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  (XI) Obj. ID: 26349 Vienna Moreh Nevukhim,, Italy, 1491. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna Moreh Nevukhim | Unknown
3a Object Moreh Nevukhim
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 182 ( Schwartz , No. 136)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Fols. 1-127v: Moreh Nevukhim (Guide for the Perplexed) by Maimonides (Rambam) in translation of Samuel Ibn Tibbon. First leaf missing. The text begins with the conclusion, I, 54 ff.
Fols. 128-135: Glossary by Samuel Ibn Tibbon to Moreh Nevukhim. End missing.
24 Codicology

 

Parchment, I + 135 leaves

 

Measurements

Full page:  (229-235) x (185-190) mm

Text space:  (155) x (130-132) mm

 

Scribes

The text is written by two scribes in similar scripts:

Fols. 1-127v – by Moshe ben Abraham

Fols. 128-135 – by Scribe B

 

Script

written in Ashkenazi semi-cursive script and Ashkenazi square script for initial words in brown (Moshe) and grayish (Scribe B) ink.

N

NNumber of columns

The text is written in two columns except for fol. 68 (one column: end of the second part), fol. 69v (three columns) Fol. 127v (one column: end of Moreh Nevukhim and colophon).

 

Number of lines

: Moreh Nevukhim

26-35 lines per page

: Glossary to Moreh Nevukhim

32-44 lines per page

 

Ruling

Fols. 1-103: Ruling by plummet for the margins and by ink for the lines for every page. There are 26-35 horizontal lines and 1+1 vertical lines. After fol. 103 the ruling is not clear: the scribe used stylus also for lines which can be seen on the hair side, but not on every leaf. For margins the stylus and plummet were used, sometimes one on the other, almost on every page. From fol. 120 just the frame is ruled by plummet (see Hebrew Palaeographical Project, J 32).   

 

Pricking

The pricking is located on the upper, lower, inner and outer margins (fols. 104-119). Double-pricks mark the longer lines which are the first and the last one. Sometimes the pricking is done for the frame only (e.g. fols. 24-31; see Hebrew Palaeographical Project, J 32).

  

Quires

18 quires of 8 leaves each except for I8-1 (The first folio with the text is missing); XVI8-1 (fol. 123 is single leaf, no text is missing); XVII6-1 (fol. 129 is single leaf, no text is missing); XVIII2).

Mostly the hair side faces the hair side, but not always (e.g. fols. 40-47). Hair side of the parchment is easily distinguishable from flash side.

 

Catchwords

The horizontal catchwords are written in the lower left hand corner on the final verso of each quire, till fol. 111v. Usually, they are enclosed within decorative frames.

 

Hebrew numeration

None

 

Blank leaves

None

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon

Colophon on fol. 127v, occupies the lower part of the outer column. It is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in brown ink by the hand of the first scribe:

Text:
"תם ונשלם ע"י משה בר' אברהם זצ"ל [זכר צדיק לברכה] והיתה \ השלמתו ו' אדר רנ"א ליצירה לפ"ק ושהיתי \ בין ההתחלה להשלמה כמו כט' שנים \ ובין כך עברו עלי כמה טרדות ומבוכות \ עד שנכנסתי לימי הזקנה וברוך חילי \ אשר לא עזב [ני] \ וכשם שזכוני לגומרו לעמוד על \ סודותיו ורמיזותיו ויגלה לנו סודות תורתו \ כמאמר המשורר גל עיני \ ואביטה [ב]נפלאות (מ)תורתיך (תהלים קיט, 18)"

"It is finished by Moses bar Abraham, the righteous, of blessed memory and its complement was at 6 Adar (25 February) 5251/1491 to the Creation, and when I was waiting between the beginning and the end about 29 years and during this time I passed few troubles and embarrassments till I entered the days of the oldness and blessed be my strength that did not leave me that make me finish (this work) and to decipher its secrets and hints and open to us secrets of his law, as the Psalmist says: "Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law" (Psalms, 119:18)".
The name of the first scribe "Moshe" is often highlighted in beginning of lines. On fol. 54v it is surmounted by a pen work three pointed crown probably by the scribe,
In other cases but with weak ink strokes (fols. 10r, 18r, 32r-v, 34r-v, 39r, 45r, 54r, 55r-v, 59r, 60r, 74v, 84v, 86v, 97r, 101v, 108v, 110v, 131v).

Fol. 54v
31 Scribal Notes
The first scribe wrote final formulas to different parts of Moreh Nevukhim, as for example for the first part (fol. 22) in square and semi-cursive script:
"בעזרת שדי \ נשלם החלק הראשון מספר המורה."
"With the Lord's help/ the first part of the Book of Moreh is finished."

On fol. 68 in large semi-cursive script is written:
"חלק השני נשלם תהלה \ לאל [...]"
"The second part is finished, glory/ for the Lord […]"

Corrections and annotations on the margins of some leaves (e.g. fol. 18) seem to be made by the scribe himself.
The numbering of parts in Hebrew letters on the upper margins was probably added by a later hand.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

Late 18th century half-leather binding. Wave-like backing with gold lettering and a signature plate made of paper with the inscription in brown ink: Maimoni / of / philosopher.

36 Decoration Program

The decoration was made in one stage by the scribe:

  1. Decorative penwork panels for initial words (in red and brown ink, filled with large foliate motifs, in two of them human heads and a dog are incorporated) (e.g. fols. 21, 26v, 29, 55, 55v).
  2. Catchwords surmounted by a gable-like decoration (e.g. fol. 55v).
  3. Pointing hand (fol. 35v).
36 Summary and Remarks

The text of the manuscript, Moreh nevukhim (Guide for the Perplexed) is a philosophical work by Maimonides (ca. 1135-1204). Shortly after its completion in the 1190’s it was translated from its original Arabic into Hebrew by Samuel ibn Tibbon and in this translation it usually appears in different manuscripts, as well as in our manuscript.

The first scribe of our manuscript states in the colophon at the end of the text of Moreh nevukhim that he, Moses son of Abraham, finished the copying in 1491. He also mentions that he worked on it during 29(!) years, until his old days because of bad things that he passed through.

Many initial words of Moreh nevukhim are enclosed within decorative panels executed in pen work. The second part of the manuscript, after the colophon, is Glossary by Samuel Ibn Tibbon to Moreh Nevukhim copied by another hand in less calligraphic script, but similar to the script of the main scribe, without any decoration.

Although the manuscript was copied in Ashkenazi semi-cursive script, its codicological features points to the North Italian origin (see Hebrew Palaeographical Project, J 32). As well, the pen works decoration, its motifs and style points to the Northern Italy(fig. 1). Such panels appear in other Hebrew manuscripts from that region in the second half of the 15th century, as for example in Ferrarese manuscript produced in 1465 (London, Brit. Lib., Harley 5686) (fig. 2).

 

   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
On fol. 135v there are few inscriptions in Italian semi-cursive script of the 17th or 18th century. Among these inscriptions is the poem, copied twice by different hands: יצחק פאר הדור לרום עלית, written in honor of Isaac Gentili of Ceneda יצחק גנטילי מצנידה)). According to these, the book was in the possession of the Gentili family in Ceneda (see the family: E. Morpurgo. Corriere Israelitico 50, p. 146, 168). On the page there is also the short sonnet עלי באר עלי ספר.

On 13 January 1866 the manuscript was purchased by the court library from Samuel Schönblum together with six other Hebrew manuscripts (Cod. Hebr. 177-181, 183) for 250 florins altogether (see Schwarz, Catalogue, No. 136).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Hebrew Palaeography Project in Jerusalem, J 32

Schwarz, Catalogue, No. 136
A.Z. Schwarz, Die hebraeischen Handschriften der Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Liepzig 1925, No. 136.

Further bibliography:

J. B. Kapah, Rabbenu Moshe Ben Maimon, Moreh ha-Nebukhim, Jerusalem 1972 (Hebrew)
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
26349
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Ilona Steimann 2004 18.02.07 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann Yaffa Levy 2007 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2009 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (3 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 262207 Vienna Moreh Nevukhim, , Italy, 1491 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262207 Vienna Moreh Nevukhim, , Italy, 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Moreh Nevukhim | Unknown
3a Object Moreh Nevukhim
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 182 ( Schwartz , No. 136)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Human head
Grotesque
Dog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001087
20 Description

Fol. 29:

Two of three initial words "chapter" (פרק) written in red are enclosed within rectangular panels executed in red pen work. The panel of the right column is created by foliate motifs with tendrils extension into the inner margin stretched vertically.  Human head in profile surmounts the panel.

The panel of the left column is also created by foliate motifs. Human profile with a protruding tongue is attached to its left side, whereas a dog in profile surmounts the initial word.

 

21 Ornamentation Decorated initial word panel
Human head
Grotesque human mask
Dog
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial word panel
Human head
Grotesque human mask
Dog
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262207
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Ilona Steimann 2004 18.02.07 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann Yaffa Levy 2007 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2009 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262208 Vienna Moreh Nevukhim, Fol.55, Italy, 1491 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262208 Vienna Moreh Nevukhim, Fol.55, Italy, 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Moreh Nevukhim | Unknown
3a Object Moreh Nevukhim
3b Object Detail Fol.55
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 182 ( Schwartz , No. 136)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001088
20 Description

Fol. 55:

The initial word "chapter" (פרק) is enclosed within rectangular panel executed in brown pen work. The panel is created by foliate motifs

 

 

21 Ornamentation Decorated initial word panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial word panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Sometimes, such decoration surmounts also the chapters' numbers given in Hebrew letters (e.g. fol. 41).

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262208
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Ilona Steimann 2004 18.02.07 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann Yaffa Levy 2007 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2009 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262209 Vienna Moreh Nevukhim, Fol.55v, Italy, 1491 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262209 Vienna Moreh Nevukhim, Fol.55v, Italy, 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Moreh Nevukhim | Unknown
3a Object Moreh Nevukhim
3b Object Detail Fol.55v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 182 ( Schwartz , No. 136)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catchword, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001089
20 Description

Fol. 55v:

The catchword "prophet" (נביא) at the inner left hand corner is surmounted by a pointed gable.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Sometimes, such decoration surmounts also the chapters' numbers given in Hebrew letters (e.g. fol. 41).

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262209
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Ilona Steimann 2004 18.02.07 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann Yaffa Levy 2007 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2009 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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