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  (XI) Obj. ID: 23162 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript,, Barcelona, Around 1391. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
The manuscript includes astronomical and astrological treatises grouped in three main parts:
I. Six astrological and astronomical treatises by Ibn Ezra:
a. Sefer Mishpate ha-Mazalot (ספר משפטי המזלות, treatise on the spheres and the zodiac that cites Ptolemy), (fols. 1-2v). Beginning and end missing.
b. Sefer ha-'Olam ספר העולם), "The Book of the World and the Conjunctions"), first version (fols. 3-3v). Beginning and end missing.
c. Sefer ha-Mivharim (ספר המבחרים, "The Book of Selections") second versions, (fols. 4-5v): Beginning missing, to chapter six.
d. Sefer ha-Sheelot ספר השאלות), "The Book of Consultations of the Stars"), (fols. 5v-10v): complete.
e. Sefer Re'shit Hokhmah (,ספר ראשית חכמה "The Beginning of Wisdom"), (fols. 11-18 and 20-20v).
The leaves are not in order and text missing at the beginning and between some pages. fols. 12v and 13 and 14v and 15; fol. 17 follows fol. 15; the folio after 20 is fol. 16.
f. Sefer ha-Te'amim ספר הטעמים), "The Book of Reasons") second version, (fols. 18-19v): Lot of text is missing (only the first 9 of 42 pages that are in the printed version survived).
II. Six different astronomical tables and other texts:
a. Astronomical Canons and Tables of Jacob ben David ben Yomtob (Also known as Jacob Poel or Jacob Bonjorn) use at the latitude of Perpignan, for the 31 years following 1361, (מתחלת אלף שס"א, דף 25 fols. 25-26v). Beginning and end are missing.
b. Astronomical tables of Don Pedro (III) [IV] king of Aragon (Canons and Tables, anonymous translation), (fols. 21-22v, 24-24v, 28-30v, 31-36v, 41-46v, 55-56v, 57-58v, 60-61v): Prologue missing.
c. Tables for converting between the Christian and Jewish calendars (available July to October), (fols. 47-47v, 49-49v). Beginning and end are missing.
d. Astrological Tables for the equation of houses at latitude 420 (fols. 48-48v, 50-50v, 64). Beginning is missing.
e. Astrological Tables for the equation of houses at latitude 430 (fols. 23-23v, 27-27v, 63-63v):
f. Astronomical tables by Abraham bar Hiyya and other treatises (fols. 37-37v, 38-38v, 39-39v, 40-40v, 51, 51v-52v, 53-54v, 59-59v, 62-62v).
III. Illustrated fixed Star Catalogue prepared for the year 1391 (קטלוג כוכבי שבת לשנת 1391, דף 66), (fols. 64v-68v,
with an introduction on fol. 64v). Mid and end missing (lacking 35 of 48 miniatures of the constellations). The
leaves are out of order. Their original order was: fol. 66, 68 (two pages that were set between 68v and 67 are
missing), 67 and 65.
24 Codicology

Parchment, 1+ 68 + 1 + II (paper) leaves.

It is easy to distinguish between hair and flesh sides of the parchment.

 

Measurements

Full page: (270-274) X (197– 202) mm

Text space with the double lines ink frame: (200-203) X (139-141) mm

Text space with the double lines ink frame for the tablets: (202-204) X (140-142) mm

Column’s width: ca.65 mm

Intercolumnar space:10 mm

 

Scribes

Single scribe

 

Script

Main text is written in semi-cursive Sephardic script in dark and light brown ink.

Rarely cursive hand (e.g. fol. 28).

Tablets are written in brown and red ink.

 

Columns

The main text is written in two columns.

 

Number of lines

Main text (not including the tablets) written:

In 37 lines per column

 

Ruling

Ruling 2 + 3 + 2 vertical lines by plummet (e.g. fols. 6v, 7, 13) and 37 horizontal lines by ink (e.g. fols. 8v, 9, 22v) and plummet (e.g. fols. 5v, 12v, 13, 16v).

The tables are ruled by ink on each side of the page in various numbers of vertical and horizontal lines.

The two or three vertical and horizontal boundary lines for the text space are drawn along the entire width and height of the page.

 

Pricking

In the inner margins (e.g. fols. 1, 9, 11, 18) and lower margins (fol. 4).

 

Quires

24 quires of various number of leaves, as follows: 152 (IV, VI-X, XII-XIII, XV-XVI, XVIII-XX, XXII-XXIII); 44 (I, III, V, XVII); 36 (II, XI, XIV); 13 (XXI2+1) and 11 (XXIV2-1). The quires are not in the original structure and many leaves and texts are out of order (see: Contents).

 

Catchwords

None.

 

Hebrew numeration

None.

 

Blank leaves

None.

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
A. The city of Barcelona is mentioned four times in Don Pedro's tables:
1. Fol. 21v: Upper part of the right text column, continues to the left text column:
השער השני ... במדינות המזרחיות והמערביות למדינת ברצלונה... ואם תהיה במקום אחר חוץ מברצלונה
2. Fol. 29: Above the table, in brown ink:
לוח מהלך חמה האמצעי.... למלך דון פירי (פדרו) השלישי מלך ארגון בחצי היום במדינת ברצלונה
3. Fol. 57v: Above the table, in red ink:
לוח זמני השעות ... במדינת ברצלונה/ ובכל מקום שישתוה לה ברחב
4. Fol. 60: Above the table, in brown ink:
לוח מצעדי המזלות באופק מדינת ברצלונה ובכל מקום אשר ישתוה לה ברחב.
B. The city of Majorca is mentioned in Don Pedro's tables:
On fol. 57v, above the table, below the words Barcelona ((במדינת ברצלונה, added by the scribe in brown ink:
לי נראה במדינת מיורקה
I saw it at Majorca.
C. The illuminated Star Catalogue for the year 1391:
Fol. 66, in the right column at the upper part of the page in red semi-cursive Sephardic script inscribed above Orsa Minor ((דוב הקטן, the first constellation star of the illuminated Star Catalogue, is the year 1391 indicated according to three different calculations:
מקומות ככבי שבת בארך ורחב מאופן המזלות בראש שנת אלף/ שצ"א להגשמה וסימניך ויקרא יהו"ש"ע אל שנים העשר אשר/ הכין והיא שנת(ת מסומנת) תשצ"ג לחשבון הגרים וסי' שאו(מילה מסומנת) מרום(מילה מסומנת) עיניכם(מילה מסומנת)/ והיא שנת ה' אלפים קנ"ב ליצירה וסי' שאו מרום עיניכם וראו מי ברא אלה/ המוציא (מילה מסומנת) במספר צבאם לכלם בשם יקרא מרוב אונים ואמיץ כח איש לא נעדר.
Paraphrase: “The location of the fixed stars in relation with the wheel of the zodiac, at the beginning of the year 1391 to the Christian Era. This is the year 793 to the Hijra (indicating the year 793+622=1415, not 1391!). This is the year [5]152 to the Creation, which is the year 1391/2".

D. Added texts at the beginning and end of the treatises by the scribe, usually in a poetic form:
1. Fol. 5v: In the right column, at the end of Sefer ha-Mivharim:
נשלם ספר המבחר באויבי אל תתחר ואפך יחר/ סביביו תאכל אש ואת תוכו נחר וחטאי הלבן כמו/ צמר צחר ותאיר את אורי כמו אור השחר.
2. Fol. 10v: At the end of the left column, at the end of Sefer ha-Sheelot and beginning of Sefer Mishpate ha-Mazalot:
תמו השאלות ת"ל. ואחל משפטי המזלות
3. Fol. 18: In the mid left column, at the beginning of Sefer ha-Te'amim:
בשם שוכן מרומים / אחל ספר הטעמים
4. Fol. 28: In the lower margin of Don Pedro's canon, added in cursive script:
אמר המחבר ובכאן נשלם לנו ביאור הלוחות ולאל לבדו השבח וההודאה אשר עזרנו ברחמיו וברוב חסדיו ומעתה נתחיל בעשיית הלוחות אשר יעדנו בביאורינו בג"ה. תם ונשלם ת"ל
E. Corrections for the text are written by the scribe in the margins (e.g. fols. 2v, 3).
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

Modern binding of dark brown leather on cardboards. Spine is divided into four sections. (Fly leaves on front and back covers –ask Fingernagel???)

Small sticker inscribed: "Cod. Hebr.132”is glued at the upper corner of the inner side of the front cover. 

Small white paper is glued to the upper inner back cover inscribed: “restauriert durch/ das institut fur/ restaurierung 1994 Eniko cruzi”

At the center of the inner back cover is a glued paper with the name: “Herrn Dr. Wolfgang Georg Fischer” of the ÖNB's department of restoration.

36 Decoration Program

The main decoration of the manuscript focuses on the star catalogue. Each constellation in the catalogue is furnished with a decorated heading followed by an illustration and associate table.

The main colours are red, magenta, dark and light blue, ochre, light yellow, green, brown, gray and white colours. The human body coloured in pink (mixed with metal white) now looks black by oxidation. The pink coluor retained sometimes through the black colour, e.g. in the face of the young Bootes (אל גול) on fol 68.

A. Pen decoration:

  1. I.               84 full-page tables mostly written in alternating red and brown ink (fol. 23-23v, 27-64, 65-68v). Some include columns of circles with the names of the zodiac signs (fols. 37, 37v, 39-40v, 51, 53-54, 59, 59v, 62v). Some headings in the upper part of the tables are written in ornamental in micrography, especially in a zizag form (e.g. fols. 23, 23v, 27, 27v, 29-41v). Other headings in a form of a pointed arch (fols. 37, 37v, 51 and 59).
  2. II.       Pen-drawings:
    1. 1.       The names of the stars are written in micrography in a carpet-like table with red floral pattern in the diamonds (fol. 1v).
    2. 2.       Fine floral and geometric interlaces in brown ink in spared-ground technique in the spandrels and between the circles on fols. 37 and 39.

B. Coloured decoration:

I.          13 illustrated constellations, one or two in a page, (according to the present order of the

pages) as follows: Gemini (fol. 65), Cancer and Leo (fol. 65v), Ursa Minor and Ursa Major (fol. 66), Draco (fol. 66v), Andromeda and Triangulum (fol. 67), Aries and Taurus (fol. 67v), Cepheus and Bootes (fol. 68) and Corona Borealis (fol. 68v).

II.         Burnished gold initial words (fols. 1-2v, 5v, 6v, 7, 7v, 8v, 9, 9v, 10v, 21, 21v, 22, 22v, 24, 24v, 25v, and 65-68v); the five initials on fol. 21 are framed by pen-work panels in violet and red filigree, while those on fols. 65-68v framed by panels with gold borders and blue ground filled with flowers of white and red dots. The upper border of some panels extends to include the flag of the letter lamed.

             Empty spaces were left in the text columns for other decorated initials which have never been written (fols.

11v, 12v and 14-20v).     

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The Vienna Astronomical Manuscript is a compendium of Hebrew astronomical and astrological treatises and fragments of treatises comprising texts written mostly inSpainby famous astronomers.

The six treatises by Abraham ibn Ezra (d. 1164) is part of the corpus of astronomical and astrological treatises - a kind of an Astrological Encyclopedia that Ibn Ezra wrote for teaching purposes mostly in 1148 inBeziers ((בדרש in southern France. Of these treatises the two earliest and most important, which designed to impart the basic rules of astrology are Sefer Mishpate ha-Mazalot, a treatise on the spheres and the zodiac, refers mainly to Ptolemy and discussed Indian astronomy, and Sefer Re'shit Hokhmah, a second and improved version of Sefer Mishpate ha-Mazalot that explains basic rules and principles of various fields of astrology.

The other three treatises are featuring the basics of various branches of astrology. These areSefer ha-Te'amim, (second version), written around 1149 in France, which includes explanations to Re'shit Hokhmha and Sefer ha-Mivharim, (second version, which time and place of writing unknown) including discussion of determination and free will, and Sefer ha-Sheelot, about the influence of the stars on every day life and properties. The last book is, Sefer ha-'Olam the large astrology of the world (Sela, Ibn Ezra, pp. 21; 361-378).

The Tables of Jacob Po'el, ("לוחות הפועל") was written by the Catalan-Jewish astronomer of the King Pedro IV of Aragon ("the Ceremonious", king 1336-1387). His set of tables and discussions on astronomy and solar and lunar eclipses was prepared for the 31 years following 1361 for the latitude of Perpignan, where he lived (see: Sassoon, Ohel David, p. 1041; Glick, Convivencia, pp. 91, 198). This may imply that our manuscript was copied not before 1361.

Most of the remaining tables are after the works of Don Pedro (see Millas, Tablas Astronómicas), of Abraham bar Hiyya, called "Savasorda", the astronomer contemporary to Ibn Ezra who lived and worked in Barcelona in the first half of the twelfth century (Glick,Convivencia, p. 86) and other tables.

The last and the most important treatise in our manuscript is the Star Catalogue for the year 1391. This is a rare example in the medieval Hebrew literature and in fact we know of only one manuscript known as "Sassoon 823", (now in the private library of Lawrence J. Schoenberg, in the U.S.A, Ms. 57) which includes identical texts and star catalogue in an almost complete version (see: Sassoon, Ohel David, II, No. 823; Sotheby's catalogue, New York, 1984, lot 88). Both Star Catalogues are richly illustrated, and this feature makes them unique in the Hebrew manuscript tradition (Langermann et al., Sassoon 823, p. 260). In contrast to the Viennese manuscript which has only thirteen out of forty eight constellations, that of Sassoon's (pp. 116-144) has forty six constellations and in addition contains a rough sketch of the back of an astrolabe and two full-page miniature of the sky constellation. However, we recently become aware of another manuscript (Moscow, Russian State Library, Ms. Ginsburg 840, now in Braginsky Collection, No. 93, see: A Journey through Jewish Worlds, pp, 40-41) which holds 18 leaves closely related to our manuscript.  It is very probable that these leaves are part of the missing leaves in our Vienna manuscript. Two of the pages of this manuscript include three constellations of the Orion?, Lepus and Eridanus, that have there parallels in Sassoon manuscript (respectively, pp. 133, 134).

Sassoon work can be dated to around 1391 also on the basis of its first astronomical table of the fixed star catalogue (p. 117). Presumably it was a copy after the Viennese manuscript. The texts of which are also written in the same semi-cursive Sephardic script, and has identical measurements, same layout of the text and same number of lines. When there are differences, the Sassoon codex inserts nonsense-rows – this may point to the direction of dependence, since in ourVienna manuscript the text is much more fluent. Nevertheless, it is possible that both manuscripts shared a common unknown model.

The Sassoon manuscript was restored relatively early in the Arab region, for example, the outlines of the constellations were re-drawn, as that of Cepherus on page 119. Also the Arabic inscriptions on the Sassoon's leaves (e.g. p. 10) may. point to this possibility. But the pictures are preserved close to the origin in its entire composition and the well preserved gold framing and headings (e.g. pp. 130 and 131). The colours are exactly the same in both codices. Even the ornaments in brown ink can be found in the Sassoon codex although those of the Viennese manuscript are of a higher quality. The fleuronnée of the Viennese manuscript is of a higher quality, too.

These provide enough clues to allow us to localize the work in the same workshop as the Vienna Codex. However, whereas the Viennese codex was executed by the same scribe and artist, several scribes can be identified in the Sassoon codex, the main scribe being similar to that of the Viennese manuscript. He identifies himself on p. 2 as Moses by emphasis the letters of his name (see Schwarz 1925, pp. 208-11).

 

The stylistic similarities of both Viennaand Sassoon manuscripts mainly concern the zodiac animals, where even details are matching, especially that of the Snake, Capricorn, Taurus, Lion and of the Cancer. Cephues also is almost completely identical with the same red garment, the Phrygian hat and his posture, the same is true for the Twins. The more orientalised features of Bootes and other human figures in the Sassoon 823 point to the later restoration.

Other similarities of both manuscripts can be found in the design of the human figures. Especially, the fashionable details of the figures dressed contemporarily, as that of Andromeda on fol. 67 and that of Bootes on fol. 68 point to the time around 1400. The closely fitting, high laced and low necked dress with the characteristic closed fitting but at the end wide sleeves can be found nearly identically – but reaching the ground in contrast to the Viennese manuscript – in the Valerius Maximus manuscript, written in 1395 and localized in Barcelona in the oeuvre of Rafael Destorrents (Ms. L/36 of Historical Archives of the City of Barcelona (fol. 198v, in Planas, gótico catlán, fig. 29), and also on fol. 47v in manuscript Ms. 760 of the University Library of Barcelona (see Boto Varela & Molina Figueras, Satire et comique dans l`illustration marginale, fig. 1) dated between 1415 and 1430; codices, which can be compared stylistically and support the localization to Catalonia. The dress of Bootes also points to the period around 1400, so is the decorated diadem on his head, with pearls and projected center – the star – which is very often found in the ornament on angels' head in the 1400 painting.

The fleuronnée motif, which surrounds the initial words on our fol. 21 consisting mainly of folded leaves whose inner "teeth" are rows of buds, can be found also in other Spanish manuscripts, especially those made in Catalonia in this period. One might compare for example Ms. Or. 5600 of the British Library in London, especially fol. 124v (in Narkiss, British Isles, fig. 392), a codex, which was carried out in Spain in the beginning of the fifteenth century. Here one can also find the spiral "enrollings“. Similar is also the fleuronnée of the Maimonides Manuscript, Ms. Add. 1493 of Cambridge University Library, written in 1396 in Catalonia (Narkiss, British Isles, fig. 375, there the captions are swapped).

The set of illustrations of the human and animal mythological figures associated with the constellations in Viennaand Sassoon codices goes back to al-Ṣūfī and dates from about the year 1000. It is a pictorial representation of the Ptolemaic star catalogue dates from 138 C.E. While Ptolemy himself did not provide the catalogue with any drawings of the constellations, al-Ṣūfī's Arabic book on the constellations and later in his Latin corpus, were accompanied by drawings (Wellwsz, al-Ṣūfī Manuscript, pp. 1-26). The same illustrations which belong to the manuscripts of al-Ṣūfī are utilized on all medieval Arabic star globes (see Langermann et al., Sassoon 823). The sequencing of the constellations' illustrations is very close to the order of al-Ṣūfī as it appears in the, either his Arabic astronomical manuscripts or in the Latin al-Sufi tradition (Vienna Cod. Mixt 331 (Baghdad1400; compare Duda, Isalmische Handschriften, 10 and 159 ff.) and CVP 5318 (Saltsburg, 1474). Altogether, it seems that the author of the Hebrew manuscripts has assembled astronomical material from a variety of sources.

The stylistic result confirms the assumption that the manuscripts generated inCatalonia, to which point already the mentioning of “Barcelona” in the headings on fols. 29 and 57v as well as “Majorca” (as insertion by the hand of the scribe on fol. 57v in the tables of Don Pedro). Thus the manuscript was made around1391 ina Catalonian workshop, which was responsible for at least one other Hebrew astronomic manuscript.

The 17th century Greek inscriptions on the flyleaves refer to the later retention of the manuscript in the Greek-speaking area. There are also some notes in Latin script. In mid 19th century the manuscript was given as a gift to the Imperial Library of Vienna by Anton von Mihanovich ofConstantinople.

 


38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Fol. 10: A note in the intercolumnar space, inscribed vertically in black ink by later hand:
"וצריך שנעשה? בענין הזה? שלשה ... בכל ח'[דש] יום אחד."
This may refer to the debate in the left text column, regarding the planet Venus:
...ויש מחלקת גדולה בכוכב נגה / כך (?) דורוניוס אמר כי הוא מערבי על כן הוא כבודו הפך כבוד חמה. גם משא אללה אמר כי שבתאי מזרחי בעבור שיש לו שותפות במזלות המזרחיים.

Fol. 1: in the lower margin is the stamp of the ÖNB.

On the last three flyleaves are Greek and Latin inscriptions:
- 17th century Greek inscriptions on both sides the first flyleaf, saying that this large and nice Hebrew book of 70 pages was transferred to Mr. Sabas. There are also the Latin names Donipnon Theodorios and Donipnon;
– Some other Latin inscriptions are on the second fly leaf (… Maio a. 1913…).

According to the document dated June 3, 1854, the codex was given as a gift to the Royal Library (Hofbibiliothek) by a high officer Anton von Mihanovich, who was at that time a Consul General in Constantinople.

On the edge of some pages are several comments with references to parallel manuscripts by the hand of Arthur Zachariah Schwarz.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The lower and outer margins of some leaves are cut-off (e.g. fols. 3, 20, 27, 28, 29, 30, 41, 49, 53, 54, 57).
The text in some flesh-side openings is faded (e.g. fols. 4v-5, 10v-11), and in many pages there are large spots of water (e.g. fols. 31, 31v, 32, 32v, 37v, 55v). The burnished gold flaked off in a few letters of the initial words (e.g. on fols. 6v, 7 and 9). The upper right part of fol. 15 is torn.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Boto Varela & Molina Figueras, Satire et comique dans l`illustration marginale
G. Boto Varela, J. Molina Figueras, Satire et comique dans l`illustration marginale. Un Manuscrit Du Gothique International Catalan, Flanders in A European Perspective. Manuscript Illumination Around 1400 In Flanders and Abroad (Proceedings of the International Colloquium Leuven, 7-10. September 1993), M. Smeyers, B. Cardon (eds.), Leuven 1995, pp. 154-170.

Duda, Isalmische Handschriften
D. Duda, Isalmische Handschriften II (Die illuminierten Handschriften der ÖNB 5), Vienna 1992, pp. 159-170.

Glick, Convivencia
T. F. Glick, "Science in Medieval Spain: The Jewish Contribution in the Context of Convivencia", in Convivencia: Jews, Muslims, and Christians in Medieval Spain, Exhib., Jewish Museum, New York 1992, pp. 83-111.

Langermann et al., Sassoon 823
Y. T. Langermann, K. A. F. Fischer, P. Kunitzsch, "The Hebrew Astronomical Codex Ms. Sassoon 823", in
The Jews and the Sciences in the Middle Ages, ed. Y. Tzvi Langermann, Ashgate 1999, pp. 253-285.

Levy and Cantera, Beginning of Wisdom
The Beginning of Wisdom. An Astrological Treatise by Abraham ibn Ezra. An Edition of the Hebrew Original of 1148, ed. R. Levy & F. Cantera, Baltimore 1939.

Millas, Tablas Astronómicas
J. M. Millas Vallicrosa, Las Tablas Astronómicas del Rey Don Pedro el Ceremonioso, Edición crítica da los textos hebraico, catalan y latino, con estudio y notas, Madrid-Barcelona 1962.

Narkiss, British Isles
B. Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles: A Catalogue Raisonné, Vol. I: The Spanish
and Portuguese Manuscripts, Vols. I-II, Jerusalem and London 1982.

Planas, gótico catlán
J. Planas, El esplendor del gótico catlán: La miniatura del siglo XV, Lleida 1998.

Sassoon, Ohel David
D. S. Sassoon, Ohel David: Descriptive Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the Sassoon Library, London 1932, Vol. II, pp. 1041-43, and pl. 32.

Schwatz 1925
A. Z. Schwatz, Die hebräischen Handschriften der Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Leipzig 1925, No. 185,
pp. 208-11.

Sela, Ibn Ezra
S. Sela, Astrology and Biblical Exegesis in Abraham Ibn Ezra's Thought, Ramat-Gan 1999.

Sotheby's catalogue, New York, 1984
Sotheby's Catalogue, A Further Ninety-Seven Highly Important Hebrew Manuscripts from the collection formed by the Late David Solomon, New York, Tuesday, December 4, 1984, Lot. 88.

Wellwsz, al-Ṣūfī Manuscript
Wellwsz, E., "An Early al-Ṣūfī Manuscript in the Bodleian Library in Oxford: A Study in Islamic Constellation Images", Ars Orientalis, Vol. 3 (1959), pp. 1-26.

Further literature
Alpha und Omega: Geschichten vom Ende und Anfang der Welt. ed. H. Petschar. Ausstellung in der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek in Wien. Wien 2000, p. 217.

F.Y. Baer, Die Juden im christlichen Spanien, Vol. 1, Berlin 1929, pp. 256-259.

Digital Katalogue of the Schoenberg collection, online-Faksimile, see Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text and Image: http://dewey.library.upenn.edu/sceti/ljs

H. J. Hermann, Die Westeuropäischen Handschriften und Inkunabeln der Gotik und der Renaissance mit Ausnahme der Niederländischen Handschriften. 3. Französische und Iberische Handschriften der ersten Hälfte des XV. Jahrhunderts (Beschreibendes Verzeichnis der illuminierten Handschriften in Österreich NF Bd. VII, 3), Leipzig 1938, pp. 219-220, tab. LXIV.

Jüdische Lebenswelten katalog, ed. A. Nachama & G. Sievernich, (then owned by the Floersheim Trust), Berlin 1991, Cat. No. 20:1/83, pp. 471-472.

T. Metzger & M. Metzger, La vie juive au moyen age illustrée par les manuscrits hébraiques enluminés du XIIIe au XVIe siécle, Fribourg 1982, pp. 314, No. 252.

Sotheby's Catalogue, Thirty-eight Highly Important Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts from the Collection Formed by the late David Solomon Sassoon, Sotheby`s Zürich, Wednesday 5th November 1975, Lot. 15.

Sotheby's Catalogue, Western Manuscripts and Miniatures, Sotheby`s London, Tuesday 10. December 1996, Lot. 48.

A. Z. Schwatz, Die hebräischen Handschriften der k.k.Hofbibliothek zu Wien, Wien 1914, pp. 101-107 (No. 72).

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23162
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Michal Sternthal 10/2/04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (8 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 244268 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, , Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244268 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, , Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gemini, as one of the constellations signs |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001058
20 Description

The page includes on the left column the heading for the constellation Gemini (תאומים) followed by illustration and associate table, which end is on the following page (fol. 65v, see document).

Gemini is illustrated by two naked youths with blond hair and pink body (now black) with twenty five gold bezants marking the stars of the constellation. The boys stand one in front of the other, both stepping to the right; their arms are outstretched to the sides.

The gold bezants are scattered in accordance with the table: eighteen on various parts of their bodies, of which eleven are on the right figure (one on the wrist flaked off) and seven on the left figure. The largest gold star is on their head. The other group of seven silver bezants is placed outside the figures according to the table "Not in the form" (אינם בצורה), which is written in the following page: four of them are on the left and three close to their legs.

 

The page includes also in the right column the heading and the final table "Not in the form" for Taurus, the previous constellation which start is on fol. 67v. The headings Taurus, Gemini and the title "Not in the form" are written each within a small rectangular panel with gold borders in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours.

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography.

21 Ornamentation Illustrated initial word panel
Decorated initial word panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Illustrated initial word panel
Decorated initial word panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, burnished gold and silver, pink (now black), ochre, brown, red and white colours, and red and brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
72 X 65 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244268
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244269 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.65v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244269 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.65v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail Fol.65v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ursa Minor, as one of the constellations signs |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001059
20 Description

The page includes headings followed by illustrations and associate tables for two constellations, Cancer (סרטן), and its table "Not in the form" (אינם בצורה), and Leo (אריה), which end is missing in our manuscript.

Cancer is illustrated on the right by a crab with a pair of chelae and three pairs of walking legs. The crab is painted in magenta with thirteen gold and silver bezants, which mark its stars. They are spread according to the table below: nine gold stars on its back and four silver stars, which are "not in the form", outside its figure: three between its chelae and one above the right one.

The second constellation Leo, on the left, is illustrated by a lion facing to the right, painted in ochre and light yellow colorus with thirty five burnished gold and silver bezants of various sizes. They are spread according to the table: twenty seven gold stars throughout the body (four of which in the lower part of body are worn), and additional eight silver stars are placed above and below his figure and outside the panel. The largest star is near the end of its tail.

The page includes on the top right also the final part, "Not in the form" for the previous constellation Gemini, which start is on the verso of the page (fol. 65, see document).

The headings Cancer, Leo, and the three titles "Not in the form" are written within small rectangular panels with gold borders in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours.

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography.

 

21 Ornamentation Illustrated initial word panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Illustrated initial word panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, burnished gold and silver, magenta, ochre, light yellow, red and white colours, and red and brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Cancer panel: 44 X 67 mm
Leo panel: 49 X 67 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244269
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel Karl-Georg Pfändtner 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244270 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.66r, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244270 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.66r, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail Fol.66r
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001060
20 Description

The page includes headings followed by illustrations and associate tables for two constellations Ursa Minor ((הדוב הקטן and Ursa Major ((הדוב הגדול, which end is on the verso side of the page (fol. 66v, see document).

Ursa Minor, in the upper part of the right text column, is illustrated by a brownish-gray bear with eight gold and silver bezants marking its stars, facing to the left. The stars are spread according to the text in the table below: seven gold stars outlined in red ink along the body of the bear, and one silver star outside its body, under the tail. This represents the star in the table, which "is a close one and not in the form" (כוכב זה הוא מזל קרוב ואינו בצורה).

The second constellation Ursa Major illustrated in the lower part of the column by a larger brown bear facing to the right. Thirty five burnished gold and silver bezants of various sizes are located in correspondence with the table on the left column: twenty seven golden stars outlined in red ink along its body and eight silver stars outside it: two above the tail and six below the front legs (most of which exceed also the boundary of the table).

The heading of the constellations are written within small rectangular panels with gold borders in display script in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours. The upper border of the two separate panels of Ursa Major extends upwards to include the flag of the letter lamed.

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography. Actually, these are the first tables of the fixed star catalogue. At the top right of the page, above the title panel of Ursa Minor, is the heading of the catalogue,  written in red script referring to the year 1391, for which the catalogue was prepared (see Scribal Notes).

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom

23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Ursa Minor panel: 37 X 67 mm
Ursa Major panel: 39 X 67 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244270
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244271 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.66v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244271 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.66v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail Fol.66v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Draco, as one of the constellations signs
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001061
20 Description

Fol. 66v:

The page includes the heading for the constellation Draco (התנין הגדול), followed by illustration and associate table, which end is on fol.68, see document).

Draco is illustrated in the right text column by a twisted large dragon protruding forked red tongue facing to the left. He is painted in green and ochre and with thirty one gold bezants marking its stars. They are spread over his body according to the table in the left column and on fol. 68.

The page includes on the top right also the final part "Not in the form" (אינם בצורה) of the previous constellation, Ursa Major, which start is on the recto side of the page (fol. 66v, see document).

The heading Draco, written two times, and the title "Not in the form" are written within small rectangular panels with gold borders in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours. The upper border of Draco's panels extends upwards to include the flag of the letter lamed.

 

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, burnished gold, green, ochre, red and white colours, and red and brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
109 X 67 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244271
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244272 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.67r, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244272 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.67r, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail Fol.67r
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Andromeda, as one of the constellations signs
Triangulum, as one of the constellations signs
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001062
20 Description

Fol. 67:

The page includes headings followed by illustrations and associate tables for two constellations, Andromedaצורת) האשה) and Triangulum (המשולש), which end is on the verso of this page (fol. 67v, see document).

Andromeda is illustrated in the lower right column by a tall woman with blond long hair stepping barefoot to the left and outstretching her arms to the sides. She is dressed in light blue rob with long open sleeves. Her uncovered parts of the body are painted in pink (now black), her facial features erased.

Twenty three burnished gold bezants, twenty of which are circled in red, marking her stars are spread over her body and dress according to the table in the left column; the largest one is placed on her chest.

 

The following constellation Triangulum in the lower part of the left column is illustrated by a triangle in pink (now black) and magenta colours with four gold bezants marking its stars. They are placed according to the table on the verso of the page on the three corners and on the center of the horizontal line of the triangle.

The page includes at the top right also the table of the constellation Pegasus ((חצי הסוס, which its illustration is missing in our manuscript.[1] The headings of the constellations written within small rectangular panels with gold borders in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours. The upper border of the triangle extends upwards to include the flag of the letter lamed.

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography


[1] For the illustration associated with Pegasus, see Sassoon 823, p. 122.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, burnished gold and silver, light and dark blue, pink (now black), magenta, ochre, red and white colours, and red and brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Andromeda's panel: 69 X 69 mm
Triangulum panel: 33 X 69 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244272
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244273 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.67v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244273 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.67v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail Fol.67v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aries, as one of the constellations signs
Taurus, as one of the constellations signs
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001063
20 Description

Fol. 67v:

The page includes headings followed by illustrations and associate tables for two constellations, Aries (טלה) and Taurus (שור), which end is on fol. 65 (see document). The page includes also the end of Triangulum (המשולש) table, which start and illustration are on the recto of this page (see document).

Aries is illustrated on the right by a ram turning its head to the left. He is coloured in light brown with eighteen gold and silver bezants, which mark its stars. They are placed according to the table, as follows: thirteen gold stars framed in red are spread on its body, and five silver smaller stars, which are "Not in the form" ((אינם בצורה, are in the upper left side of the panel.

The following constellation, Taurus, is illustrated on the left by a goring ox, drawn without hind legs and tail in ochre colour. Forty four silver and gold bezants, which mark the stars of this constellation, are placed according to the table on fol.65, as follows: thirty-three gold stars on his body and head, the six on the head outlined in red, and eleven smaller silver stars, which are "not in the form", surround its body from the outside.

The headings of the constellations and the title "not in the form" are written within small rectangular panels with gold borders in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours. The upper border of the panels on the right column extends upwards to include the flag of the letter lamed.

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, burnished gold and silver, light brown, ochre, dark blue, red and white colours, and red and brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Aries panel: 49 X 68 mm
Taurus panel: 49 X 68 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244273
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244274 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.68r, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244274 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.68r, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail Fol.68r
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cepheus, as one of the constellations signs
Bootes, as one of the constellations signs
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001064
20 Description

Fol. 68:

The page includes headings followed by illustrations and associate tables for two constellations, Cepheus (המתלהב) and Bootes (אל גול), which end is on the verso of the page (fol. 68v, see document).

The first constellation Cepheus is illustrated on the right by a man (oriental king) with beard split in the middle stepping barefoot to the right and raising his right hand. He is wearing red dress and Phrygian hat; the uncovered parts of his body are painted in pink (now black, the pink colour retained through the black colour of his face).

Thirteen silver and gold bezants marking the stars of this constellation are spread on and around him according to the table: eight gold stars on his body, three on his hat, and two other smaller silver stars, which are "not in the form" (אינם בצורה) flanking his hat.

 

The following constellation Bootes is illustrated on the left by a warrior with a diadem on his blond hair, stepping barefoot to the right. He is dressed in green rob with wide sleeves and a sword, holding a spear in his right hand and raising his left.

Twenty three stars of the constellations represented by silver and gold bezants, thirteen of which are outlined in red, are spread on and around him according to the table on the verso of the page, as followed: twenty-two gold stars (two are worn) are on his body and spear, and one silver star is placed outside his "form", between the legs. It is inscribed אל סמאך (“Al samach"?) in small semi-cursive script probably added by a later hand.

The page includes also on the top right the end of the Draco's table (which start on fol. 66v, see document).

The headings of the constellations Draco, Cepheus and Bootes, and the title "Not in the form", are written within small rectangular panels with gold borders in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours. The upper border of the panels extends upwards to include the flag of the letter lamed.

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography. 

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, burnished gold and silver, pink (now black), ochre, green, magenta, dark blue, red and white colours, and red and brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Cepheus panel: 81 X 67 mm
Bootes panel:. 95 X 67 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244274
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244275 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.68v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244275 Vienna Astronomical Manuscript, Fol.68v, Barcelona, Around 1391 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Astronomical Manuscript | Unknown
3a Object Astronomical literature
3b Object Detail Fol.68v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Around 1391
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 132 (Schwartz, No. 185)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Corona Borealis, as one of the constellations signs
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001065
20 Description

Fol. 68v:

The page includes heading followed by illustration and associate table for the constellation Corona Borealis (נזר צפוני).

Corona Borealis is illustrated in the top left column by a large empty roundel framed by green and yellowish wreath of fleur de lys dotted in red. Eight gold bezants marking the stars of the constellation are located according to the table on the perimeter of the circle or close to it.

The page includes also the end of a table of Bootes (which starts on the recto side of the page, see document), and the heading of the constellation Hercules (אל גתי; which table and illustration are missing in our manuscript).

The headings Corona Boreali, Bootes and Hercules, and the title "not in the form", are written within small rectangular panels with gold borders in burnished gold letters on dark blue ground surrounded by dots and floral motifs in white and red colours. The upper border of the panels extends upwards to include the flag of the letter lamed.

 

The tables are written in alternating red and brown ink including headings in geometrical (zigzag) shapes in micrography.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, burnished gold and silver, pink (now black), dark blue, red, green and white colours, and red and brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
66 X 67 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244275
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Israel 2.2.04 24.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Karl-Georg Pfändtner Michal Sternthal Yaffa Levy 2009 2009 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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