 13v

 

 

Fig. 7: Decorated initial word

Mahzor by David son of Pesah       

Franconia, c.1260-70

New York, Public Library, Jewish division, Hebrew MS B, fol. I:48

(Jerusalem, Narkiss Archive)

 

Two flyleaves at the beginning and end of the manuscript, today in the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung (Inv. No. 171526, Inv. No. 171523), are coloured woodcuts which originally appeared in the Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils (Treasure Chest of the True Riches of Salvation), written by the Franciscan preacher Stephan Fridolin (1430-98). The woodcuts were executed by the workshop of Michael Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff  and published in 1491 by Anton Korberger inNuremberg

(seeMunich, BSB Cod.hebr. 14, Remarks).

 

 

 

 

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Annotations and corrections: by later hands (e.g. fols. 72, 75, 78v, 106v, 107, 107v, 144, 197v-198). Additions in Unit II by: Scribe A: fols. 162v-163; Scribe B: fols. 163v (excepting upper three lines
(מי שענה; Scribe C: fol. 164; Scribe D: fol. 164, lower part of second column and last 7 lines on fol. 164v. Scribe E: 6 lines on a small piece of parchment sewn between fols. 143 and 144.
Owners' inscriptions:
• Within the letter פ of the initial word שפוך (pour out) on fol. 32v the name Abraham is scratched on the green ground.
• In the lower margin of fol. 64v: יוסף בר' אברהם יקם (Joseph ben Abrahem Yakam).
• In the lower margin of fol. 76: כהן בר ( (Cohen ben … )
• In the lower margin of fol. 136, within a scroll: מחזור של ר' ישראלו בר' יסכר(mahzor of R. Israelu
ben R. Issachar).
Librarians' inscriptions:
• Front flyleaf, verso: inscription by Librarian 1a in black ink (cf. BSB Cod.hebr. 21):
קצת תפילות היהודים בחול ובמועדים/ ובימים טובים אבל מועטים/ ובחסרון מאד עד מאד
(Some weekday, holiday and festival prayers of the Jews, though few, with very great deficiency (the
last six words cancelled by a line).
• Under it by librarian 2: Kezas tephilos haiehudim behol uue moedim/ Vbeiamim thobim eual muethim/ Vphehisaran harbe ad meod. Id est.// Pars precationum hebraicarum super/ singulis hebdomatibus et praecipuis/ festis sed in (multis lotis mutila – cancelled by a line) fine defectum habens.
• Exlibris of 1638, in its right upper corner in plummet, the contents of the manuscript in German.
• In plummet on the front pastedown: Die beiden Holzschnitte, deren einer sich neben dem/ Vorsetz und der andere neben den Nachsetzblatt befand,/ wurden auf Anordnung des Directoriums/ herausgenommen. 1. Dez. 1862.
Translation: The two woodcuts which were found one next to the front and the other next to the back flyleaves were removed by order of the director. 1st December 1862.
Exlibris and stamps:
• Two exlibris are pasted one on to the other on a separate black ground. Both were originally glued to the verso of the second flyleaf of the front cover: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (223 x 155 mm.) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I from 1638 (Dressler 1972: B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (178 x 133 mm.) from 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972: A3a-f).
• Front cover, second flyleaf, recto, fol. 1 and fol. 203v: oval stamp of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek from the 20th century, inscribed BIBLIOTHECA/ REGIA/ MONACENSIS.
Signatures and stickers:
• Front cover, upper part, in black ink on wooden board: •D• (signature of Schedel's library).
• Back cover, upper part, in black ink on wooden board: St. 8. n0 72 (signature of Fugger's library).
• Front cover, lower part, in black ink on the leather of the binding: 5. n0. 54 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature).
• Front cover, second flyleaf, verso, in red ink: J.44 (Prommer's revision of the Duke's library in
1582-1583).
• Sticker on spine: 54.
• On the exlibris of 1638, upper left corner, and on the back pastedown in pencil: Cod. hebr. 69 (present signature).
• Stickers on back pastedown and spine: Cod. Hebr. 69.

40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Many quires are missing; some leaves, especially at the beginning are damaged. The lower margin of
fol. 186 is cropped. A small piece of vellum with text is sewn between fols. 143 and 144. Two front and back woodcut flyleaves of the 15th century were removed on 1.12.1862 to the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung in Munich (Inv. Nos. 171523 and 171526).
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Abbreviations
BSB Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
CJA Jerusalem, Center for Jewish Art, The Hebrew University:
• Narkiss Archive
• Schubert Archive
• Sed-Rajna Archive
• CJA Documentation
EBDB Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Einbanddatenbank
SGS Munich, Staatliche Graphische Sammlung

Bibliography
Beit-Arié 2003 M. Beit-Arié, Unveiled Faces of Medieval Hebrew Books: The Evolution of Manuscript
Production - Progression or Regression? Jerusalem 2003.
Cohen-Mushlin 1985 A. Cohen-Mushlin, "The Artistic Style of the Mahzor", Worms Mahzor (Facsimile
Edition), M. Beit-Arié (ed.), Jerusalem 1985, pp. 90-93.
Davidson 1924-1933 I. Davidson, Thesaurus of Medieval Hebrew Poetry, New York 1924–1933.
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20.
Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.
Fleischer 1985 E. Fleischer, "Prayer and Piyyut in the Worms Mahzor," Worms Mahzor (Facsimile
Edition), M. Beit Arié (ed.), Jerusalem 1985.
Fleischer 2008 ע' פליישר, התפילה והפיוט במחזור נירנברג, ירושלים תשס"ח (E. Fleischer, The Prayer and Liturgical Poem in the Nuremberg Mahzor, Jerusalem 2008).
Y. and A. Fraenkel 2008 י' וא' פרנקל, תפילה ופיוט במחזור נירנברג, ירושלים תשס"ח (Y. and A. Fraenkel, The Prayer and Liturgical Poem in the Nuremberg Mahzor, Jerusalem 2008).
Goldschmidt 1970, I-II ד' גולדשמידט, מחזור לימים הנוראים לפי מנהגי בני אשכנז לכל ענפיהם, ירושלים תש"ל:
כרך א – ראש השנה, כרך ב – יום כיפור (D. Goldschmidt, Mahzor for Days of Awe of Ashkenazi Rite
(Y. Fraenkel ed.), vols. I-II, Jerusalem 1970).
Hernad 1990 B. Hernad (ed.), Die Graphiksammlung des Humanisten Hartmann Schedel, Munich 1990.
Kyriss 1951-58 E. Kyriss, Verzierte gotische Einbände im alten deutschen Sprachgebiet, Stuttgart 1951-1958.
Steinschneider 1985 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek
in München, Munich 1895.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6121
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2008 2009, 2014 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin Yaffa Levy 2008 2014 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2014 53a
54 Editor Christine Evans 2014 54a
55 Donor Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation 2008-2012 55a

Less Details


Object's images (12 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 39613 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 1, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39613 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 1, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 1
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Opening page, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 1:  The text of the Siddur's opening page is written within a double arcade: two arches supported by the capitals of three columns on stepped bases. The arches are decorated with a zig-zag pattern, in brown and red ink, the massive capitals are chequered and have a pinnacle protruding, the columns have various geometrical motifs and the three bases have each a lion passant. The columns and bases are in spared-ground technique in brown ink.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink, red and green, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
227 x 174 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39613
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39614 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 4, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39614 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 4, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 4
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 4: The initial word Thanks to God (Hodo, הודו לה') opening the prayer of the morning service in the Siddur, is written in hollow display letters on a red ground decorated with two birds, a dog and flowers in spared-ground technique. Details of the birds and outlines are in brown ink.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements

26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 40 x 92 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39614
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39615 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 7v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39615 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 7v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 7v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Catchword, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 7v: The catchword His name (Shmo,שמו) at the end of the first quire is written within the figure of a bird, which is topped by a circle enclosing a rosette and surrounded by small circles and floral motifs, all in spared-ground technique and brown ink.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and red ink, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements Diameter: 30 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39615
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39616 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 9v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39616 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 9v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 9v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 9v: The initial word Blessed be He (Barukh, ברוך אתה), opening the yozer of the daily morning prayers in the Siddur, is written in display script. The letters are surrounded by wrigglework and decorated with zigzag, network and chequered motifs on an alternating green and red ground, parts of which are in spared-ground technique.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and red ink, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Stem length: 58 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39616
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39617 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 13v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39617 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 13v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 13v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 13v: The initial word And He (Vehu, והוא), opening the tahanun of the daily morning prayers in the Siddur, is written in display script in spared-ground technique. The letters are surrounded by wrigglework and decorated with a zigzag, two rosettes, dots and chequered motifs on an alternating green and red ground, parts of which are in spared-ground technique.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Stem length: 60 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39617
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39618 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 15v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39618 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 15v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 15v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Catchword, decorated
Six pointed star |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 15v: Decorated catchword And we (Veanakhnu, ואנחנו) at the end of the second quire is written in the centre of a Star of David within a circle, decorated with zigzag and floral motifs in spared-ground technique and brown ink.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and red ink, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Diameter: 50 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39618
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39619 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 20v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39619 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 20v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 20v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 20v: The initial word Because of (Mipnei, מפני), opening the prayers for Three Pilgrim Festivals in the musaf in the Siddur is written in display script in spared-ground technique. The letters are surrounded by wrigglework and decorated with floral and chequered motifs and the half-figure of a dog on an alternating green and red ground, parts of which are in spared-ground technique.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink, red and green, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Stem length: 75 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39619
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39620 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 24v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39620 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 24v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 24v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 24v: The initial word What (Ma, מה) opening the Haggadah in the Siddur, is written in display script in spared-ground technique. The letters are surrounded by wrigglework and decorated with a zigzag motif, two rosettes and a hybrid in spared-ground technique on an alternating green and red ground.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink, red and green, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Stem length: 80 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39620
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39621 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 32v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39621 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 32v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 32v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 32v: The initial word Pour (Shefokh, שפוך), opening the second part of the Haggadah in the Siddur, is written in display script. The letters are surrounded by wriggle work and coloured in green and red.

Owners' Inscriptions: Within the letter פ (pe) the name Abraham is scratched on the green ground (see History).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink, red and green.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Stem length: 58 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39621
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39622 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 37v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39622 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor , Fol. 37v, Franconia, End 13th-beginning 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 37v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End 13th-beginning 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 69 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 69)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 37v: The initial word Moses (משה), opening the Ethics of the Fathers in the Siddur, is written in display script. It is surrounded by wrigglework and coloured in red on a brown ground.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and red ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Stem length: 48 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 65 x 167 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39622
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39623 Printed book , Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin, Nürnberg, 1491 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39623 Printed book , Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin, Nürnberg, 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Printed book | Unknown
3a Object Printed book
3b Object Detail Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Staatliche Graphische Sammlung
| Inv. No. 171523
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Staatliche Graphische Sammlung
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Michael Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff's workshop|
13 Iconographical Subject In Search of Christ's Qualities |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fig. 1: The qualities of Christ and of his enemies       Fig. 2: The qualities of Christ and of his enemies

Former front or back woodcut flyleaf                          S. Fridolin, Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer

Munich Ashkenzi Siddur-Mahzor                                des Heils, fig. 66

olim BSB Cod.hebr. 69                                              Nurmberg, 1491

(Munich, SGS Inv. No. 171526)                                   Munich, BSB Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v

 

Both front and back woodcuts once formed part of the pastedown bifolia, only their stubs remaining. Remnants of green colour are seen on the recto of the first paper flyleaf of the back cover, indicating that the coloured woodcut was inserted between the last parchment leaf and the two paper flyleaves.

The former front or back flyleaf was removed on 1st December 1862 and is currently in SGS, Inv. No. 171526. It appears in the text of the Schatzbehalter as fig.66 (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v). It depicts Christ in the centre of a hilly landscape, between trees, blessing with his right hand and holding a stick in his left. His haloed head is surrounded by five animals: an elephant, a turtle dove, a lamb, a pelican and a phoenix. A few black birds attack these animals, while the wild animals, wolf (or dog), bear, lion, unicorn, wild boar and a fox at Jesus’ feet tear at his clothes. On the left, between the trees is a female figure with a sheep and on the right is a flock of sheep on a hill (Bellm 1962, 29-30).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique

Both front and back woodcuts once formed part of the pastedown bifolia, only their stubs remaining. Remnants of green colour are seen on the recto of the first paper flyleaf of the back cover, indicating that the coloured woodcut was inserted between the last parchment leaf and the two paper flyleaves.


The former front or back flyleaf was removed on 1st December 1862 and is currently in SGS, Inv. No. 171526. It appears in the text of the Schatzbehalter as fig.66 (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v). It depicts Christ in the centre of a hilly landscape, between trees, blessing with his right hand and holding a stick in his left. His haloed head is surrounded by five animals: an elephant, a turtle dove, a lamb, a pelican and a phoenix. A few black birds attack these animals, while the wild animals, wolf (or dog), bear, lion, unicorn, wild boar and a fox at Jesus’ feet tear at his clothes. On the left, between the trees is a female figure with a sheep and on the right is a flock of sheep on a hill (Bellm 1962, 29-30).

25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Inner frame: 248 x 175 mm.
With frame: 314 x 256 mm. (the frame is slightly cropped)
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The text clarifying this image in the Schatzbehalter (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v) is entitled Von der Sucht der Sitten Cristi (In search of Christ’s qualities) and belongs to the 61st-65th responses (Gegenwürfe) dealing with Christ’s qualities and those of his enemies, particularly the Jews. It represents an allegory of the virtues of Christ, opposed to the vices of the Jews. In the text Fridolin explains that the birds and other creatures surrounding Christ’s head are his five qualities: the elephant for Christ’s courage, the turtle dove for his virginity, the lamb for his good heart and gentleness, the pelican for his faithfulness, and the phoenix for his resurrection, in the longstanding Christian tradition. By contrast, the wild animals depicted at Christ’s feet stand for the Jewish priests and other enemies who persecuted him. The Jews are described by Fridolin as jealous dogs, dishonest as foxes, lustful as bears, greedy and cruel like wolves, wild and unclean like pigs, proud as the lion and haughty as a unicorn. He adds that they are mocking like a magpie, impure like a passerine, dirty like the hoopoe, thievish like ravens, faithless like an ostrich, merciless like the owl and blind like bats. The attacking black birds and the owl on the right relate to this description. They do not appear in Capestrano's panel and were added by the Schatzbehalter’s artists to make an acute comparison.

The female figure on the left with a sheep at her feet, as Fridolin indicates, alludes to the parable of the Lost Sheep (Mt 18:12-14; Lk 15:3-7), namely the lost sinner. The Lord left ninety-nine sheep on a hill in search for the lost hundredth one, which caused more joy in heaven over a repentant soul than over ninety-nine just souls (PL 76:1247: Gregorius I Magnus, Homiliarum in Evangelia, II/XXXIV, Sunday Sermons III, trans. Toal 1959, 201-202).    

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

The text clarifying this image in the Schatzbehalter (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v) is entitled Von der Sucht der Sitten Cristi (In search of Christ’s qualities) and belongs to the 61st-65th responses (Gegenwürfe) dealing with Christ’s qualities and those of his enemies, particularly the Jews. It represents an allegory of the virtues of Christ, opposed to the vices of the Jews. In the text Fridolin explains that the birds and other creatures surrounding Christ’s head are his five qualities: the elephant for Christ’s courage, the turtle dove for his virginity, the lamb for his good heart and gentleness, the pelican for his faithfulness, and the phoenix for his resurrection, in the longstanding Christian tradition. By contrast, the wild animals depicted at Christ’s feet stand for the Jewish priests and other enemies who persecuted him. The Jews are described by Fridolin as jealous dogs, dishonest as foxes, lustful as bears, greedy and cruel like wolves, wild and unclean like pigs, proud as the lion and haughty as a unicorn. He adds that they are mocking like a magpie, impure like a passerine, dirty like the hoopoe, thievish like ravens, faithless like an ostrich, merciless like the owl and blind like bats. The attacking black birds and the owl on the right relate to this description. They do not appear in Capestrano's panel and were added by the Schatzbehalter’s artists to make an acute comparison.


The female figure on the left with a sheep at her feet, as Fridolin indicates, alludes to the parable of the Lost Sheep (Mt 18:12-14; Lk 15:3-7), namely the lost sinner. The Lord left ninety-nine sheep on a hill in search for the lost hundredth one, which caused more joy in heaven over a repentant soul than over ninety-nine just souls (PL 76:1247: Gregorius I Magnus, Homiliarum in Evangelia, II/XXXIV, Sunday Sermons III, trans. Toal 1959, 201-202).    

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39623
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 39624 Printed book , Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin, Nürnberg, 1491 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 39624 Printed book , Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin, Nürnberg, 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Printed book | Unknown
3a Object Printed book
3b Object Detail Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Staatliche Graphische Sammlung
| Inv. No. 171523
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Staatliche Graphische Sammlung
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Michael Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff's workshop|
13 Iconographical Subject On the way to anoint Solomon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fig. 1: On the way to anoint Solomon Former front or back woodcut flyleaf 

MunichAshkenazi Siddur-Maḥzor

 olim BSB Cod.hebr. 69

(Munich, SGS Inv. No. 171523)

Fig. 2: On the way to anoint Solomon

S. Fridolin, Schatzbehalter der

wahren Reichtümer des Heils, fig. 80

Nuremberg, 1491

BSB Rar. 293, fol. 151r



Formerly front or back flyleaf in BSB, Cod.hebr. 69; currently SGS, Inv. No. 171523. It appears in the text of the Schatzbehalter, fig. 80.This woodcut was attributed to BSB, Cod.hebr. 16 (Hernad 1990, 119), according to an inscription in plummet written on the back of this print, but its size corresponds to that of our manuscript.

In the centre of the scene Solomon, between the High Priest Zadok on his right and Nathan the prophet on his left, is riding towards the Gihon, where Zadok will anoint Solomon as the new King. Solomon and Zadok are on horseback, Nathan on a mule. This is contrary to the Bible (I Kings 1:38), which states explicitly that Solomon should ride David’s mule. They are accompanied by many people leaving the city, represented by a building and a gate. The people are playing trumpets and waving standards, some with the German imperial eagle (Bellm 1962:34).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique

Formerly front or back flyleaf in BSB, Cod.hebr. 69; currently SGS, Inv. No. 171523. It appears in the text of the Schatzbehalter, fig. 80.This woodcut was attributed to BSB, Cod.hebr. 16 (Hernad 1990, 119), according to an inscription in plummet written on the back of this print, but its size corresponds to that of our manuscript.


In the centre of the scene Solomon, between the High Priest Zadok on his right and Nathan the prophet on his left, is riding towards the Gihon, where Zadok will anoint Solomon as the new King. Solomon and Zadok are on horseback, Nathan on a mule. This is contrary to the Bible (I Kings 1:38), which states explicitly that Solomon should ride David’s mule. They are accompanied by many people leaving the city, represented by a building and a gate. The people are playing trumpets and waving standards, some with the German imperial eagle (Bellm 1962:34).

25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Inner frame: 249 x 175 mm.
With frame: 311 x 248 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

This scene, entitled Von der erbermlichen Aussfurung unsers Herren (On the pitiful fortune of our Lord), relating to the anointing of King Solomon (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 151r), belongs to the 76th-80th responses (Gegenwürfe), which deal with several Old and New Testament stories of being led into the way of salvation. Referring to I Kings 1:32-49, the text accompanying the image compares Solomon on his way to be anointed to that of Christ in his Passion, making parallels between different episodes of both stories, for example: Solomon's gold crown and Christ’s crown of thorns; or the High Priest Zadok and the prophet Nathan flanking Solomon and the two thieves flanking Christ in the crucifixion, Desmas, the penitent one and Yesmas, the impenitent; Solomon’s enemies, Adonijah, Joab and Abiathar fearing his kingship allude to Christ’s enemies, the Jews, who are delighted by his crucifixion. This, according to Fridolin, is their gratitude for his legacy and great majesty demonstrated to them in the past. It seems, therefore, that this kind of anti-typology also played a prefigurative role, which is emphasised by Fridolin in his discussion on the image of Solomon.     

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

This scene, entitled Von der erbermlichen Aussfurung unsers Herren (On the pitiful fortune of our Lord), relating to the anointing of King Solomon (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 151r), belongs to the 76th-80th responses (Gegenwürfe), which deal with several Old and New Testament stories of being led into the way of salvation. Referring to I Kings 1:32-49, the text accompanying the image compares Solomon on his way to be anointed to that of Christ in his Passion, making parallels between different episodes of both stories, for example: Solomon's gold crown and Christ’s crown of thorns; or the High Priest Zadok and the prophet Nathan flanking Solomon and the two thieves flanking Christ in the crucifixion, Desmas, the penitent one and Yesmas, the impenitent; Solomon’s enemies, Adonijah, Joab and Abiathar fearing his kingship allude to Christ’s enemies, the Jews, who are delighted by his crucifixion. This, according to Fridolin, is their gratitude for his legacy and great majesty demonstrated to them in the past. It seems, therefore, that this kind of anti-typology also played a prefigurative role, which is emphasised by Fridolin in his discussion on the image of Solomon.     

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
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46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39624
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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