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Obj. ID: 37069
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  CUL Hanging of Haman Esther Scroll, Italy, 19th century

© Cambridge University Library, Photographer: N/A, 2020

The right edge of the first membrane is trimmed into a decorative shape that is filled with the only narrative scene appearing in this scroll - the hanging of Haman (Es. 7:10). The text panels, on the upper and lower margins, are surrounded by floral ornaments and they are flanked by Rocaille motifs and full figures of the Esther story protagonists. They all are men wearing turbans and long gowns and they are named in Hebrew, except for the last one. The same decoration appears on all membranes in the scroll.

To the left edge of the last membrane, a wooden rod is attached.

13 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
CUL Hanging of Haman Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment + wood
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: ca. 203 x at least 3988 mm (the scroll cannot be measured precisely).
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) ca. 980 mm, 2) ca. 640 mm, 3) 640 mm, 4)415 mm, 5) ca. 400 mm, 6) at least 710 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- opening decoration: ca. 160 mm (width);
- decorations in the margins: ca. 40 mm (height);
- decorations between the panels: 32-65 mm;
- text panel: ca. 125x155 mm;
- figures of the heroes: ca. 95 mm (height);
- an average letter: more than 2 mm (height).

The rod: ca. 230 mm (height).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The opening section of the scroll is slightly damaged but, in general, the membranes are well preserved. The text not everywhere is well preserved but it is still legible. The decorations are in very good condition. There is light dirt on the membranes.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 6 sheets containing 17 columns of the text with 17 lines, except for col. 14 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

The number of columns per sheet: no. 1 - 4, nos. 2 and 3 - 3, nos. 4 and 5 - 2, no. 6 - 3. 

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew square Italian-Sephardi script with tagim, in black ink, on the flesh side of the parchment membranes that are of medium thickness. The flesh side is matte and brighter than another side that is darker, more yellow, and slightly shiny, therefore it is easy to distinguish between both sides of the sheets.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its form (it contains two elements joined with a roof) and size (it is larger than an average letter in the scroll). The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged.

In the text, there are two extremely elongated letters.

The text ends in the mid of the last line of the text.

The ruling is made with a hardpoint, only inside the text panels. The lines are barely visible; they are more visible on the blank spaces.  

The membranes in the scroll are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The frames of the text panels could be originally painted gold.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
According to Reif (see "Bibliography"): "Presented in 1909 by Sir G.H. Darwin, having been 'brought from the Levant' in around 1810 by Sir Francis Darwin."
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Stefan C. Reif, Hebrew manuscripts at Cambridge University Library: a description and introduction, Cambridge 1997, 51-52.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.