Hebrew University  
The Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art
  CJA
Search Index Home Page
Object

Object

Object Alone
Show sub-set tree:
  (XI) Obj. ID: 4093 Red Dragon Pentateuch,, Germany, Second half of the 13th century . // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Liturgical Pentateuch according to the Ashkenazi rite. Vocalised and accentuated. Some texts of the scrolls are not vocalised; e.g. fols. 141v-142 and from fol. 157v onward. On fols. 153v and 154-157 a later hand has vocalised in dark grey ink (on fol. 153v it overlapped the original vocalisation).
Pentateuch (fols. 1-92v): Genesis and part of Exodus are missing and the text begins with Exodus 21:2. Haftarot (fols. 93-142). Five scrolls: Song of Songs, Ruth, Ecclesiastes, Esther, and Lamentations up to 5:21 (fols. 142-162v), Job up to 36:2 (fols. 163-174v).
24 Codicology
Parchment, III + 174 + II leaves. 2 woodcut flyleaves of the 15th century have been detached from the manuscript (see Illuminated Documents). The ink foliation by Hartmann Schedel is on the verso of each folio, and is erroneous towards the end: fol. 143 instead of 145 etc. It was corrected from there on by a later hand. The parchment is greyish and matt, similarly treated on both sides. Watermarks of flyleaves: A hand with a cuff and a flower attached to its middle finger (89 mm; first front and back flyleaves): Piccard, No. 210 (Nuremberg, 1492).
24a Scribes The text is written by a single scribe, Baruch.
24b Script The text is written in square Ashkenazi script in brown ink.
24c Number of Lines The text is mostly written in 28 lines per page. except for the Song of Moses (Deut. 32:1-43) in two columns (fols. 90-91v), the Song of Deborah (Judg. 5) in a brickwork pattern (fols. 102-103), and Lamentations (fol. 159v) in three columns, the end within circles.
24d Ruling Ruling by stylus on the hair side of the parchment, mostly 29 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines. The top 2 horizontal lines, 2 middle and 3 bottom lines are ruled across the entire page. Ruling for margins and horizontals across the page is sometimes reinforced by plummet (e.g. fol. 134, 166-169v).
24e Pricking Pricking discernible in the outer margins for horizontal lines (e.g. fols. 23-24), and in the upper and lower margins for the verticals. Some pricks (fols. 170, 173) do not correspond to the horizontal lines.
24f Quires 22 quires of 8 leaves each except for I6-1 (at the beginning about five quires and one leaf of the present first quire are missing), II1+8 (first leaf perhaps belonged originally to I6-1), XVI10, XVII10, XXI8+1 (last single leaf perhaps belonged originally to XXII), XXII3 (three single leaves with stubs). The leaves of quire VI (fols. 39-46) are misbound. The correct textual order is: fols. 42, 41, 40, 39, 46, 45, 44, 43.
24g Catchwords Catchwords for quires are written horizontally in the lower left-hand corner in square Ashkenazi script by the text scribe. They are mostly surmounted by brown and red lines forming a triangle. The catchword of the misbound quire VI appears on the verso of the current centre bifolium (fol. 43v; see Quires).
24h Hebrew Numeration None
24i Blank Leaves None

25 Material/Technique
Parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
Full page: (352-355) x (263-265) mm.
Text space: (273-275) x (195-197) mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None
31 Scribal Notes
The name Baruch is marked by a flower on fol. 86, by dots on fol. 138v and similarly twice on fol. 145v. Although in some Hebrew manuscripts 'baruch' (lit. blessed) is marked not as a name but as a blessing, it seems that here it denotes the name of the scribe because it is marked several times in different ways.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

 

Fig. 1: Red Dragon Pentateuch

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 14, front cover

 

Fig. 2: Red Dragon Pentateuch

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 14, detail of the    

chain of floral ornament on the back cover

 

15th century wooden boards (366 x 268 mm).The spine and part of the wooden boards are covered with a strip of white pigskin (width: 70 mm) decorated with a blind-tooled chain of floral ornament (fig. 2). The spine has four double cords and a tail band (the head band is missing). Holes and remains of nails situated along the upper and lower edges of the front cover denote the place of two lost clasps (fig. 1). They correspond to the carved squares on the back cover where the straps were attached.

The binding was most probably done in the Augustinian Eremiten monastery of St. Vitus inNuremberg(Munich, EBDB p001297; Hernad 1990:66; Kyriss 1951/58, No. 19).

This binding is similar to that of other Hebrew manuscripts from Schedel's collection (see BSB Cod.hebr. 16, 21, 69, 88, 90, 298).

36 Decoration Program

The openings of the different books of the Pentateuch, the frames of scrolls and arches enclosing the text were executed by the scribe. Mostly coloured red, the decoration consists of zoomorphic and foliate motifs.

  1. Decorated frames and large zoomorphic initial words open most books: Leviticus (fol. 17), Numbers (fol. 37v), Deuteronomy (fol. 66v), Song of Songs (fol. 142), Esther (beginning and end, fols. 151v and 157 respectively), and Lamentations (fol. 157v).
  2. Initial words coloured in red or blue or decorated with acanthus scrolls open the parashot, haftarot and different chapters of the Five Scrolls (e.g. fols. 93, 95, 98, 118v, 161v).
  3. Shaped text: at the end of Lamentations (fols. 160-162v, see fol. 161v) the text is enclosed in circles. On fol. 162v is a deer within a circle by a later hand.  
  4. Catchwords, ascenders and descenders of the letters in the top and bottom lines are decorated with red lines and wrigglework (e.g. fol. 118v).
  5. Two printed flyleaves of the 15th century depict the Sacrifice of the Scapegoat and Joseph

             presenting Jacob and his brothers to Pharaoh (front cover, third flyleaf and back cover, first  

            flyleaf respectively).

Note: A green folio number denotes it is described under "Illuminated Documents".

36 Summary and Remarks

The mutilated Liturgical Pentateuch contains the Pentateuch with Haftarot, Five Scrolls and most of Job, which was recited on Ninth Ab. Some quires at the beginning and end are lost: the book of Genesis and half of Exodus, and the final chapters of Job (up to 36:2, out of 42 chapters) and probably the "Passages of Doom" (Jeremiah 2:29 - 8:12, 9:24 - 10:16) which usually appear after Job in other Liturgical Pentateuchs (cf.Vienna, ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 6, 13 and 14). The choice and order of the Haftarot in our manuscript are according to the Ashkenazi rite, although their position immediately after the Pentateuch is uncommon. In other Ashkenazi manuscripts, like those fromViennamentioned above, the Haftarot are placed between the Five Scrolls and Job. The order of the Five Scrolls also differs in various manuscripts (cf. Ginsburg 1966, I:3-4), though it usually begins with the Song of Songs.      

Most of the decoration of the manuscript is at the openings of the various books of the Pentateuch and the Five Scrolls with frames and arches enclosing the text, having dragons attached to them or forming the letters of the initial words.

The decoration was undoubtedly executed by the scribe Baruch. The proof is an uncoloured scribal line-filler on fol. 118v shaped as a small dragon with protruding tongue, which is similar in style to the dragons decorating the openings of different books. The decorated ink drawings by the scribe Baruch were executed while copying the text and their shape sometimes determined the text lay-out (e.g. fol. 37v). The decorative motifs or the ground were coloured red after the text was copied. The drawing on fol. 157 remained uncoloured.

Decoration similar to that in our Pentateuch is found in one group of Ashkenazi manuscripts from the second half of the 13th century. Semi-circular arches emerging from dragons which enclose initial words (fig. 1) appear for example in the Stuttgart Mahzor (fig. 2; Sed-Rajna 1989:68). The origin of this group, albeit not yet proved, seems to be theRhineland(Sed-Rajna 1994:205). On the other hand, it should be mentioned that other compositions in our manuscript, as the dragons surmounting the arch (fig. 3), recall those placed in the spandrels of a manuscript fromFranconia(fig. 4). The arches and frames are commonly decorated with acanthus scrolls, or chains of heart-shaped leaves (figs. 3-4).

Another interesting feature in our manuscript is the dragons and dragon's heads shaping the letters of some initial words, especially their top (figs. 3 and 5). Such zoomorphic letters rarely appear in Ashkenazi manuscripts (fig. 6; cf. Sed-Rajna 1994:205-208), though they are common in Sephardi ones (cf. figs. 7-8).


 

Fig. 1: Red Dragon Pentateuch

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 14, fol. 151v

 

Fig. 2:StuttgartMahzor

Rhineland, second half of the 13th century

Stuttgart, Landesbibliothek Cod. Or. 20 42, fol. 46

(Sed-Rajna 1989:68)

 

Fig. 3: Red Dragon Pentateuch

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 14, fol. 17

 

Fig. 4: Siddur

Franconia, first quarter of the 14th century

Oxford, Bodl. Lib.Mich.571, fol. 2

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)

   

 

Fig. 5: Red Dragon Pentateuch

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 14, fol. 37v

Fig. 6: Mahzor

Rhineland (?), c.1264

Paris, BnF hébreu 644, fol. 67

(Sed-Rajna 1994:207)

 

 

 

 

 

Fig. 7: Red Dragon Pentateuch

Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 14, fol. 17, detail

Fig. 8:HamiltonSiddur

Spain, 1300

Berlin, Staatsbibliothek Ham. 288, detail

(Narkiss 1969, pl. 7)

 

The codicological features of the codex, e.g. similar treatment for hair and flesh sides of the parchment, pricking in the outer margins only and ruling by stylus, point to the transitional period for those techniques during the second half of the 13th century (Beit-Arié 1976:22-25, 70-71, 74).

Two flyleaves, at the beginning and the end of the manuscript, have woodcuts which originally appeared in the Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils (Treasure Chest of the True Riches of Salvation) written  by the Franciscan preacher Stephan Fridolin (1430-1498) and published by Anton Korberger in Nuremberg in 1491 (Stadler 1913:2-28). After Fridolin's work was printed, Koberger, who possibly owned the woodcut blocks, used them for printing single sheets to sell individually, adding to them frames of three types, decorated with different motifs. Schedel, who had close business and private relations with Koberger, could easily have acquired some of these single prints directly from Koberger, and have inserted them into the manuscript while executing the new binding. By choosing specific images for a Hebrew manuscript, Schedel must have considered the typology of events of the Old and New Testaments (see Illuminated Documents: front cover, third flyleaf and back cover, first flyleaf).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
Annotations and corrections:
In the margins: some by the scribe who proofread the text (e.g. fols. 54v-55); others are by later Ashkenazi hands (e.g. fols. 40v, 48, 61v, 104).
Owners' inscriptions:
Fol. 50v, outer margin: Abraham bar Mordechai.
Fol. 92v, lower part: אהרן בר שלמה מש' אברהם (Aharon bar Shlomo, of the Abraham family); ר' בן שמעון (R. ben Shimon). Other inscriptions are illegible.
Fol. 158v, upper and lower margins: R. Aharon bar Shlomo; R. Levi bar Abraham Hasofer.
Fol. 161v, within the right connecting curve: אהרן ב'ר'ב'י' שלומה אשר ב'ר' שלום (Aharon bar Rabbi Shlomo Asher bar Rabbi Shalom).
Librarians' inscriptions:
On a piece of paper pasted on the inner front cover (originally written on the pastedown, which was cut off during restoration): an inscription by W. Prommer, the librarian of the Bavarian Court and State Library in red ink: ארבע ספרים מהחומש גם ההפתורות(!) לכל פרשה ופרשה/ מכל השנה גם חמש מגילות שהם/ שיר השירים/ רות/ איכה/ קוהלת/ אסתר, (Four of the five books of the Pentateuch with the haftarot for each parashah for the entire year, also five scrolls which are Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther).
Obviously at the time when this inscription was written Genesis was already missing. The order in which the scrolls are mentioned differs from their actual order in the manuscript.
Front cover, first flyleaf, verso, upper part: an inscription by Librarian 1a (1552-1571) in brown ink: ארבע(!) ספרים מתורת משה ורות ומגילת אסתר/ ואיכה והפטרות (Four books of Moses and Ruth and Esther Scroll and Lamentations and Haftarot).
Under it on the left the contents in Hebrew written in Latin characters by Librarian 2: Arba sepharim mitoras moschae/ ve Ruth Vmegilas aesther ve/ echa vehautharos. Id est.
On the right in Latin by Librarian 2: Quattuor libri Mosis: Ruth,/ Esther, Threni Iheremiae et/ Liber Lectionum. The same is written in Latin and in Hebrew in Latin characters. This librarian likewise did not follow the actual order of the contents of the manuscript.
Two of Fugger's librarians, Thomas von Löven and Sixtus Birk, who registered Hebrew books, translated the names into Latin and inscribed their contents on pastedowns and flyleaves (Zelinsky Hanson 2009:201).
Contents of the manuscript in Latin by S. Quicchelberg on a separate piece of paper (originally written on one of the flyleaves which was cut off during restoration).
Signatures:
Front cover, upper part, in black ink: •A• (signature of Schedel's library).
Back cover, upper part of pigskin strip, in black ink: St. 8. n. 75 (signature of Fugger's library).
Front cover, lower part of pigskin strip, in black ink: J. n. 57 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature).
Front cover, paper pasted on the inside (originally written on the pastedown which was cut off during the restoration), in red ink: J. 47 (Prommer's revision of the Duke's library in 1582-3).
Front cover, paper pasted on the inside (originally written on the pastedown which was cut off during restoration), in black ink: MS. Hebr. 10.
Spine, in black and brown ink on three stickers: 10, 57 and Cod. hebr. 14 (current signature of BSB).
Exlibris and library stamps:
Front cover, inside: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (230 x 155 mm) with arms of Elector Maximilian I from 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab). It is stuck over the Duke's earlier exlibris
(175 x 135 mm) from 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f).
Stamps: None.
In 1552 Hartmann Schedel's collection of Hebrew manuscripts, together with other manuscripts and printed books from his library, was sold by his grandson Melchior to Johann Jacob Fugger of Augsburg. Later, in 1571, Fugger's library was acquired by Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria and incorporated into the Duke's Hofbibliothek in Munich (Hartig 1917:261; Stauber 1908:146).
Restoration: 21.12.1951.
41 Condition
The first five quires are missing as well as some leaves being mutilated (e.g. fols. 5, 6, 136, 160, 169, 170).
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Abbreviations
Berlin Staatsbibliothek Berlin, Orientabteilung der Staatsbibliothek, Preussischer Kulturbesitz
BnF Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Bodl. Lib. Oxford, Bodleian Library
BSB Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
CJA Jerusalem, Center for Jewish Art, The Hebrew University:
• Narkiss Archive
• Schubert Archive
• Sed-Rajna Archive
• CJA Documentation
EBDB Munich, Die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Einbanddatenbank
ÖNB Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
Stuttgart Landesbibliothek Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek
Beit-Arié 1976 M. Beit-Arié, Hebrew Codicology, Paris 1976.
Beit-Arié 2001 M. Beit-Arié, "Scribal Tricks for Revealing Their Names in the Copied Text," in Mea
Sha'arim: Readings in the Spiritual World of the People of Israel in the Middle Ages, E. Fleisher (ed.),
Jerusalem 2001, pp. 113-129 (Hebrew).
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20.
Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.
Ginsburg 1966 C. D. Ginsburg, Introduction to the Massoretico-Critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible,
New York 1966.
Hartig 1917 O. Hartig, Die Gründung der Münchener Hofbibliothek durch Albrecht V. und Johann Jakob
Fugger, Munich 1917.
Hernad 1990 B. Hernad (ed.), Die Graphiksammlung des Humanisten Hartmann Schedel, Munich 1990.
Kyriss 1951/58 E. Kyriss, Verzierte gotische Einbände im alten deutschen Sprachgebiet, Stuttgart 1951-
1958.
Narkiss 1969 B. Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts, Jerusalem 1969.
Sed-Rajna 1989 G. Sed-Rajna, "The Decoration of the Amsterdam Mahzor," in The Amsterdam Mahzor.
History, Liturgy, Illumination, A. Van Der Heide and E. Van Voolen (ed.), Leiden 1989, pp. 56-70.
Sed Rajna 1994 G. Sed-Rajna, Les manuscrits hébreux enluminés des bibliothèques de France, Louvain
1994.
Stadler 1913 F. J. Stadler, Michael Wolgemut und der Nürnberger Holzschnitt im letzten Drittel des XV.
Jahrhunderts, Strasbourg 1913.
Stauber 1908 R. Stauber, Die Schedelsche Bibliothek, Freiburg 1908.
Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K.Hof- und Staatsbibliothek
in München, Munich 1895.
Zelinsky 2009 M. Zelinsky Hanson, "Religious Identity in an Early Reformation Community. Augsburg,
1517 to 1555", Studies in Central European Histories XLV, T. A. Brady, R. Chickering (ed.),
Leiden-Boston 2009.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original Manuscript
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4093
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2008; 2009 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Yaffa Levy 2008; 2014; 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal; Project head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2014; 2014 53a
54 Editor Christine Evans 2014 54a
55 Donor Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation 2008-2012 55a

Less Details


Object's images (9 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 25105 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 17, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25105 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 17, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 17
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Architectonic motif
Letter, zoomorphic
Dragon
Acanthus Leaf |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 17: The book of Leviticus opens with a full-page three-arched frame enclosing the initial word Vayikrah (ויקרא, And the Lord called) and the subsequent text of Leviticus (1:1-2). The frame is decorated with acanthus scrolls and leaves in red and spared-ground technique, surmounted by two confronting dragons. The zoomorphic letters, especially the roofs and stems, consist of dragon's heads with protruding tongues.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red colour, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 310 x 238 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25105
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25106 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 37v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25106 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 37v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 37v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Letter, zoomorphic
Acanthus Leaf |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 37v: The book of Numbers opens with a half-page rectangular frame decorated with chains of acanthus leaves in red and spared-ground technique. It encloses the initial word Vayedaber (וידבר, And the Lord spake) and the subsequent text of Numbers (1:1-3). Different parts of the letters of the initial word, especially the roofs, are shaped as dragon's heads with protruding tongues.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red colour, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 180 x 232 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25106
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25107 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 66v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25107 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 66v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 66v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Architectonic motif
Letter, anthropomorphic
Letter, zoomorphic
Acanthus Leaf
Dragon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 66v: The book of Deuteronomy opens with a three-quarter page rectangular frame decorated with acanthus scrolls and leaves. It encloses the initial word Elle (אלה, These be the words) and the subsequent text of Deuteronomy (1:1-4), with two dragons at the bottom. The letters of the initial word are decorated with acanthus scrolls, and terminate in human’s head and dragon's heads. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red, green and blue colour, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 270 x 205 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25107
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25108 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 118v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25108 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 118v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 118v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Catchword, decorated
Dragon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 118v: The haftarah of Exodus (Jeremiah 1:1) opens with the initial word Divrei (דברי, The words of Jeremiah) in blue colour outlined in red. Line 14 (finishing the previous haftarah) ends with a line-filler shaped as part of a dragon.

The ascenders of the letter lamed (ל) in the first line of the page are embellished with wrigglework in red. The catchword in the lower left-hand corner is surmounted by decreasing horizontal lines forming a triangle.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dragon in brown ink and initial word in red and blue colour.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25108
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25109 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 142, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25109 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 142, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 142
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Architectonic motif
Dragon
Acanthus Leaf
Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 142: Song of Songs opens with a red initial word Shir (שיר, Song) enclosed within a semi-circular arch decorated with an acanthus scroll. The spandrels of the arch have two winged confronting dragons, while the base has two addorsed dragon heads with dragon's heads with protruding tongues.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red colour.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements Radius: 90 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25109
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25110 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 151v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25110 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 151v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 151v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Architectonic motif
Initial word, decorative
Dragon
Acanthus Leaf
Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 151v:  The Esther Scroll opens with a red initial word Vayehi (ויהי, Now it came to pass) enclosed within a semi-circular arch decorated with an acanthus scroll. At the base of the arch are two dragons with protruding tongues. Facing to the right, they seem to chase each other while supporting the arch.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red colour, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements Radius: 95 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25110
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25111 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 157, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25111 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 157, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 157
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text
Hybrid
Acanthus Leaf |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 157: The text at the end of the Esther Scroll is shaped as a chalice. The two flanking triangles are decorated with two bird dragons framed by an acanthus scroll.   

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 2 triangles: Base: 158-162 mm. Apex: 69-75 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25111
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25112 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 157v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25112 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 157v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 157v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Architectonic motif
Initial word, decorative
Dragon
Shaped text
Acanthus Leaf |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 157v: Lamentations opens with a red initial word Ekhah (איכה, How doth) enclosed within a semi-circular arch decorated with an acanthus scroll. The base on the left is formed by a dragon's head with protruding tongue; the tail on the right is formed by a large acanthus leaf.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red colour, spared-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements Radius: 88 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25112
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 25113 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 161v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 25113 Red Dragon Pentateuch, Fol. 161v, Germany, Second half of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Red Dragon Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch with five scrolls
3b Object Detail Fol. 161v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Second half of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 14 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 14)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scribal art of the 13th century in the Rhineland|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 161v: The text at the end of Lamentations (4:9-5:8) is enclosed within two circles, one above the other, connected by two lateral arcs. The initial word in the upper circle Zekhor (זכור, Remember; Lam. 5:1) is written in red display characters.

On the right-hand is an owner's inscription: אהרן ב'ר'ב'י' שלומה אשר ב'ר' שלום (Aharon bar Rabbi Shlomo Asher bar Rabbi Shalom).                                                                                                     

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink and red colour.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25113
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

Mount Scopus, Humanities Building, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
Tel.: (972-2) 5882281 |  Fax.: (972-2) 5400105
E-mail: cja@mail.huji.ac.il
      All rights reserved to The Hebrew University of Jerusalem©
Development by Mark Gondelman (2012-17) and Igor Eisenberg (2017-18).
Design by Gilad Hemed (2013).
Page Up