Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object

Object

Object Alone
Show sub-set tree:
  (XI) Obj. ID: 2191 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible ,, Würzburg, 1232/33. // Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks See: Additional Remarks, below
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Commentaries on the Bible (without Proverbs) by Rashi and others: Joseph Kara: Major Prophets (Isaiah and Jeremiah; Ezekiel by a disciple of Kara) and Hagiography (Lamentations); Benjamin ben Yehudah of Rome (בנימין בן יהודה מרומה): Ezra and Nehemiah; the commentaries on Job by Rashi (1-40:25) and Jacob Nazir alternating with Rashbam (Job 40:26-end); Rashbam on Genesis 1; the commentary on Chronicles is anonymous.
The text mentions many other commentators, for example Elazar ben Meshulam, Dosa ben Elazar, Isaac ben Asher Halevy (Riva,( Shlomo ben Itzhak of Montil, Yaakov ben Menahem, Shemaiah Hashoshani; Menahem bar Halabo, Meir Shliah Tzibur, Baruch of Mainz, Meshulam Rofe, Saadia Gaon, Shmuel ben Meir (Rashbam(, and Yaakov ben Shabetai (see Buber 1898, pp. IV-V, note (ו); Steinschneider 1895, p. 2).
Contents in detail:
Vol. I: commentary on the Pentateuch and the Former Prophets:
1. Pentateuch (I:2-170) by Scribe A: Genesis (I:1v-44), Exodus (fols. 44v-83v), Leviticus (I:84-110),
Numbers (I:110v-141), Deuteronomy (I:141v-170). I:1, a single leaf with the beginning of Genesis, was
supplied by Yishai ben Yehiel in 1549; the initial word decorated with a folded ribbon motif is by Meir.
Both scribes belong to Hans-Jacob Fugger's team in Venice.
2. Former Prophets (I:170v-217v; II:1r) by Scribe A, except for I:216-217 by B: Joshua (I:170v-177),
Judges (I:177v-184v), I and II Samuel (I:185-201), I and II Kings (I:201 - the abrupt end on 217v).
I:218, a single leaf at the end of the volume, the last page of II Kings was copied by Yishai ben Yehiel
in 1549. The original page had a title page by Meir pasted on to it and was transferred with two other
leaves to the beginning of the second volume starting with Isaiah (II:1v). This was done in order to
divide the pandect into two volumes.
Vol. II: commentary on Latter Prophets and Hagiography:
1. Major Prophets (II:1v-92) by Scribe B, except for II:1r, a 16th-century title page: Isaiah (II:1v-43),
Jeremiah (II:43, 3rd column-62v), Ezekiel (II:62v, 3rd column-92).
2. Minor Prophets (II:92v-122) by Scribe A, except for II:120v, 3rd column-122 by B: Hosea (II:92v-98v),
Joel (II:99-100), Amos (II:100-103v), Obadiah (II:104-104v), Jonah (II:105-105v), Micah (II:106-108v),
Nahum (II:109-110v), Habakkuk (II:110v-112v), Zephaniah (II:112v-113v), Haggai (II:113v-114v),
Zechariah (II:114v-120), Malachi (II:120v-122).
3. Five Scrolls (II:122v-158) by Scribe A, except for II:145r, 2nd column-149a and 152-158 by B: Ruth
(II:122v-124v), Song of Songs (II:125-141v), Ecclesiastes (II:142-149a), Esther (II:149a verso-152v),
Lamentations (II:153-158).
4. Hagiography (II:158v-256) by Scribe A, except for II:158v-182v, 221-226v by B: Psalms (II:158v-
182v), Job (II:183-208v), Daniel (II:209-220), Ezra (II:220v-226v), Chronicles (II:226a-255v).
II:252v-255v; the running colophon is written in roundels in the corners of the text space.
5. Fol. 256: Colophon repeated twice.
6. Fol. 257v (a single leaf at the end of volume II): The beginning of a commentary by Rashbam on the
Pentateuch, by Scribe A.
24 Codicology
Material Sheepskin (e.g. II:116, 117v, 118, 119v, 120, 121v). Originally the manuscript was one pandect; today it is separated into two volumes, each with a new numeration starting on the verso of the page, in the first volume in the bottom left corner and in the second at top left. Vol. I: 1 + 220 (mistakenly foliated 218 - fols. 56 and 63 numbered twice) + 1 leaves. Fol. 218 is a 1549 addition (end of II Kings) by Yishai ben Yehiel. Vol. II: 1 + 263 (mistakenly foliated 257 - fols. 131, 143, 144, 149, 226, 242 numbered twice) + 1 leaves. Fol. 1 is a 1549 title page by Meir stuck on the original text which ends II Kings of vol. I. Both sides of the parchment are treated similarly. The quires are arranged according to Gregory's rule, each starting with the yellowish hair side. Measurements Full page: Vol. I: (394-400) x (289-295) mm. Vol. II: (390-393) x (291-294) mm. Text space: Vol. I: Shlomo: (275-283) x 190 mm. Joseph (?): (285-286) x (185-190) mm. Vol. II: Shlomo: (274-278) x (191-194) mm. Joseph (?): (272-285) x (193-194) mm. Scribes I. The text is copied by two scribes: the main Scribe A, Shlomo ben Shmuel, and Scribe B, probably Joseph (II: 4, 30v), who copied 15 full quires and shared 4 other quires with the main scribe: Scribe A: I:2-215v; II:92v-120v, 1st and middle columns; II:122v-145, 1st column; II:149a verso-151v; II:183-220v; II:226a recto-256; II:257v Genesis 1, commentary by Rashbam. Scribe B: I:216-217v; II:1 with the 1549 title page stuck on top -92; II:120v, 3rd column-22; II:182v; II:221- 226v. II. 14th-century hands inserted book and section titles in the blank spaces allocated by Scribes A and B: 1. Book titles in display script: Leviticus (I:84), Numbers (I:110v), Deuteronomy (I:141v), I Kings (I:201); Isaiah (II:1v), Hosea (II:92v), Joel (II:99), Ruth (II:122v), Esther (II:149v), Chronicles (II:226a). 2. Parashot in built-up letters: Exodus (I:50, 53, 56a, 59, 72, 75v, 81v, 82). 3. Parashot and haftarot by another hand in semi-cursive script: Exodus (I:96, 133v), Isaiah (II:25v, 33). III. Two scribes of the Fugger team writing in Venice in 1549: 1. Yishai ben Yehiel supplied the first lost leaf of the commentary to Genesis and the last leaf of II Kings (I:1v, 218), the original of which was transferred to the second volume (II:1). This was done when the manuscript, originally a single volume, was divided into two for Fugger's Library. 2. Meir decorated the initial word of Genesis (I:1v) with a folded ribbon motif and executed the title page of the Latter Prophets in the second volume (II:1r) with drawings of a deer and a hound. Script The text is written in a semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink. Columns Vols. I and II: three columns (width of one: 50 mm.), except for leaves with shaped text at the ends of books, and II:257v in two columns (a final single leaf with Rashbam's commentary on Genesis). Number of lines Vols. I and II: the main text is written in 43-44 lines per column by both scribes, except for II:257v in 70 lines per column by Scribe A. Ruling Vols. I and II: by stylus on hair side, 45 horizontal (last line blank) and 2+2+2+2 vertical lines, for both scribes. The two top and bottom lines are ruled across the entire page. Pricking Pricking is noticeable for both scribes in the upper, lower and outer margins (e.g. I:13, 71-72; II:44-46, 68-89). Pricking in the inner margin is discernible wherever Scribe A writes: in all of vol. I (e.g. I:95-102, 172-185) and in vol. II (e.g. II:1-92, 158-182). However, no inner margin pricking is discernible (II:92-121) where Scribe A follows Scribe B (II:92v-120v); but there is inner margin pricking (II:122-157) where Scribe B follows Scribe A (II:120v-122, 145-149a, 152-157). It can thus be assumed that each scribe did his own pricking and ruling, including some extra leaves which were copied by the following scribe. Quires Vol. I: 28 quires of 8 leaves each except for I(8-1)+1 (original first folio with text lost, supplied by a 16th-century hand (fol. 1); XVIII6 (no text is missing); XXVIII(8-3)+1 (three final written leaves were cut off and transferred to vol. II (quire I3+8, beginning of Isaiah); thus fols. 213-215 are single leaves with stubs. The last original folio with text, 218, was moved to the second volume (now II:1) and a new single leaf was added by Yishai ben Yehiel in 1549, recopying the end of II Kings. Quires structhure: I(8-1)+1 (1-8v, fol.1 is an added single leaf of 1549 replacing a lost one); II8 (9-16v); III8 (17-24v); IV8 (25-32v); V8 (33-40v); VI8 (41-48v); VII8 (49-56v); VIII8 (56a-63v, fol. 56 numbered twice: 56, 56a); IX8 (63a-70v, fol. 63 numbered twice: 63, 63a); X8 (71-78v); XI8 (79-86v); XII8 (87-94v); XIII8 (95-102v); XIV8 (103-110v); XV8 (111-118v); XVI8 (119-126v); XVII8 (127-134v); XVIII6 (135-140v); XIX8 (141-148v); XX8 (149-156v); XXI8 (157 164v); XXII8 (165-172v); XXIII8 (173-180v); XXIV8 (181-188v); XXV8 (189-196v); XXVI8 (197-204v); XXVII8 (205-212v); XXVIII(8-3)+1 (213-218v, II Kings ends abruptly on fol. 217v; fol. 218, an added leaf with the end of II Kings, was copied by Yishai ben Yehiel in 1549; the original leaf (with Isaiah on the verso) and two other leaves were transferred to the beginning of the second volume). Vol. II: 33 quires of 8 leaves each except for I3+8 (the first three, fols. 1-3, are single leaves transferred from vol. I, last quire XXVIII(8-3)+1. The original text of fol. II:1r - end of II Kings, is covered by a single title page executed by Meir in 1549); XV6 (no text missing); XXIV1+8 (the first leaf with stub); XXVII6 (no text missing); XXIX6 (no text missing); XXXIII8+1 (the single leaf contains the beginning Rashbam's commentary on the Pentateuch, Genesis 1, copied by Scribe A). Quires structhure: I3+8 (1-11v, beginning of Major Prophets; beginning of Isaiah fol. 1v; fol. 1r is a title page of 1549 by Meir, stuck onto the original recto of fol. 1v); II8 (12-19v); III8 (20-27v); IV8 (28-35v); V8 (36-43v); VI8 (44-51v); VII8 (52-59v); VIII8 (60-67v); IX8 (68-75v); X8 (76-83v); XI8 (84-91v); XII8 (92-99v); XIII8 (100-107v); XIV8 (108-115v); XV6 (116-121v, no text missing); XVI8 (122-129v); XVII8 (130-136v, fol. 131 numbered twice: 131, 131a); XVIII8 (137-143a verso, fol. 143 numbered twice: 143, 143a); XIX8 (144-149a verso, fols. 144 and 149 numbered twice: 144, 144a and 149, 149a); XX8 (150-157v); XXI8 (158-165v); XXII8 (166-173v); XXIII8 (174-181v); XXIV1+8 (182-190v, fol. 182, single first leaf added to end the Psalms, fol. 182v, beginning of Job fol. 183). According to Klemm (1998, Nos. 194-195), Proverbs was written between fol. 182 (end of Psalms by Scribe B) and fol. 183 (beginning of Job by Scribe A) as one quire; XXV8 (191-198v); XXVI8 (199-206v); XXVII6 (207-212v); XXVIII8 (213-220v); XXIX6 (221-226v); XXX8 (226a-233v, fol. 226 numbered twice: 226, 226a); XXXI8 (234-241v); XXXII8 (242-248v, fol. 242 numbered twice: 242, 242a); XXIII8+1 (249-257v; fol. 256v is blank; fol. 257 is a single leaf attached to the last quire: the recto is blank, the verso has Rashbam's commentary on Genesis 1). Catchwords For both scribes in the bottom left-hand corner of the last page of quires, decorated with lines, dots and spirals. Blank leaves Vol. I: fol. 218v (16th-century addition). Vol. II: fols. 256v, 257.
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
Two colophons of the main Scribe A, Shlomo ben Shmuel:
1. Vol. II:252v-255v, in the corners of the text space are twenty-eight roundels, four to a page, each
enclosing one word on a black ink ground:
אני שלמה ברבי שמואל (fol. 252v)/ כתבתי אילו פירושי עשרים (fol. 253)/ וארבעה ספרים לרבי יוסף (fol. 253v)/ ברבי משה בשנת ארבעת (fol. 254)/ אלפים ותשע מאות ותשעים (fol. 254v)/ ושלשה לבריאת עולם וזה (fol. 255)/ יהיה זכרי בשובי לעפרי (fol. 255v).
I, Solomon son of R. Samuel, wrote these commentaries on the twenty-four books [of the Bible] for R.
Joseph son of R. Moses in the year four thousand nine hundred and ninety-three from the creation of
the world (1232/3). And this will be my memorial when I return to dust.
2. Vol. II:256, last leaf:
אני שלמה ברבי שמואל ממדינת וירצבורק כתבתי/ אילו פירושים של עשרים וארבעה ספרים לרבי יוסף/ בר' משה בשנת
ארבעת אלפים ותשע מאות ותשעים/ ושלשה לבריאת עולם והמקום יזכהו להגות בהם/ ולהורישם לבניו ולבני בניו עד סוף כל הדורות אמן./ ורוח ממרום יערה עלינו. ובתורתו יאיר עינינו./ ויביא משיח צדקינו. ויבנה בית מקדשינו./ ושם תצמיח קרן אלינו. אמן במהרה בימינו
I, Solomon son of R. Samuel from the city of Würzburg have written these commentaries on the
twenty-four books for R. Joseph son of R. Moses in the year four thousand nine hundred and ninety-
three from the creation of the world (1232/3). The Lord will let him consult them and bequeath them to
his sons and sons' sons to the end of generations. Amen. And may the heavenly spirit be poured out
upon us (paraphrase of Is. 32:15). And His Law will enlighten our eyes and bring the Messiah of justice.
And will build our Temple. And there you will make the horn [of David] sprout up for us
(paraphrase of Psalm 132:17). Amen, speedily in our own days.
31 Scribal Notes
Scribe A, Shlomo ben Shmuel:
The scribe marked his name, Shlomo, with spirals or flowers (I:13v, 24, 25v, 33v, 69v, 163v, 201v, 202v; II:125v, 127v, 133, 136v, 143, 228v, 233v, 243, 250v).
Vol. I:75v, the name Shlomo (שלמה) is written in acrostic.
Vol. II:243, the words בר שמואל (son of Shmuel) are added in the cartouche which decorates the name Shlomo.
Vol. I:170, at the end of the Pentateuch, above the word strength (חזק), an inscription reads:
אילו פירושי חומש יסוד המאור הגדול רבינו שלמה ברבי יצחק ויש בתוכן טעמים ומדרשים שאינן מיסודו ונוספים על פתרונו
ועין לא ראתה זולתם ואזן לא שמעה דוגמתן והמשכיל בהם יזהיר כזוהר הרקיע (דניאל יב:3) ואורו לא ישקיע, וברוך הנותן
ליעף כח (ישעיהו מ:29), א'ס' (=אמן סלה).
These are the commentaries on the Pentateuch from the source of our great light, Rabbi Solomon ben
Rabbi Isaac, and among them are commentaries (טעמים) and midrashim not by him but additions to his
interpretation which no eye has seen and no ear has heard; and "the wise shall shine as the brightness
of the firmanent" (Daniel 12:3) and its light will not set, and blessed be "He [who] giveth power to the
faint" (Is. 40:29), Amen. Selah.
The scribe writes elaborate rhymed verses at the ends and beginnings of books (e.g. I:170-170v; I:98v-99, 103v-106).
Scribe B: Joseph (?):
The name Joseph is discreetly marked by Scribe B with dots in vol. II only (e.g. II:4, 30v). Although it could be the scribe's name, the colophon mentions Joseph as the owner of the manuscript (II:256).
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

Fig. 1:

Front cover Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, vol. I

Fig. 2: Back cover Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, vol. I Both volumes have a similar binding (vol. I: 395 x 285 mm.; vol. II: 399 x 275 mm,): green morocco faded to brown on wooden boards, gold-tooled similarly on front and back with a central roundel in an undulating floral rhomboid within a large rectangle. The latter is decorated with foliate motifs at the corners and with a flower at the centre of each side of the frame (figs. 1-2). The central front roundel is inscribed פירושים (Commentaries). Above and below it is Fugger's shelf mark in Hebrew and Latin respectively: ת and Y for volume I (fig. 1), and ש (sic) and Z for volume II. The roundel on the back encloses a shield-like motif. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching has five hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands: two on the fore-edge and one each at top and bottom, corresponding to holes from four missing nails on the edges of the back cover (see e.g. Cod. hebr. 301). The edges of leaves are goffered. The binding was done by the Fugger Binder (also called Venetian Apple Binder) in Venice in 1549 (Le Bars 2004, pp. 56-59; Hobson 1999, p. 119 and n. 65, 120-129, 255-259; Schunke 1964, pp. 173-176; figs. XVII-XIX; Tiftixoglu 2004, pp. 63, 94 and figs. 5-8; Wagner 2006, pp. 84-85). See also Introduction to Fugger manuscripts. Flyleaves: the bindings of both volumes have flyleaves torn from 13th-century German Latin manuscripts: 1. Text from a Passional: vols. I and II front pastedown and flyleaves; 2. Texts from two different Homiliary manuscripts: vol. I and II back pastedowns and flyleaves, one Homiliary for each (cf. Cod. hebr. 80, which previously belonged to Cardinal Domenico Grimani, has flyleaves similar to the back of vol. II. Indeed, its position in Fugger's Library followed our two volumes). See also History.

36 Decoration Program
The painted decoration of the two-volume commentary on the Bible was done by a single unknown artist, who illustrated the text of the main Scribe A at the beginnings of books (Genesis, Exodus, Joshua, Job, Daniel) and parashot (Genesis, Exodus), and decorated the ends of books with bands (Genesis, Pentateuch and Job). The two scribes decorated the text they wrote with pen drawings: Scribe A at the beginnings of haftarot (Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings and Minor Prophets); some text illustrations (Exodus and I Kings); mid-book divisions; headings and ends of sections; floral decorations to ascenders and stems of other letters, and a decorated colophon; Scribe B sparingly decorated the word haftarah (Ezekiel), and decorated ends of books (Malachi, Ecclesiastes and Ezra). However, for most books, parashot and haftarot empty spaces were allocated for initial words and text illustrations which were not executed. Some initial words were added in the blank spaces by a 14th-century hand. In 1549 Meir of the Fugger team decorated a title page to vol. II and the first initial word of vol. I on additional leaves. The colours are white, green, red, deep blue, magenta, yellow ochre, light brown and gold leaf on a yellow ground (e.g. I:9v, 13v). Some motifs were left uncoloured showing the parchment (e.g. a horse on I:29v), and scrolls were not inscribed. Decoration Program in detail: I. Painted text illustrations and decorations by the artist: 1. Four panels each across two columns at the beginning of books (height: 11-14 lines): Exodus, Joshua, Job, Daniel, three illustrated: Exodus (I:44v, ואלה: Joseph with Jacob and his brothers), Job (II:183, איש: Job lamenting before his four friends and his wife), Daniel (II:209, :בשנת Daniel and the three Hebrews). The Joshua panel (I:170v, (ויהי is written in gold. 2. Thirteen small illustrated panels at the beginnings of parashot within the text columns (height: 7-8 lines, width of one text column) placed directly below the explicit of the previous one: a. Eleven for Genesis: I:6 ( ,תיבהNoah's ark); I:9v (לך לך, Abraham leaving Haran; the destruction of Sodom); I:13v (,וירא Abraham greeting the angels); I:18v (ויהיו, the sacrifice of Isaac); I:21v (ואלה, Isaac blessing Jacob and Esau); I:25v (וייצא, Jacob's dream); I:29v (וישלח, Jacob meeting Esau); I:34 (וישב, the selling of Joseph); I:37 (,ויהי Pharaoh's first dream); I:39 (ויגש, Joseph and his brothers); I:40v (ויהי, Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh). b. Two for Exodus: I:47v (,וידבר God establishes his covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob); I:63a (ויקחו, bringing donation to the Tabernacle). 3. One full-page text illustration of the seven-branched menorah next to the relevant text (Ex. 25:31-40; I:65). 4. Three decorated ends of books with X or V-shaped bands framing text: Genesis (I:43v-44: end medallions with a lion flanked by two lionesses (fol. 44); Pentateuch (I:168v-169v: their two bases are prostrate giants (fol. 168v), lion masks (fol. 169), or dormant lions (fol. 169v); as well as Job (II:207v-208v). II. Illustrations and decorations in brown ink and red colour by Scribe A: 1. Nine pen drawings illustrating Exodus, Numbers and I Kings: a. Three inscribed diagrammatic maps, two representing the Land of Canaan (Numb. 34:1-12) with north (I:139v) and east (I:140) at the top. The third (I:184v) shows the town of Shiloh in relation to Bethel, Lebonah and Shechem (Judg. 21:19). b. Two small pen drawings illustrating the movement of a finger or hand coating a wafer with oil or anointing a king are inserted within the text and decorated with acanthus scrolls in red or spared-ground technique (Ex. 29:2, I:74; I Kings, 1:33-34, I:201v). c. Four drawings refer to the building of Solomon's Temple. An inverted V denoting a lintel is decorated with spared-ground scrolls (I Kings, 6:31, I:204v); three drawings illustrating various componentes which form the capitals of the columns Jachin and Boaz (I Kings, 7:15-23, I:205v), one resembles a palm branch and two are decorated with spared-ground acanthus scrolls. 2. Thirty-one decorated beginnings of haftarot (Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings and Minor Prophets; 7-8 lines high, the width of one text column): the first words in built-up ink letters are placed within double outlined roundels (d.50 mm.) decorated with acanthus scrolls (e.g. I:171v), chequered patterning (e.g. I:213), hatching (e.g. I:206v, 210, 212v, 214v; II:107v), at times on a black and red ground (e.g. I:171v, 182, 190, 203), with additional fleurs-de-lis (I:179, 182) or enclosed in red arches (e.g. I:171v, 182v). 3. Mid-book (חצי) divisions, headings and ends of sections: a. Large display script decorated with scrolls in spared-ground technique: mid-book across two text columns for Ruth, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Job and Daniel (II:123v, 134v, 144a, 196, 213); the initial word Vayelech (וילך in Parashat Nizavim) in similar large display script (Deut. 31:1; I:161v); the word strength (חזק), though smaller, marks the end of the Pentateuch (I:170). b. Small framed built-up letters in brown ink (height: 3 lines): Names of books in the space between two columns (e.g. Judges (שפטים), Samuel (שמואל), Kings (מלכים) (I:177v, 185, 201) and the Minor Prophets (תרי עשר) (II:92v); section headings (I:56a verso-61 passim), as well as explicits and incipits (I:184v-185; II:226a). Some headings are built-up in vermilion (I:171, 186v; II:124v-125v). c. Explicits and incipits: names of books are mentioned in florid rhymed verses from the end of Exodus on (e.g. I:170v, 84, 201; II:122v, 208v, 209v. 4. Shaped and accentuated texts: a. At the ends of books in triangular, diamond, conical and trapezoidal forms, framed by X or V- shaped bands. Some were coloured and decorated by the artist (see above): Genesis (I:43v-44), Pentateuch (I:168v-169v), Job (II:207v-208v). Other similar shapes with uncoloured bands: Exodus (I:82v-83v); Leviticus (I:109v-110); Numbers (I:140v-141); Joshua (I:176v-177v); Judges (I:184v, roundel); Samuel (I:200v-201, roundels flanking an hour-glass shape); Minor Prophets (II:98v, 100, 103v, 104v, 105v, 108v, 110v, 112v, 113v, 114v, 119v-120), Ruth (II:124v), Song of Songs (II:140v-141v), Daniel (II:218v-220), Chronicles (II:252v-255v, decorated in the apexes with fleurs-de-lis). b. Certain text passages or references to some Rabbis are marked by flanking scroll bands in spared-ground technique (II:193, 199 - אלעזר הקליר, 209v, 242v-244, 250v), have similarly decorated frames (II:252), in the form of fleurs-de-lis (I:135; II:247 - ודוד זקן ושבע ימים; ודוד זקן, 248-248v). 5. Floral decoration to the ascender of lamed (ל) and to stems of other letters: (II:236v, 238v, 240, 241v-242v). 6. Emphasizing the name of Scribe A: a. Floral decoration of the name Shlomo in the text (I:201v; II:136, 233v, 240, 241v-242v, 250v); b. Colophon of Shlomo ben Shmuel within a decorated cartouche (II:243); c. Colophon of Shlomo ben Shmuel within 28 roundels: the end of Chronicles (II:252v-255v) is written in triangular shapes framed by uncoloured bands decorated with fleurs-de-lis in the apexes. In the corners between the triangles of text are twenty eight roundels, four to a page, each enclosing one word of Scribe A's colophon on a black ground. On the last leaf (II:256) the scribe repeats the colophon, adding further information. III. Decoration in ink by Scribe B: 1. Ends of books in shaped text: Ezekiel (II:92, triangles), Malachi (II:121v-122, roundels, scalloped frame and an arch), Ecclesiastes (II:148v-149, 149a, scalloped frames) and Ezra (II:226v, roundels). The frames are uncoloured. 2. The word haftarah is sparingly decorated in Ezekiel (II:88v, 89v). IV. 14th-century hands inserted book and section titles in the blank spaces allocated by Scribes A and B: 1. Book titles in display script for some books, written across two text columns filled in with ink, at times crudely decorated: Leviticus (I:84, ויקרא), Numbers (I:110v, וידבר), Deuteronomy (I:141v, אלה), I Kings (I:201, והמלך), Isaiah (II:1v, חזון), Hosea (II:92v, דבר), Joel (II:99, דבר), Ruth (II:122v, ויהי), Esther (II:149a verso, ויהי), Chronicles (II:226a, אדם). Leviticus (I:84, ויקרא ) is decorated with wriggle work and foliate extensions, with a hunting scene above. A similar hunt is depicted above the opening word of Ruth (II:122v, ויהי) and within the letters in spared-ground technique. The opening word of Numbers (I:110v,וידבר ) is surrounded by wriggle work and some foliate extensions; and that of Chronicles (II:226a, אדם) has an incomplete chequer pattern decoration. The other opening words are plain, one incomplete (I:141v). 2. For parashot, in built-up ink letters, the width of one text column: I:50 (ויאמר), 53 (ויהי), 56a (וישמע), 59 (ואלה), 72 (ואתה), 75v (כי תשא), 81v (ויקהל), 82 (אלה); 3. By other hands in semi-cursive script for parashot: (I:96 (וידבר), 133v (פנחס); and haftarot in spaces allocated by Scribe B: II:25v (הפטרה ואלה שמות), II:33 (הפטרה לך לך). V. Decoration of an initial word (I:1v) and title page (II:1r) by Meir, in 1549: three leaves were added when the manuscript was divided into two volumes in Venice for Fugger's Library: two text pages written by Yishai ben Yehiel (I:1v, 218); and one initial word בראשית (I:1v) and a title page נביאים אחרונים decorated by Meir (II:1r, stuck onto an original leaf).
36 Summary and Remarks

Cod. hebr. 5, originally produced as a sumptuous single volume, was divided into two around 1549 after its acquisition by Johann-Jakob Fugger (see Introduction to Fugger manuscripts). Each volume was bound by the Fugger Binder (see Binding). The lost first leaf of vol. I, as well as its last leaf were replaced, copied anew (I:1v, I:218r) by Yishai ben Yehiel and decorated by Meir. Both scribes worked for Fugger in Venice during 1549 and 1552 (see Illuminated Documents of vol. I:1v and vol. II:1r). Before the manuscript was acquired by Fugger in 1549, it was sold in Venice in 1526 by Rabbi Hiya Meir ben David to Yekutiel ben David (cf. inscription below the colophon, II:256). Rabbi Hiya Meir worked with the Venetian printer Daniel Bomberg (Amram 1909:169; Raz-Krakotzkin 2007:105), with whom Fugger had some relations (see Introduction to Fugger manuscripts). Thus it is possible that Fugger acquired this manuscript through Bomberg's printing house. It should be noted that in 1516-17 and 1524-26 Bomberg printed in Venice the first two editions of the Great Scriptures ((מקראות גדולות with Rashi's commentary, from which Yishai could have copied that for Genesis (vol. I:1v). The Style Despite the small illustrated panels, the composition is fairly spacious, even when there is a conflation of scenes, such as Abraham leaving Haran and the destruction of Sodom, Isaac blessing Esau while Jacob leaves the house, Joseph being thrown into the pit and sold to the Ishmaelites, Job with his four friends and his wife, and Nebuchadnezzar and the three Hebrews (I:9v, 21v, 34; II:183, 209). At times our artist used similar compositions where a group of people stands before an authoritative figure, either seated or standing (I:39, 44v, 63a). He also used similar postures and gestures in three other scenes where, in a group of three figures standing in a row, the first is looking ahead while the second turns to the third, all making hand gestures. The style and motifs of our manuscript show close affinities with Latin book illumination produced in Würzburg in the 13th century. This was first mentioned by H. Swarzenski (1936) and reiterated by Narkiss (1967), Engelhart (1987), Suckale (1988) and Klemm (1998, Nos. 194-195).

Fig. 3: Evangelistary Würzburg, c.1250 Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 1v (Engelhart 1987, fig. 11) Indeed, there are many stylistic elements which appear in our manuscript and are common to a Latin Evangelistary of c.1250 (clm 23256) and a Psalter of 1260-1265 (clm 3900), which suggest these manuscripts were produced in the same workshop. Compare for example the sitting Joseph with Augustus ordering the census (clm 23256:2; see Illuminated Document of I:39) with one hand outstretched in command and the other resting on his thigh (see also clm 3900:2v, 63; Engelhart 1987, figs. 91, 107); or the seated Moses (see Illuminated Document Documentat of I:63a) with the seated Evangelists (clm 23256:1v - fig. 3), especially Luke in the bottom right medallion (fig. 4).

Fig. 4: Luke Evangelistary Würzburg, c.1250 Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 1v (Engelhart 1987, fig. 11) The faces are similarly rendered in light yellow ochre, with round eyes, arched eyebrows, a straight mouth and concave lower lip at times tinged with red (see Illuminated Documents of I:29v, I:47v; cf. clm 23256:1v - fig. 3). Another example is the profile of Jacob (see Illuminated Document of I:47v – fig. 5a) and that of the soldier (see Illuminated Document of II:209) which resemble that of Matthew in the bottom left medallion (clm 23256:1v - figs. 3, 5b): note the articulation of the hair and the upturned curl which also appear in the left-hand figure of the Psalter (clm 3900:2v; Engelhart 1987, fig. 91). Fig. 5a: Jacob Fig. 5b: Matthew Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Evangelistary Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:47v Würzburg, c.1250 Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 1v (Engelhart 1987, fig. 11) As noted above, there are also similar motifs. The giants supporting the decorated bands in our manuscript (see Illuminated Document of I:168v) are similar to that supporting the letter P in the Evangelistary (clm 23256:3v; Engelhart 1987, fig. 167); the angel's wings are similarly rendered in both manuscripts (see Illuminated Document of I:9v; clm 23256:4; Engelhart 1987, fig. 172) and articulated in ink; and the lion at the end of Genesis (I:44) is comparable to those in the Evangelistary (clm 23256:7) and the Psalter (clm 3900:4v; Engelhart 1987, fig. 95). Despite the resemblance of both manuscripts especially in stylistic motifs, there is a difference in composition when compared with the calendar scenes of the Psalter (see Illuminated Documents of I:39 and I:63a for clm 3900:3; Engelhart 1987, figs. 89-100; chm 5, Engelhart 1987, figs. 173-174): in our manuscript the composition is more compact, the figures are mostly turning and gesturing, and the flying scrolls contribute to the movement. The colours used in our manuscript resemble those in the Evangelistary (clm 23256 – fig. 1). However, the latter's colour gradation is finer for highlights and shadows. To sum up, if a development in the style of the workshop could be sketched, it seems that the early stages are reflected in our manuscript, intermediate ones in the Evangelistary of c.1250, and still later ones in the Psalter of 1250-65 (Klemm 1998, Cat.195, p. 202). This suggestion is reinforced when the relationship between the Christian artist and the Jewish main scribe is considered. The Christian Artist and the Jewish Scribe A The iconography of most illustrated panels can be traced to Mosan art in north France and south Germany, sometimes with Byzantine antecedents such as Monreale, Palermo and St. Mark's, e.g. Noah's ark, the sacrifice of Isaac, Isaac blessing Jacob and Esau, Jacob's dream, the selling of Joseph, Pharaoh's first dream, and Job (I:6, 18v, 21v, 25v, 34, 37; II:183; Turner 1970, pp. 133-168; Frazer 1970, pp. 185-189). Exemplars with similar iconography apparently existed in the Würzburg workshop which decorated our manuscript. All the illuminated quires with panels and ends of books which were executed by the artist of the workshop were written by Scribe A: In vol. I, quires I-VI of Genesis and the beginning of Exodus (fols. 1-48v), quires IX of Exodus (fols. 63a-70v) and XXII, end of the Pentateuch and beginning of Joshua (fols. 165-172v). In vol. II the scribe had to hand two quires over to the artist: XXIV (fols. 183 Job -190; fol. 182 is an attached single leaf), and XXVII (fols. 207-212, end of Job and Daniel). All in all, the artist received from Scribe A ten of the 61 quires; the rest were partly illustrated and decorated in ink and red colour by Scribe A whenever he wrote the text. Scribe B did not decorate the text he copied, except three ends of books in ink (vol. II:121v-122; 148v-149a; 226v). In several cases the artist of the Würzburg workshop illustrated the Rashi commentary rather than the biblical text: Abraham leaving Haran and the destruction of Sodom, Jacob's dream, Jacob and Esau meeting, God reaffirms his covenant with the patriarchs, and lastly the seven-branched menorah (I:9v, 25v, 29v, 47v, 65). In two cases the panel heading one parashah illustrates Rashi's succinct reference to a story told in the previous one: the sacrifice of Isaac and Joseph meeting his father and brothers (I:18v, 44v); and in Haran and Sodom, the stories of two consecutive parashot are combined in one illustration (I:9v). It is significant to note that next to eight illustrated panels (I:9v, 13v, 21v, 29v, 34, 37; II:183, 209) there are still barely discernible inscriptions in Latin written in plummet by a 13th-century hand. There are no such inscriptions in the unpainted spaces allocated by Scribe A. Apparently these inscriptions are by the artist. Since these consist of short biblical captions and do not elaborate on the intricate iconography which was painted, it seems that Scribe A verbally explained the Rashi commentary to the painter, who noted general captions in Latin without specific iconographical details. Such co-operation, apparently in the Würzburg workshop, means that the illumination was done at the time of writing, namely in 1233, and not in the mid-13th century as suggested by scholars, when the style of the Evangelistary and Psalter reached its developed stage. It seems that our scribe did not give specific instructions about details which are common in Christian iconography, though they are also found at times in Hebrew books. One such example is Abraham and the three angels, where Michael raises his right hand in the Christian two-fingered blessing (see Illuminated Document of I:13v). Another example is God's covenant with the patriarchs, where the radical erasure of the piece of sky suggests that it included his image (see Illuminated Document I:47v). It is surprising that for the image of the seven-branched menorah (I:65) Rashi's commentary was followed for the flames bending towards the centre and the three-legged base, motifs prevalent in Jewish and Christian iconography. However, in contrast to Rashi's branches of equal height, likewise a common motif, our artist used an unusual exemplar with pairs of branches diminishing in size outwards from the central shaft, not as described in the commentary (see Illuminated Document of I:65). Later hands, presumably of owners, have scratched out the facial features of most images (Metzger 1974, pp. 549-551). Next to twelve illustrated panels (I:9v, 13v, 18v, 21v, 25v, 29v, 34, 37, 39, 40v, 63a; II:183) one hand has written in Hebrew square script the opening word of the parashot. Since the panels' original letters were distorted by the gold laid on by an artist who knew no Hebrew, and since the inscriptions were written only next to painted panels, it stands to reason that the later hand has deciphered the Hebrew opening words and rendered them legible. The patron of our manuscript, R. Joseph son of R. Moshe, commissioned another manuscript a few years after our commentary was completed, the Ambrosian Bible of 1236-1238 (see Illuminated Document of I:18v), perhaps from Würzburg. It is interesting to note that neither the iconography nor the style is comparable.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Annotations:
Latin inscriptions and Hebrew parashot names next to some illustrated panels in faint plummet:
1. A 13th-century hand wrote Latin captions next to some parashot panels in Genesis (I:9v, 13v, 18v, 21v,
25v – illegible, 29v, 34, 37, 39, 40v – illegible), as well as in Job and Daniel (II:183, 209).
2. A later hand (14th century?) added names to some parashot in Genesis in square Hebrew script.
3. Several later hands have added, in the margins and intercolumnar space, various versions of Rashi's
commentary (e.g. I:6, 9v, 22v, 23, 25v) drawn from other manuscripts or printed books.
Signatures:
1. At the top of the back cover in black ink, vols. I and II: Stat I. n. 9 and Stat I. n. 10 respectively (second
signature of Fugger's Library).
2. At the bottom of the front cover in black ink, vols. I and II: I. n. 65 and I. n. 66 (Duke's Library,
Prommer's signature).
3. Front flyleaf in red ink, vols. I and II: I. 55 and I. 56 (Duke's Library, Prommer's revision in 1583).
4. On the ex-libris stuck on the front pastedown of each volume, written in pencil on the right: Cod. hebr.
5; and on the left the book's contents in Latin: Shlomo Ben Isaac (Raschi)/ Vol. I compendium in/
Pentateuchum et propheteas priores. Vol. II Compendium in Prophetas Posteriores/ et Hagiographos
Würceburg scriptor 4993 (1233)/ a R. Salomone/ B. Samuel.
5. Stickers on the back pastedown of each volume: Cod. hebr. 5; and on the spine: Cod. hebr. 5/I and Cod.
hebr. 5/II respectively.
6. On the front pastedown of vols. I and II: an ex-libris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155
mm.) with the coat-of-arms of Elector Maximilian I from 1639 (Dressler 1972:B3ab). It is stuck on
the earlier ex-libris of 1618, which is that of Duke Maximilian I before he became Elector in 1623
(Dressler 1972:A3a-f).
7. Oval stamp of the library, Bibliotheca Regia Monacensis, on front and back fly-leaves of both volumes,
and vol. II:1, 257.
8. Vols. I and II restored in 1957 (IBR Nos. 1832, 1833).
Inscriptions:
Vol. I, fol. 1 in brown ink:
1. Librarian 1 in square script (see Introduction to Fugger manuscripts):
פירושים של רבינו שלמָה וקצת תלמוד קצר/ על חמשה חומשי תורה ועל ההפטרות/ מכל השנה./ חלק ראשון
Commentaries of Rabbi Shlomo and abbreviated Talmud/ on the five books of Moses and haftarot for
the entire year. Part One.
2. Samuel Quichelberg (librarian of Fugger and Duke Albrecht V):
In quinque libros Mosis commentarij/ Rabbi Solomonis nemque in Prophetas/ priores ut
Iosuam, Iudices, Samuelem et/ libros Regum. distinctis Sabbathorum lectioni/ bus.
Vol. II, fol.1 in brown ink:
1. Librarian 1 in square script:
נביאים אחרונים/ עם פירוש רְבִי שלמָה וגם רְבִי דוד קמחי/ המְפורשים וקצת תרגום יונתן על/ ההפטרות מכל השנה./ חלק שני
Latter Prophets with commentaries by Rabbi Shlomo and Rabbi David Kimchi and some Targum
Jonathan on haftarot for the entire year. Part Two.
2. Samuel Quichelberg:
Aliorum prophetarum seu secondorum / commetarij tantum, sine ipso contextu / Rabbi David Kimhj.
3. On verso of front flyleaf by a shaky hand in square script:
נביאים אחרונים / עם פירוש רְבִי שלמָה וגם רבי דוד קמחי / המָפורֻשים וק [צת]
Latter Prophets with commentaries by Rabbi Shlomo and Rabbi David Kimchi.
Owners' inscriptions:
Vol. I:2, in Ashkenazi semi-cursive script of the 15th century (?): נפל לחלקי נאם גר אברם ויך בך (?), Fell unto
my lot, says the convert (גר) Avram Weich Bach (?).
This inscription was written after the loss of the first leaf and before its replacement in 1549 (I:1).
Vol. II:256, in Ashkenazi semi-cursive script, below the colophon, a signed inscription from Venice in the
year 1526, in Ashkenazi cursive script:
זה הפירוש מכ"ד ספרים [נמ]כר לכמ"ר (לכבוד מעלת רבינו) יקותיאל בכמ"ר דוד ז"ל בהכרזת ב"ד (בית דין) היום יום ה'
י"ג טבת רפ"ו לפ"ק פה ווניזייה. נאם הקטן שב[תלמי]דים חיא מאיר בכהר"ר דוד זצ"ל
This commentary on the twenty-four books was sold to Rabbi Yekutiel son of the late David in a court declaration today Thursday, 13th of Tevet 5286 (29.12.1526) here in Venice, so says the
smallest (i.e. humblest) amongst scholars Hiya Meir ben David of blessed memory (see Remarks).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The gold leaf is laid on a yellow ground which is revealed wherever the leaf has flaked off (e.g. I:13v, 29v, 39, 65). All exposed body parts such as faces, hands, legs and necks, as well as blank scrolls, seem to have been of a diluted yellowish-ochre colour which has turned grey (e.g. I:37, 47v; cf. clm 23256:1v).
Despite the deliberate damage to faces (I:34, 37, 39), the underdrawing of features in light brown ink in many scenes is discernible (I:39, 40v, 44v, 47v, 63a; II:183, 209); or in dark brown ink over the colour (I:18v, 29v, 40v; II:183, 209). The segment of sky in I:47v is completely scraped off; it probably enclosed the head of Christ. The faces on I:18v were not damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Abbreviations
BAV Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica
BL London, British Library
BM London, British Museum
BNE Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
BnF Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France
Bodl. Lib. Oxford, Bodleian Library
BSB Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
CJA Jerusalem, Center for Jewish Art, The Hebrew University:
• Narkiss Archive
• Schubert Archive
• Sed-Rajna Archive
• CJA Documentation
HUC Cincinnati, Hebrew Union Collage
ICA Princeton, Index of Christian Art
IMHM Jerusalem, Institute for Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts at the National Library of Israel
IM Jerusalem, Israel Museum
JTS New York, Theological Seminary of America
MMT Paris, Musée Marmottan Monet
MTAK Budapest, Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
NLI (olim JNUL) Jerusalem, National Library of Israel
PML New York, Pierpont Morgan Library
ÖNB Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
VadSlg St. Gall, Kantonsbibliothek Vadianische Sammlung
Wroclaw Univ. Lib. Wroclaw, University Library








Bibliography
Amram 1909 D. W. Amram, The Makers of Hebrew Books in Italy, Philadelphia 1909.
Beit-Arié, facsimile 1985 M. Beit-Arié, ed. The Worms Mahzor: MS Jewish National and University
Library Heb. 4°781, Vaduz 1985.
Beit-Arié 2006 M. Beit-Arié, "How Scribes Disclosed their Names in Hebrew Manuscripts", Studia
Rosenthaliana, 38/39 (2006), pp. 144-157.
Bloch 1974 P. Bloch, "Seven-Branched Candelabra in Christian Churches", Journal of Jewish Art 1
(1974), pp. 44- 49.
Bloy אל מול פני המנורה פ' א' בלוי, "אל מול פני המנורה", ירושלים (P. A. Bloy, "In front the Menorah", (n.d.).
http://ns2.shturem.net/images/blogs/1218736257.pdf?lang=hebrew
Buber 1898 ש' באבער, פירוש רבי יוסף קרא, ברסלב תרנ"ח.
Buschhausen 1980 H. Buschhausen, Der Verduner Altar: das Emailwerk des Nikolaus von Verdun im
Stift Klosterneuburg, Vienna 1980.
Cahn 1982 W. Cahn, Romanesque Bible Illumination, Ithaca 1982.
Chapman 1980 G. Chapman, "Jacob Blessing the Sons of Joseph: A Mosan Enamel in the Walters Art
Gallery", The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, vol. 38 (1980), pp. 34-59.
Chiat 1980 M. J. Chiat, "Synagogue and Churches in Byzantine Beit She'an", Journal of Jewish Art,
Jerusalem, 7 (1980).
D’Emilio 1999 J. D’Emilio, "Looking Eastward: The Story of Noe at Monreale Cathedral", C. Hourihane
(ed.), Image and Belief. Studies in Celebration of the Eighteenth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art, Occasional Paper 3 (Princeton, N. J. 1999), pp. 135-150.
Demus 1984 O. Demus, The Mosaics of San Marco in Venice: the Thirteenth Century, Part 2, Chicago
and London 1984.
Deuchler 1967 F. Deuchler, Der Ingeborgpsalter, Berlin 1967.
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20.
Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.
Engelhart 1987 H. Engelhart, Die Würzburger Buchmalerei im Hohen Mittelalter: Untersuchungen zu
einer Gruppe Illuminierter Handschriften aus der Werkstatt der Würzburger Dominikanerbibel von
1246 (Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte des Bistums und Hochstifts Würzburg, K. Wittstadt
ed., vol. 34), Würzburg 1987.
Frazer 1970 M. Frazer, "Byzantine Art and the West", The Year 1200: A Background Survey II
(The Cloisters Studies in Medieval Art II, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, ed. F. Deuchler), New
York 1970, pp.185-189.
Friedlander 1916 G. Friedlander, Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer, translation (on the basis of the Epstein MS)
with notes, London 1916.
Frojmovic 2008 E. Frojmovic, "Jewish Scribes and Christian Illuminators: Interstitial Encounters and
Cultural Negotiation", Between Judaism and Christianity, Art Historical Essays in Honor of
Elisheva (Elisabeth) Revel-Neher, K. Kogman-Appel and M. Meyer (ed.), Leiden-Boston 2008, pp.
281-306.
Ginsberg 1909-1911 L. Ginsberg, The Legends of the Jews, New York 1909-1911.
Goldstein, facsimile 1985 D. Goldstein, London Ashkenazi Haggadah of Yoel ben Simeon, London 1985
Gruber 1994 M. I. Gruber, “Notes on the Diagrams in Rashi's Commentary to the Book of Kings”,
Studies in Bibliography and Booklore (1994), pp. 29-41.
Gutmann 1987 J. Gutmann, "The Sacrifice of Isaac in Medieval Jewish Art", Artibus et Historiae, 16
(1987), pp. 67–83.
Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza,
their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999.
Huber 1986 P. Huber, Hiob Dulder oder Rebel?, Düsseldorf 1986.
Ingeborg Psalter, facsimile 1985 Ingeborg-Psalter (Chantilly, Musée Condé, Ms. 9 olim 1695), (Codices
Selecti LXXX, Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt), Graz 1985.
Kafih 1967 Y. Kafih (ed.), Maimonides' Perush Hamishna, Jerusalem 1967.
Kasher 1992 M. M. Kasher, Torah Shelema, Jerusalem 1992.
Kedar 2008 B. Z. Kedar, "Rashi's Map of the Land of Canaan, ca. 1100, and its Cartographic
Background", Cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Fresh Perspectives, New Methods,
R. J. A. Albert and R.W Unger (ed.), Leiden, 2008, p. 155-168.
Kedar 2009 B. Z. Kedar, "Rashi's Map of the Land of Canaan and Its Cartographic Background", From
Sages to Savants, Studies Presented to Avraham Grossman, J.R. Hacker et al. (ed.), Jerusalem
2009, pp. 111-128 (Hebrew).
Kessler 2010 E. Kessler, An Introduction to Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge University Press
2010.
Kitzinger 1960 E. Kitzinger, The Mosaics of Monreale, Palermo 1960.
Klein 2002 P. K. Klein, Beatus of Liebana: The Beatus Illustration and the Codex in Manchester,
Valencia 2002.
Klemm 1973 E. Klemm, Eine romanischer Miniaturzyklus aus dem Maasgebiet, Vienna 1973.
Klemm 1980 E. Klemm, Die romanischen Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek, (Katalog der
illuminierten Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek in München, vol. 3/I), Wiesbaden
1980.
Klemm 1998 E. Klemm, Die illuminierten Handschriften des 13. Jahrhunderts Deutscher Herkunft in der
Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek (Katalog der illuminierten Handschriften der Bayerischen
Staatsbibliothek in München, vol. 4), Wiesbaden 1998.
Kötzsche 1973 II D. Kötzsche, "Zum Stand der Forschung der Goldschmiedekunst des 12. Jahrhunderts
im Rhein-Maas-Gebiet", Rhein und Maas: Kunst und Kultur, 800–1400 (exhibition catalogue II)
Cologne 1973, pp. 191-236.
Kugel 2000 J. Kugel, Joyaux Renaissance, Une plendeurvée, Paris 2000.
Kühnel 1999 B. Kühnel, "The Menorah and the Cross", In the Light of the Menorah, Jerusalem 1999, pp.
117-121.
Le Bars 2004 F. Le Bars, "Histoire de la reliure: à propos de trois publications récentes et de reliures
vénitiennes du XVIe siècle inédites", Bulletin du Bibliophile 1 (2004), pp. 7-62.
Lowden 2003 J. Lowden, Early Christian & Byzantine Art, London, 2003.
Ludwigs Psalter, facsimile 1985 Der Psalter Ludwigs des Heiligen (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, Ms.
Lat.10535), (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt), Graz 1985.
Mack 2000 ח' מאק, "'עם לבן גרתי ותרי"ג מצוות שמרתי' – דרכה של הדרשה מספרו של ר' משה הדרשן אל פירוש רש"י
לתורה", תרביץ סה, ב (2000), עמ' 251-261.
Mellinkoff 1993 R. Mellinkoff, Outcasts: Signs of Otherness in Northern European Art of the Late
Middle Ages, Berkeley-Los Angeles-Oxford 1993.
Metzger 1974 Th. Metzger, "Le manuscrit enluminé Cod. Hebr. 5 de la Bibliothèque à Munich",
Études de civilisations médiévales (IXe-XIIe siècles): Mélanges Offerts à Edmond-René Labande,
Poitiers 1974, pp. 537-552.
Metzger 1985 Th. Metzger, "Enluminures du MS. Add. 11639", Wiener Jahrbuch für
Kunstgeschichte, XXXVIII (1985), pp. 542-43.
Millstätter Genesis, facsimile 1967 Millstätter Genesis- und Physiologus-Handschrift, (Codices Selecti
X, Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt), Graz 1967.
Monumenta Judaica 1963-64 Monumenta Judaica: 2000 Jahre Geschichte und Kultur der Juden am
Rhein, Handbuch und Katalog, Ausstellung im Kölnischen Stadtmuseum, K. Schilling (ed.), 3 vols.,
Cologne 1963-64.
Morgan 1973 N. J. Morgan, "Iconography of Twelfth Century Mosan Enamels", Rhein und Maas
(exhibition catalogue II), Cologne 1973.
Morgan 1982 N. J. Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts I, 1190-1250, Oxford 1982.
Morgan Library Exhibition 2007 Apocalypse Then: Medieval Illuminations from the Morgan
(Exhibition: March 23-June 17), New York 2007.
Nachama and Sievernich 1991 A. Nachama and G. Sievernich (ed.), Jüdische Lebenswelten. Katalog,
Berlin 1991, Nos. 6/44, 6/45.
Narkiss, facsimile 1964 B. Narkiss, "Introduction to Mahzor Lipsiae", ed. E. Katz Machzor Lipsiae, I-II
Facsimile and Introduction, Leipzig 1964.
Narkiss 1967 B. Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts, Jerusalem 1967 (Hebrew).
Narkiss, facsimile 1970 B. Narkiss, The Golden Haggadah, Introductory Volume to Facsimile
(Eugrammia Press and British Museum), London 1970.
Narkiss 1979 B. Narkiss, Armenian Art Treasures of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 1979.
Narkiss 1982 B. Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles: A Catalogue Raisonné,
Vol. I: Spanish and Portuguese Manuscripts, in collaboration with A. Cohen-Mushlin and A.
Tcherikover, Jerusalem and London 1982.
Narkiss 1984 B. Narkiss, "Rashi's Maps", Zev Vilnay's Jubilee Volume, E. Schiller (ed.), Jerusalem 1984,
vol. I, p. 435-439 (Hebrew).
Narkiss 1985 B. Narkiss, "Illustrations of the Ten Commandments in the thirteenth century Minute
Mahzor", The Ten Commandments in History and Tradition, G. Levi (ed.), Jerusalem 1985, pp.
419-440.
Narkiss 1997 B. Narkiss, The Golden Haggadah, London 1997.
Narkiss 1999 B. Narkiss, "The Menorah in Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts in the Middle Ages", In the
Light of the Menorah, Jerusalem 1999, pp. 81-86.
Narkiss, facsimile 2007 B. Narkiss, El Pentateuco Ashburnham (Patrimonio, Introduction and
Facsimile), Valencia 2007.
Neuss 1922 W. Neuss, Katalanische Bibelillustration um die Wende des ersten Jahrtausends und die
altspanische Buchmalerei, Bonn-Leipzig 1922.
Nordenfalk 1973 C. Nordenfalk, "Outdoors-Indoors: A 2000-Year-Old Space Problem in Western Art",
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 117, No. 4 (1973), pp. 233-258.
Ofer 2007 Y. Ofer, "The Maps of the Land of Israel in Rashi’s Commentary on the Torah and the Status
of MS Leipzig 1", Tarbiz 76, 3-4 (2007), pp. 435-443 (Hebrew).
Penkower 2003 J. S. Penkower, "The End of Rashi's Commentary on Job. The Manuscripts and the
Printed Editions", Jewish Studies Quarterly 10 (2003), pp. 18-48.
Pirker-Aurenhammer 1998 V. Pirker-Aurenhammer, Die Gumbertusbibel (Cod. 1 der Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen; Regensburger Studien und Quellen zur Kulturgeschichte 7),
Regensburg, 1998.
Raz-Krakotzkin 2007 A. Raz-Krakotzkin, The Censor, the Editor, and the Text: The Catholic Church
and the Shaping of the Jewish Canon in the Sixteenth Century, Pennsylvania 2007.
Rhein und Maas 1972 I Rhein und Maas: Kunst und Kultur, 800–1400 (exhibition catalogue I), Cologne
1972.
Rhein und Maas 1973 II Rhein und Maas: Kunst und Kultur, 800–1400 (exhibition catalogue II),
Cologne 1973.
Ronig 1973 F. J. Ronig, "Zur Romanischen Buchmalerei in Verdun und ihrer Stellung zwischen Rhein
und Maas", Rhein und Maas II, Cologne 1973, pp. 333-342.
Rudolf von Ems, facsimile 1982 Rudolf von Ems: Weltchronik. (Faksimile der Handschrift 302 der
Kantonsbibliothek (Vadiana) St. Gallen), Lucerne 1982.
Saint-Sever Beatus, facsimile 2012 P. K. Klein and O. K. Werckmeister, The Saint-Sever Beatus
(Patrimonio, Introduction and Facsimile), Valencia 2012.
Scheiber 1984 A. Scheiber (ed.), Codex Maimuni, Hungary 1984.
Scheller 1995 R. W. Scheller, Exemplum, Amsterdam 1995.
Schonfield, facsimi
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original Manuscript
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2191
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Ilona Steimann 2008; 2008 49a
50 Researcher Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Dr. Andreina Contessa; Ilona Steimann; Michal Sternthal ;Yaffa Levy 2008-2013; 2010; 2011; 2011-2012; 2011-2013 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal. Project head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 53a
54 Editor Christine Evans 2013 54a
55 Donor Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation 55a

Less Details


Object's images (99 image(s))

      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

(XXII) ID: 224921 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 29v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224921 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 29v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 29v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Jacob and Esau meeting (Gen. 33:1-3) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600940
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224921
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19484 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 34, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 19484 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 34, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 34
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Joseph, stripped of Coat (Gen. 37:23)
Joseph, cast into pit (Gen. 37:24)
Joseph, taken from pit (Gen. 37:28)
Joseph, sold to Ishmaelites (Gen. 37:28)
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 34: The initial word Vayeshev (וישב, And Jacob dwelt) of this parashah (Gen. 37:1-40:23) is written at the top of the illustrated panel in gold leaf on a green ground, set below the explicit of Vayishlach (חסלת וישלח יעקב) and its haftarah (ומפטירין בתרי עשר חזון עובדיה וגו').

The panel depicts the selling of Joseph to the Ishmaelites (Gen. 37:23-28), illustrating the biblical text and the commentary (I:34-35). In the centre of the composition Joseph, sitting at the edge of the well, is being stripped of his red coat by Simeon, one of his four brothers (commentary I:34v, 3rd column, following Gen. Rabbah, 84:16), who is also pushing his head down. Joseph is lifting his left leg either to enter or to leave the well. On the left, a group of four Ishmaelites (commentary I:35, 2nd column) with two camels are offering to buy him. The first is holding a coin in his left hand and a purse dangles from his right wrist. The figure on the left has a sack on his shoulder.

In the Bible, the stripping off the coat (Gen. 37:23) precedes throwing Joseph into the well (Gen. 37:24) and taking him out to sell to the Ishmaelites (Gen. 37:28). However, Joseph's ambiguous pose with one leg raised forms a connection between the episodes and makes a conflated illustration possible. The figures fill the frame, but some blue ground can be seen. Most figures wear green tunics, except for one brother in magenta and another on the right who wears a red tunic below a green chlamys and holds a scroll. The four brothers are wearing pointed Jewish hats, two of which were in gold leaf. One camel is coloured magenta, the other is uncoloured.

Plummet inscriptions in Latin by the 13th-century hand, and by a later hand in Hebrew:

  • Upper margin in square script, above the panel: וישב (Vayeshev), and a trial in display script: שב]]וי;
  • Vend[iderunt] [io]sef [i]s[mahelitis](?) ex[trahentes eu](m)[de] cis[terna] (Gen. 37:28).

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, blue, red and magenta.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 38 x 52 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The depiction is based on Rashi's commentary according to which "Simeon himself had thrown him into the pit" (commentary I:34v, 3rd column; Gen. Rabbah 84:16). Indeed we see him pushing Joseph's head down with his right hand and pulling off his red garment with his left. This scene is a conflation with the next where merchants with camels on the left are offering money to buy Joseph. The brothers are common to both scenes, and so is Joseph: his upper body is being pushed into the pit, while his left leg is lifted as if to climb out of the pit, if compared to similar scenes (figs. 2, 3). Who are the merchants? According to Rashi and the Bible the merchants were Ishmaelites, although the Bible also mentions alternately Ishmaelites and Midianites (Gen. 37:28, 36; 39:1). Rashi explains these inconsistencies by listing a number of consecutive sales (I:35, top 2nd column; Tanchuma Buber, Vayeshev 13). A comparable depiction is found in the Munich Psalter, a Latin manuscript from Gloucester (?), England, c.1210 (fig. 2).

 

Fig. 1: Stripping off Joseph's coat; Joseph being thrown into the pit ; Lifting Joseph out of the pit; Selling Joseph, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:34    

 

Fig. 2: Lifting Joseph out of the pit, TheMunich Psalter, Gloucester (?), 1210, Munich, BSB clm 835, fol. 13v, lower register,  (Morgan 1982, Cat. 23, fig. 79)

In the centre Joseph is being pulled out of the pit by one of his brothers, his left leg over the edge. He is flanked on the left by his brothers and on the right by a group of merchants who are handing them a purse of money. In contrast to our illustration this is a coherent final scene.

 

Fig. 3: Lifting Joseph out of the pit, mosaic, Venice, St. Mark's Basilica, 1200-10, (Demus 1984, colour pl. 53) 

Fig. 4: Joseph being thrown into the pit, mosaic, Venice, St. Mark's Basilica, 1200-10 (Demus 1984, colour pl. 55)

Similarly, in the mosaics in Venice of 1200-10, Joseph is being lifted out of the pit by three brothers, his left leg dangling over the edge (fig. 3). The scene is clearly identified as such because throwing Joseph into the pit shows three brothers pushing him down (fig. 4). This is an earliar scene, separately depicted. Another separate scene depicting the actual sale of Joseph to the Ishmaelites including handing over the purse, is found on a single leaf, part of a Psalter painted in Oxford by William de Brailles (fig. 5; Morgan 1982, Cat. 71).

Fig. 5: Joseph sold by his brothers By William de Brailles Oxford, 1230-40 Paris, MMT (Bridgeman Art Library) www.bridgemanart.com MMT 215686 (pictures)

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All faces are completely scratched out; the necks, Joseph’s body and the scroll have turned grey; the gold leaf of some letters and of the Jewish hats has flaked off.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19484
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224924 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 34, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224924 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 34, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 34
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Joseph, stripped of Coat (Gen. 37:23)
Joseph, cast into pit (Gen. 37:24)
Joseph, sold to Ishmaelites (Gen. 37:28) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600943
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224924
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224923 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 34, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224923 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 34, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 34
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Joseph, stripped of Coat (Gen. 37:23)
Joseph, cast into pit (Gen. 37:24)
Joseph, sold to Ishmaelites (Gen. 37:28) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600942
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224923
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19582 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 37, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 19582 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 37, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 37
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Pharaoh's dreams, of cows |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 37: The initial word Vayehi (ויהי, And it came to pass) of Parashat Mikkez (Gen. 41:1-44:17) is written above the illustration in gold leaf on a green ground, set at the beginning of the first text column.

The panel depicts Pharaoh's first dream (Gen. 41:1-4) on a magenta ground divided into two parts by a stylized tree and a cascading brown and blue Nile, iIllustrating the biblical text and the commentary (I:37).

On the left the crowned Pharaoh is lying in a yellow bed, his head propped up on pillows, supported on his right hand. He wears a green garment and is covered with a blue blanket. On the right, emerging from theNile, are seven overlapping fat cows facing outwards in green, magenta, blue and light brown. 

Plummet inscriptions in Latin by the 13th-century hand, and by a later hand in Hebrew square script:

  • Upper margin, above the panel: ויהי (Vayehi)
  • Above it: Somniu(m) [Pha]raom (Gen. 41:1).
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, magenta, blue and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 38 x 56 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

In his first dream (Gen. 41:1-4) Pharaoh saw seven fat cows emerging from the Nile (fig. 1). The seven lean cows which devoured them and which constitute a crucial element of the story are missing from our illustration. It seems that our artist omitted them in order to achieve a more spacious composition. Perhaps his exemplar was similar in composition to that of a Greek Octateuch of the 11th century (fig. 2), where Pharaoh is lying in bed on the left; to the right stand the fat cows confronting the lean ones, which our artist dispensed with.

Fig.1: Pharaoh's first dream, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:37

 

Fig. 2: Above: Banquet and punishment of the chief baker; Below: Pharaoh's first dream, Octateuch, Greece, 11th century, Vatican, BAV gr. 747, fol. 61 (Weitzmann and Bernabò 1999, fig. 499)

 

Figs. 3, 4: Pharaoh's first dream, Venice, St. Mark's Basilica, Pendentive mosaics of the second Joseph cupola in the north narthex, 13th century (restored 1830s) (Demus 1984, fig. 59)

Pharaoh's first dream as depicted in St. Mark's is divided between two pendantives of the second Joseph cupola in the narthex (figs. 3, 4). Pharaoh is in bed in the left pendantive and in the right one the fat cows are being bitten by the lean ones. However, contrary to our illustration and the Octateuch's, the cows are facing Pharaoh, and not looking away from him.

Fig. 5: Pharaoh's first dream (on the right), Psalter of St. Louis Paris, 1253-70, Paris, BnF lat.10525, fol. 21v (Ludwigs Psalter, facsimile 1985)

Pharaoh's first dream in the Psalter of St. Louis of 1253-70 (fig. 5) resembles our composition, if the group of fat cows on the left is disregarded and the lean cows with the Nile are considered.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The gold leaf on the letters, Pharaoh’s crown and cuffs has flaked off, and his face is scraped off. The neck, hands and pillows have turned grey.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19582
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224926 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 37, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224926 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 37, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 37
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Pharaoh's dreams, of cows |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600945
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224926
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224925 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 37, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224925 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 37, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 37
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Pharaoh's dreams, of cows |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600944
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224925
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19583 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 39, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 19583 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 39, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 39
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Joseph's brethren, entreating (Gen. 44:18-34)
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 39: The initial word Vayiggash (ויגש, Then Judah came near) of the parashah (Gen. 44:18-47:27) is written above the illustration in gold leaf on a blue ground, set below the explicit of Mikkez (חסלת ויהי מקץ) and its haftarah (ומפטירין במלכים ויקץ שלמה והנה וג' ואם יש שבת של חנוכה מפטירין בתרי עשר רני ושמחי בת ציון וג').

The panel depicts the second meeting inEgyptbetween Joseph and his brothers, including Benjamin (Gen. 44:18), on a green ground, illustrating the biblical text and the following commentary.

Joseph, on the right is seated cross-legged on a high magenta chair with a foot-stool. His left hand is pointing authoritatively and his right, holding a blank scroll, rests on his thigh. Seven brothers are standing before him, the first, fourth, and last holding scrolls. Joseph is wearing a blue garment with gold cuffs and fringe, a red chlamys and a red cap. The brothers all wear Jewish hats, alternately white and gold. The first and fourth brothers are wearing red and blue chlaymides over blue and magenta tunics respectively. Two others have red and blue short tunics. Three have gold cuffs, the farthest left also with a gold collar. Benjamin is standing at the end of the group on the left wearing a short tunic, as the youngest.

A barely visible plummet inscription by the later hand in Hebrew display script in the upper margin, above the panel: ויגש (Vayiggash).

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, magenta, blue and red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 40 x 49 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The brother standing at the head of the group and talking to Joseph is undoubtedly Judah, who refused to surrender Benjamin to him (Then Judah came near to him, Gen. 44:18-34). The composition is similar to that of the Israelites before Moses (fig. 2).

Fig. 1: The second meeting of Joseph and his brothers in Egypt, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:39

 

Fig. 2: The Israelites' donation to the Tabernacle, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:63a  

 

 

 

In both scenes, a group of people with pointed Jewish hats face a dominant figure – Joseph or Moses - seated cross-legged on the right in three-quarter profile, one hand extended and the other resting on the thigh (see also I:44v).

Fig. 3: Augustus giving orders, Evangelistary, Würzburg,, c.1250, Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 2 (Munich, BSB)

 

Fig. 4: Cathrine disputes with Philosophers and the Emperor,  Psalter, Würzburg, 1260-65, Munich, BSB clm 3900, fol. 3, upper panel  (Klemm 1998, Cat. 197, colour pl. XV)

 

The authoritative posture of a ruler appears for example in two other manuscripts executed in Würzburg: in the Evangelistary, written after 1250 (fig. 3), Augustus, one hand outstretched, is giving orders for the census; the other is the Psalter of 1260-65 (fig. 4), where in the upper panel of April in the calendar, the emperor is seated cross-legged with his right hand is in a gesture of speech.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The gold leaf of the letters, cuffs, collar and hats has flaked off. The faces are scratched out; the necks, scrolls and parts of the high chair have turned grey.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19583
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224928 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 39, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224928 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 39, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 39
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Joseph's brethren, entreating (Gen. 44:18-34) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600947
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224928
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224927 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 39, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224927 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 39, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 39
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Joseph's brethren, entreating (Gen. 44:18-34) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600946
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224927
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19584 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 40v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 19584 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 40v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 40v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 40v: The initial word Vayehi (ויחי, And Jacob lived) of this parashah (Gen. 47:28-50:26) is written above the illustration in gold leaf on a green ground, below the explicit of Vayiggash (חסלת ויגש אליו) and its haftarah (ומפטי' ביחזקאל ואתה בן אדם קח לך עץ אחד וגו').

The panel depicts Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 48:13-20) on a magenta ground, illustrating the biblical text and the commentary (I:41, 3rd column).

Jacob is lying on a mattress, his head on a pillow and arms crossed, placing his right hand on the head of Ephraim and his left on the head of Manasseh the first-born who are kneeling before him. Joseph, on the left, is guiding Jacob’s right hand towards Manasseh, who is dressed in a green tunic. Joseph wears a short green tunic and Ephraim a red one. Jacob, portrayed with bluish beard and hair, wears a magenta garment with an uncoloured collar. 

The faces are uncoloured and the features of Jacob and Joseph are discernible.

Erroneous plummet inscription, hardly legible, by the later hand in Hebrew display script to the right of חסלת: ויהי (ויחי Vayehi).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, magenta, red and blue.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 40 x 52 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Jacob, who was nearly blind, crossed his hands, placing his right hand on the head of Ephraim, the younger of the brothers (Gen. 48:14). Joseph attempted to adjust his father's hands: "and he held up his father's hand to remove it from Ephraim's head unto Manasseh's head" (Gen. 48:17). Rashi explained how Joseph supported his father's hand (I:41, 3rd column): "He [Joseph] lifted it [Jacob's hand] off his son's head and supported it with his [own] hand". Indeed, the depiction illustrates Rashi's words (fig. 1). A shortened version of Jacob's blessing, without Joseph presence, is prevalent in Mosan metalwork of the 12th century, such as a plaque of 1160 (fig. 2) and a contemporary altar cross with biblical scenes in the British Museum (fig. 3). A conflated depiction which combines Jacob's blessing of his grandchildren (Gen. 48:14-20) while his sons are awaiting their turn (Gen. 49:1) is found in a cameo of c.1200 from the south Italian or Sicilian workshop of Friedrich II (1194-1250). Behind Joseph stand the eleven brothers. Joseph, who touches his father's right arm to remove it from his youngest son, protests "Not so my father" (Gen. 48:18). Jacob's answer is inscribed in Hebrew above: "I know it, my son, I know it" (ידעתי בני ידעתי, Gen. 48:19).

Fig. 1: Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:40v Fig. 2: Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh, Enamel plaque, Mosan School, 1160, Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery (Morgan 1973, p. 264)

  

Fig. 3: Front of enamelled altar cross (centre), Mosan School, c.1160-70, London, BM (Kötzsche 1973 II, p. 206, fig. 20) Fig. 4: Cameo with Hebrew inscription: ידעתי בני ידעתי , South Italy, c.1200,  New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art  (Kugel 2000, no. 1)

 A similar conflated scene is found already in the 5th-century Latin Ashburnham Pentateuch from Italy, although the composition differs (fig. 5). Jacob is seated with hands crossed. Joseph on the left is pulling his father's right arm off Ephraim's head, recalling our illustration (fig.1). The eleven brothers on the right are awaiting their turn to be blessed.

Fig. 5: Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh, Ashburnham Pentateuch, Italy 5th century, Paris, BnF Nouv. Acq. Lat. 2334, fol. 50 (Narkiss, facsimile 2007, pp. 114, 362) Fig. 6: The Golden Haggadah, Barcelona c.1320,  London, BL Add. 27210, fol. 8v (Narkiss, facsimile 1970)  

However, in a later version of the conflated scene in a Hebrew manuscript such as the Golden Haggadah of c.1320 from Barcelona (fig. 6), the presentation of the two boys is shown just before the blessing (Gen. 12-14). Only three brothers appear behind Joseph whose hands are outstretched, as he takes heed of his father's crossed arms. Jacob is not touching his grandchildren who kneel next to him.

Fig. 7: Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh Feuillet Wittert verso, c.1150 Liège,

Bibliothèque de l'Université MS 2613, single leaf (Chapman 1980, fig. 6)

 

 

Jacob's blessing of Ephraim and Manasseh and that of his sons are two separate scenes within a frame depicted in a single Mosan leaf of c.1150 (fig. 7). Joseph stands with three brothers behind him, his right arm and index finger stretched out in warning while Jacob with hands crossed touches the heads of his grandchildren kneeling on either side of his bed. Below, Jacob is blessing his sons, gathered as a group on the left.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The features of the children are not noticeable; necks, hands, and Jacob’s pillow have turned grey.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19584
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224930 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 40v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224930 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 40v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 40v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600949
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224930
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224929 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 40v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224929 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 40v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 40v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600948
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224929
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19585 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 43v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 19585 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 43v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 43v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fols. 43v-44: The facing pages (figs. 1, 2) at the end of Genesis, written by Scribe A in triangular and diamond forms, are accentuated by bands coloured and decorated by the artist with a crenellation motif (cf. I:168v-169v, end of Pentateuch; II:207v-208v, end of Job).

Above the explicit נשלם ספר בראשית (Genesis completed, I:44 - figs. 1, 3) are three roundels, enclosing a yellow ochre lion passant guardant in the centre and a grey lioness courant on either side, on a green and blue ground.

 

 

Fig. 1: Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:44

Fig. 2: Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:43v

   

Fig. 3: Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:44, detail

Fig. 4:Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:43v, detail

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, yellow ochre, red, magenta, blue and green.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The blue and magenta colours are mostly faded.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19585
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224931 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 43v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224931 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 43v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 43v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600950
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224931
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19586 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 44, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 19586 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 44, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 44
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text
End of book, decorated
Lion passant guardant
Lioness |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fols. 43v-44: The facing pages (figs. 1, 2) at the end of Genesis, written by Scribe A in triangular and diamond forms, are accentuated by bands coloured and decorated by the artist with a crenellation motif (cf. I:168v-169v, end of Pentateuch; II:207v-208v, end of Job).

Above the explicit נשלם ספר בראשית (Genesis completed, I:44 - figs. 1, 3) are three roundels, enclosing a yellow ochre lion passant guardant in the centre and a grey lioness courant on either side, on a green and blue ground.

 

   

Fig. 1: Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:44

Fig. 2: Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:43v

   

Fig. 3: Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:44, detail

Fig. 4:Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:43v, detail

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, yellow ochre, red, magenta, blue and green.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The blue and magenta colours are mostly faded.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19586
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224932 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 44, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224932 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 44, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 44
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text
End of book, decorated
Lion passant guardant
Lioness |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600951
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224932
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19587 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 44v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 19587 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, fol. 44v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 44v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob and his sons going to Egypt
Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 44v: The initial word Veelleh (ואלה, And these are) of the book of Exodus and Parashat Shmot (Ex. 1:1 - 6:1) is written above the illustrated panel in gold leaf on a magenta ground, across two text columns.

The illustratuon on a blue and green ground is of a scene which belongs to the previous Parashat                                                                                                                                                                            Vayiggash, in which Joseph welcomes his father and brothers toEgypt(Gen. 46:8-30). The text proceeds to list the brothers and all their families who accompanied Jacob. A similar but abbreviated list (Ex. 1-5; I:44v) begins the book of Exodus which opens with our illustration.

Joseph is standing at the tall yellow ochre gate ofGoshen, welcoming his old father, who is leaning on a stick, and ten brothers, two carrying sacks. Behind him is the townscape ofGosheninEgypt, shown as a complex of structures with a high tower, red-roofed buildings and a large edifice with biforae and an open gate.

Jacob, Joseph and all the brothers except two wear pointed Jewish hats, alternately laid with gold. Jacob and two of his sons each wear a long tunic and a two-coloured mantle in magenta and light brown, green and blue. The other sons are dressed in short tunics coloured magenta, red and green. Joseph, wearing a long red garment with a gold collar and cuffs is extending his right hand towards his father. Joseph, Jacob and four brothers are holding blank scrolls.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and blue, green yellow ochre, brown, red and magenta.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 59 x 125 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The composition of our panel (fig. 1) is similar to the scenes of the Children of Israel leaving Egypt or crossing the Red Sea in later south German illustrated manuscripts; see for example the World Chronicle of Rudolf von Ems of c.1300 from Zurich, especially the Exodus scene in the St. Gall copy (fig. 2). Another contemporary example is the Munich Chronicle from the Danube region, showing Moses and the Israelites (fig. 3).

 

 Fig. 1: Joseph welcoming his father and brothers to Egypt, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:44v   Fig. 2: Israelites Leaving Egypt  Rudolf von Ems, Zurich (?) c.1300 Munich, St. Gall, VadSlg MS 302, fol. 54v (Rudolf von Ems, facsimile 1982)

 

 

 

Fig. 3: Moses and the Israelites Rudolf von Ems, Danube region, c.1300, Munich, BSB cgm 6406, fol. 68 (Mellinkoff 1993, II, fig. III.61)

 

 Parallels to the townscape in our illustration (figs. 1, 4) are found in Latin manuscripts produced in Würzburg (see Metzger 1974, pp. 549-550), for example the Würzburg Psalter of 1250-60 (fig. 5).

 

 Fig. 4: Townscape, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:44v    Fig. 5: Townscape, Psalter, Würzburg, 1260-1265, Munich, BSB clm. 3900, fol. 7 (H. Swarzenski 1936, Cat. 86, pl. 178, fig. 968)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Fig. 6: Joseph meets his Brothers in Egypt, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:39   Fig. 7: The Israelites' donation to the Tabernacle Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Munich,  Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:63a 

 

Although Joseph is standing, there is a close affinity in composition between our panel (fig. 1) and those illustrating Joseph and his brothers in Egypt (fol. I:39 – fig. 6) and the Israelites before Moses (fol. I:63a – fig. 7). This suggests three variations of a compositional formula, where the dress, posture and gestures of figures standing in a row in front of an authority are similarly rendered.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Although the faces have been erased, some features are discernible, especially those of Jacob.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19587
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224934 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 44v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224934 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 44v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 44v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Jacob and his sons going to Egypt |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600953
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224934
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224933 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 44v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224933 Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible , Vol. I, Fol. 44v, Würzburg, 1232/33 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Vol. I, Fol. 44v
4a Artist/ Maker Shlomo ben Shmuel,Joseph (Scribe)
5 Date 1232/33
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Würzburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Würzburg school of manuscript illumination in the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Jacob and his sons going to Egypt |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600952
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224933
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]