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  (XI) Obj. ID: 26148 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733,, Wien (Vienna), 1733. // Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Five scrolls in four languages:
Song of Songs in Latin, on the right
Ecclesiastes in Hebrew, in the middle
Ruth in German, on the left
Esther in Hebrew, below in the middle
Lamentations in French, at the bottom
24 Codicology

: One sheet of parchment                                                                                           

 

Measurements

 

Full page:    ca. 300 X220 mm

Text space: ca. 242 X117 mm    

 

Scribes

Single

 

Script

Main text: in square, semi-cursive and cursive tiny script (micrography) in four languages, Hebrew, French, German and Latin, in light brown ink.

Headings: in decorated display script.

 

Number of columns

Various numbers of columns

 

Number of lines

Various numbers of lines

 

Ruling

Ruling on lines and lines

 

Pricking

(e.g. )

 

Quires

Not relevant

 

Catchwords

Not relevant

 

Hebrew numeration

Not relevant

 

Blank leaves

The verso side of the leaf is blank?

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
Full page: ca. 300 X220 mm

Text space: ca. 242 X117 mm

26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
In the upper right side of the sheet Herlingen signed the sheet in Latin and Hebrew in spared ground technique within the body of the capital letters of the heading for Song of Songs (CA[N]TICU[M] CA[N]TICORU[M])
AHRON WOLF HERLIN GEN DATO IN WIENN ANNO 1733 /
Translation: "Aaron Wolf Herlingen "given" in Vienna, the year 1733"
אהרן ב'ה בנימין זאב זצל מקק גיביטש שנת תצד
Translation: "Aharon Ben Binyamin Ze'ev from the holy congregation Gewitsch, the year 1733".
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The text of the Five scrolls are written in shaped-text in micrography forming a symmetrical composition of a stylized tree with branches spreading all over the sheet (whole page). The text is in brown ink and decoration in sepia of the same tonality. The decorated Latin title of the sheet - Sacra ex scriptura quinque libros totaliter leges descriptors  ("Holy Scriptures of Five books full Law? Descriptions") is written in burnished gold display letters on a blue ground. Each scroll opens with a Latin title written in display script filled with geometrical and floral motifs in spared ground technique. Thin golden line frames the sheet and each of the five main sections of the text. The decoration in the text includes:

 

  1. Five text illustrations each within a bell-shaped cartouche framed by thin golden line, are integrated into the micrography text, three on top and two at the bottom of the sheet, as follows: King Solomon handing down a piece of paper (top right); Solomon's Judgment (top center); Ruth and Boaz (top left); Haman leading Mordecai and Haman and his ten sons hanged (bottom right); Esther in front of Ahasuerus and Bigthan and Teresh hanged (bottom left).
  2. Two historiated initial letters for the books of Ruth (deer hunt) and Song of Songs (landscape ofVienna).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The sheet with the Five scrolls belongs to a group of works carried out (among others) inViennaby the scribe and illuminator Aaron Ben Binyamin Wolf (Ze'ev) Herlingen from Gewitsch (Moravia; c.1700 - c.1760), of which until now five similar compositions, including our sheet, are known.

One of them was written in 1748 inVienna(ÖNB Cod. S.n. 1594; Cat. No. # - pp. #-#).Two other sheets are in theIsraelMuseum inJerusalem and in the Royal Library atStockholm, dating from the same year of 1748 (see K. Schubert, 1991, p. 35 and fig. 6). The last one is from the year 1755 (also signed 1752), in the Richard D. Levy Collection inNew York, formerly in the Sassoon Collection.

From these sheets we can deduce that they were probably popular. We can also assume that these kinds of sheets were done for highly educated wealthy people and Court Jews, who lived in Viennain those days (see Fishof, Buchmalerei).

Herlingen is known as a fruitful scribe and illuminator who also produced various manuscripts such as Esther scrolls, Psalms, various small prayer books and mainly Passover Haggadot. Today, close to fifty works are attributes to him. The earliest known manuscript by him is Seder Birkat ha-Mazon, copied in Vienna in 1719/20 (Private Collection; See: Sabar, Seder Birkat haMazon, p. 468).  

 

In 1736 incensus of the Jews in Pressburg, Herlingen is mentioned, as the officer of the Royal Library in Vienna: Aaron Moravius Gebitsensis. Officialis in Bibliotheca Caesarea Viennensi ("Aaron of Gewitsch, Moravia. An officer in the Imperial library in Vienna. [Accompanied] by one woman, one assistant and one maid" (Sabar, Ibid, p. 468). There, in Pressburg, he also worked and had written several Haggadot and prayer books between 1726 and 1731. In Cod. S.n. 1594 Aaron Wolf calls himself IMPERIAL AND ROYAL LIBRARY SCRIBE IN VIENNA.

In 1745 he is mentioned to have done the miniature depiction of Maria Theresa composed of 30,000 letters of the book of Solomon’s Wisdom, for which he obtained 100 Species Dukaten.[1] (see Flesch, Jahrbuch, p. 287). Also the fact that he wrote the sheet in four languages (Hebrew, Latin, German and French) proves that he was a prolific artist and a scholar Jew.

In 1762 the scribe was no longer alive, since in a document from 1762 to Empress Maria Theresa it is suggested to allow his widow Veronica to open a kosher inn in Vienna for foreign Jews (U. Schubert, Buchkunst, p. 88).

The small size depictions in watercoloured sepia drawing in technique imitating copper engravings of these five scrolls sheets are typical to the works of Aaron Wolf Herlingen. The origin of his models might have been, as usual in his work, the copper engravings and illustrated biblical cycles of the Amsterdam Haggadah of 1695 and 1712, but especially the bible illustrations by Matthaeus Merian the elder (Swiss engraver, 1593-1650) in his Icones Biblicae (Basel, 1625-1630). For example, the depiction of the scene of Solomon's Judgment in our sheet is mostly close to the same topic in Merian's pictures of the Bible. The composition of the scene, with the enthroned Solomon at the centre, the two women in similar postures in front of him, the soldier holding the live child upside down on the left and the spectators on the right, are all taken one by one from Merian's picture. Also the details such as the hanged curtain behind Solomon's throne or the highlighted left knee of Solomon are strikingly similar.

It is interesting to note that Herlingen in both sheets (S.n. 1593 & 1594) devoted two of the five cartouches to illustrations based on Esther scroll illustrated cycles. Each cartouche includes a few scenes skillfully combined into one composition. For example, the cartouche of Haman leading Mordecai (6:11) includes in the background the hanging of Haman (7:10) and the hanging of his ten sons (9:6-11). Haman leading Mordecai also appears in the S.n. 1594, but this scene moved to the background and in the foreground is the depiction of Ahasuarus listening to the Book of Records. This rich repertoire of Esther story in Herlingen illustrations could come from his works on illuminated Esther scrolls, such as the one in the Israel Museum 182/172 (see Stieglitz Collection, Lot. 185, pp. 260-263), the illustrated miniature megillah in the British Library (mentioned in Stern, et.al., Chosen, p. 74, with no shelf mark) and another miniature Esther scroll housed today in Rosenbach Museum in Philadelphia (Stern, et.al., Chosen, p. 74). None of these scrolls are dated. The scenes of Haman leading Mordecai and the gallows of Haman's ten sons are almost identical in our sheet and in the Israel Museum Esther Scroll and the one inPhiladelphia. The ten sons hanged on the gallows on a square bricked structure is also repeated in all these works of Herlingen.

The style of Aaron Wolf differs clearly from his illustrations of e.g. the Seder Haggadah from 1728 (the former Sassoon's collection, auctioned off in 1975 at Sotheby's Zurich as Lot. 12). The different composition and figures might be explained by other models that Herlingen used as well as by the miniature size of the cartouches or the use of the sepia technique rather than colour. However, the differences in style can well be explained by Herlingen's artistic development and by the other hand of his assistance as is evident for instance in Seder Tikkunei Shabbat, written in Pressburg in 1727, presumably by Aaron Wolf Herlingen's pupil and now hold in the Austrian National Library, Cod. hebr. 130 (Cat. No. #, pp. # pp. #)

Aaron Wolf Herlingen, together with Meshulam Simmel from Polna (see Cat. Nos. #, fols. #-#) are the main representative of the Jewish miniature painting in Vienna from the Bohemian-Moravian origin. Both artists worked in Vienna, but during the 30s also partly in their home country for local patrons. They belong to the large group of book illustrators from Bohemia and Moravia that was active mainly since the beginning of the 18thcentury, which founded the school of Jewish book illumination especially in the Habsburg Empire but also in Hamburg and in the rest of Germany. To this group belongs also the Circumcision Book from Kittse, 1758 (Austrian National Library, Cod. Hebr. 244; Cat. No. #,  pp. #-#).


[1] Species Dukaten (ducats) what is the English term for this coin?

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The sheet was taken over in 1911 from older holdings of the Hofbibliothek into the New Series (S.n.)
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Benjamin, Stieglitz Collection
C. Benjamin, The Stieglitz Collection: Masterpieces of Jewish Art, The Israel Museum Jerusalem, The Israel
Museum Jerusalem 1987, lot. 185, pp. 260-263,

Fishof, Buchmalerei
I. Fishof, Jüdische Buchmalerei in Hamburg und Altona. Zur Geschichte hebräischer Handschriften im 18.
Jahrhundert (Hamburger Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Juden XXI), Hamburg 1999.

Flesch, Jahrbuch
H. Flesch, Aus jüdischen Handschriften in Mähren, Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Juden in
der Cechoslovakischen Republik, II, Prague 1930, pp. 285-292, esp. p. 287.

Sabar, Seder Birkat ha-Mazon
S. Sabar, "Seder Birkat ha-Mazon, Vienna 1719-20 – The Erliest Illustrated Manuscript of Aaron Wolff
Herlingen of Gewitsch", in: Zekhor Davar le-'avadekha. Essays and Studies in Memory of Dov Rappel,
Jerusalem 2007, pp. 455-472, pls. 8-18.(in Hebrew).

K. Schubert, 1991 ,
K. Schubert, Die österreichischen Hofjuden und ihre Zeit (Studia Judaica Austriaca 12), Eisenstadt 1991, p. 35 and fig. 6.

U. Schubert, Buchkunst
U. Schubert, Jüdische Buchkunst, Vol. 2 (1992), pp. 87-90 and 186-187.

Stern, et.al., Chosen
D. Stern with E. M. Cohen and E.G.L. Schrijver, Chosen: Philadelphia’s great Hebraica, Catalogue published for the exhibition Chosen: Philadelphia’s great Hebraica. Organized by the Rosenbach Museum & Library and held March 29-August 26, 2007. Philadelphia 2007.

On Aaron ben Benjamin Wolf Herlingen from Gewitsch, further oeuvres and his family:

Kraft A. & Deutsch S., Die handscriftlischen hebräischen Werke der k. k. Hofbibliothek zu Wien, Wien 1847, No. 18, p. 23.

Das Österreichische Jüdische Museum (Eisenstadt, 1988), p. 21, Cat. No. A 56.

V.B. Mann, R.I. Cohen, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds. Art, Patronage, and Power 1600-1800, Minchen, New York 1996, 112f. and 172 (Cat. No. 93).

O. Mazal, F. Z. Unterkircher, Katalog der abendländischen Handschriften der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek, series nova, part I, Vienna 1965, pp. 211-212.

Moravia. Ein Blatt zur Unterhaltung, zur Kunde des Vaterlandes, des gesellschaftlichen und industriellen Fortschrittes, Vol.? 3, Nos. 57, 228.

E. M. Namenyi, "The Illumination of Hebrew Manuscripts after the invention of printing", in: C. Roth (ed.), Jewish Art, London 1971, pp. 158-159.

N.Z. Roth, "Ha-Zayyar ha-Amami Aharon Schreiber Herlingen", in: Yeda Am 5 (1958), pp. 73-79 (in Hebrew).

S. Sabar, "Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c.1700 - c.1760)" Encyclopaedia Judaic, 2nd Edition, vol. 9, p. 23.

M. Schmelzer, "Decorated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Eighteenth Century in the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America", in: R. Dan (ed.), Occident and Orient (1998), pp. 331-51.

Sotheby Parke Bernet, Zurich. A Further Thirty-Three Highly Important Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts from the Collection Formed by the late David Solomon Sassoon, Tuesday 21st November, 1978, Lot. 15 with figs.


On the Bohemian-Moravian painting school:

I. Shachar, "‘The School of Moravia - a Popular Trend in Jewish Art of the 18th Century", Third World Congress of Jewish Studies (Jerusalem 25th July - 1st August 1961, Report, Jerusalem 1965, 358f.) (in Hebrew).
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
26148
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (7 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 261213 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, , Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261213 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, , Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject Ahasuerus extending the royal crown and sceptre to Esther (5:2)
Ahasuerus extending the royal crown and sceptre to Esther (8:4)
Bigthan and Teresh hanged (2:23)
Shaped text
Illustrative panel
Text written in micrography |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001223
20 Description

At the lower left part of the sheet, within a bell-shaped cartouche, is the crowned Esther with her maid at the palace court kneeling before Ahasuerus, who is escorted by a guard (Esther 1-3 or 8:3-4). The king holding Esther’s hand and touches her with his scepter.In the background, behind a town wall, is the gallows with the two hanging chamberlains Bigthan and Teresh (Esther 2:21-23) and a partly visible horseman on the right. The cartouche is framed by a thin gold line and placed between the books of Esther and Ruth.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, brown ink and sepia drawings and gold.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements ca. 17 x 17mm
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261213
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261215 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Esther story-2, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261215 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Esther story-2, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail Esther story-2
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject Haman leading Mordecai
Haman hanged (7:10)
Haman's sons are hanged (9:14)
Illustrative panel
Text written in micrography |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001224
20 Description

At the lower right part of the sheet, within a bell-shaped cartouche illustrating the Book of Esther, is Haman leading the crowned Mordecai on horseback through the city (Esther 6:10-11). In the foreground are three men. One of them is pointing at the background, where Haman is hanged on the gallows (7:10) and his ten sons are hanged separately on a large, square gallows (9:7-10). The cartouche is framed by a thin gold line and placed between the books of Esther and Song of Songs. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, brown ink and sepia drawings
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements ca. 17 x 18 mm
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261215
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261216 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, full sheet, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261216 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, full sheet, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail full sheet
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001225
20 Description

The text of the Five scrolls are written in shaped-text in micrography forming a symmetrical composition of a stylized tree with branches spreading all over the sheet (whole page). The text is in brown ink and decoration in sepia of the same tonality. The decorated Latin title of the sheet - Sacra ex scriptura quinque libros totaliter leges descriptors  ("Holy Scriptures of Five books full Law? Descriptions") is written in burnished gold display letters on a blue ground. Each scroll opens with a Latin title written in display script filled with geometrical and floral motifs in spared ground technique. Thin golden line frames the sheet and each of the five main sections of the text. The decoration in the text includes:

 

  1. Five text illustrations each within a bell-shaped cartouche framed by thin golden line, are integrated into the micrography text, three on top and two at the bottom of the sheet, as follows: King Solomon handing down a piece of paper (top right); Solomon's Judgment (top center); Ruth and Boaz (top left); Haman leading Mordecai and Haman and his ten sons hanged (bottom right); Esther in front of Ahasuerus and Bigthan and Teresh hanged (bottom left).
  2. Two historiated initial letters for the books of Ruth (deer hunt) and Song of Songs (landscape ofVienna).

 

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261216
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261217 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Ruth story, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261217 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Ruth story, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail Ruth story
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject Ruth and Boaz
Shaped text
Text written in micrography
Illustrative panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001226
20 Description

At the upper left part of the sheet, within a bell-shaped cartouche, is Ruth standing on the left next to a tree holding a sheaf of corns in her hands. Boaz is standing in front of Ruth and pointing at her. In the foreground a servant with a sheaf of corns in one hand is looking at Ruth and gesturing with his other hand. In the background is a group of harvestmen collecting grains in a field of barely and in the far distance is a landscape with a hilly town and a church. The cartouche is framed by a thin gold line and placed between the books of Ecclesiastes and Ruth. The illustration is based on Ruth 2:5-9. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, brown ink and sepia drawings
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements ca. 17 x 18 mm
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261217
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261218 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Solomon's judgment, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261218 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Solomon's judgment, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail Solomon's judgment
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject !!ERROR FORMATTING STRING(double braces start
Solomon's judgement
Shaped text)!!! |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001227
20 Description

At the top center of the sheet, within a bell-shaped cartouche, is the crowned bearded King Solomon sited on a stepped throne with a canopy pointing with his hand at a soldier on the left who holds the living naked child upside-down by the leg and lifting his sword. Three sages are standing on the right and two women in front of the King's throne are gesturing with their hands and body. Between the women is the dead child lying naked on the ground. The cartouche is framed by a thin gold line and placed at the centre of Ecclesiastes. The illustration based on I Kings 3:16-28.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, brown ink and sepia drawings
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements ca. 17 x 18mm
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261218
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261219 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Solomon's throne, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261219 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Solomon's throne, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail Solomon's throne
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject Solomon`s throne
Shaped text
Illustrative panel
Text written in micrography
Vienna, city of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001228
20 Description

At the upper right part of the sheet, within a bell-shaped cartouche illustrating the Song of Songs, is the crowned bearded King Solomon sitting on a four-stepped throne flanked by lions with a lion at his feet. He is holding a scepter in one hand and handing out with the other a piece of paper (?) to the twelve sages standing on the right. The cartouche is framed by a thin gold line and placed between Song of Songs and Ecclesiastes.

The initial letter O(sculetur) opening the Song of Songs is written within a cartouche illustrated with the view of the city of Vienna with the tower of the Stephan-Cathedral at its center.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, brown ink and sepia drawings
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements ca. 17 x 18 mm
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261219
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 261220 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Vienna, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 261220 Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733, Vienna, Wien (Vienna), 1733 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Herlingen's Five scrolls of 1733 | Unknown
3a Object Five Scrolls in Multilingual
3b Object Detail Vienna
4a Artist/ Maker Herlingen, Aaron Wolff (Schreiber) of Gewitsch (c. 1700-c. 1760) (Unknown)
5 Date 1733
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Ser. Nov. 1593
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| The Viennese school of Jewish book illumination of
13 Iconographical Subject Vienna, city of
Colophon
Decorated letters in spared ground technique |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001229
20 Description

 The initial letter O(sculetur) opening the Song of Songs is written within a cartouche illustrated with the view of the city ofVienna with the tower of the Stephan-Cathedral at its center.

 

In the upper right side of the sheet Herlingen signed the sheet in Latin and Hebrew in spared ground technique within the body of the capital letters of the heading  for Song of Songs (CA[N]TICU[M] CA[N]TICORU[M])  

AHRON WOLF HERLIN GEN DATO IN WIENN ANNO 1733 /

Translation: "Aaron Wolf Herlingen "given" in Vienna, the year 1733"

אהרן ב'ה בנימין זאב זצל מקק גיביטש שנת תצד

Translation: "Aharon Ben Binyamin Ze'ev from the holy congregation Gewitsch, the year 1733". 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
261220
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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