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Obj. ID: 33699
Jewish Funerary Art
  Jewish cemetery in Vințu de Jos, Romania

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 9.2019

Vințu de Jos is a village near the town of Sebeş. The Jewish community there existed already in the early 19th century: a Jewish school teacher Hersh Samuel was registered in 1813.[1] In 1900 the community numbered 117 and in 1910 – 123 persons.[2]

The Jewish cemetery is situated in the proximity of other cemeteries, Orthodox, Catholic, and Adventist. Like in many small places, the entrance to the cemetery is through a private house, although a small ceremonial hall still stands at the entrance, facing the street. Judging from its architectural style, the building was erected at the beginning of the 20thcentury.

There are about 60 tombstones, dating from the middle of the 19th century to 1962 (Figs. 54, 55). Many Hebrew epitaphs from the early 20th century contain no mention of the year when the deceased passed away, only the day and the month. The day and the month are important for saying the Kaddish and other prayers, while the year has no meaning in the Jewish tradition. A tombstone of 1937 has a signature of its maker, Steiner, from the city of Arad, which shows the connections between the communities of Transylvania even after its “unification” with Romania.


[1] Gyémánt, Evreii din Transilvania în epoca emanciparii (1790-1867) = The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation (1790-1867), 239.

[2] Rotariu, Semeniuc, and Mezei, Recensământul din 1900, 67; Rotariu, Semeniuc, and Mezei, Recensământul din 1910, 57.

70 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Jewish cemetery in Vințu de Jos | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Romania | Transylvania | Alba județ | Vințu de Jos
| Strada Cimitirului, ?6, behind a private house, near the Christian cemeteries
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Ekaterina Oleshkevich | 2019
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2019
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
Baker Foundation | 2019
Negative/Photo. No.