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  (XI) Obj. ID: 239 Torah crown,, Poland, 1878 (ins). // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Elephant
Unicorn
Lion
Eagle (of the Four Animals)
Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
239
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_10143
:MED__:__Metal
:HS___:__One_hallmark_is_stamped_twice_on_the_crown__The_hallmark_depicts_the_cypher_12_within_a_square_frame__This_is_a_quality_mark_that_was_used_in_different_places_in_Central_Europe__By_itself_it_is_unidentified_
:NNO__:__560-24,_26-32_(560-31_hallmark)
:MH___:__330mm
:MD___:__197mm
:MAT__:__Silver_##Structure:_hammered_##_Decoration:_cast,_engraved_##Bonding:_screwed,_nailed,_soldered##Inscription:_engraved
:RG___:__A_A__(M_T_)_7_1992
:AQ___:__From_the_Kiev_collection_
:REM__:__For_simmilar_crown_see:_Stieglitz;_p_34,_no__9__This_crown_was_sent_to_Safed_from_Polland_in_1841_
:LN___:__ENG
=&batch=0047&batch_num=035&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (31 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 3040 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 3040 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
031013
45 Temp: Batch Number
031 | 013
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3040
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4923 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4923 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047035
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 035
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4923
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4924 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4924 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047036
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 036
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4924
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4925 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4925 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047037
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 037
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4925
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4926 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4926 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tiger (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047038
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 038
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4926
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4927 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4927 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unicorn |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047039
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 039
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4927
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4928 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4928 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047040
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 040
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4928
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4929 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4929 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Elephant |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047041
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 041
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4929
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4930 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4930 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 (ins) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878 (ins)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads:

"זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח"

"This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)".

The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047042
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 042
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4930
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7086 Torah crown, Hallmark, Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7086 Torah crown, Hallmark, Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description ne hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060059
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 059
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7086
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7087 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7087 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tiger (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060060
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 060
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7087
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7088 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7088 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060061
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 061
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7088
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7089 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7089 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060062
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 062
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7089
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7090 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7090 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060063
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 063
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7090
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7091 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7091 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060064
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 064
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7091
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7092 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7092 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Elephant |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060065
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 065
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7092
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7093 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7093 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2241
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unicorn |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-24, 26-32 (560-31 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: hammered ## Decoration: cast, engraved ##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 330mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 197mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark is stamped twice on the crown. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 within a square frame. This is a quality mark that was used in different places in Central Europe. By itself it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For simmilar crown see: Stieglitz; p.34, no. 9. This crown was sent to Safed from Polland in 1841.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060066
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7093
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10143
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 233786 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 233786 Torah crown, , Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Elephant
Unicorn
Lion
Eagle (of the Four Animals)
Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S420951
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
10143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
233786
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 233787 Torah crown, Documentation (Aleph), Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 233787 Torah crown, Documentation (Aleph), Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail Documentation (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Elephant
Unicorn
Lion
Eagle (of the Four Animals)
Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S420945
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
10143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
233787
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 233788 Torah crown, Documentation (Aleph), Poland, 1878 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 233788 Torah crown, Documentation (Aleph), Poland, 1878 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail Documentation (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1878
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| 66 (DM 2241)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Elephant
Unicorn
Lion
Eagle (of the Four Animals)
Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S420946
20 Description The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part and a crest. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands which bear a dedicatory inscription. In square fieled letters it reads: "זה נדבה ר' אהרן ב"מ משה ז"ל)זכרונו לברכה( ואלזניק##שנת תר לח" "This is a donation of Rabbi Aharon son of M. Moses of blessed memory Valznik the year (5) 638 (=1878)". The lower circumpheral band is decorated with twisted lines intertwined with rhoumbuied patterns. The upper circumpheral band has wavy rim and it bears a cortage of animals placed between the dedicatory inscription's words. The animals which are depicted in profile with their body leftward. In order that follows the inscription are: an elephant, an unicorn, a tiger, a deer, an eagle with a foliate branch in its beak, a lion facing the front and a regardant lion that reveals its tongue. Seven circular arms are attached by flowers to the base. They terminats with lions rampant and regardant which support the concave base of the crest. Each arm is decorated with a pattern of twisted lines that enclose foliate motivs. The crest as the second level follows the shape of the main part but it lacks the inscription, the lions and the decorated motifs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
10143
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
233788
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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