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  (XI) Obj. ID: 26159 Tengnagel's Hebrew Codices Collection No. 41,, Bohemia, early 17th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Tengnagel's Hebrew Codices Collection No. 41 | Unknown
3a Object Mahberet (“The Book of Solutions”) by Menahem ben Jacob Ibn Saruq
Behinat ‘Olam ("The Book of the Examination of the World”) by Abraham Bedersi Ha-Penini
Re'shit Hokhmah(“The Beginning of Wisdom”) by Abrahan Ibn Ezra
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 17th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Czech Republic | Bohemia
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 67 (Schwartz, No. 38)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
26159
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

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Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 261247 Tengnagel's Hebrew Codices Collection No. 41, , Bohemia, early 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261247 Tengnagel's Hebrew Codices Collection No. 41, , Bohemia, early 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Tengnagel's Hebrew Codices Collection No. 41 | Unknown
3a Object Mahberet (“The Book of Solutions”) by Menahem ben Jacob Ibn Saruq
Behinat ‘Olam ("The Book of the Examination of the World”) by Abraham Bedersi Ha-Penini
Re'shit Hokhmah(“The Beginning of Wisdom”) by Abrahan Ibn Ezra
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date early 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Czech Republic | Bohemia
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 67 (Schwartz, No. 38)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001219
20 Description

One decorated initial letter (fol. 178): decorated letter shin(ש)  at the beginning of the text. The letter occupies the height of 6 text lines, and it is filled with foliate scrolls in brown ink. The conjunctions between the roofs and the arms of the letter are decorated with calices of flowers.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
The manuscript includes three different treatises, copied by two different scribes:
Part I - Mahberet (“The Book of Solutions”) by Menahem ben Saruq: fols. 1-175v
Part II - Behinat ‘Olam by Jedaiah ben Abraham Bedersi Ha-Penini: fols. 176-187v
Part III – Re'shit Hokhmah (“The Beginning of Wisdom”) by Abraham Ibn Ezra: fols. 188-240v
24 Codicology

Material 

Paper, I + 240 leaves (wrong foliation, some numbers were skipped)  

Watermarks: crowned double-head eagle within a shield (unidentified); crowned double-head eagle with letters H E(?), see: Labarre, V. 109 (Wiener Neustadt 1617); letter P identical to Briquet 8799 (Graz 1596/Brünn 1596/Prague 1603)]

 

Measurements

Full page:  ca. 201 X  150 mm

Text space: Part I: ca. 130 X ca.100 mm                

                   Part II: (142-157) X (110-120) mm

                   Part III: (142-151) X (160-170) mm

 

Scribes

Two scribes:

Scribe A: Part I (fols. 1-175v)

Scribe B: Part II (fols. 176-187v) and III (fols. 192-240)

 

Script

Part I (fols. 1-175v): Semi-cursive Ashkenazi script

Part II (fols. 176-187v): Semi-cursive Ashkenazi script

Part III (fols. 192-240): Semi-cursive Ashkenazi script

 

Number of lines

Part I is written in 18-20 lines per page in one column

Part II is written in 21-24 lines per page in one column

Part III is written in 21 lines in one column

 

Ruling

No ruling is discernible in all the manuscript

 

Pricking

No pricking is discernible in all the manuscript

 

Quires

Part I: 22 quires of 8 leaves each, except for: XXI10-1

Part II: one quire of 16 leaves

Part III: three quires of 16 leaves, except for the last quire, of 17 leaves

 

Catchwords

Catchwords for pages in all the manuscript, in the left-hand part of the lower margins

 

Hebrew numeration

No Hebrew numeration

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 188-191; 240v

 

 

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

Fragment of parchment of a Missal (15th century?) 

36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The manuscript includes three treatises: the Mahberet (“The Book of Solutions”) by Menahem ben Jacob Ibn Saruq (Spain, 10th century), a biblical dictionary, one of the earliest treatises on Hebrew grammar; Behinat ‘Olam ("The Book of the Examination of the World”) by Abraham Bedersi Ha-Penini (Provence, c. 1270-1340), a lyrical and ethical work; and the work on astrology Re'shit Hokhmah (“The Beginning of Wisdom”) by Abrahan Ibn Ezra (ca. 1089 – ca. 1164).

The first treatise is written in a different paper bearing watermarks of the beginning of the 17th century. It was presented by Sebastian Tengnagel, Librarian of the Royal Library at the court of King Matthias (after 1611). The second part was ordered by Tengnagel himself [Andreas: can you, please, check these information,? In fact it is not clear from Schwarz if he purchased the first treatise and then ordered the second and the third; if he purchased for himself or directly for the Royal Library] and it bears watermarks from the early 17th century as well, identified of the areas of Graz, Brünn or Prague. There are no other indications of place or date of productions, nor of the names of the scribes who copied the manuscript. The sole decorated initial letter shin (ש) at the opening of Behinat ‘Olam [part II, fol. 1 (fol. 178)] can be influenced by printed book decoration, such as the Prague Haggadah of 1526 (see: comparison 1). One possible comparison can be done with the Sefer Evronot in Frankfurt (Staadtbibliothek, ms Hebr. Oct. 31), also dated between the 16th-17th centuries from Central Europe, for the design of the letter, where the roofs of the arms are standing on calices of flowers (see: comparison no. 2; fol. 5v).

The manuscript was no. 41 of Tengnagel’s collection of Hebrew codices (see History). It was since then in the Imperial Library of Vienna. The manuscript was brought toParisin 1809, with a great part of the Imperial Library, and returned back toViennain 1810.

[Andreas: shall we write here that the transfer of the Royal Library was done during Napoleonic conquest??]

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Latin inscriptions in cursive script by the librarian Sebastian Tengnagel (prefect of the Hofbibliothek, in the years 1608-1636):
Part I, fol. 1:
Lexicon Biblicum Hebraicum antiquissimi Raschi saepe hunc all(?) egit / Rabbi Menachem Ben Sarúck
In the margin: Manuscripta Hebraica Tengnagelii N. 41.
Part II, fol. 1 (178), in the upper margin: “Ex Libris Sebast[iani] Tengnagel I.V.D. et / Caes[arei] Bibliothec[arii]
(“Ex Libris of Sebastian Tengnagel I.V.D. and of the Imperial Library”).
Part III, fol. 1 (192):
Ex libris Sebastiani Tengnagel IG et Caes[arei] Biblioth[ecarii]
Abrahami Aben Ezrae
Astrologicam insenet opusc.
Principium Sapientiae Aben Ezra in Astrologia
(“Ex Libris of Sebastian Tengnagel I.V.D. and of the Imperial Library; Abraham Ibn Ezra ... Re'shit Hokhmah...”).
In the back cover of the binding:
Manuscripta Hebraica Tengnagelii N. 41, (“Tengnagel's Hebrew Manuscripts no. 41”).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Schwarz Catalogue
A. Z. Schwarz, Die hebraeischen Handschriften der Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Vienna, 1925, pp. 43-44, No. 38.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261247
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Aliza Cohen-Muslin 2004 2005 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Yaffa Levy 2005; 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2009 53a
54 Editor Double-click 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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