Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 33818
Jewish Funerary Art
  Holocaust Memorial in the New Jewish Cemetery in Mediaș, Romania, 1947

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 9.2019

Who is Commemorated?

Jews of Mediaș and six millions Holocaust victims.

Description

The monument is set in the central pathway in the lower part of the cemetery. The monument is tripartite, consisting of three steles; the central stele is higher than the lateral ones.  The northern, front side features a depiction of a stylized menorah and the main inscription in Hebrew and Romanian at the central part.  '

The Hebrew inscription refers to the victims of 1943 and 1944, apparently the Jews of Mediaș, while the Romanian one speaks about the six million Jews killed in 1933-1945. The Hebrew text includes verses from the Av ha-rahamim prayer introduced into Ashkenazi liturgy after the Crusades, which called upon God to “avenge the outpoured blood of his servants.” The Romanian text mentions the Jewish Democratic Committee which erected the monument. Thus, the agenda of two inscriptions is different and they are directed to different audiences. The Hebrew text speaks to Jews and commemorates local victims in a traditional way, while the Romanian one is intended for non-Jews and commemorates the Jewish victims of the Nazi regime.

The lateral steles, completely covered by Hebrew text, contain names of perished local Jews in a mixture of traditional and modernized forms: the name and the patronymic are followed by the surname. Often, the name of a person is accompanied by the phrase "with his/her family.”

The southern, back side of the monument features names of perished people on all three steles in Hebrew. However, the lower part of the central stele has 9 lines with names in Romanian. Under them, the name of the donor, Shmuel Shmelke Fisch, and the date 1947 are written in Hebrew.

Inscription

In the front side of the central part:

לזכרון עולם

בעד הנשמות הקדושים הישרים
והתמימים שהומתו שנהרגו שנשחטו
ושנשרפו בקרעמאטאריאום שנטבעו
ושנחנקו על קדוש השם על ידי הרוצחים
היטלער י'ש' וחבירו בשנת ת'ש'ג' וד' תהיינה
נפשותיהם צרורות בצרור החיים
עם נשמותיהם של אברהם יצחק ויעקב
שרה רבקה רחל לאה ואם שאר צדיקים
וצדקניות שבגן עדן, וינקום מאויבנו נקמת
דם עבדיו השפוך וכפר אדמתו עמו:
בלע המות לנצח ומחה השם דמעה מעל
כל פנים וחרפת עמו יסיר מעל כל הארץ
כי השם דבר. ברוך דין האמת

Translation: In eternal memory of the souls of the holy, upright, and perfect that were killed, murdered, butchered, and burnt in crematoriums, drown and strangled for the sanctification of the name, by the killers, Hitler, may his name be blotted out, and his friends, in the year 1943 and 1944. May their souls be bound in the bundle of life with the souls of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, Leah, and with other [male and female] righteous who are in Paradise, and he will revenge from our enemies the avenge the outpoured blood of his servants [Ps. 79:10], make atonement for his land and people [Deut. 32:43]. He will swallow up death forever, the Lord will wipe away the tears from all faces, he will remove his people’s disgrace from all the earth; the Lord has spoken [Is. 25:8]. Blessed be the True Judge.

In memoria celor şase milioane
evrei ucisi mişeleşte de cei,
mai feroci inamici al umatitaţii,
de bestiile hitleriste, intre anii
1933 – 1945

Ridicat de C.D.E. în anul
1947.

Translation: In memory of the six million Jews massacred by those fiercest enemies of humanity, Hitler's beasts, between the years 1933 - 1945. / Erected by Jewish Democratic Committee in the year 1947.

The last row at the back side of the central stele:

נ'ונ' [=נעשה ונתרם?] שנת תש"ז לפ"ק ע"י שמואל שמערקע פֿיש

Translation: Made and donated in 1947 by Shmuel Shmelke Fisch.

Commissioned by

Jewish Democratic Committee (Comitetul Democrat Evreiesc, CDE), Shmuel Shmelke Fisch

Summary and Remarks

5 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial in the New Jewish Cemetery in Mediaș | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1947
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
(Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Romania | Transylvania | Sibiu județ | Mediaș
| Str. Tuşnad 4 (Str. Pacii)
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Marble
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

Unknown

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Ekaterina Oleshkevich | 2019
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2021
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
The Morris and Beverly Baker Foundation | 2019
Negative/Photo. No.