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  (XI) Obj. ID: 26344 Italian Selihot and Mahzor,, Mantua, 1.  1418 (Selihot); 2. middle of the 15th century (Mahzor). // Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Italian Selihot and Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (Unknown)
5 Date 1.  1418 (Selihot); 2. middle of the 15th century (Mahzor)
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy | Lombardy | Mantua
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 187 (Schwartz, No. 97)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
The manuscript is today a unit of two different codicological sections bound together. The first part (foliated fols. 1-84) is a Seder Selihot for the fast days of the whole year and was copied by Meshulam of Velletri in 1418 (see: colophon). The second part (foliated 85-254) is the second volume of a Mahzor of the Italian rite, including prayers for High Holidays and Sukkot and other events in the life cycle, mostly copied by Isaac son of Yoel of Cento (see: colophon).

Part A: (fols. 1-84)
Index of the Selihot: fols. 1-2
Selihot for fast days of the whole year: fols. 3-84

Part B: (fols. 85-254)
Tahanun: (fols. 85-96)
New Year: (fols. 96-115): instructions and custom notes (fols. 96-97); Arvit – the Reading of Shema` (fols. 97-98v); Amidah for Arvit, Shaharit and Minhah (fols. 99-100v); Amidah for end of Sabbath and second eve (fols. 100v-101v); Kiddush (fols. 101v-102); Shaharit (fols. 102v-107v), including: Reshut for Nishmat by Yoav Anav Min ha-Kenneset (fol. 102v-103); Nishmat (fol. 103-103v); Yozer for first day, Yozer "Melekh Azur Gevurah" מלך אזור גבורה (Davidson, III, מ, 1529) (fols. 104-105); Yozer for second day "Melekh Adir Venorah" מלך אדיר ונורא (Davidson, III, מ, 1523) (fols. 105-105v); Reading of Shema blessings (fols.105v-107); "Our Father Our King" אבינו מלכינו (fols. 107-107v); blowing of shofar (fol. 108); Musaf (fols. 108-114v); Yozer for Shabbat Shuva (אלי שובה איומתו) (fol. 115);
Day of Atonement: (fols. 115v-216); Minhah (115v-116v); Kol Nedarim (fol. 116v); Arvit (fols. 117-121v); selihot (fols. 121v-125v), Shaharit (fols. 126-144v), selihot for Shaharit (fols. 145-164v), Musaf (fols. 165-184); Minhah (fols. 184v-200), including selihot (fols. 193v-196), Ne'ilah (fols. 200-216), including selihot (fols. 207-211v and 215v-216).
Sukkot: (fols. 216v-238)
Uncompleted Prayer by Rabbi Moshe ben Nahman: fol. 238v
Geulah by Abraham Ibn Ezra: fols. 240v-241v
Circumcision ceremony: fols. 241v-242
Redemption of the First-Born: fol. 242v
Wedding ceremony: fols. 242v- 244
Havdalah: fols. 244v-245
Shevahot for Three Pilgrimage Festivals (אין כמוך כאלקים ה' ואין כמעשיך מלכותך..."): fols. 245v-247 (not in Davidson, nor in Shadal)
Yozer for Shabbat preceding New Year: (Davidson א'7401) fols. 247v-248
Reshut by Isaac: (Davidson י'3138) fol. 248
Prayer by Rabbi Moshe ben Nahman: (Davidson א'6151) fols. 248v-250v
Supplications for deliverance from edicts of extermination of the Jews of Ashkenaz (uncompleted): fol. 251
Prayer of Admonition by the late Rabbenu Bechaie HaChasid (תוכחה לרבינו בחיי החסיד ז"ל): (Davidson ב'1753) fol. 251v
Piyyut for taking the Torah out of the Ark (אפתח נא שפתי): (Davidson א'7199) fol. 253v
Kaddish de Rabanan: fol. 253v
24 Codicology

Material:   Part A. II + Parchment (sheepskin) 82 leaves (numbered 3-84, since the first two folios which were not originally part of this section were numbered 1-2); clear distinction between flesh and hair sides; the quires are arranged according to Gregory rule, beginning with flesh side.

Part B. Parchment (sheepskin), 170 leaves (numbered 85-254); clear distinction between flesh and hair sides; the quires are arranged according to Gregory rule, beginning with flesh side.

The parchment is different in each of the two parts, as are the other codicological features.

 

Measurements

Part A:

Full page: (257-261) x ca.197 mm

Text space: (143-156) x  (110-115) mm

 

Part B:

Full page: (257-261) x (197-200) mm

Text space: (148-150) x  (115-116) mm

 

Scribes

Scribe of part A: Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (fols. 3-84)

Main scribe of part B: Isaac of Cento son of Yoel (fols. 85-247, 248v-250v); he probably also copied the index of the Selihot on fols. 1-2.

Hand I: fols. 247v-248

Hand II: fol. 248

Hand III: fol. 251

Hand IV: fol. 251v

Hand V: fol. 253v

Hand VI: fol. 253v

 

Script

Part A (Meshulam):

Main text: written in semi-cursive Italian script in light brown ink of different tonalities.

Instructions: written in small semi-cursive Italian script in light brown ink of different tonalities.

Initial words and titles: written in square Italo-Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

 

Part B (Isaac):

Main text: written in semi-cursive Italian script in brown ink.

Instructions: written in small semi-cursive Italian script in brown ink.

Initial words and titles: written in square Italo-Sephardi script in dark brown ink.

 

 

Number of lines

 

Part A (fols. 3-84):

Index of selihot

Written in 39 (fols. 1-1v) and 40 (fol. 2) lines for page in two columns

Main text – first quire

Written in 27 lines per page in one (e.g. fols. 5v-6) or two columns (e.g. fol. 10)

Main text – rest of the quires

Written in 26 (e.g. fols. 25-26v, 46v-51) lines per page in one (e.g. fols. 16v-17) or two columns (e.g. fols. 11v, 23v-24), except for e.g. fols. (11- 24v) written in 25 lines.

 

Part B (fols. 85-254v):

Main text written:

Written in 26 horizontal lines per page in one column. Piyyutim are written in two columns per page (e.g. fols. 229-230)

 

Ruling

Part A (fols. 3-84):

By stylus on the versos (hair side), 27 (quire I) or 26 (e.g. fols. 31v-32) horizontal lines and 1 + 1 vertical lines. Additional ruling for vertical lines in ink, for separating the columns of the piyyutim and the poems (e.g. fols. 11, 26v-27, 30v, 33) or for stressing the vertical edges of the text space (e.g. fols. 12, 14v, 18v, 23).

Part B (fols. 85-254v):

By stylus on the versos, 27 horizontal and 1 + 1 vertical lines, including fols. 247v-253v which were copied by different hands.

Fols. 1-2v: Ruling by stylus on the verso sides (hair), 39 horizontal and 2 + 1 + 2 + 1 + 2 vertical lines.

 

Pricking

Part A (fols. 3-84):

Discernable for horizontal lines in outer margins only, and sometimes in upper and lower margins for vertical lines (e.g. fols. 31-32, 39)

 

Part B (fols. 85-254v):

Discernible in outer, upper and lower margins.

 

 

Quires

Part A (fols. 3-84):

8 quires of 10 leaves each, except for last quire VIII14 (fols. 71-84v).

 

Part B (fols. 85-254v):

17 quires of 10 leaves each.

 

Catchwords

Part A (fols. 3-84):

7 catchwords for quire written horizontally in the left-hand part of the lower margin of the last verso of each quire, in semi-cursive or in square script. Decorated catchwords fols. 30v (a sketch of animal), 40v (a bust of horse), 43v (geometrical pattern).

Catchwords for leaves sometimes appear in the left-hand corner of the lower margin of the versos (e.g. fols. 16v, 19v, 21v, 22v, 27v, 28v, all the versos of quire IV, 43v) written in tiny Italian cursive script or of the first half of the sheet (e.g. fols. 21v, 22v, 27v, 28v)

 

Part B (fols. 85-254v):

16 horizontal catchwords for quires written in the same semi-cursive script as the main text, at the left-hand corner of the lower margin of the last verso of each quire.

 

 

 

 

Hebrew numeration

Part A (fols. 1-84): Hebrew alphabetic numeration for leaf in the upper outer corner of each sides of the leaf visible only at the first quire, starting with א' on fol. 2; fol. 8 is numerated with ז' on the recto and ח' on the verso. This numeration is discernible only till י' on fol. 10.

 

Part B (fols. 85-254v):

Hebrew alphabetic numeration for folios, in the upper corner of the outer margins on each recto and verso. Hebrew alphabetic numeration for quires, in the left-hand corner of the lower margin of the last verso of each quire and on the right-hand corner in the upper margin of the first recto of the next quire.

The numeration for leaves starts from יא on fol. 85, while the numeration of the quires starts from א' – until י"ז.

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 2v, 84v, 239-240, 252-253, 254-254v.

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
A. Fol. 84: Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni
תמו הסליחות שבח ליושב ערבות על ידי / משולם חזק מביליטירי בכאמר יחיאל / ישרו מטירני / ברח אייר שקעח / ושלום
"Finished the Selihot by Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni, on New Moon of the month of Iyyar of the year [5]178 (=Friday 7th April 1418) and Peace"


B. fol. 247: Isaac son of Yoel of Cento
כבודך ה' / יצחק בכמ"ר יואל ישר"ו מצינטו כתב
"In your honour, God, Isaac son of Yoel of Cento has written"
Scribal notes
31 Scribal Notes
Part B:
Emphasis of name Isaac יצחק on fols. 86v (18th line), 87v (2nd line), 238v (16th line); and 250 (in acrostic form).
Fol. 155: Emphasis of name Yoel (Isaac’s father).
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Cod. Hebr. 187 is composed of two different codicological and paleographical entities, each one copied by a different scribe. The first part (fols. 3-84), which includes selihot for all fast days and other occasions, was copied by Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni on Friday 7th April 1418 (see colophon on fol. 84). The second part is a Mahzor for New Year, Day of Atonement, Sukkot and for life cycle events, copied by Isaac son of Yoel of Cento (fols. 85-254; fols. 248-253v contain different prayers copied by 6 different hands), who signed his name but did not mention place nor date of production (see: fol. 247). Both scribes copied the main text in semi-cursive Italian script.

 

The scribe Meshulam, who copied the selihot in our manuscript, does not mention the place of production of the manuscript, yet we know that he is originally from central Italy (he from Velletri, and his father from Terni, near Rome). In the same years he was active in Mantua, where he copied, in a few stages between 1417 and 1421, a collection of liturgical texts for Natan named Bon Vino, son of Samuel Sarfati (Paris, BN, héb. 612; see: אוצר כתבי יד עבריים מימיי הביניים, II (notices), II, 54; II 56, II, 59)[1].

Meshulam of Velletri also copied another mahzor, dated 29 Tammuz 1418 (formerly housed in Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale A. VII. 44 and lost in the fire of 1904). A third manuscript copied by Meshulam is a mahzor of Roman rite dated 1424 (New York,JTS,MS 4518).

 

The main decoration of Cod. Hebr. 187 consists of pen-work geometrical or stylized floral motifs above the initial words of the main sections of the prayer and refrains of the piyyutim. Amongst them there are a few figurative motifs such as a crown (fol. 6v), a horse-shape face (fol. 40v), and a fish (fol. 35), not linked to the text.

As in the Viennamanuscript, both the Parisand the JTS manuscripts are decorated with simple pen-work ornamentation. On fol. 107v in the Parisian manuscript, the initial words Mazzah and Maror are accompanied by two tiny and sketchy illustrations, one of a hand holding a Mazzah, the other of a bunch of green leaves, for which the scribe left space within the text. One large initial word for the opening of the Haggadah could also have been executed by the scribe, as it is written and decorated with a chequered pattern with a similar ink as the text. This provides evidence that the scant decoration in the Vienna Selihot could also have been executed by Meshulam himself, who decorated his manuscripts while he was copying the text or immediately after that.

 

The scribe of the second part of our manuscript, Isaac son of Yoel of Cento, who copied the Mahzor of the Italian rite using a Italo-Sephardi square script for titles and initial words, is known from another manuscript copied in 1461, housed in Verona, (Commentary on Lamentations by Abraham Galante and Even Bokhen by Kalonymos; Verona, Biblioteca Civica, 33 (83.1)). Isaac's father, Yoel, could be the same Yoel son of Isaac of Cento who is recorded as the patron of two manuscripts: one in1397 in Cento (London, BL, Add. 26998), the other in1400 inBologna (Parma, Palatina, cod. Parm. 3116; see also "The Institute for Hebrew Paleography" at the JNUL, doc. Z-J6 (no. 97).

Isaac's section of Cod. Hebr. 187, though accurately copied, is not decorated.

 

The two manuscripts could have been bound together early on. Evidence for this is that the index of selihot on fols. 1-2 includes the selihot of both parts of the manuscripts, and was written by a contemporary hand. The same hand wrote the Hebrew numeration of these selihot in both parts in the margins of both volumes, and copied the selihah which was omitted by Meshulam (fol. 84, below the colophon). This hand is very similar to that of the second scribe, Isaac, and probably is his own hand, as also suggested by the Institute of Hebrew Paleography Institute at the Jewish National and University Library (ref. Z J6). Moreover, the Hebrew numeration for folios, which starts on quire I only of Meshulam's copy (א-י on fols. 2-10; see: Hebrew numeration) and continues from quire I of Isaac's part till the end (starting with יא on fol 85), is by a contemporary hand very similar to that of the main scribes. The fact that the first quire of Meshulam also has Hebrew numeration indicates that already at an early stage the two copies were bound together. Yet, for some reason, the numerator skipped other Meshulam quires.

 

According to the sale's inscriptions recorded on fol. 252v, a Leon (the full name is erased) states that as of 7th of April 1480 he sold the manuscript to R. Shelomo son of the late Ephraim, which included the Mahzor for New Year, Day of Atonement and the days of fast, and a commentary on the Psalms that is not part of the current manuscript. This inscription provides evidence that in 1480 the two manuscripts where already bound together, as the inscription records both the selihot for fast days and the mahzor for High Holidays.

On both fols. 2 and on fol. 254v two inscriptions state that after four months (on 8th August 1480), Shlomo ben Ephrayim sold the ms. to Elijah Fiano son of Isaac in Ferrara. Even though the selihot are not mentioned in the inscription, evidence that the same owner signed his name on fol. 2 as well, indicates that the two manuscripts were sold together. The inscription on fol. 254v also records Kimhi's commentary on Psalms, and the books of Ezra and Chronicles, which are not part of the manuscript (possibly were independent units).

The manuscript passed (on a certain date not recorded in the manuscript) into the hands of Moshe son of Abraham Yehiel, who, according to the sale's inscription on fol. 254, sold it to Elijah son of Isaac Fiano, the former owner, on 18th September 1517.

 

We can conclude that even though the two manuscripts were probably produced as separated units, the earlier in 1418, the second around the middle of the 15th century, they were bound together before 1480, as the sales inscriptions reveal (for details, see: history). As the two main scribes were active in Northern Italy, Meshulam mostly inMantua, while Isaac originated from Cento, in the Emilia region, and the manuscript was sold twice inFerrara, three places rather close one to the other, we can assume that the two units were produced in the same area where the two scribes were active.  

 

 

 


[1]In 1417 Meshulam completed the Passover Haggadah (see colophon on fol. 122v), in 1419 he completed the copying and punctuation of the selihot (see colophons on fols. 84v and 87v), finally in 1421 he finished the copying of most part of the Mahzor.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Fol. 137: in the outer margin, towards the edge, annotation in tiny semi-cursive Italian script: "missing (the prayer) אל עורך דין (חסר אל עורך דין). The missing prayer was never copied

Fol. 140v: outer margin, similar annotation by the same hand missing: " זה אל זה אומ " ( חסר זה; אל זה אומ'). Also in this case the prayer was not copied.

Fol. 51: in the left-hand part at the bottom of the page, inscription in tiny square script by a later hand
ע:? / ואנכי וביתי נעבוד את ה'
"and myself and my house will serve God"

Many additions and corrections by a later hand in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script, both in the text space and into the margins
Owner's inscriptions:
1. fol. 252v: in the left-hand part of the upper margin:
היום יום ו' ז' אפר' ר"מ נתתי זה המחזור מר"ה וצום כפור ותעייות כפרעון לר' שלמה יצ"ו בכ"ר אפרים ז"ל עם ה' חתיכות ספרים / [...] בסוף הפרוש מתלים כתיבת ידי ליאון
"Today, Friday 7th April 1480 I have given this Mahzor for New Year and Day of Atonement and fasts as payment to R. Shlomo son of the late Ephraim with five pieces of books […] and at the end the commentary on Psalms written by the hand of Leon (Arieh?)"

2. Fol. 2: in the left-hand part of the upper margin (by the same hand as the inscription on fol. 254v, no. 3 below, by Shelomo son of Ephraim):
לה' הארץ ומלואה / א' מחזור מר"ה ויום הכפורים / אשר חנן ה' לי בפירא'[רה] ח' אגוש'[טו] / ר"ם בקניין כספי / [...] בכמ"ר [...]
The owner, whose name has been deleted, says he purchased the Mahzor for New Year and Day of Atonement in Ferrara in 8th August 1480. According to the sale's inscription on fol. 254v, he is Eliahu Fiano



3. fol. 254v: (within the inscription, the name אליה פיינ' בכר יצחק פיינ' was written by the same hand as nos. 4, who was his son – he deleted the name underneath it):
מודה אני שלמה בכמ' אפרי' ז"ל מ[...] כמו שהיום יום ג' ח' אגו' ר"ם מכרתי / זה החתכ' ממחזור בקלפי' שיש בו סדר ר"ה ויום הכפורי' וא' פירוש מקמחי מתלים / ועזרה ודברי הימי' בקלפי' לכמ' אליהו פיינ' בר' יצחק פינ' בשכר ח' פרחי' / רחבי' זהב ומחלתי לו אונאה וכדי שיש בידו עדות [ציבור?.] [...][...] אחרות / [...] וזכות וראיה כתבתי כל זה מכתיבת ידי ממש וחלותי פני העדי' יחתמו שמם / אחרי הכל שריר וקים
אני שלמה בכמ' אפרי' ז"ל / הנז' מודה ומאשר כל הכתוב לעיל
שלמה בכמ"ר יחיאל ז"ל מא(?)'
אלעזר בכמ"ר יהודה זלה"ה מא(?)
Myself, Shlomo son of the late Ephraim of […], hereby acknowledge,that today, Tuesday 8th of August 1480 [I]have sold these parts of mahzor in parchment in which are contained the service for New Year and Day of Atonement and also Kimhi's commentary on Psalms, and (the books of) Ezra and Chronicles in parchment to Elihau Fiano (?) son of Isaac for a charge of 8 large gold florins and I have forgiven to him and as proof [of this transaction] I have written all this in my own hand, and the witnesses will sign their name after all [the inscription]
I Shlomo son of the late Ephraim / I confirm all what is written above
Shlomo son of the late Yehiel of [??]
Eleazar son of Yehuda of [??]


4. Fols. 2 (upper margin), 247 (lower margin): Owner's signatures:

שלי ר' יחיאל פיינו [יצו'?]
Mine, R. Yehiel Fiano

Fol. 238, in the lower margin, the same owner's signature:
ירושת אבותי שלי יחיאל בכמ' / אליה פיינו זצ"ל
Inheritance from my forefathers Yehiel son of Elija Fiano.

5. Fol. 254:
מודה אני משה בכמר' אברהם יחיאל מויינ' זלהצ' איך היו' הזה י"ח סיטימ' רעז' מכרתי לכמר' אליה בכמר' יצחק פיונו יצו' המחזור הזה וא' כתובים בקלף כתיבה קטאלא' מרובעת וממנו קבלתי דמי שוים ועלי לסלקו ולפי נתתי [...] מכל טענה וערעור ומחלתי לו ימי אונאה ולראיית האמת כתבתי שמי פה ב[...] והמחזור ופייסתי העדים יחתמו שמותם גם הם אחר חתימתי והכל שריר וקים
אני משה בכמ' אברהם יחיאל מויינ' זלהצ' מאשר ומקיים כל הכתוב לעיל
משה בכמהח"ר רפאל מרדכי בסולצ' יצו
בן ציון בכמ' שמואל מפולא' זצ"ל
The inscription says that Moshe son of Abraham Yehiel of (?) of blessed memory sold the manuscript on 18th September 1517 to Eliyah son of Isaac Fiono [Fiano?]. two witnesses signed their names after Moshe of Abraham Yehiel: Moshe son of Raphael Yehiel of (?) and Ben Zion son of Samuel of (?)


Fol. 254v: deletion of many inscriptions in the parchment –pen trial by different hands.
Fol. 254 :beneath the sales inscription a table of 11 rows and 9 columns was deleted.
Fol. 238: table of 10 rows and 10 columns deleted, each cell contained a number fromא' to ק' (horizontally).
Fol. 238 : on the left upper side of the deleted table, a cancelled unreadable inscription in tiny semi-cursive Italian script; another unreadable and cancelled inscription, seems to be the same script appearing below the table. There, on the right, a deleted display square א of Italo-Ashkenazi script.

Fol. 253v: Censors’ signature:
“Revisus p(er) me Laurentiu(m) / frangnellu(m) 1575
“Fr(a) Hipp(olitu)s 1601

Purchased for 80 florins on March 17th, 1866 from H. Lipschütz with other Hebrew manuscripts (Cod. Hebr. 186, 188-190).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good condition. (besides fols. 1-2 very damaged).
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
26344
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 2006;2007 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2004; 2006 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (6 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 262189 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, , Mantua, 1.  1418 (Selihot); 2. middle of the 15th century (Mahzor) edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262189 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, , Mantua, 1.  1418 (Selihot); 2. middle of the 15th century (Mahzor) edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Selihot and Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (Unknown)
5 Date 1.  1418 (Selihot); 2. middle of the 15th century (Mahzor)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Lombardy | Mantua
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 187 (Schwartz, No. 97)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001090
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262189
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262190 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.3, Mantua, 1. edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262190 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.3, Mantua, 1. edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Selihot and Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol.3
4a Artist/ Maker Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (Unknown)
5 Date 1.
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Lombardy | Mantua
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 187 (Schwartz, No. 97)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001091
20 Description

Fol. 3:

In the upper part of the page, the title “Twenty-two Fasts days in twelve months of the year” and the names of each month of the Jewish calendar, written one below the other at the right side of the text column, are decorated with simple pen-work dotted flowers

21 Ornamentation Decorated Initial word
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated Initial word
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, light brown and red ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262190
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262191 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.35r, Mantua, 1. edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262191 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.35r, Mantua, 1. edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Selihot and Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol.35r
4a Artist/ Maker Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (Unknown)
5 Date 1.
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Lombardy | Mantua
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 187 (Schwartz, No. 97)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Fish |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001092
20 Description

Fol. 35:

A fish is drawn in light brown ink, hanging from the descender of the final zadi (ץ') in the word "earth" (ארץ), within the text of the selihah to be read for the fast of the 10th of Tevet [Davidson א' 2511]. The fish is drawn in light brown ink, and is attached directly to the lower extremity of the letter zadi (ץ').

 

 

21 Ornamentation Word decoration: fish
 
21 Ornamentation
Word decoration: fish
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, light brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262191
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262192 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.40v, Mantua, 1. edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262192 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.40v, Mantua, 1. edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Selihot and Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol.40v
4a Artist/ Maker Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (Unknown)
5 Date 1.
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Lombardy | Mantua
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 187 (Schwartz, No. 97)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Horse |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001093
20 Description

Fol. 40v:

A hybrid horse is suspended from the descender of the final letter khaf (ך) of the catchword, drawn in light brown ink in the same tonality of the script.

 

21 Ornamentation Decorated catchword: Horse
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated catchword: Horse
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, light brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262192
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza September 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza September 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal June 2004 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262193 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.6v, Mantua, 1. edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262193 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.6v, Mantua, 1. edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Selihot and Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol.6v
4a Artist/ Maker Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (Unknown)
5 Date 1.
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Lombardy | Mantua
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 187 (Schwartz, No. 97)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001094
20 Description

Fol. 6v:

The initial words of each strophe of the selihah to be read on the fast of the 10th of Tevet: תהיינה עיניך [Davidson ת' 118], are decorated above by simple pen-work lines, except for the first word in the page (to be translated) כנפרק ("[when one] unloads"), which is decorated with a stylized crown. The light brown ink is very similar to the ink of the punctuation of the text.

 

 

21 Ornamentation Decorated Initial word
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated Initial word
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, light brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262193
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 262194 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.84, Mantua, 1. edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 262194 Italian Selihot and Mahzor, Fol.84, Mantua, 1. edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Selihot and Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol.84
4a Artist/ Maker Meshulam of Velletri son of Yehiel of Terni (Unknown)
5 Date 1.
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Lombardy | Mantua
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 187 (Schwartz, No. 97)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001095
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
262194
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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