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  (XI) Obj. ID: 26347 Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch,, Germany, 1340. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1340
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 14 (Schwartz, No. 15)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

LiDnk to ONB's Database 

 

Documented from microfilm


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents

Pentateuch with Targum Onkelos to each verse, Five scrolls, Job and Jeremiah 2:29 – 10:16, Haftarot.
Massorah magna and parva (except for parts which were added, see below).
Rashi's commentaries (commentary to Job is completed by the commentary of Jacob ha-Nazir (Shoshana, Sefer Iyov, p. 70) written mainly in the outer columns, sometimes extend to the lower margins.
Vocalized and punctuated (except for parts which were added, see below).
Pentateuch (fols. 1v-425):
Genesis (fols.1v-108); Exodus (fols. 108v-195); Leviticus (fols.195v-257v); Numbers (fols. 258-343v); Deuteronomy (fols. 344- 425)
Five scrolls (fols. 426-454):
Song of Songs (fols. 426- 429v); Ecclesiastes (fols. 430- 437v); Lamentations (fols. 437v- 441v); Esther (fols. 442- 450); Ruth (fols. 450v- 454)
Job (fols. 454v- 477)
Jeremiah 2: 29- 7: 2 (fols. 477- 481v) and 7: 3- 10: 16 (fols. 481v- 483v, which were added)
Haftarot (fols.484-535 and added fols. 536-549v)


24 Codicology

 

:  

Parchment, II+549+II leaves (first and last flyleaves bear gray marbled pattern as the pastedown). 

             

Measurements

 

Full page:  340 x260 mm

Text space:  (150 -155) x95 mm

Text space with massorah: (220-230) x (110-120)

Text space with commentary and massorah: (230-285) x (170-200)   

 

Scribes

The manuscript is copied by four scribes:

 

Scribe A

Main text (Pentateuch, Five scrolls, Job, Jeremiah 2:29 – 10:16, Haftarot)

 

Fols. 1- 549

Nahman ben Barukh

Rashi's commentary

For all sections of the manuscript, except for those written by Ishmael.

Ishmael

Rashi's commentary

Fols. 262v-263, 265v, 266v, 269-269v and fols. 394-401v (quire LI)

Shimshon

Massorah, vocalization and punctuation

For all sections of the manuscript, except for lower part of fol. 452 and upper part of fol. 452v, fols. 481v (last three lines)- 483v and 536-549v.

 

Columns

 

Scribe A (probably Nahman ben Barukh. See Remarks)

One column

Main text  

Nahman ben Barukh

One column

Rashi's commentary for all sections of the manuscript, except for those written by Ishmael.

Ishmael

One column

Fols. 262v-263, 265v, 266v, 269-269v and fols. 394-401v (quire LI).

Shimshon

One column

Massorah

 

 

Script

The main text is written by Scribe A in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

Rashi's commentary is written by Nahman ben Barukh in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink, whereas the commentary by Yeshmael are in lighter brown ink.

The Massorah is written by Shimshon in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in mostly black ink.

 

Number of lines

Main text (Pentateuch, Five scrolls, Job, Jeremiah 2:29 – 10:16, Haftarot)

 

Most leaves are of 23 lines per page, except for the leaves which were added: fol. 483 is of 30 lines and fol. 483v is of 31 lines. In the last quires, which also were added, the number of lines reaches 26.

Rashi's commentary

The commentary is written with a different number of lines per page, depending on the length of the commentary. On some leaves the commentary does not exist at all, on others it occupies upper, outer and lower margins.

Massorah

The Massorah magna is written in two lines at the top of the page and in three lines at the bottom. At the bottom, it occupies the space between the main text and marginal commentary.

The Massorah parva is written in a variety of number of lines in the space between the main text and marginal commentary.

 

Ruling

The ruling is done by plummet on both sides of the leaves. Each section has its own ruling: ruling for the main text and for the commentary is done by a brown plummet and ruling for the Massorah is done by a black plummet. The ruling of the Massorah was done after the main text was copied (e.g. fol. 91v). On the added leaves, where the number of lines of the main text reaches 30-31 (fols. 483-483v), the ruling for extra lines does not exist.

In addition, on the added leaves, ruling for Massorah also was not done (fols. 440, 482- 483v and 536-549v).

 

Vertical lines:  1+2+1+1 (e.g. fols. 224v-225); 1+2+1 (e.g. ?); 3+2+1 (e.g. fol. 356); 1+4+1 (e.g. fol. 396), all depending on the commentary and massorah parva.

Horizontal lines:

Main text

24 horizontal lines (last line is unwritten)

Rashi’s commentary

36-38 (written between lines)

Massorah

Two-three lines on the upper margins and three-four lines on the lower margins

 

Pricking

The pricking, found on the inner and outer margins, is done for each section of the text separately. There are two vertical rows on the inner margins, for the main text and for the commentary, and two vertical rows on the outer margins. The pricks for the commentary proceed till end of page. The number of the pricks for the commentary is bigger, so the space between the commentary’s lines is narrower. These pricks serve also massorah magna.

The Massorah magna has its own pricking situated close to the main text.

Main text

One vertical row in the inner margins and one in the outer margins.

Rashi’s commentary

One vertical row in the inner margins and one in the outer margins, proceed till end of page.

Massorah magna

Pricks of the Rashi’s commentary

 

 

Quires

72 quires of 8 leaves each, except for VII(8-1) (fol. 50 is a single leaf, but no text is missing), XXVIII(6), XL(6), XLVI(6), LIII(4), LV(4) (end of the Pentateuch); LXIII(2) (the quire, which was added), LXX(4) (end of the original part of the Haftarot), LXXII(8-2) (last quire with the additional Haftarot which are interrupted in the middle of Joshua5: 15. Two last leaves with the text are missing.)   

Fol. 440 is cut and a new parchment leaf is pasted instead of it. The text on the past leaf is not missing and it is written by the original scribe.

 

The hair and flesh sides of the parchment are hardly discernable.

 

Catchwords

The catchwords are written in the lower left hand corner on the final verso of each quire. They are usually decorated. The quire before the last quire (both were added) also has a catchword.

The second commentator, Ishmael, wrote his own catchwords to the commentary, under the catchwords of the main text (fols. 269v, 401v).  

 

Hebrew numeration

None

 

Blank leaves

Fol. 425v is a blank leaf at the end of the Pentateuch, preceding the beginning of the Five Scrolls.

Fol. 535v is also a blank leaf at the end of the original Haftarot section. 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon

The colophon is written on the separate page at the end of the Pentateuch (fol. 425) in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script, similar to the script of the marginal commentary. It is situated at the upper part of the page, while the rest of the space remained blank.
"חזק ונתחזק הסופר לא יוזק ולא היום ולא לעולם עד שיעלה חמור בסולם/ אני נחמן בר' ברוך זצ"ל כתבתי אילו הפירושים וסיימתי בעזרת הבורא בי"ח/ מרחשון ביום ו' בשנת חמשת אלפים אחד ומאה לבריאת עולם וכתבתי לר' מנ'/ מנוח כ"ץ בן הרב ר' חסדא כהן צדק זצלה"ה יזכהו להגות בם בניו בני ובניו וזרע/ זרעו עד סוף כל הדורות לקיים מה שנ' והגית בו יומם ולילה ובמהרה/ ישלח גואל לעם סגולה וזבד טוב אותנו יזביד במלכות/ משיח בן דוד"
“Strengthen and be strong, the scribe not be harmed today nor ever until a donkey climbs the ladder. I am Nahman bar the late Barukh copied these commentaries and I finished, with the Creator’s help, 18 Marheshvan in Friday, 5101 from the Creation of the world (17 November, 1340*) and I copied for R. Manoah Katz, bar Hisda Kohen Zedek, shall his sons, sons of their sons and seed of his seed be capable of meditating upon them till the end of all generations… Messiah son of David”

*17 November, 1340 is Thursday and not Friday as it is written in the colophon. The scribe probably finished his work in the evening, considered the next “day” in Jewish time-keeping.
31 Scribal Notes
Scribal notes usually appear on the inner margins. They correct the main text and complete the missing words, especially in the Aramaic translation of the verses. Some of these corrections are done by the scribe himself (e.g. fol. 70). Others are done by the massorator Shimshon (e.g. fol. 8v, where not only the script of the correction is similar to the script of the Massorah, but also the shape of the Tetragramaton is similar).
The corrections to the commentary are rarer and they are done by the commentator himself.

The second commentator, Ishmael, marked his name in the text of the commentary (fol. 269v).

The massorator Shimshon has also marked his name every time, when it has appeared in the text of Massorah (e.g. fol. 97, 115v
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

Vienna (?) Baroque binding is made around 1800 (?). The back and front are the same. Light brown calf decorated with blind tooled inner rectangle, its frame decorated with winding band enclosing rosettes and its center has an X with four compound flowers arranged as rhomboid. The outer frame is decorated with interlacing ovals sprouting floral motifs. The corners between the frame are decorated with eagle wings, escutcheon ??? etc. = arms of someone

Spine: Gold stamped as 6 rectangles placed across, which have decorated frames, X and center flower and fan motifs at the corners of each rectangle.

 

The edges are colored in grey. Front and back flyleaves have a watermark (C & I Honig, s. G. Eineder, The Ancient Paper-Mills…, 1960).  

36 Decoration Program

 

I. Most catchwords are decorated with dotted lines arranged in triangular form with three fleur de lys on the top and on either side. One catchword on fol. 63v is also supported by a row of Gothic windows.  

II. The drawing of dog in plummet is situated on the left, above the catchword and overwritten by the massora (fol. 127v). The pen drawing of a bird on the right side in the lower margin resembles a stork (fol. 166v). The colour of the ink is similar to that of the massorator. The drawing is not related to the text (Exodus 28: 31-38) or massora.

III. The text at the end of different sections is shaped into a triangle (e.g. fol. 343v). Often the text of the commentary is also fashioned into triangles, bowls and other geometrical shapes (e.g. fol. 173v, 176, 177). 

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The main text of the manuscript was copied by a single scribe (Scribe A). After he copied the text he added parts of the text which he missed on the separated sheets and two quires (fols. 440, bifolio 482-483, completing verses of Jeremiah and fols. 536-549, completing the Haftarot). Rashi’s commentary accompanies the text throughout the entire manuscript, including the added leaves. The commentator wrote a colophon on the blank leaf at the end of Pentateuch (fol. 425), in which he mentioned his name, Nahman ben Barukh, the name of the patron, Manoah Katz (Kohen Zedek) bar Hisda Kohen Zedek and the date of 17 November, 1340. The commentator informs us that he copied the commentary (פירושים). Although the hands wrote the text and the commentary are similar in square letters, they seem different people.

Initial words for the different books of the Pentateuch, Five scrolls, Job and Jeremiah were executed after the text was copied. The scribe missed the initial words to Leviticus (fol. 195v), to Esther (fol. 437v), to Ruth (fol. 450v) and to Job (fol. 454v), whereas two last ones were added by a later hand. 

The initial words to Deuteronomy (fol. 344) and Ecclesiastes (fol. 430) are not completed and include the contour line only.

In the last two quires, sometimes the initial words in the text and in the commentary are missing.  

The Massorah magna and parva is written by the scribe Shimshon, as he indicates himself by marking this name in the Massorah. The correction of the main text is also by Shimshon, although the main scribe did some corrections by himself. Likewise, it is most probable that Shimshon was responsible for vocalization and punctuation of the text.   

Thus, it is most likely that after the main text was copied the scribe transmitted it to Shimshon, who copied the Massorah, and corrected, vocalized and punctuated the text. Later, the commentator, Nahman bar Barukh copied Rashi’s commentary. During the copying he discovered that some parts of the main text were missing. He added the missing parts and also copied the commentary for them. All these parts: the added text and the commentary are not proofread and corrected, and have no vocalization, punctuation, and Massorah.

The commentary to Job is completed by the commentary of Jacob Ha-Nazir. Rashi did not finish his commentary to Job (he completed it only till the middle of chapter 40). Most printed editions use commentary of RashBam (Rashi’s grandson), but in manuscripts, both commentaries, of Jacob Ha-Nazir and of RashBam appear.  

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
On some leaves there is an intervention of a later hand, which added Latin captions to different sections of the manuscript. This hand on fol. 104 not only added the caption "Genesis", but also wrote on the outer margin "cap. 49" (chapter 49). Further, till fol. 107v in the inner margin he numbered the verses and enclosed the Aramaic translation into brackets. It seems that the same hand also completed in Hebrew the missing words in the Rashi’s commentary. Probably they belong to Sebastian Tengnagles (1573-1636) ??????
According to Schwartz, the manuscript probably once belonged to the Old University Library in Vienna (Schwartz, Catalogue, p. 15).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The manuscript is in good condition. Fol. 1 was mutilated and repaired
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Schwarz, Catalogue, no. 15.
Paleographical Project, J 6.
Shoshana, Sefer Iyov.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Photograph of archival document
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
26347
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann 20.03.2005 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann 01.04.2005 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 19.04.2005 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 20.04.2005 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (2 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 262201 Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch, Fol. 63v, Germany, 1340 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262201 Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch, Fol. 63v, Germany, 1340 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 63v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1340
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 14 (Schwartz, No. 15)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catchword, decorated
Tower
Fleur-de-lys |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001071
20 Description

Fol. 63v:

The catchword לאילין is surmounted by dotted lines, creating a gable, with three fleur-de-lys on the top and on either side and is supported by a row of Gothic windows. 

 

21 Ornamentation Fleur de lys
 
21 Ornamentation
Fleur de lys
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, ink colour???

25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262201
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262200 Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch, Fol. 127v, Germany, 1340 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262200 Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch, Fol. 127v, Germany, 1340 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Nahman ben Barukh Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 127v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1340
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 14 (Schwartz, No. 15)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Stork
Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001070
20 Description

Fol. 127v:

In the lower right corner there is drawing of a bird turned rightwards with its body and leftwards with the head. The bird has long legs, feather on the wings and tail, and long beak. 

21 Ornamentation Bird
 
21 Ornamentation
Bird
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262200
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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