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  (XI) Obj. ID: 26162 French Liturgical Pentateuch,, France, before 1348. // Hayyim (scribe and artist) edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Pentateuch, Haftarot and Megillot vocalized, punctuated and massorated with Targumim, Rashi's commentary on the biblical text and Sefer ha-Gan commentary on the Pentateuch.

Main text:
Pentateuch: Genesis (fols. 1v-77), Exodus (fols. 77v-141v), Leviticus (fols. 142-185v), Numbers (fols. 185v-247v), Deuteronomy (fols. 247v-302v).
Targum Yerushalmi incorporated in the text on fols. 57, 67v.
Haftarot: (fols. 303-362).
Megilot: Song of Songs (fols. 363-368), Ruth (fols. 368-372v), Lamentation (fols. 373-378v), Ecclesiastes (fols. 378v-389), Esther (fols. 389-401).
The biblical text is also furnished with the Massorah magna and parva (fols. 1v-401). The Massorah magna is mostly in 2 or 3 top lines and 3 or 4 bottom lines; the Massorah parva flanking the bible text.
Marginal text:
Targum Onkelos (fols. 1v-302v) written in a narrow column in the inner margin.
Targum for the Haftarot for Passover and Shavout (fols. 346v-352).
Targum for the Megillot: Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentation, Ecclesiastes (fols. 363-389); Targum Sheni for Esther scroll (fols. 389-401). The Targumim are written in the inner margins.
Rashi’s commentary on the biblical text (fols. 1v-401) written in the outer margins of the Pentateuch, in all margins of the Haftarot and in the outer margin of the Megillot, except for: Ecclesiastes which is also written in the lower margin and Esther scroll which is written in shaped text of circles at the upper and lower margins
Sefer ha-Gan commentary on the Pentateuch by Aaron ben Joseph ben Aaron ha-Cohen (fols. 1v-302v) is written in various shaped text mainly of two circles above and below Targum Onkelos’ text column.
24 Codicology

Material

Parchment, I + 401 + I leaves.

The quires arranged according to Gregory rule starting with the hair side. Hair side is distinguishable from flash side in most pages.

 

Measurements

Full page: (284-287) X (193-197) mm

Main text with commentaries: (204-244) X (121-157) mm

Pentateuch: (136-138) X (58-62) mm

Five scrolls: (137-140) X (52-59) mm

Haftarot in two columns: ca. 137 X 90 mm; column’s width: 39-41mm

Haftarot for Passover and Shavuot in one column: ca. 134 X (70-81) mm

 

Scribes

The manuscript was copied by three scribes:

 

Scribe A, main scribe: Hayyim

Bible text, Targumim and Rashi's commentary

fols. 1v-401

 

Scribe B, massorator and decorator

 

Massorah

  

   fols. 1v-401

 

Scribe C

 

Sefer ha-Gan

  

   fols. 1v-302v

 

The vocalizer-corrector, which probably was scribe B, divulged his hand by correcting the Targum (e.g. fols. 100, 100v) and the main text (e.g. fol. 362).

 

Script

Biblical text is written in square Franco-Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.  Massorah magna and parva are written in a small square Ashkenazi script in brown ink

Targumim for the Pentateuch and the Haftarot for Passover and Shavout are written in small square script in dark brown ink

Targum for Five scrolls is written in small square and semi-cursive scripts in brown ink

Rashi’s commentary is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink 

Sefer ha-Gan commentary is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi tiny script in dark and light brown ink in shaped text mainly of circles.

 

Number of columns

The main text of the Pentateuch and the Five scrolls are written in one column; the Haftarot are in two columns, except for the Haftarot for Passover and Shavuot in one column (346v-352).

 

Number of lines

Main text (fols. 1v-401)

23 lines per column

Targum Onkelos (fols. 1v-302v)

Mainly in 34-46 lines per page

Targum for Haftarot for Passover and Shavout (fols. 346v-352)

Mainly in 43-47 lines

Targum for Five scrolls (fols. 363-401)

In various number of lines some in between 49-82 lines.

Rashi’s commentary (fols. 1v-401)

In various number of lines

Massorah magna and parva for Pentateuch (fols. 1v- 302v) and Five scrolls (fols. 363-401)

3 + 4 lines

Massorah magna and parva for the Haftarot (fols. 303-362)

Mainly 2 + 3 lines, some are of e.g. 2 + 2 lines (e.g. fols. 329, 329v, 332, 356)

Sefer ha-Gan commentary

Mainly 9-18 lines in circle shaped text

 

Ruling

The ruling of the manuscript is varied in many pages. All ruled by plummet on both sides of the page:

Ruling for the Pentateuch, mainly of 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 2 + 1 + 2 vertical lines (e.g. fols. 34v, 35, 36, 38, 54, 96, 136, 171, 262 and 269v) and 4 + 3 + 24 + 4 + 5 horizontal lines (e.g. fols.10, 13, 86v, 138v, 188, 159, 203v, 206).

Ruling for the haftarot, 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 2 vertical lines (e.g. fol. 304) and 4 + 3 + 24 + 4 + 5 horizontal lines.

Ruling for the Five scrolls is mainly of 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 2 vertical lines  (e.g. fol. 368) or 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 2 vertical lines ( e.g. fols. 376, 382) and 4 + 3 + 24 + 4 + 5 horizontal lines (e.g. fols. 372, 376, 378). 

Additional horizontal ruling by plummet for the Targumim and Rashi’s commentary of more than 40 lines appears in many pages (e.g. fols. 35, 55, 86, 86v, 138v, .258, 364, 368, 377).

Ruling for Sefer ha-Gan of circles in the inner margin on top and bottom of Targum Onkelos column is seen on fol. e.g. 139.

 

Pricking

Is evident in the inner margin (for the first two quires) and in upper and lower margins.

 

Quires

50 quires of 8 leaves each, except for XXV10, XXXVIII4, XLII12 and L8-1. 

 

Catchwords

Catchwords are written horizontally at the lower left hand corner of the final verso of almost every quire, in the same square script as the text. Most catchwords are also surmounted by simple motives. On fol. 8v the catchword “hayyim” (חיים) (which is also the name of the scribe) is also flanked by two pen-drawn confronting hooded human-faced hybrids.

The central befolia in some quires are marked by a horizontal line at the folding point (e.g. fols. 12v-13, fols. 100v-101, fols. 278v-279), probably as a guideline for (or by) a binder.

 

Hebrew numeration

For the quires in Hebrew letters in the lower left hand corner of the versos of the first four leaves of the quire (i.e. marking the four bifolia of the quire), starting on quire III (fols. 17-20) with the letter ג (=3). In this quire in addition to the letter ג, these four leaves are also numbered in Latin ciphers I-IIII (=IV) probably by a later binder.

As in this third quire, the first four leaves of some other quires are also numerated I-IIII (e.g. XXIII, XXV). The Latin nameration appears more often in the last quires of the book (e.g. XXXIV, XLI-XLII and XLIII, XLV).

It should be noted that in quires XXIII – XXXIX the Hebrew numbers does not follow the order of the quires in the manuscript. The difference is one number, e.g. quire XXIII is כב (22 and not 23) and quire XXV is כד (24 instead of 25). From quire XL on, the gaps between the order of the quires and the numeration are of 4 numbers or more, e.g. quire XLI is marked on fol. 322 מה (45 instead of 41).

 

Blank leaves

Fol. 362v was originally a blank leaf.

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
none
31 Scribal Notes
Scribe A - Hayyim (חיים):

A. The emphasis of the name of scribe A:
Fol. 8v, the catchword “hayyim” (חיים) is topped by a triangle of dots and decorated with two confronting hybrids.
Fol. 35v (at the beginning of the third line from the bottom), the word “hayyim” is marked by a diagonal row of dots.

B. Blessings' formulas at the end of sections by the scribe:
• In Targum Onkelos:
Fol. 141v, at the end of Exodus:
נשלם ספר ואלה שמות/ יחי הסופר ואל ימות
"The book of Exodus is complete. The scribe will live and not die".
• In the Haftarot:
Fol. 362, left column, at the end of the entire Haftarot (punctuated):
חזק/ ונתחזק הכותב/ לא יזק לא היום/ ולא לעולם עד שיעלה/ חמור בסולם אשר/ יעקב אבינו/ חלם/.
ברוך נותן כח לאין אונים/ בורא תחתונים ועליונים/ ברחמיו יגאל מבין עוינים/ אום לעבודתו מזומנים.
"Strengthen and be strong. The scribe not be harmed today nor ever until a donkey climbs up a ladder that our father Jacob dreamed. Blessed be he who gives strength to the weakens. He who creates heaven and earth, with his mercy, he will redeem the Nation from hostiles".

• In Rashi’s commentary:
Fol. 185v, at the end of Rashi’s commentary to Leviticus (3rd line from the bottom):
שבח לאדיר ונורא. נשלם ספר ויקרא. ה' לי ולא אירא. ואויבי יהי נשבה ונשבר. בהתחילי ספר במדבר
"The book of Leviticus is complete. The Lord is on my side I will not fear. "My enemies will be captured and brakes while I start the book of Numbers".
Fol. 247v, at the end of Rashi’s commentary to Numbers (starts on the 2nd line from the top of the page):
ושבח לה' מעלה ירודים. נשלם פי' חומש הפיקודים. ובשם שדי שמים שפרה. עוטה כשלמה אורה/ אתחיל/ פירוש מ/ משנה/ תורה/ אמ'/ א'
"Blessed is the Lord who elevates the inferiors. Completed the book of Leviticus. and in the name of G-d who "garnished the heavens " (Job 27:13) "coverest thyself with light as with a garment" (based on Ps. 104:2) I will start the commentary to the book of Deuteronomy".

Fol. 302v, at the end of Rashi’s commentary to the Pentateuch (upper outer margin):
ספר דברים מסויים/ שבחות לחי/ וקיים דורך/ על במתי/ ים
"The book of Deuteronomy is completed glories to the Lord "Treadeth upon the waves of the sea" (Job 9:8)".
C. End of book sign:
At the end of each book of the Pentateuch and the Megilot is a verse-sum sign. (e.g. fol. 302v (at the end of Deut.), verse-sum, Siman, in an architectonic form.
Fol. 401, the last (unvocalized) line of Esther scroll (also the end of the book):
חזק ונתחזק הכותב לא יזק א' ס'
"Strengthen and be strong. The scribe will not be harmed. Amen sela".
At the bottom of the page, written in micrography in a geometrical design, are Sedarim followed by the text:
לא אמות כי אחיה ואספר מעשה יה / ברוך צורי שדי אשר חיזק ידי ועיני יאיר עד בלי די
"I shall not die but live and declare the works of the Lord" (Ps. 118:18). Blessed be He. My rock, Shadai, who strengthen my hands and light my eyes without limit. Middle of the Pentateuch".

D. Instructions for copying:
Fol. 302v, at the end of the Massorah parva to the left of the word חזק(end of Deuteronomy):
לעיני/ כל/ ישרא'/ באמצע/ שטה/ ובסוף/ הדף
"In the sight of all Israel (Deut. 31:7)" should be written in the middle of the line and at the end of the page.Fol. 363, at the end of the outer marginal column of the first page of Song of Songs, written vertically in the columns' text:
חזור וגמור תרגום הדף הזה [של שיר השירים בדף הבא]
"Complete the Targum [on Song of Song] of this page on the next page". חזור וגמור פי'[רוש] הדף [הזה של שיר השירים בדף הבא]
"Complete [Rashi’s commentary on Song of Song] of this page on the next page".

32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

 

Binding measurements: 305 X207 mm; width of spine98 mm.

18th century binding of light brown leather on thick cardboards, blind-tooled with three-line frame and by an additional inner frame of running Greek wave motif enclosing rosettes. The spine is divided into six sections; each decorated on top and bottom by a gold-tooled band and floral corners, except for the second section which is not decorated. The uppermost section includes also at its center the Emblem of the Habsburg Empire.

The binding was restored in 2003 by the ÖNB restoration department.

 

36 Decoration Program

The main decoration of the manuscript executed by the massorator (scribe B) consisting of zoomorphic, fantastic, foliate and geometrical shapes outlined in massoretic micrography. The decoration appears mainly in the Pentateuch. A few of which are text illustrations to the Pentateuch represented by a single object of the text as a condensed allusion to the scene (e.g. a ladder illustrating the text of Jacob's dream, (fol. 39v)). The decoration is placed mostly in the outer margin, but some are also in the lower margin.

The main scribe A illustrates the text commentary e.g. the two maps in Rashi's commentary (fols. 243v, 244v) or the diagram of Jacob's and his women's tents in Sefer ha-Gan commentary (fol. 45) . He is also responsible for the catchwords and apparently for their decoration: the two hybrids (fol. 8v) and probably the pen drawn small monkey on fol. 181v. His dragons and foliate motifs differ from the style of the massorator (compare the hybrids on fol. 194v by massorator with fol. 8v  by the scribe A: they are not the same: different nose, different curving of head, different way of rendering legs). Scribe A also writes the signs at end of books (fols. 77, 302v, 401) as well as the andulating leaves in the Targum (fols. 181v; fol. 372v) and in the commentary (fols. 355, 373v).

Each page of the manuscript includes various texts skillfully arranged together: the biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Targumim in the inner margin, and in the three outer margins by the commentary by Rashi. The biblical text is also furnished with Massorah magna and parva and with Sefer ha-Gan commentary on the Pentateuch which is written in shapes of circles on top and bottom of Targum Onkelos in the inner margin.

 

I. Decorations by the massorator (scribe B):

A.   Decorative massoretic micrography: including a stork (e.g. fol. 87v), a pigeon (e.g. fol. 368v), a fish (whale or dolphin) biting its fin (fol. 160), a lioness (fol. 40) and variety of two-legged dragons and hybrids. Some are with a leafy tail or tongue (e.g. fols. 57, 98, 102v, 122, 154, 187v, 223v, 232, 237, 257v, 282, 370), others depicted with head and tail in one unit (e.g. fols. 2v-3, 70, 250), or as a pair of dragons (fol. 81v), with intertwined tails and tongues (fol. 186). The hybrids are with human or bird face wearing hoods (fols. 6v, 37v-38, 118, 149, 194v). Other depictions include stylized floral and foliate motifs (e.g. fols. 1v, 2, 10, 27, 64, 194, 275v). There are also architectural structures (e.g. fols. 1v, 2, 4v, 214v), a key (fols. 17, 77), a spear (fol. 61), and geometrical motives of a circle (e.g. fol. 8, 9), chain of circles (e.g. fol. 56v, 206v), a zig-zag (e.g. fols. 9, 58, 111), a triangle (e.g. fol. 50), a wheel (fol. 189v) and plaited motifs (e.g. fol. 20v, 101v). In some pages the massoratic micrography frames most of the page (e.g. fols. 187v, 232).

B.   Illustrative massoretic micrography: including Noah’s ark (fol. 9v), the shrub of Hagar and Ishmael (fol. 26v) Rebecca's water jar (and jewels ?;fol. 32v), Jacob’s ladder (fol. 39v), the city of Haran (fol. 44), storages for the food in Egypt (fol. 61v), a wheel (fol. 69v)  an ax (fol. 99) and shittim woods for the Tabernacle (fols. 117, 118).

  C. Decorated mid-book-sign in micrography: e.g. fols. 38v, 110v "Middle of the book" (חצי הספר), 155 "Middle of the Torah in words", 157 "… in letters" ((חצי התורה באותיות, 159v "… in verses" ((חצי התורה בפסוקים.     

D.  Decorated ascender and descender of letters:  The long flag of the letters Lamed in the Massorah parva text column ends in a shape of a spear (e.g. fols. 5, 54, 56, 273v, 290v) or written one inside the other resembling structures of musical notes (e.g. fols. 43v, 61v, 78, 89, 90v, 91, 100, 266) or diamond shapes (e.g. fol. 70v).            

 

II. Decorations by the main scribe A:

A.      Illustration for Rashi's commentary: Two maps of theLand ofIsrael in the lower margins (fols. 243v and 244v).

B.      Targumim and commentary shaped text:

Rashi’s commentary: surround the biblical text on three outer sides. In the outer margin the flow of the text column is interrupted at the center. Each part of the interrupted column ends in a triangular apex faces inward. Sometimes the commentary is written in geometrical forms such as a circle (e.g. fol. 4), triangles (e.g. fols. 132v, 133), and as a floral motif (e.g. fol. 6), arches (fol. 183), diamond and triangle (fol. 80) or in more elaborate geometrical designs (e.g. fols. 129v, 130). In one case the commentary is written in the lower margin in a row of triangles (fol. 349).

Targum Onkelos: is written in a narrow column in the inner margin of the biblical text.

Sefer ha-Gan commentary: is written mainly as two circles above and below the Targum Onkelos column. Sometimes it is written in a shape of a lozenge (e.g. fols. 49, 71v), half circle (e.g. fols. 76) or pair of circles (e.g. fols. 74v, 75), a mushroom (fol. 105, 147v) or in other various geometrical forms (e.g. fols. 292, 323).

C.      Decorated initial-word of book: the letters of the initials are surrounded by a wavy line in red ink creating a panel to the words (fols. Gen. - fol. 1v, Ex. - 77v, Lev. - 142, Num. - 185v, Deut. - 247v, Song of Songs - 363, Ruth - 368, Ecclesiastes - 378v, Esther - 389). Similar initial word is for the last pericope of the Pentateuch (fol. 300v).

D.     Decorated end of book: in geometrical design at the end of Genesis (fol. 77) and the entire book (fol. 401) and in an architectural structure at the end of the Pentateuch (fol. 302v).

E.     Decorated catchwords: surmounted by pen-drawn foliage (e.g. fols. 8v, 16v, 24v, 72v, 80v), triangle of dots

 (e.g. fols. 48v, 326v, 346v), a vertical line (e.g. fols. 32v, 112v, 160v, 168v, 226v, 234v, 266v, 274v) and an

 arch (fol. 318v). Two pen drawn face-hybrids decorate the catchword hayyim on fol.  8v.

F.      Pen drawn small monkey playing a ball is on fol. 181v.

G.     Decorated end-of-text: a pen floral motif issuing from חזק at the end of Targum Onkelos (fol. 77).

H.     Simple decoration at end of words in Rashi’s commentary and the Targum text mostly executed in dots

         of ink (e.g. fols. 6v, 28v, 59v, 175, 214, 286, 297, 310, 347v,355, 372v, 373).

 

III. Decorations by scribe C:

A small diagram of Jacob's and his women's tents in Sefer ha-Gan commentary (fol. 45, lower circle).

36 Summary and Remarks

The manuscript consists of the Pentateuch, Megillot and Haftarot. By the middle of the fourteenth century manuscripts with similar biblical contents were quite common in Ashkenazi circles inGermanyandFranceprobably made for personal use in the synagogue and at home (see Narkiss, Albenc Pentateuch, p. 320).

However, our manuscript is a rare addition since it include the text of Sefer ha-Gan, a commentary on the Pentateuch mainly based on midrashic sources, composed by R. Aaron ben Joseph ben Aaron ha-Cohen who lived in northern France in the first half of the 13th century and wrote Sefer ha-Gan around the year 1240 (see Orlian, Sefer ha-Gan, pp. 25-26). Although the ink colour of the text of Sefer ha-Gan is lighter than the rest of the text in the manuscript, there is no reason to assume that it was not an original part of the manuscript. The planning ahead of the space for Sefer ha-Gan proves that it was written at the time of the book production. On e.g. fol. 139, circles designated for Sefer ha-Gan done when ruling was prepared. It shows that all different texts in our book were planned ahead. Moreover, it seems that Sefer ha-Gan preceded the Massorah, since on fol. 234v, for example, the Massorah encloses the text of the commentary which is written in a circle at the lower part of the page.

Our Pentateuch which shows a skillful collaboration between three scribes has no colophon which states the name of the scribe and the date and place of its production. It is probable, however, that the name of the main scribe (A) is Hayyim, since the word hayyim (חיים) is marked in the text (fol. 35v) and in the catchword (fol. 8v). Schwarz ( Catalogue, No. 19) describes the script in our manuscript as a French script of the 14th century, and in the Hebrew Palaeography Project (see ZJ 19) it is suggested that the manuscript may have originated in France. Shalev-Eyni (Tripartite Mahzor, pp. 25-32) also indicated that the type of treatment of the parchment of our  manuscript, in which the hair side is noticeable, supports a French origin. Indeed, according to Beit-Arié ( Hebrew Codicology, pp. 22-23) in the end of the 12th century a new technique entered Ashkenaz, in which the differences between the hair side and the flesh side were blurred so that it was not so noticeable. InFrance, however, although the new technique was partially adopted, the old technique, in which the hair marks were still noticeable, continued to be used. If so, the hair marks in the Vienna Pentateuch support the notion of a French origin. 

Shalev-Eyni (Tripartite Mahzor, pp. 25-32) also compared our Vienna Pentateuch from palaeographic, codicologic and stylistic aspects to the Ashkenazi Duke of Sussex Pentateuch (London British Library, Add. Ms. 15282), written around 1300 in Lake Constance region,  and found a close connection between the scripts and layout of the page of these two manuscripts. These indicate a direct relationship between them and show that both scribes are rooted in the French tradition (see also Narkiss, HIM, p. 31 and Pl. 29). Although the Vienna  Pentateuch was probably also written by a scribe named Hayyim, this is not the same scribe Hayyim who copied the Tripartite Mahzor and the Duke of Sussex Pentateuch. Nevertheless, the scribes of both Pentateuch employ similar motifs in the design of the micrography. In both manuscripts, a common motif is triangular shapes with a small circle set within them. These triangles are adjacent to the upper or lower Massorah lines and their point faces outward. The triangles are arranged in a symmetric manner. Specifically similar in both manuscripts is the design of the flag of the letter lamed.  Both manuscripts also used similar models for designing the micrography, as for example, the left dragon on fol. 81v of the Vienna Pentateuch is similar to the dragon on fol. 67 of the Duke of Sussex. Both heads are roundish and large in proportion to the body, their mouths are open and they have large eyes and pointy ears.  Their foliate tails scroll around and have similar heart-shaped leaves. It would seem that the shaping of the nose in the Duke of Sussex is a less successful copy of the model than the nose that appears in the Vienna manuscript. Shalev-eyni also shows similarities in the iconography in both manuscripts. A prominent example is a ladder illustrating the text of Jacob's dream. In the Vienna manuscript (fol. 39v) the ladder is placed diagonally along the lower margin while in the Duke of Sussex (fol. 39), the ladder is designed along the outer margins.

 

The Vienna Pentateuch also contains two maps set in the margins of two consecutive pages (fols. 234v and 244v), illustrating the text and executed in ink. These maps are two out of four maps which often appear in a group of Ashkenazi copies of Rashi's commentary on the Bible as a separate unit, dating between the 13th and the 14th century (e.g., Rashi of Würzburg (Mϋnchen, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. Hebr. 5, Vols. I & II), described in detail by Professor Narkiss (Narkiss, Rashi U'mapotav, pp. 435-439) and in four manuscripts housed in Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale, Cod. Hebrèus 154, 155, 161, 156, described in detail by Gabrielle Sed-Rajna (Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hebreux, pp. 224-232). Several manuscripts of this group are housed in the Vienna collection – see documentation in this catalog of Hebr. 12b, as well as Hebrs. 23 and 24). Our manuscript cannot be considered as part of this group, as its origin seems to be French, and it does not contain only the Rashi text, but also the text of the Pentateuch, Massorah and Targumim.

It is important to note that these maps found in Hebrew medieval manuscripts were later omitted from most of the printed editions of Rashi's commentary. 

The two maps in the Vienna Pentatuech are considered to be a pair, and most manuscripts including Rashi's maps include both of these maps (Delano-Smith and Gruber, Rashi's Legacy, p. 30). The first map in our manuscript, which is schematically drawn, illustrates Rashi's commentary to Numbers 34:3 (fol. 243v) and the second map illustrates the text of Numbers 34:2-12 and Rashi's commentary (fol. 244v), dealing with the boundaries of theLandofIsraelfrom the South, through the West and East till the North. This second map in the Vienna Pentateuch is elegantly drawn in ink and includes visual details and decorations less commonly found in copies of Rashi's maps, which are usually more schematic in nature, such as different shaped lines indicating bodies of water, fish swimming in the Great Sea, a visual depiction of Mt. Hor as a small heap over a large heap (as described by Rashi in his commentary to Numbers 20: 22, based on other sources describing the Mountain of Hor as a "mountain on top of a mountain, like a small heap above a large heap" (הר על גבי הר כתפוח קטן על גבי תפוח גדול), trefoil arches, gables, turrets of a tower and a decorated gouache band. Another copy of this map which also includes particular visual details and decoration can be found in a fourteenth century Provencal Pentateuch, housed in the Biblioteca Laurentiana in Florence(Ms. Plaut 3.10 appearing in Delano-Smith and Gruber, Rashi's Legacy, p. 33).  It is interesting to note that in the Vienna Pentateuch, the compartment designated for the location "the entrance of Hamath" ((לבא חמת, is inscribed instead "Antiochia" אנטוכיא, which appears in Rashi's commentary (as well as in other commentaries) and was probably the metropolis of the country known as Hamath (ארץ חמת).  Most of the other copies of the map retained the inscription "the entrance of Hamath" (לבא חמת) for this country, according to the biblical text and do not inscribe the compartment with the name of אנטוכיא.

Another variant appearing in this map in the Vienna Pentateuch is the addition of a second inscription under "Mt.Hor" (הר ההר), marking the location of "Turi Amnom" (טורי אמנום).  This is based on Rashi's commentary to the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Gittin, 8a, in which he brings the Yerushalmi translation forMt.Hor as "Turi Amnon" ( טורי אמנון).  This location is not often marked in the copies of Rashi's maps but appears for example in the map drawn on fol. 140 the Rashi of Würzburg (Mϋnchen, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. Hebr. 5, Vols. I).

 

Several years after our Vienna Pentateuch was copied in France, the manuscript reached Provence. This is indicated by the inscription found on fol. 362v (see History). There, during the Black Plague (1349), the manuscript was brought to the city of Igish (איגש), after it was saved from a fire which broke out in the community of Melanma D'shatron (מלנמא דשטרון)". Shalev-Eyni suggests, that it is possible that the manuscript reached Provence as a result of the expulsion of the Jews during the first quarter of the 14th century (1306, 1322).

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Owner inscriptions:
I. Fol. 362v, in the upper part of the page inscribed in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in brown ink probably in
14th century hand:
הלא זה מוצל מאש ביום האף והחמה ששפך השם באש חמתו על קהל הקדוש מלנמא דשטרון / כי כלם קדשו השם ית' טף ונשים ביום אחד בעונתינו הרבים בשנת קח לפרט ו' פרשה והעבירו/ תער על כל בשרם והובא אלי זה החומש בעיר איגש בשנת קט לפרט ז' פרשה שוב אשוב/ אליך ונשארתי רק אני לבדי כי הוזמנתי ונקרא נקראתי י' ימים קודם הגזרות לבא לפני/ אדונתינו המלכה העירה אבנון ושמה/ ישבתי ובכיתי במר נפשי השם ברחמיו יזכני לראות בנחמות יהודה/ וישראל ובבניין אריאל ויזכני להגות בו אני וזרעי/ עד עולם.
"For this is a survivor of the fire on the day of fury and wrath which God raged down in his anger on the holy community of Melamna De'shatron [probably Sisteron on the river of Durance in Southern France], for they are all martyrs of the Lord, children and women in one day, in our many sins, in the year 5108 from the creation (1348), on Friday during the week when "and let them shave all their flesh" [Num. 8:7, of pericope Beha'alotcha] is read, and this Pentateuch was brought to me in the city of Igish [=Aix in Provence (see Gross, Gallia Judaica, pp.45-48)] in the year 5109 to the creation (1348), on Shabbat during the week when "I will certainly return unto thee" [Gen. 18:10, of pericope Vayera] is read, and only I alone remained since I was invited and summoned 10 days before the persecution to come to Avignon before our mistress the queen [Queen Jeanne (see Shalev-Eyni, Tripartite Mahzor, p. 28, n. 52)], and there I have sat and cried the bitterness of my soul. God in his mercy will allow me to see Jehuda and Israel comforted and in the rebuilding of Ariel, and will allow me to study it, me and my descendents after me till the end of days".
This inscription was copied above by a later hand in a semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.
II. Fol. 1, at the upper most part of the page in the middle in semi-cursive script in dark brown ink:
שלי אלעזר, "Mine Eliezer"
III. Fol.1, in the upper part of the page in cursive script in dark brown ink:
משה בכמה"ח (בן כבוד מורנו החכם) אברהם שדל? זצ"ל
"Moshe ben Abraham…" (or Elazar Moshe ben Abraham, see also Hebrew Palaeography Project, No. ZJ 19).
IV. Fol. 290, at the lower margin, mostly unreadable words:
במ"ר ור"ה ?
V. Fol. 401v, at the upper part of the page inscribed in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script ( identified under UV light):
שלי זה החומש חמש מגלות עם (מחוק) ותרגום/ נאם משלם(?)(מחוק) ב"ר (מחוק) יעקב זצ"ל
"This Pentateuch and Five scrolls, with [erased] and Targum, is mine Meshulam … son of … the late Jacob".
Below this inscription are remnants of a long inscription, which can barely be deciphered even under UV light.
Censors' erasure:
Fol. 2v (3rd line from the bottom of the page) in Rashi’s commentary the word "heretics" (המינים) is erased.
Two censors` signatures, at the end of the manuscript:
Fol. 401, at the lower part of the page, Dominico Irosolomi[ta]no 1595.
Fol. 400v, at the lower part of the page, Visto per me Gi[ovanni] Dominico Carretto 1618, “Seen by me, Gio[vanni] Domenico Carretto 1618”.
These two signature appear also in another Hebrew manuscript ‘Ein Ya’akov by Jacob ben Solomon Ibn Habib (a compilation of the Agaddic material of the Babylonian Talmud), written in first half of the 16th century? in North Italy (Venice?), see ÖNB, Cod. Hebr. 190 (Schwarz, Catalogue, No. 78).
The manuscript came to the ÖNB from the Old University Library (see notes of the University Library of Vienna on the first flyleaf - "No. 45" and on fol. 401v - "No. 5").

40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good. Restored in 2003. A small piece is cut off in the lower margins of some pages (e.g. fols. 52-53, 84, 85, 164,165, 189, 198, 275).
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Beit-Arié, Hebrew Codicology
M. Beit-Arié, Hebrew Codicology: tentative typology of technical practices employed in Hebrew dated medieval manuscripts, Jerusalem 1981.

Delano-Smith and Gruber, Rashi's Legacy
C. Delano-Smith and M. I. Gruber, "Rashi's Legacy: maps of the Holy Land", The Map Collector, no. 59, England Summer 1992, pp. 30-35.

Gross, Gallia Judaica
H. Gross, Gallia Judaica :dictionnaire geographique de la France d’apres les sources rabbiniques, Amsterdam 1969.

Hebrew Palaeography Project
Hebrew Palaeography Project in Jerusalem, ZJ 19.

Narkiss, Albenc Pentateuch
B. Narkiss, "The Seal of Solomon the Scribe: the Illustrations of the Albenc Pentateuch of 1340", Between Judaism and Christianity. Art Historical Essays in Honor of Elisheva (Elisabeth) Revel-Neher. eds. K. Kogman-Appel and M. Meyer, Leiden Boston, 2009, pp. 319-351.

Narkiss, HIM
B. Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts, Jerusalem, New York 1969.

Narkiss, Rashi U'mapotav
ב. נרקיס, "רש"י ומפותיו", ספר זאב וילנאי (עורך: אלי שילר), ירושלים 1984, עמ' 435-439.

Orlian, Sefer ha-Gan,
J. M. Orlian, Sefer haGan.Aaron ben Joseph ben Aaron ha-Kohen; text and analysis of the biblical commentary. 'An authorized facsimile' of the editor’s thesis (Ph.D.), Yeshiva University,1973.

Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hebreux
G. Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hebreux Enlumines Des Bibliotheques De France, Leuven-Paris 1994.

Shalev-Eyni, Tripartite Mahzor
S. Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, Ph.D. Dissertation, Jerusalem, 2001 (Hebrew).

Schwarz Catalogue
A. Z. Schwarz, Die hebraeischen Handschriften der Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Vienna, 1925, No. 19.


Further bibliography
S. Aesh, "Parshiyut ve Haftarot", Tarbiz - A Quarterly for Jewish Studies 26, No. 2 (1956), pp. 209-213 (Hebrew).

J. G. C., Adler, Kurze Übersicht seiner biblischkritischen Reise nach Rom, Altona 1783, pp. 5-6.

Buchkunst des Morgenlandes. F. Unterkircher (ed.), Ausstellung in der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Wien 1953, No. 29.

Die Schönsten Handschriften der ehemaligen Hofbibliothek. Ausstellung in der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Wien 1965, 7, No, 31.

S. Deutsch, Die hebräischen Manusckripte der k.k. Hofbibliothek zu Wien. Österreichische Blätter für Literatur und Kunst 63 (1846), p. 150.

K. Eigel (ed.), Die klassischen Gadichte der Weltliteratur. Salzburg-Stuttgart 1966, Tafel nach S. 80.

C. D. Ginsburg, Introduction of the Massaretico-Critical edition of the Hebrew Bible, London 1897, pp. 200-201 (mentioned as Cod. No. 13).‎

H. Gratz, Von Maimunis Tod (1205) bis zur Verbannung der Juden aus Spanien und Portugal 1 (Geschichte der Juden 7), Leipzig 1874, p. 332, note 1; p. 359.

H.J. Hermann, Die westeuropäischen Handschriften und Inkunablen der Gotik und der Renaissance mit Ausnahme der Niederländischen Handschriften. Bd. 2, Englische und französische Handschriften des XIV. Jahrhunderts (Beschreibendes Verzeichnis der illuminierten Handschriften in Österreich N.F. 7,2), Leipzig 1936, pp. 177-179.

Katalog der Miniaturenausstellung der k.k. Hofbibliothek. Ausstellung in Wien, Wien 1902. 58 (Nr. 361). (mentioned).

B. Kennicott, Dissertatio generalis in vetus testamentum hebraicum cum variis lectionibus ex codicibus manuscriptis et impressis, Oxford 1780, p. 106 (Cod. 594).

B. Kennicott, Dissertatio generalis in vetus testamentum hebraicum cum variis lectionibus ex codicibus manuscriptis et impressis (recudi curavit et notas adiecit P. I. Bruns), Brünn 1783, p. 517 (Cod. 594).

A. Kraft & S. Deutsch, Die handscriftlischen hebräischen Werke der k. k. Hofbibliothek zu Wien, Wien 1847, pp. 17-19 (No. 13), 26 (No. XXV-4), 27 (No. XXVI-3), 28 (No. XXVII), 29 (No. XXVIII-2, XXIX), 32 (No. XXX-2), 35-37 (No. XXXII), Pl, II.

Z, Schwarz, Miszellen. Zeitschrift fur hebraische Bibliographie XV (1911), p. 188.

F. Unterkircher, Die Buchmalerei. Entwicklung, Technik, Eigenart, Wien München 1974,p. 92.

W. Wünsche and M. Neumann, ed. Altschüler, Aramaia. Die Targimim zum Pentateuch. 1. Abteilung: Onkelos (Monumenta Judaica 1. Bibliotheca Targumica) Wien/Leipzig 1906, Pl. after p. 62.

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
26162
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 11.7.01, 2009 15.3.03 49a
50 Researcher Michal Sternthal Estherlee Kanon Yaffa Levy 2003, 2008 2008 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2009 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (31 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 261339 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 8v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261339 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 8v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 8v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catchword, decorated
Human hybrid
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001179
20 Description

Fol. 8v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin topped by Sefer ha-Gan written in shape of a circle on top and a rectangular below, and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the lower left-hand corner of the page is the catchword hayyim (חיים) flanked by two pen-drawn confronting hooded human-faced hybrids.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261339
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261340 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 9v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261340 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 9v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 9v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Noah's Ark
Masorah in micrography forming illustration to the text
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001180
20 Description

Fol. 9v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin and on the top and bottom margins by Rashi's commentary which ends in the right margin in shaped text which apex facing upward. Above this is an architectonic structure in micrography composed of a shoe-horsed arch topped by a triangle and a circle. This represents Noah's ark mentioned in the adjacent text of Gen. ch. 7.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261340
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261325 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 26v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261325 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 26v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 26v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography forming illustration to the text
Micrographic shaped text
The Shrub (Ishmael) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001164
20 Description

Fol. 26v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin topped by Sefer ha-Gan written as a circle, and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the right margin, the flow of Rashi's text is cut out in the center creating two short columns enclosing between them a micrographic stylized tree standing up. This may allude to the narrative in the adjacent main text of Hagar casting her child Ishmael "under one of the shrubs" (Gen. 21:15).

The top and bottom Massorah concluded on the left with a small geometrical motif.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261325
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261329 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 37v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261329 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 37v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 37v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Human hybrid
Masorah in micrography, decorative
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001168
20 Description

Fols. 37v-38:

Two facing pages decorated along the outer margin with a micrographic human face hybrid on the right and a bird face hybrid on the left, both hooded and with a long leafy tail.

In both pages the biblical text in the center is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin and in the upper and lower margins by Rashi's commentary. At the top and bottom of the Targum column is Sefer ha-Gan commentary written as two circles on fol. 37v and a lozenge and a mushroom on fol. 38.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261329
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261330 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 39v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261330 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 39v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 39v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob's dream
Micrographic shaped text
Masorah in micrography, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001169
20 Description

Fol. 39v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner

margin with Sefer ha-Gan written as two circles on top and bottom of it, and in the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the right margin, the flow of Rashi's text is cut off at the center creating two short columns ending in triangular shape whose apexes facing inward.

The lower margin is occupied by a slant ladder with ten rungs executed in massoretic micrography. This is a condensed allusion to the narrative of Jacob’s dream in Beth-el appearing in the text: "And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth …" (Gen. 28:12). The word "Beth-el" (בית אל) is written in minute script on the left side of the lower edge of the page and a remnant of another word, probably "Jerusalem" (ירושלם), is seen at the center of the edge mostly cropped. The top and bottom Massorah conclude with a small geometrical motif.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261330
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261331 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 40, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261331 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 40, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 40
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lioness
Masorah in micrography, decorative
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001170
20 Description

Fol. 40:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin with Sefer ha-Gan written in two circles above and below it, and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the left margin the flow of Rashi's text is cut off at the center creating two short columns ending in shaped text. A micrographic lioness is standing in the lower margin protruding a leafy tongue and facing to the left of the page. The bottom Massorah concluded with a triangle shape.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261331
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261333 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 44, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261333 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 44, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 44
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob in Haran
Masorah in micrography, decorative
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001172
20 Description

Fol. 44:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin and on the top and bottom margins by Rashi's commentary which ends in the lower outer margin in shaped text which apex facing upward. Above this is an architectonic structure in micrography composed of a two storey building enclosing a pointed entrance and topped by a gable. This may represent the place of Haran which Jacob had to leave in the order of God as is written in the adjacent verse: "now arise, get thee out from this land, and return unto the land of thy kindred" (Gen. 31:13; see Shalev-Eyni, Tripartite Mahzor, p. 31). Above the structure is a vertical line of ten triangles of massoretic micrography.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261333
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261334 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 45, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261334 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 45, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 45
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tents of Jacob's wives
Diagram
Masorah in micrography, decorative
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001173
20 Description

Fol. 45:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin and in the upper and lower margins by Rashi's commentary. Sefer ha-Gan commentary is written in circles above and bellow of the Targum text column. The bottom half of the lower circle of Sefer ha-Gan commentary illustrates the commentary on Gen. 31:33 with a small diagram representing the four tents of Jacob and his women where Laban searched for his stolen images. The tents are drawn as three attached rectangles inscribed (from right to left): “tents of Jacob” (אהלי עקב), “tent of Leah” (אהל לאה) and “tent of two mothers” (אהל ב' אמהות). Below Jacob and Leah’s tents is a larger square inscribed: “tent of Rachel” (אהל רחל). Along the outer margin of the page is a massoretic micrography vertical panel enclosing a zig-zag design.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261334
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261335 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 61v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261335 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 61v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 61v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Storage of the food of the good seven years for the seven years of hunger in Egypt (Gen. 41:32-37)
Masorah in micrography forming illustration to the text
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001174
20 Description

Fol. 61v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin with Sefer ha-Gan written in two circles above and below it, and in the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the right margin the flow of Rashi's text is cut off at the center creating two short text columns with some Massorah parva text written between them in shaped text, in which the repeated letter lamed fitted one above the other in structures resembling musical notes.

A micrographic arcade of seven arches is placed in the lower margin. This may be a condensed allusion to a narrative illustration of Joseph interpreting Pharaoh's dreams, which includes the storage of the food of the good seven years for the seven years of hunger in Egypt(cf. Gen. 41:32-37) written in this page.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261335
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261336 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 69v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261336 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 69v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 69v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob, sons returning from Egypt with wagons (Gen. 45:27)
Masorah in micrography forming illustration to the text
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001175
20 Description

Fol. 69v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the margin with Sefer ha-Gan commentary written in two circles above and below it, and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the right margin the flow of Rashi's text is cut off at the center creating two columns ending in triangular shapes which apexes facing inward enclosing between them a micrographic depiction of a wheel whose spokes are composed of the flags of the letters Lamed written in the inner ring. The wheel is a condensed allusion to the wagons mentioned in the narrative of the adjacent text: “And they told him (Jacob) all Joseph’s words … and he saw the wagons which Joseph sent” (Gen. 45:27).

The top and bottom Massorah conclude on the left in a geometrical motif.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261336
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261337 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 77, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261337 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 77, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 77
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Micrographic shaped text
Key |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001176
20 Description

Fol. 77:

The last text page of Genesis is furnished with the number of verses sign including, Parshioth and Sedarim of the book written at the end of the text in micrographic triangles with a vertical line set between them. The text at the center is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, by Rashi's commentary in lower and upper margins and in the inner margin by the Targum topped by Sefer ha-Gan commentary written as a circle. The Targum column ends in a triangle shape facing downwards with foliage issuing from the descender of the final kof of the word חזק ("be strong").

The page is also decorated along the outer margin with a large micrographic key. The top and bottom lines of the Massorah magna terminate in zig-zag shapes.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261337
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261338 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 81v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261338 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 81v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 81v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Micrographic shaped text
Dragon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001177
20 Description

Fol. 81v :

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin with Sefer ha-Gan written in circles above and below it, and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary.

In the lower margin are two confronting dragons both in micrography with two legs, open mouths and long ears looking back. The dragon on the right showing a tongue composed of three word לשון כ"א מייחדו, probably referring to Moses' words, "but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue" in the text above (Ex. 4:10). The heart-shaped foliate tail of the dragon on the left coiled around its right leg and extends upright to the inner margin of the page.

The top and bottom Massorah concludes with small geometrical motif on the left.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261338
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261310 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 87v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261310 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 87v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 87v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Stork
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001178
20 Description

Fol. 87v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin with Sefer ha-Gan written in circles above and below it, and on top and bottom margins by Rashi's commentary. The outer margin is occupied by a massoertic stork looking up. Note that the bird’s beak does not follow the preparatory drawing, which originally drawn as an open beak.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261310
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261311 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 102v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261311 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 102v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 102v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Shaped text
Dragon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001150
20 Description

Fol. 102v:

The biblical text in the center of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin topped by Sefer ha-Gan written in square shaped text and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the right margin, the flow of Rashi's text is cut off at the center creating two columns ending in triangular which apexes facing inward enclosing between them a micrographic two-leg dragon with long ears, tail and protrusions on the backbiting its left leg. The bottom line of the Massorah below is shaped as zig-zag.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261311
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261312 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 110v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261312 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 110v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 110v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Floral motif
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001151
20 Description

Fol. 110v:

The middle of the book in verses (חצי הספר) for Exodus is written vertically within a micrographic circle and decorated by a small pen drawn floral motif. The circle sign is placed at the center of the left Massorah parva text column.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261312
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261313 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 117, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261313 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 117, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 117
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography forming illustration to the text
Shittim woods for the Tabernacle
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001152
20 Description

Fol. 117:

The main text column is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin with Sefer ha-Gan written in shaped text of two circles above and below it, and by Rashi's commentary in the three outer margins.

Two micrographic stylized trees are flanking and illustrating the adjacent text dealing with the Tabernacles woods: "And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up" (Ex. 26:15 on).

The top and bottom Massorah conclude in an upright zig-zag line.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261313
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261314 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 118, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261314 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 118, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 118
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Human hybrid
Masorah in micrography, decorative
Shaped text
Shittim woods for the Tabernacle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001153
20 Description

Fol. 118:

The biblical text in the center of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin and in the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the left margin the flow of Rashi's text is cut off at the center creating two short columns which apexes facing inward. Enclosed between them is a micrographic human face hybrid with hood looking back.

Above the right Massorah parva is a micrographic stylized tree with ten branches on either side. This may allude to the flanking texts: "And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood" (Ex. 27:6).

The Massorah on top terminates in a triangle faces to the left and at the bottom in a vertical zig-zag line. 

21 Ornamentation Face hybrid in massoretic micrography
Decorated Massorah
Shaped text

 
21 Ornamentation
Face hybrid in massoretic micrography
Decorated Massorah
Shaped text

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261314
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261315 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 149, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261315 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 149, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 149
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Shaped text
Human hybrid |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001154
20 Description

Fol. 149:

The biblical text in the center of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin topped by Sefer ha-Gan written in shape of a mushroom, and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the outer margin the upper and lower Rashi's texts are written in triangles which apexes facing inward. Between them is a micrographic depiction of a hooded animal face hybrid with two legs showing a long foliate tongue. The top and bottom Massorah concluded on the left with upright lines.

 

21 Ornamentation Animal face hybrid in massoretic micrography
Shaped text
 
21 Ornamentation
Animal face hybrid in massoretic micrography
Shaped text
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261315
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261317 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 151v, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261317 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 151v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 151v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Architectonic motif |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001156
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261317
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261316 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 160, France, before 1348 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261316 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 160, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 160
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin France
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Masorah in micrography, decorative
Shaped text
Fish |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001155
20 Description

Fol. 160:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva, the Targum in the inner margin and on the three outer margins by Rashi's commentary. In the left margin the flow of Rashi's text is cut off at the center creating two short columns ending in shaped text of triangles which apexes facing inward enclosing between them a micrographic depiction of a fish (whale or dolphin) biting its elongated fin. Sefer ha-Gan is written above the Targum column as a circle and in a mushroom-like form below it. The top Massorah ends in geometrical shape on the left.

21 Ornamentation Fish (whale or dolphin) in micrography
Shaped text

 
21 Ornamentation
Fish (whale or dolphin) in micrography
Shaped text

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261316
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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