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  (XI) Obj. ID: 2235 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall,, Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s. // Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

To the main object: Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ, Romania


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Unknown)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

For the landscapes in the women's section see:


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2235
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3Atrue%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (51 image(s))

      [1] [2] [3]

(XXII) ID: 19456 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Interior view from balcony, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19456 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Interior view from balcony, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Interior view from balcony | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Unknown)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302361
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2239/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19456
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19457 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, angle view, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19457 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, angle view, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, angle view | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302394
20 Description

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel, as well as another mural depicting the scene described in Psalm 137 ("By the rivers of Babylon..."). The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

 

For the mural of Psalm 137 see:

///ID/2238/

 

For the holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel see:

///ID/2239/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19457
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154902 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154902 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302299
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154902
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154903 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154903 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302300.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154903
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154904 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154904 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302302.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154904
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154905 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154905 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302307.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154905
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154906 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154906 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302308.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154906
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154907 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154907 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302309.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154907
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154908 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154908 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302317.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154908
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154909 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154909 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302327.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154909
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154910 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154910 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302328.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154910
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154911 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154911 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302362.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154911
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154912 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154912 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302363.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154912
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154913 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154913 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302365.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154913
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154914 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154914 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302366.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154914
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154915 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154915 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302367.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154915
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154916 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154916 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302368.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154916
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154917 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154917 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302369.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154917
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154918 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154918 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302370.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154918
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154919 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154919 Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall, , Piatra-Neamţ, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Leipziger Temple in Piatra Neamţ – Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter in Iași) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Piatra-Neamţ
| 7 Dimitrie Ernici St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A302389.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall is bordered on three sides by the balconies of the women's section, which are supported by square, carved wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall is covered by a tetrahedral domed vault. The vault, walls, and women's section are all adorned with murals, and each set of murals (vault, walls, women's section) follows an independent iconographical program. The eastern wall of the prayer hall is decorated according to a special design and includes the niche for the Torah ark.

The decoration on the ceiling vault of the synagogue represents a multi-level composition. The central area is decorated with a large eagle against the background of a sky containing golden stars. The eagle has black breasts and enormous white wings. It clutches a red military standard bearing an inscription. This central composition (eagle and sky) is bordered by a multi-tiered frame composed of geometric designs, floral decorations, and a row of red curtains. The center of each side of the frame contains one of the four animals of Pirkei Avot 5:20 (tiger, eagle, deer, and lion).

The eastern wall of the prayer hall presents a complicated architectural decoration. A wall painting depicts tall columns supporting elaborate neo-Gothic pendentives. The Torah ark is situated in the center of the eastern wall and represents a high, three-tiered construction against the backdrop of a luxurious red curtain. The Torah ark is fashioned in the shape of a portal. It is carved, painted, and gilded, with decorations depicting lions, birds, trumpeting gryphons, the stone Tablets of the Law, and hands portraying the high priestly blessing. The upper tier of the Torah ark contains two oval paintings of Egyptian pyramids and ruins. Above the Torah ark stands a large gilded double-headed eagle with a single crown placed on its heads. 

The walls around the perimeter of the prayer hall contain paintings depicting holy places and other scenes in the Land of Israel. The artist added painted frames, cords, and nails to create the illusion of hanging paintings rather than murals. Part of these compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The same type of "framing" was used for fourteen oval landscape scenes painted on the walls of the women's section. All of these landscapes were executed in a popular folk style. They include depictions of: rural scenes with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, and castles; animals including deer, swans, oxen, and even elephants; and different times of day (including sunrise and sunset) and of year (seasons). These compositions were repainted during restoration undertaken in the 1970s.

The original paintings were accomplished in the 1920s. The icononography of the murals and a stylistic analysis of them suggests that the artist was most likely Mendel Grinberg (Grünberg).

 

For the Torah ark decorations see:

///ID/2236/

For the ceiling vault decorations see:

///ID/2232/

For the perimeter wall decorations see:

///ID/2237/

For the landscapes in the women's section see:

///ID/2240/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154919
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2015 54a
55 Donor 55a



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