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Obj. ID: 40131
Jewish Funerary Art
  Jewish cemetery in Vidin, Bulgaria

© Shalom Association / U.S. Commission for the Preservation of American’s Heritage Abroad, Photographer: Geron, M., 2006

The report "Jewish Historic Monuments and Sites in Bulgaria" published by The United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad in 2011 states the following:

The Jewish population of Vidin is about 25 people. The Jewish community maintains a cemetery. It was established in 1879 and the oldest known grave is from 1880. Most gravestones are from the 20th century and the last known Jewish burial was in 1976. The site is 1.85 hectares in size and it contains 1,056 headstones. The gravestones – a mix of vertical and horizontal matzevot – reflect the mix of Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jewish cultural traditions. The stones are granite, marble, and limestone with funerary inscriptions in Bulgarian, Hebrew, and Yiddish. Three gravestones were moved to the Christian cemetery. The site is not protected by a fence, gate, or any other means. The cemetery was seriously vandalized for the first time in 1980, and, presumably, many times afterward. The systematic devastation of the cemetery is shocking. Gravestones have been smashed and graves excavated by scavengers looking for treasures. Overgrowth is a year-round problem and water drainage is a seasonal problem at the site.

“Jewish Historic Monuments and Sites in Bulgaria.” The United States Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad, 2011, Part 2, p. 68.

228 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Jewish cemetery in Vidin | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.