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  (XI) Obj. ID: 26351 Pinkas of Eisenstadt community,, Eisenstadt, 1717-1832. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Pinkas of Eisenstadt community | Unknown
3a Object Pinkas (communal records)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1717-1832
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Austria | Burgenland (Bundesland) | Eisenstadt
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr. 222 (Schwarts No. ?)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
The Pinkas, written mostly in Hebrew, deals with incomes and outcomes of the Eisenstadt community and six communities of Burgenland.

It also includes different decisions about inner affairs of the Eisenstadt community, and it mentions some historic events. Several official documents, some of them in Deutsch, were also copied into the Pinkas.

From fol. 261v (1821) there are lists of baalei tfilot and tkiot (prayer leaders who had an honor of reading the Torah and blowing of the shofar in the synagogue) that were chosen by seven Elders of the City.

24 Codicology

: Paper

 

III + 401 leaves

 

 

Measurements

 

Full page : 310 X198 mm.

 

 

 

Scribes

 

Many scribes wrote the Pinkas in different periods.  

 

 

 

Script

 

The text is written in different semi-cursive Ashkenazi scripts in .

On fol. 169 there are two lines written in Sephardi semi-cursive script in by the envoy, Haim Moda'i from Safed, who came to collect donations for destroyed synagogue in Safed and alms for EretzIsrael.    

From fol. 261v the lists of prayers are written in square Ashkenazi script.

N

NNumber of columns:

 

Not relevant

 

Number of lines

 

The text is written in varied number of lines.

 

 

 

Ruling

?????????????????

 

 

 

Pricking

(e.g. fols )????????????????

 

 

 

Quires

?????????????????

 

 

 

Catchwords

Generally, there are no catchwords in the manuscript. But some of the scribes used horizontal semi-cursive catchwords situated in the left-hand lower corner of the each page's verso side (e.g. 22v, 23v, 24v etc.).

 

 

Hebrew numeration

 

First three leaves have a later numbering by Roman numerals (I-III), but the rest of the leaves are numbered by Hebrew letters, situated in the left-hand upper corner of each recto side.

 

Blank leaves

 

Fols. 74v and 82 are blank.

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
Many decisions are finished with the formula (e.g. fol. 40v): "I copied letter by letter from the body of verdict…(העתקתי אות באות מגוף הפס"ד (הפסק דין)...). Others are finished with similar formulas.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
  1. Title page decorated with a wreath opens the Pinkas (fol. III).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

Eisenstadt was the leading one of the "Seven communities" of Burgenland and from the end of 17th to the middle of the 19th centuries one of the most important communities ofEurope. Six other communities of Burgenland were Mattersburg (Mattersdorf), Lackenbach, Deutschkreutz (Tzelm?), Kobersdorf, Frauenkirchen, Kittsee.

The Pinkas, written between 1717-1832 includes different decisions concerning inner affairs of these communities, incomes and outcomes and some official documents. Many decisions are finished with the formula (e.g. fol. 40v): "העתקתי אות באות מגוף הפס"ד (הפסק דין)..." ("I copied letter by letter from the body of verdict…"), which means that the decisions were written separately and then were copied into the Pinkas.

The sums in the Pinkas are accounted in zehubim (gold, which means florins).

 

The history of Eisenstadt community is also reflected in the Pinkas.

After in 1704 and 1707, during Kurucz revolts (by Hungarian nationalists who were against Habsburg Royalty), Eisenstadt was destroyed and Jewish inhabitants took refuge in other cities, the community was restored with the help of Samson Wertheimer, who also served as its Rabbi. Meir Eisenstadt (MaHaRam Esh) was rabbi from 1717 until his death in 1714. Both of them appear in the Pinkas.

This was the most prosperous period for the community. Many Jews, who left Eisenstadt during Kurucz revolts stayed in their new places and those who came back were little in number and could not manage economically. Because of that, Samson Wertheimer with Rabbis of Vienna decided that former members of the Eisenstadt community, wealthy Jewish families living inViennawithout residence rights will pay for a fictitious right of domicile in Eisenstadt (e.g. fol. 33).

 

The Jewish quarter was destroyed by a conflagration in 1795 and in 1832 anew synagogue was built. This conflagration of 1795 is also mentioned in the Pinkas.  

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Till the middle of the 19th century the Pinkas belonged to the Jewish community of Eisenstadt.



40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
???????
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
B. Wachstein, Urkunden und Akten zur Geschichte der Juden in Eisenstadt und den Siebengemeiden, Wien and Leipzig, 1926.
R. Patai, Arim ve-Imahot, Eisenstadt, pp. 41-78.

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
26351
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 262211 Pinkas of Eisenstadt community, , Eisenstadt, 1717-1832 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262211 Pinkas of Eisenstadt community, , Eisenstadt, 1717-1832 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Pinkas of Eisenstadt community | Unknown
3a Object Pinkas (communal records)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1717-1832
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Burgenland (Bundesland) | Eisenstadt
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr. 222 (Schwarts No. ?)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Wreath |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001125
20 Description

The page is decorated with a large wreath occupying 2/3 of the page. It consists of leaves arranged in the pairs and turned upwards. Two open flowers decorate the wreath on the top and bottom and two wavy strips emerge from the lower flower. Within the wreath there is a grid, which is probably executed later than the wreath.

Under the wreath a motif of laying 8, done by several lines and an ellipse in its center, decorate the bottom of the page. 

Additions by brighter ink, as a palmetto motif on the top of the upper flower, filling of the leaves by short strokes and an inscription within the wreath on the right are later.     

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262211
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann 08.08.2005 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann 08.08.2005 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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