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  (XI) Obj. ID: 21582 Munich double Evronot book,, Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566. // Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
9a Documentation Unknown |
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Two manuscripts bound together, written over a century apart. The first manuscript was copied by Zvi Hirsch in 1677 (MS I:1-45; 46-47), and the second, earlier, one by Pinhas ben Isaac Neuerlingen in 1566
(MS II:1', 48, and 49-151a). In this codex the later copy precedes the earlier one. Both manuscripts include Sefer Evronot (Book of Intercalation). Pinhas' manuscript includes three more works: Sefer Zifra (ספר ציפרא) on arithmetic; Sefer Ha-Galgal (ספר הגלגל) based on De Sphaera Mundi by Johannes Sacrobosco (c.1230), and Sefer Ha-Gan (ספר הגן), the fifth Book of Ethics (alluding to the נג (53) pericopes) by Isaac ben Eliezer of Worms (c.1290), which took up to the middle of the second day to be copied, and ends: גם הקב"ה יתן כתר. The beginnings of both manuscripts are bound with additional leaves copied by Pinhas, including the Introduction to The Sabbath Epistle by Abraham ibn Ezra (1159), (MS I:1'), and two short segment of the chronicles alluding to the martidom of Rabbi Amnon of Mainz (c.1000-1020) and the Jews of Speyer (May 3rd, 1096) (MS II:48).

Contents in detail:
The Evronot books (MS I:1-47v; MS II:51v-109):
The topics and the technical terminology in both Evronot are generally parallel, though Pinhas' texts and tables are more complete, including practically all elements and aspects of the Evronot material. Both books contain Hebrew and Christian calendars. The Hebrew calendar calculates the years, seasons and Jewish holidays, while in the Christian calendar the Christian dates have been adjusted to the Hebrew ones.

I. The Hebrew calendars (MS I:3-29; MS II:51v-90v): begins with the usual divine commandment to
study the computation of the seasons, lunations and constellations צוה הקב"ה לחשוב תקופות ומולדות ומזלות)),
followed by rabbinical literature relating to the accepted calculation principles of the Hebrew calendar
(MS I:3-3v; MS II:51v, 52v-62). In Pinhas' Evronot the divine commandment is preceded by a
chronological table for the year 1566 and its adjustment to the dates associated with various events in the
history of Israel and the nations (MS II:52r).

The computus material is divided into three main categories:
• Rules and corresponding laws for fixing the 14 possible types of year in the 19-year cycle
(7 ordinary and 7 leap years), and the four postponement rules (dehiyah, pl. dehiyot) of Rosh
Hashana (MS I:4-5v; MS II:69v-70v; see also Glossary).
This is followed by the Remainder Calendar ((לוח יתרונות of the solar over the lunar cycles, and the
reason for intercalation ((טעם העיבור (MS I:8-9v; MS II:59v-60v).
• Alternative devices designed to facilitate the complex calculations including a computistical diagram for fixing the 14 possible types of year (MS I:4; MS II:69v) and the 'Seven Portals' (or She'arim) of molad Tishrei by Sa'adia Gaon. These refer to the calendar configurations when molad Tishri falls on each of the seven days (MS II:71-72). Also included are five devices for indicating lunations and seasons: the Golden Calendar (MS I:10-10v; MS II:67v-68), Nahshon Gaon's Circle (MS I:11-12, 17v, 19; MS II:64-64v, 72v; also Glossary); the Hand Chart (MS I:14;
MS II:62v-63); the volvelles, MS I:17v-20; MS II:64-64v, 67-67v), and Sa'adia Gaon's Haruza
(rhymed mnemonic signs for determining the tekufah’s turning points; MS II:64v; also Glossary).
Pinhas’ Evronot book also includes several Avin Tavin computus for dating lunations written by
earlier scholars. The three main ones are: a) Joseph bar Yuda, the Cantor from Troyes, 13th century
(MS II:97-103v: this is the only Avin Tavin copmutus found in MS I:46-47v that was copied from
Pinhas' MS II:97-99v, line 19 (interrupted 3 lines before the end of the section)); b) A certain
R. Israel (MS II:104-104v, cf. Steinschneider, 1895:218); c) Yehiel of Ginsburg (died c.1530)
(MS II:105-106v).
• Checking and balancing devices to ensure the accuracy of the complex computations, including:
a) Panim-Ahor (lit. Front-to-Back, or Future-Past) system for double-checking the times of
lunations and seasons (MS I:6-infold -7v; MS II:51v, 55a verso-62); and b) Scales of Justice to
weigh (to check) the new moon (MS II:80-82v; not found in Zvi Hirsch's Evronot).

The scheduling of the Jewish holidays, including:
• The holiday calendar for ordinary and leap years (MS I:15-15v; MS II:76);
• The order for reading the weekly pericopes from the Pentateuch according to the Ashkenazi rite
(MS I:16 (within an arch)- 17);
• Simanim (mnemonic signs) for dating the Hebrew festivals and fast days (MS I:14v-15;
see e.g. סימן לחנוכה כ"ח נער"ה שיר"ה, which is also illustrated; MS II:79v, 82v).
• The abbreviated codes of Hillel the Elder to remember the weekday of Hebrew holidays by correlation of each to the six days of Passover (MS I:15; MS II:72; also Glossary: Hillel the Elder's method);
• The 14-Chart-Calendar (Yod-Dalet Luhot) indicating in abbreviation the main events of the Jewish ritual year during each month of the 14 possible types of year (MS I:22-29; MS II:83-90v).

Rabbinical literature alludes to the Hebrew calendar (mainly in MS II):
• The biblical origin of the four seasons (MS II:65-65v), including the custom of refraining from drinking water at the four seasonal turning points (Nekudot Hatequfot), which are called "tekufah" (pl. "tekufot", see also Glossary);
• The controversy between R. Eliezer and R. Yehoshua regarding when the world was created
(MS II:73-75v).

Astrological and astronomical omens, including:
• The Book of Thunder – divinations based on thunder and earthquakes (MS I:12v-13).
• The Wisdom of the Times of the Children of Issachar, omens to predict the weather, agriculture and health in the time of lunations ((I Chronicles 12:33; MS I:12, 13v).
• MS I:17: Astronomical calendar of omens predicting events and disasters based on the weather at the new moon of each month (Nisan to Adar).

II. The Christian calendars (MS I:29 bottom -45; MS II:91-96v):
Opens with an introduction on the structure of the Hebrew and Christian calendars, including rules
for calculating Christmas Day and the Easter cycle (MS I:29 bottom -33; MS II:91). It is followed by a
calendar of the fixed and movable holidays with the correlated Hebrew dates:
• MS I:33v-45r: a calendar of twelve separate monthly tables beginning with Tishrei, annotated in the margins with the Christian feasts and the Days of Saints, the Latin and German names of the month in Hebrew charachters, and the annual trade fairs in Poland, Russia and Ashkenaz (mainly Frankfurt) in Hebrew and Yiddish. Each month is accompanied by its zodiac sign.
• MS II:91v-94v: a calendar arranged as a running table, beginning with Shevat (January), annotated in the margins with the Latin and German names of the months, the fixed and movable Christian holidays, and saints' days.

Other works in Pinhas' manuscript:
I. MS I:1'v: The Introduction to The Sabbath Epistle by Abraham ibn Ezra (1159) (see Sela 2003:49-57)
bound as the first single folio of MS I:1’).

II. Astronomical and astrological fragments (MS II:107-109r), including inter alia:
• The astrological tractate "Four Winds are Blowing Every Day", omens relating to the influence of the Planets, the Zodiac and the Four Elements, as well as of the Four Winds on nature and human health in the times of lunations and seasons (MS II:107-108).
• Mnemonic table for predicting rainfall depending on the weather on the 13th, 14th and 15th of Tamuz (the acronym: י"גי"די"ה) (MS II:108).
• The Wisdom of the Times of the Children of Issachar (חכמת עתים לבני יששכר; I Chronicles 12:33): predictions on agriculture and health based on the weather during lunations (MS II:108-108v; cf. MS I:12, 13v), including the symbols of the Zodiac signs and the planets (MS II:108v).
• Astrological diagrams (MS II:109r).

III. Sefer Zifra (The Book of Numbers) consisting of nine chapters (She'arim, gates) (MS II:109v-127),
begins: .לידע ולפרט ספר המספר שיש בו ט' שערים An arithmetical work designed to teach the values of
the Hebrew charachters as digits. Steinschneider raises the question of whether the book is a
translation. However, it should not to be cofnused with The Book of Numbers by Ibn Ezra.
Seven out of the nine chapters are extant. The last chapter, Sha'ar Eruchin ((שער עירוכין is followed by
26 mathematical problems by way of Questions and Answers (MS II:116v-127r). At the end of
question 26 (fol. 126v) the scribe copied a short piece by וויידיל (Steinschneider 1895:218: Veitel),
probably נתן ווידל who was active in Frankfurt at the beginning of the 16th century.
MS II:127v includes a table of "The Waxing and Waning Rates of the Moon (שיעור זריחת הלבנה
ומיעוטה)", followed by a "revised" calendar.

IV. Sefer Ha-Galgal (MS II:129-136v): A book on astronomy based on De Sphaera Mundi by
Johannes Sacrobosco illustrated with astrological diagrams (MS II:129-133, 134v, 135v, 136).

V. Sefer Ha-Gan (MS II:138-139r): The Book of Ethics, divided into the 7 days of the week, ending
in the middle of the second day גם הקב"ה יתן כתר.
VI. MS II:128 (actually MS II:146v, bound upside-down and out of place): includes a note alluding
to the custom of reciting the prayer Seder Kedusha (סדר קדושה) on the Ninth of Av.

VII. MS II:48-48v: Two short chronicles alluding to the martyrdom of Rabbi Amnon of Mainz
(c.1000-1020) and the Jews of Speyer (May 3rd, 1096).
24 Codicology
Material Paper. 1 + 162 + 1 leaves: Manuscript I: 50 leaves (1-47 (+ fols. 45a, 47a, 47b)). Manuscript II: 112 leaves (48-153 (+ fols. 1', 50a, 50b, 100a, 128a, 151a)). Erroneous later foliation in the upper rectos in brown ink (fols. 1-50), and numbers in pencil throughout, added after binding the two manuscripts together. Fol. 1’, now opening MS I of Zvi Hirsch, was once attached to fol. 48 which opens Pinhas’ Evronot, and is on the same tracing paper and in Pinhas’ handwriting. Watermarks: MS I: a foliate crown (width 78 mm) with a cross above a central vase; a fool; a crown (?). Measurements There are three groups of quire sizes: Full page: MS I: 1-47v: (197-207) x (156-160) mm. MS II: 52-66, 129-136: (205-210) x (161-165) mm. MS II: 1', 48-51, 67-128a, 137-153: (229-233) x (162-165) mm. Text space: MS I: (132-155) x (115-119) mm. MS II: (155-170) x (102-110) mm. Scribes Two scribes: Zvi Hirsch (MS I:1-47v); Pinhas (MS II:1', 48, 51v-139r). Script Ashkenazi semi-cursive script in brown ink, purple and red (e.g. MS I:20v-21), red and green (e.g. MS II:82v-83), and square display script. Zvi Hirsch uses two different types of semi-cursive script (cf. e.g. MS I:20v vs. 21). Columns Text in one column. Number of lines The main text is written by Hirsch in 25-30 lines and by Pinhas in 24-27 lines per page (except for MS II:138-139 which is in 36-37 lines). Ruling Ruling by stylus for the text frame of MS II (e.g. fols. 67, 111) and for the tables of MS I (e.g. fols. 18, 22, 31, 32, 34). Pricking None. Quires 23 quires. MS I: 8 quires of varying number of leaves; MS II: 22 quires mostly of 8 leaves. Quire composition: Manuscript I: I1+2 (1'-2: the first unfoliated leaf (fol. 1') which belonged to manuscript II and is now attached to I2: a bifolium paginated א-ג); II8 (3-10: fols. 6, 10 consist of 4 and 2 leaves respectively, attached and infolded); III6-1 (11-15: first folio missing); IV6 (16-21); V6 (22-27); VI10 (28-37); VII8 (38-45); VIII6-1 (45a-47b: 45a, 47a, 47b, so numbered; last blank folio missing; the foliated fols. 46-47 are the only two text folios of Zvi Hirsch’s incomplete Avin Tavin). Manuscript II: IX6 (48-51: 50a, 50b, so numbered); X8 (52-58: 55a, so numbered); XI8 (59-66); XII8 (67-74); XIII8 (75-82); XIV8 (83-90); XV8 (91-98); XVI8 (99-105: fol. 100a, so numbered); XVII8 (106-113); XVIII8 (114-121); XIX8 (122-128a: 128a, so numbered); XX8 (129-136); XXI8 (137-144); XXII4 (145-148: blank folios); XXIII8-2 (149-153: blank folios; 152a, so numbered). MS II:146v: Foliated 128 and bound upside-down but the three-line text (סדר קדושה בט' באב) does not correspond to that of MS II:127v. Catchwords Catchwords for text pages in the lower left corner of the page (MS I:1-15v, 46-47v; MS II: e.g. fols. 60-61v, 69v-71v, 97-126v, 129-136). Hebrew numeration MS I:1-2 recto: a bifolium paginated in Hebrew letters in red: א, ב, ג. Blank leaves MS I:1v, 2, 45v (originally blank, contains a German note), 45a, 47a- 47b recto, 47b verso (originally blank, contains notes by later historians). MS II:1'r, 49r (originally blank, contains calculations of dates, a German dedication and a drawing), 49 verso, 50r (originally blank, contains Hebrew pen-trials and jottings), 50v, 50a-50b verso, 51r (originally blank, contains Hebrew pen-trials), 128-128a verso, 137-137v (originally blank, contains Hebrew pen-trials and jottings), 139v (originally blank, contains a German note), 140-146r, 146v (has three lines of discarded text), 147-151a, 152-152v (originally blank, has Hebrew pen-trials and calculation of dates) -153v.
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
Zvi Hirsch's colophon:
MS I:1, titlepage:
ספר/ הזה/ הוא הספר/ עברונות/ לחשוב בו מולד/ ות תקופות/ ומזלות/ נכתב ביום א' פרשת שלח/ לך תל"ז לפ"ק (לפרט קטן)/ נאום הסופר אשכול הכופר/ צביכונהירש (צבי יכונה הירש) בן לא"א (לאדוני אבי) הגאון הגדול/ כמוהר"ר (כבוד מורנו הרב רבי) חגי חנוך סגל [סגן לויה] יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו וגואלו)
(This book is the Book of Intercalations for calculating lunations, seasons and the planetary courses, was written on Sunday when the parashah (weekly portion) read in the synagogue was Shelah Lecha, in the year 5437 (20th June 1677), says the scribe Zvi called Hirsch, son of the great and learned Haggai Hanokh Segal [or Ha-Levy, also Fränckel], may his Rock and Redeemer protect him).
The abbreviation צביכונהירש is the Scribe's usual signature; see e.g. Introduction to "Ha-Gershoni's Work" (Gliksman 1924, פו-פז), as well as the acrostic piyyut he wrote in jail (Gath 2013:161). For a similar abbreviation צביכונהירש, cf. Oxford, Bodl. Opp. 130 (ספר הפליאה, Eisenstadt 1680).

Pinhas' colophons and notes at the beginning and end of his books:
• MS II:51v, Pinhas' Evronot first page: the scibe inserted his name within the calendar (3rd column,
1st and 15th lines): פינחס בן/ החבר ר' יצחק שליט (שיחיה לאורך ימים טובים) (Pinhas son of R. Isaac shali"t [May he live many good days]).
• MS II:52v, the scribe's name is inserted within the initial word צוה (Ziva): אני פנחס בן הר"ר יצחק שליט (I Pinhas son of R. Isaac shali"t). The date of the manuscript שכ"ו (1566) appears on the previous page (MS II:52).
• MS II:96v, at the end of Evronot:סיימתי זה העברונות; שבח לאל נותן/ לכל בשר מזונות (I completed this Evronot, praise God).
• MS II:127, end of Sefer Zifra:
בעזרת נותן אמרי שפר סיימתי זה הספר/ היום יום ה' י' אדר השני ורננות תחת/ לשוני נאום זעירא דמן חבריא פנחס
ב'(בן)/ החבר ר' יצחק שלי"ט (שיחיה לאורך ימים טובים) נוירלינגן/ שכ"ו לפ"ק
(With the help of "Him who giveth goodly words" (Gen. 49:21) I completed this book today Thursday, 10th of Second Adar (Friday, 1st March), with songs on my tongue, says the most modest amongst the fellow-scribes, Pinhas son of R. Isaac shali"t (May he live many good days) Neuerlingen (נוירלינגן), 5326/1566).
• MS II:136v, the end of Sefer Ha-Galgal:
נשלם החלק הרביעי [!] תהילה לאל/ אדון המושיע. ובזה נשלם/ כל הספר [!]. הנותן/ אמרי שפר/ תהילה לאל/ אשכול/
הכו/ פר
(The fourth [!] section is complete, Glory be to God the Lord Saviour. And herewith the entire
book [!] is complete, [Praise to Him] who giveth goodly words, Glory to God, Eshkol ha-kofer).
• Pinhas also marked his name with a hat, a crown, a geometric or a floral motif in the
14-Chart-Calendars which include Parashat Pinhas read in Tamuz (MS II:83v-90v).
31 Scribal Notes
Zvi Hirsch's notes:
Several dates in the text are used as the basis for calendrical calculations. All predate the writing (1677):
In the Evronot text are the years 1611 (e.g. MS I:3v, 4), 1610 (e.g. MS I:18-18v, 20v, 21), and 1591 (e.g. MS I:20v), which were copied from his unknown exemplars;
In the Avin Tavin computus (MS I:46-47v) are the years 1550, 1551, 1552, which were copied from Pinhas' Evronot of 1566 (cf. MS II:97-99v), who in turn could have copied them from earlier Evronot manuscripts (see below).

Zvi Hirsch's pen trials:
Calculating dates in dark brown ink: MS II:49r, 51r, 55a verso (in margins), 97v (in margins), 152v.
He also drew a well-dressed man (soldier?) holding a flower (MS II:49r; cf. MS I:14v).
Pinhas' notes revealing his sources:
• In the Hebrew calendar (MS II:51v-90v) the date for calculation is the actual year of writing, 1566 (e.g. MS II:51v, 52, 54-55a, 62v, 80). However, Pinhas also mentions earlier undated sources, e.g. fol. 53 (final line): כך מצאתי בספר ישן נושן (that I found in a very ancient book). Indeed, Sefer Evronot "yashan noshan" from 1472 was still in Frankfurt in the 16th century (Carlebach 2011:
75-76), where Pinhas could have consulted it.
• At the end of the intercolumnar space of MS II:56v: נחשב מתוך חשבון עבין טווין (calculated from an [undated] Avin Tavin computus).
• In the Christian calendar (MS II:91-96v) Pinhas used the year 1552 (e.g. MS II:91) which probably alludes to Loewe Oppenheim's evronot book (Worms 1552) as the source of copying. The marginal note next to the table which links the Christian movable holidays to the Jewish calendar (MS II:95) hints at this source: הטעם קבל הרר ליווא אופנהיים שי'(=שיחיה) מחמיו ז"ל שקיבל מ[???] ממענץ (And the reason [that sometimes Fastnacht falls 8 days into the month] Loewe Oppenheim received from his late father-in-law [Zanvil Bing] who received it from [???] of Mainz). As Carlebach writes, this note refers to information which was passed on from a priest to the late Zanvil and then to his son-in-law Loewe Oppenheim (Carlebach 2011:125-126). A similar note appears in several later Evronot manuscripts (see Remarks).
• However, the earliest years are copied in Joseph bar Yuda's Avin Tavin copmutus (MS II:97-103v): 1550, 1551 (e.g. MS II:97-99v, 102); and on fol. 100: כל זה החשבון של עבין טווין יבין כדין מצאתי בביתו של אליעזר בר משה אויערבך המכונה ליברמן פפריים בקונטרוס ישן נושן (All the computus of Avin Tavin Yavin Kadin [sic] I found in the house of Eliezer bar Moshe Auerbach called Lieberman Papreim in a very ancient pamphlet).
• In Yehiel of Ginsburg's Avin Tavin (MS II:105-106v): שמעתיו מפי מהר"ר יחיאל מן גוינצבורג שבא לארץ ישראל ומת בצפת תוב"ב (I heard it from Yehiel of Günzburg, who went to the Land of Israel and died [c.1530] in Safed).
• Another source recalled in the Avin Tavin copmutus (fols. MS II:100, 102, 103 and 104v): מולד ששמו אורי כשם מעתיק ספר הלז (A molad [new moon] named Uri as the copyist of this book; cf. Steinschneider: 1895:218).

Pinhas' notes to the reader, indicating that he did not write the Evronot for himself:
MS II:53, lower margin in the left: "Consult the first section of Sefer Ha-Galgal".
MS II: 61v, 3rd line: "Pay no attention to the Tanya [meaning the dispute of R. Eliezer and R. Yehoshua regarding when the world was created], which is found in other Evronot, since they are erroneous and strange"; and notes when Pinhas acknowledged that he skipped over the text (MS II:58v, 125, 124v, 125v, 126v).

Corrections: missing texts were supplied by the scribe in the margin, marked by a line and a
circle (e.g. MS II:57v). On MS II:80 part of the text was crossed out; the correct text was supplied by Pinhas in the margin.

Pen-trials: MS II:48v, below the main text:תשרקצ פעס נמלך יטחז /ניסן אייר סיון תמוז אב אלול;
MS II:50r: זה הספר עברונות/ אבגדה; MS II:137v: תשרק צפעס נמלכ יטחז והדגבא /פיטום הקטורת /פיטום הקטורת הצרי.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

Green cardboard covered with brown paper decorated with amorphous branches in dark brown. Yellowish paper pastedowns at front and back, two as fly-leaves. The binding is from c.1900. 

36 Decoration Program

Each scribe decorated his own manuscript. The decoration includes two title pages, grid and circular computus, a Hand chart, the Zodiac cycle and a few text illustrations. The main decoration was done by Zvi Hirsch, who used rich, bright, contrasting colours regardless of detail. The colours are vermilion, red, purple, blue, green, yellow ochre, brown, and some gold leaf. The grid computus in his Evronot consist of multi-coloured interwoven bands and the verses of the texts are in alternating colours. The Christian calendar and the zodiac signs (MS I:33-45) were probably intended to be coloured but remain as black ink drawings. Pinhas’ Evronot is sparsely decorated in pale red and green. His Christian calendar is devoid of zodiac representations. However, the tractate "Four Winds" which precedes Sefer Zifra is illustrated with zodiac symbols (MS II:108-108v). Sefer Ha-Galgal (MS II:129-136v) is fully illustrated with astrological diagrams.

 

Decoration in detail:

1. Two triumphal arches as title pages (MS I:1, 16).

2. Full-page decoration of an inverted, triangular interlace band (fol. 2v).

3. Four text illustrations: a working couple (MS I:8), a fishing boat (MS I:8v, cf. MS I:39),

    a maiden with a flower (MS I:14v); a Lamb as the zodiac sign for Nisan (MS I:17, cf. MS II:40).

4. Squatting man motif (MS I:29 and 46v).

5. Initial words in display script, either in colours (MS I:10, 11, 20, 21v, 29v-31), or in brown ink

    (MS I: 6-6v, 10v, 16v, 46v-47v), are in large (30-39 mm) or smaller (15-23 mm) letters,

    similarly decorated as folded ribbons (or scrolls) with grotesque masks on the stems, terminating  in

    entwined fish, human grotesques, birds of prey, or acorns. One initial word "For ever" (לעולם), is

    surmounted by a crown (MS I:30). In MS II: initial words are in display script (height: 2-3 lines) filled

    with hatching or ink (MS II:52-52v, 55-55v).

6. Decorated initial word panels (e.g. MS I:3, 10, 12, 17).

7. Ends of sections are denoted by gold-leaf roundels (e.g. MS I:4, 6-7v, 10, 11, 12-13), floral scrolls

    (e.g. fols. 17, 20v-21v, 46, 46v), pairs of birds on branches, and flanking vases (fols. 6-infold, 16v).

8. Texts in various alternating colours of ink (MS I:12v-13, 16v).

9. Other decorated designs: a computistical diagram (or a two-letter Hebrew calendar) within two

     connected cartouches (MS I:4; MS II:69v); the Golden Chart (MS I:10, 10v, MS II:67, 67v); the Hand

     (MS I:14; MS II:62v); Rav Nahshon’s Circle in volvelles (MS I:17v-20; MS II:64,

     64v), or grid form (MS I:11-12, MS II:72v).

10. Decorated Panim-Ahor Charts (MS I:6-infold, MS II:51v, 55a verso-60v).

11. The 14-Chart-Calendar (MS I:22-29).

12. The Christian calendar (MS I:33, 33v-45r) in twelve facing pages, each for a month ending with a

       zodiac sign. In MS II:91v-94v, the Christian calendar is formed as running tables.

13. Astronomical chart including symbols of the zodiac cycle and the planets (MS II: 108-108v).

14. Astronomical diagrams of the solar and lunar orbits (MS II:109).

15. Sefer Ha-Galgal: cosmografical diagrams illustrating the text (MS II:129-129v, 130-133, 134v,

      135v-136).

36 Summary and Remarks

TheMunichcodex includes two Evronot manuscripts of different size, origin and script bound together. Both were in the possession of Zvi Hirsch, later known as Rabbi Hirsch Fränkel. The first Evronot was copied by Zvi Hirsch in 1677 when he was between 14 and 15 years old; the second and earlier Evronot was copied in 1566 by Pinhas ben Isaac. According to later notes in the German language (see History, II.3) Zvi Hirsch received Pinhas' Evronot from Rabbi Sallomon Kohn, his neighbour in Frankfurt, and copied from it just the first two pages of the Avin Tavin copmutus (MS I:46-47v; MS II:97-99v, line 19).

Both these manuscripts played a crucial role in Zvi Hirsch's life story several decades later, when he was in his fifties and Chief Rabbi of the Jewish community of the Principality of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

It turns out that the two manuscripts were used as incriminating evidence against him in the trial of 1712-1713, which sentenced him to life imprisonment (Haenle 1867:73-86; Gath 2013:95). It was the entanglement with the authorities of his elder brother Elkan Fränkel, a Court Jew of the Markgraf of the principality, which caused Zvi Hirsch to stand trial. Eventually both brothers were arrested by the Executive Committee of the government and their books were confiscated and checked for profanity

(Gath 2013:84).

 

Among the Kabbalah and sacred books which were found in Rabbi Zvi Hirsch's library was The Oaths Book (ספר ההשבעות) which Zvi Hirsch copied in his youth in Frankfurt (Gath 2013:117ff.). The Oaths Book, even more than the Evronot manuscripts, became the prosecution's most important exhibit since it includes damning evidence, allegedly indicating that Zvi Hirsch had been involved in withchcraft, sorcery, magic and the like activities (Gath 2013:127). Indeed, in his professional training Zvi Hirsch was close to the kabbalistic circles inFrankfurt, and later in life he acquired the ephithet "Ba'al Shem" (Rosman 1996:14-15; Etkes 2000:34, 82; Nigal 1993:7; Gath 2013:38, 53, 117ff.). These ‘capabilities’ worsened Zvi Hirsch's condition. In addition to the vilification of Christianity, he was accused of practising "Kabbalistic arts" (meaning Practical Kabbalah) and thus was a "threat" to the public. The severity of the findings caused the Government Committee to send the investigation material to the theology and law experts of theUniversityofAltdorf(then theUniversityofNuremberg) in order to obtain a reasoned opinion. The charges against Zvi Hirsch were discussed by the Altdorf Excutive Committee appointed in March 1713. The Altdorf report includes the notification of sentence – life imprisonment (see Nachricht 1713), and Zvi Hirsch had to endure 24 years of imprisonment in appalling conditions in Schwabach, ironically his home town for the previous three years after being appointed Chief Rabbi of the Principality (1709). He was released from prison in 1737, weak and sick, and died a few years later (Nigal 1993:11-12; Gath 2013:

37-41).

 

The dramatic story of the former Chief Rabbi spread rapidly (Nigal 1993:7, 20; Gath 2013:120, 131).

Since the Oaths Book no longer exists and the legal investigation reports on Zvi Hirsch are not available, the Evronot manuscripts allow a glimpse into the investigation process. Differences in script and ink colour indicate that two censor-investigators were involved in the examination of Zvi Hirsch's manuscript. The purple ink hand (see History, I) was that of Philipp Ernst Christfels, a Jewish convert, who was appointed by the Government Committee to examine Zvi Hirsch's books for passages slandering Christianity (Gath 2013:84, 100-101, 160). The light brown ink hand (see History, II) probably belonged to an inquisitor from Altdorf, who noted Zvi Hirsch's words in German, since Zvi Hirsch could neither read nor write German (Gath 2013:39, 117-120, 125). In these harsh circumstances these notes should be considered as self-defence rather than information consistent with facts. A careful rereading of the notes sheds more light on the background story. The information that Pinhas’ manuscript was 147 years old corroborates the date of 1713 for Zvi Hirsch’s trial (1566+147). However, that he received it from his neighbour Sallomon Kohn inFrankfurt"about 22 years" before the trial, i.e. in 1691, suggests that Zvi Hirsch received it years after completing his book in 1677. Indeed, his text and decoration differs from that of the earlier Pinhas manuscript, except for two leaves of the text Avin Tavin, never completed, and added at the end of his manuscript on a different type of paper.

 

Zvi Hirsch left his parents' home in Fürth forFrankfurtprobably before the age of 15 to study in the yeshiva of the famous Rabbi Aaron Samuel Kaidanover. He lived inFrankfurtfor 27 consecutive years and served as rabbi in several nearby Jewish communities from 1677 to 1704. Zvi Hirsch then became a rabbi inHeidelberg, and lived there. In 1709, as Chief Rabbi of the Principality of Brandenburg-Ansbach, he lived in Schwabach, where he was arrested three years later.                          

 

The question arises of where Zvi Hirsch wrote his Evronot book in 1677, when he was between 14 and 15 years old. Steinschneider (1895:218), and recentlyGath(2013:37, 39), assumed it was inFrankfurt. Indeed, it seems reasonable to suppose that he wrote it during his studies at the yeshiva inFrankfurt, and not before, at his parents home in Fürth. According toGath, it was customary for yeshiva students inGermanyin those days to copy Evronot books as part of their studies (Gath2013:39, n. 67; see also Carlebach 2011:78 and n. 31). The young student Zvi Hirsch must have done so as part of the training for his future rabbinical role. On the basis of textual comparison Gath raises the hypothesis that Zvi Hirsch’s exemplar was based on a version of Eliezer ben Jacob Belin's Evronot (printed edition Lublin 1615; Gath 2013:39). However, judging by his ecclectic decoration, Zvi Hirsch was familiar with several Evronot books, which could have been at his disposal in the yeshiva inFrankfurt.

  

The Decoration

The Zvi Hirsch Evronot is richly decorated in bright, vivid colours. The layout of its text and decoration programme follow traditional Ashkenazi Evronot books of the late Medieval and early-Modern periods

(Straus 2006:4 and 29-54). The main category of decoration is dedicated to the organization of the text and formatting the calendars. He uses the typical hierarchical system of initial words written in different sizes and initial word panels with decorative elements. The proportion between large initial words and the small written text (e.g. fig. 1a) features in early-Modern Evronot manuscripts, such as the Evronot book of Shlomo Ulma of Günzburg, 1552 (fig. 1b).

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Censorship resulting from Zvi Hirsch's trial (1712-1713):
The hands of two censors are involved in the manuscript: the first, from the Executive Committee of the Principality of Brandenburg-Ansbach, mostly marks in purple ink dates and items pertaining to Christian holidays or saints' days, especially Christmas and Easter (e.g. MS I:20v-21, 29-30v, 33, 37; MS II:91-94v, 96-96v). He also transcribed in German the feasts he marked in the text, written in Yiddish, as well as some offensive wordplay. The second censor, probably from the University of Altdorf, wrote in light brown ink three notes in German located in the margins in three different places in the codex: at the end of Zvi Hirsch's evronot book (MS I:45v), at the end of Zvi Hirsch's Avin Tavin copmutus (MS I:47v) and at the end of the codex (MS II:139v).

I. The purple-ink censor:
• MS I:29, bottom left, with a pointing hand (manicula) in the outer margin:


והנה אכתוב לך ג"כ (גם כן) לידע לוח הגויים הנקראים מצריים [נוצריים] ולידע יום קביעות המילה של יש"ו [השם כתוב
בראשי תבות] שהוא ר"ה (ראש השנה) שלהם
(And here I shall write to let you know also the calendar of the Gentiles called Egyptians (i.e.
Christians) and how to determine the day of the circumcision of Jesus [in a Hebrew acrostic], which
is their New Year). (Cf. Gath 2013:125 and n. 369).




• MS I:29v:

In the text:
לעולם לא(?) יעבור מניטל הנקרא וויין נכטון עד ליכט מת ה' שבועות ויום אחד ומליכט מת ... (5 weeks and 1 day
should not(?) pass from Nitel which is called Weihnachten to Licht Mess, and from Licht Mess,
etc.).
Last line (twice): טומאות (Impurities).
Outer margins in German (top to bottom):
* Nitel id est\ Weinachten (Nitel is Christmas [וויין נכטון])". Cf. MS I:37.
* Licht Mess\ Licht Todt (Candlemas is the Candle of Death [[ליכטמֵת)". Cf. MS II:91v: ליכטמֵעט.
* Thomas Tag\ unreiner (Thomas day is Impurities [טומאות]). Cf. MS I:37; Gath 2013: 136).
• MS I:30:



In the text: קנישטמונד. Outer margins in German: sig.X\ statt Qnist\ Xristmonath (Christ month
קנישטמונד]] is December).





• MS I:30v:


Outer margin in German: Kesach\ statt Pesach\ id est\ Ostern: (Kesah [קסח] instead of Pesah which is Easter).
• MS I:33: אלו ה' חוגות שהם ואזנכט, קסח, וכו' (These are the five Christian holidays: Vaznacht, Kesah, etc.).
• MS I:37:


In the Christian calendar for the month of Tevet (December): Impurities [טומאות] and Nitel Gottes’b
ניטל גוטעס]].
• MS II:91: ולידע יום קביעות המילה של יש"ו שהוא ר"ה (ראש השנה) שלהם הנקרא יאערשטג בל"א (בלשון אשכנז)...
(… and to know how to determine the day of Jesus' circumcision, which is their New Year, called Jahrestag in German). In the Censor's view the Hebrew acrostic of Jesus’ name (יש"ו) is an acronym for יימח שמו וזכרו (damn him and his memory; cf. Gath 2013:125 and note 369). For similar acrostics cf. MS II:96, 96v below, and MS I:29.
• MS II:91v: outer margin: ליכט מעט (Lichtmess). Cf. above: MS I:29v ליכטמֵת).
• MS II:92: outer margin: תלוייה (Hanged, refers to Mary). Cf. also MS II:92v, 93v, 94v.

• MS II:92v:

Outer margin: כל הצלמים (All the idols), and below: אופהרט (Ascension);לייכנם (Fronleichnam=
Corpus Christi); תלויה (Hanged).
• MS II:94:


Outer margin: י"א פסולים (11 defiled ones). Below: an instruction by a 16th-century Rabbi Isaac
Link: מהר"ר (מורנו הרב רבי) אייזק לינק יצ"ו אמר שאין כותבים כאן פסולים שמא ימצאנו גוי אבל כתב גלוחים במקום פסולים (Do not write here "defiled ones" lest a gentile (a Christian censor) find it, but write "tonsured" instead).
• MS II:96: ובשנת י"ז למ"ק (מחזור קטן) נתלה ישו (and in the 17th year of the 19-year-cycle Jesus was hanged). And in the lower table on this page, which includes the Hebrew dates for Easter, כסח (Kesah\ Pesah) is marked four times.




• MS II:96v:

In the text, first line: מניין הנוצריים הרומיים מונין מתולדות יש"ו (The Roman-Christian calendar count
from the day Jesus was born). Cf. MS I:29.
In the right margin, in German: Christ monath in das Rabinich heist es Kristmonath [קרישטמונד],
(Christ month in rabbinic use means December). Cf. MS I:30.
II. The light brown ink censor, in German:
1. MS I:45v, the last blank verso of Zvi Hirsch's Evronot book:
Biß hieher geht mein Colender welches/ ich mit mein handt geschrieben habe/ da ich zwischen 14 undt fünfzehen/ Jahr ald bin geweshen. Wie in/ erstem blat zu finden ist/ undt bestehet in fürzig fünff/ bletter. Hersch Fränckel.
(Up to here is the Calendar which I wrote with my own hand when I was between 14 and 15 years old. As can be found in the first page [meaning the title page] and consists of 45 pages. Hirsch Fränckel).

2. MS I:47v, at the end of the Avin Tavin text:
Diese zwei bletter habe ich/ mit meiner handt auf/ geschrieben Hersch Fränckel/ bedrifft auch Colender/ gehördt aber zu meinen/ vorigen nicht/ Hersch Fränckel.
(I wrote these two pages [MS I:46-47v] with my own hand, Hirsch Fränckel; this relates also to the Calendar but it does not belong to my former [Pinhas?]. Hirsch Fränckel).
These two pages are written in a separate, additional quire (VIII6-1), the only text copied from Pinhas’ manuscript (cf. MS II:97-99v line 19).
1. 3. MS II:139v, the last blank verso of Pinhas' manuscript:
Diesen alten Colender habe ich von/ einem Juden in ffurth nahmens/ Sallomon Kohn gewessener undter/ Rabbiner daselbsten welcher in/ ffurth gegen mir über ge/ wohnedt undt nun schon lang/ Tod ist. Auch dieser Colender hundert fürtzig sieben Jahr/ alt. Vor ohngefehr zwantzig zwey/ Jahr bekommen Hersch Fränckel.
(I received this old Calendar from a Jew in Frankfurt named Sallomon Kohn, who was vice-rabbi in Frankfurt and lived opposite me and died long ago. Also this Calendar is one hundred and forty seven years old. I received it about 22 years ago. Hirsch Fränckel).
The note was written in 1713, if Pinhas’ Evronot was then 147 years old (1566+147); but Zvi Hirsch received it in 1691 (1713(-)22), after completing his book in 1677. This explains why Pinhas’ manuscript was not Zvi Hirsch’s exemplar, except for an incomplete Avin Tavin, copied on an addional, half-empty final quire (VIII6-1).

Annotations:
In pencil by Steinschneider, in 1895:
Marginal references (MS I:46 and MS II:61v); Names of Rabbis underlined (e.g. MS I:46, MS II:55, 64v, 71v, 72v, 76v, 79, 104, 105, 109). He also underlined the phrase: מולד ששמו אורי כשם מעתיק ספר הלז (Molad called Uri, as the name of the copyist of this book; MS II:102, 103, 104v; see Scribal notes).

In pencil by E. Róth in Hebrew and German, in 1958:
MS I:21, in the margins: numerical values of years, probably by Róth.
MS II:1'v, top right corner, in Hebrew: אגרת השבת! (=Iggeret Ha-Shabbat!), signed: ERóth 22.5.58.
MS II:47b verso, E. Róth's attempts to find Pinhas' sources for the two short chronicles on the next page (MS II:48), which alludes to the martydom of Rabbi Amnon of Mainz (c.1000-1020) and the Jews of Speyer (May 3rd, 1096) (see Remarks).

By a later hand:
MS II:49r: German dedication in dark brown ink: Ein Freindtlichen gruß\ undt Lübhaber den übns(?) ich Schoch[et?]\ so oftt [...]? This dedication implies a donation, perhaps of the manuscript.
MS II:113v, top margin, a note by Meir Grotwohl (נאם מאיר גראטוואל) who does not seem to agree with the calculation.
Library marks:
Hirsch Fränckel's exlibris is stuck on the modern front fly-leaf (foliated I): Calender buch Hersch Fränckel gehörig (Calendar book belonging to Hirsch Fränckel).

Oval ink-stamp with the previous name of the library: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS (The Munich Court Library) (MS I:1v, 2, MS II:139v, 152v). The name and the oval shape of the stamp show that the book belonged to the library before 1919, since in this year the library changed its name to Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Bavarian State Library).

Former shelfmark (MS I:1 and MS II:153): Cod. hebr. 424 in blue pencil deleted and replaced by the current number 394 in pencil; also on front and back pastedowns and on a sticker on the spine.

According to Prof. Peter Kuhn, Cod.hebr. 394 was transferred in 1874/75 from the Reichsarchiv (now: Hauptstaatsarchiv) to the Kgl. Hofbibliothek (now: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek). In the library records it is listed as "Two Hebrew manuscripts of the 15th century. 2 Volumes 40 from Schwabach". The path of the manuscript from Schwabach to the archive has not yet been traced.

We are grateful to Prof. Peter Kuhn for his instructive remarks and his kind help in providing information and literature relating to Zvi Hirsch and this manuscript.

Condition: Both manuscripts are incomplete. MS II:1' and 48 were glued on to thin tracing paper. MS I:1' was separated from Manuscript II and forms the awkward first page preceding the title page of Manuscript I. Heavy soiling and crumbling edges throughout both manuscripts. The gold-leaf has mostly flaked off.

Summary and Remarks
The Munich codex includes two Evronot manuscripts of different size, origin and script bound together. Both were in the possession of Zvi Hirsch, later known as Rabbi Hirsch Fränkel. The first Evronot was copied by Zvi Hirsch in 1677 when he was between 14 and 15 years old; the second and earlier Evronot was copied in 1566 by Pinhas ben Isaac. According to later notes in the German language (see History, II.3) Zvi Hirsch received Pinhas' Evronot from Rabbi Sallomon Kohn, his neighbour in Frankfurt, and copied from it just the first two pages of the Avin Tavin copmutus (MS I:46-47v; MS II:97-99v, line 19).
Both these manuscripts played a crucial role in Zvi Hirsch's life story several decades later, when he was in his fifties and Chief Rabbi of the Jewish community of the Principality of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
It turns out that the two manuscripts were used as incriminating evidence against him in the trial of 1712-1713, which sentenced him to life imprisonment (Haenle 1867:73-86; Gath 2013:95). It was the entanglement with the authorities of his elder brother Elkan Fränkel, a Court Jew of the Markgraf of the principality, which caused Zvi Hirsch to stand trial. Eventually both brothers were arrested by the Executive Committee of the government and their books were confiscated and checked for profanity
(Gath 2013:84).

Among the Kabbalah and sacred books which were found in Rabbi Zvi Hirsch's library was The Oaths Book (ספר ההשבעות) which Zvi Hirsch copied in his youth in Frankfurt (Gath 2013:117ff.). The Oaths Book, even more than the Evronot manuscripts, became the prosecution's most important exhibit since it includes damning evidence, allegedly indicating that Zvi Hirsch had been involved in withchcraft, sorcery, magic and the like activities (Gath 2013:127). Indeed, in his professional training Zvi Hirsch was close to the kabbalistic circles in Frankfurt, and later in life he acquired the ephithet "Ba'al Shem" (Rosman 1996:14-15; Etkes 2000:34, 82; Nigal 1993:7; Gath 2013:38, 53, 117ff.). These ‘capabilities’ worsened Zvi Hirsch's condition. In addition to the vilification of Christianity, he was accused of practising "Kabbalistic arts" (meaning Practical Kabbalah) and thus was a "threat
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Both manuscripts are incomplete. MS II:1' and 48 were glued on to thin tracing paper. MS I:1' was separated from Manuscript II and forms the awkward first page preceding the title page of Manuscript I. Heavy soiling and crumbling edges throughout both manuscripts. The gold-leaf has mostly flaked off.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Bibliography related to the item

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אלטדורף נגד הירש פרנקל] (G. Nigal, A Baal-Shem condemned to Life-Sentence: The tragedy of R.

Hirsch Fraenkel, Ramat Gan 1993 [with Facsimile of the Altdorf report against HF: "Nachricht von denen bey Hirsch Fränckel, gewesenen Rabiner der in Hoch Fuerstl. Brandenburg Onolzbachischen Landen. 23. Feb. Anno Christi 1713"]).

Nachricht 1713   Nachricht von denen bey Hirsch Fränckel, gewesenen Rabiner der in Hoch Fuerstl.

            Brandenburg Onolzbachischen Landen. 23. Feb. Anno Christi 1713. Ansbach, May 1713.

Pachter 1972   מ' פכטר, "ס' ראשית חכמה וקיצוריו", קרית ספר, מז (תשל"ב): 710-686 (M. Pachter, "Sefer Reshit     Hochmah vekizurav", Kiryat sefer, 47 (1972):686-710).  

Rahmany 1993/4   L. Y. Rahmany, "Three Desk Seals in the Jewish Museum, London", Jewish Art,

Jerusalem1993/4, vol. 21:158-167.

Rosman 1996   M. Rosman, A Founder of Hasidism: A Quest for the Historical Ba'al Shem Tov,

London1996.

Sacrobosco 1949   J. Sacrobosco, de Sphaera, especially Chapter II. Translated in L. Thorndike, The

 Sphere of Sacrobosco and its Commentators, Chicago 1949.

Sefer Minhagim, Venice 1593.

Sefer Minhagim, Amsterdam 1695.

Sela 2003   S. Sela, Abraham ibn Ezra and the Rise of Medieval Hebrew Science, Leiden 2003.

Sabar, Iconography, S. Sabar, Iconography, 2nd ed., Jewish Virtual Library.

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/iconography (accessed September 15, 2011).

Shalev-Eyni 2010   S. Shalev-Eyni, Jews among Christians: Hebrew Book Illumination from Lake

 Constance, London and Turnhout 2010.

Shalev-Eyni 2014    S. Shalev-Eyni, "The Mahzor as a Cosmological Calendar: The Zodiac Signs in

Medieval Ashkenazi Context", Ars Judaica 10, 2014:7-26.

Shmeruk 1986   ח. שמרוק, האיורים לספרי יידיש במאות הט"ז-הי"ז (C. Shmeruk, The illusrations in Yiddish

            Books of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries,Jerusalem 1986).

Sotheby's 2006   Sotheby's Important Judaica: Including Property of the Jewish Community of Amsterdam

(NIHS). New York: Sotheby's 2006. Lot 178): Sefer Evronot, Elia ben Moses Troitlan Dated

Worms 1557.

Steinschneider 1895   M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek

in München, Munich 1895, No. 394.

Steinschneider 1966   מ' שטיינשניידר, "הרצאות על כתבי-יד עבריים", ארשת ד, ירושלים תשכ"ו (M. Steinschneider,

"Harza`ot al kitvei-yad 'ivriim", Areshet 4, Jerusalem, 1966).

Steinschneider 1899, Mathematik   M. Steinschneider, Die Mathematik bei den Juden, Leipzig 1899.

Steinschneider 1899   M. Steinschneider, Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der Mathematik, IX

(1899):478-479.

Straus 2006   J. P. Straus, "Calculating Celestial Cycles, Courses and Conjunctions: An Introduction to

Sifrei Evronot (Books of Intercalations)", Senior project, Program in Asian and Near Eastern Languages and Literatures, Washington Universityin Saint Louis 2006.

Ta-Shma 1992   י' מ' תא-שמע, "כיסוי העיניים בעת הדלקת נר שבת", מנהג אשכנז הקדמון, ירושלים תשנ"ב, עמ' 141-136

            (I. M. Ta-Shma, Early Franco-German Ritual and Custom,Jerusalem 1992:136-141).

Ta-Shma 1996   י' מ' תא-שמע, 'ימי אידיהם', הלכה, מנהג ומציאות באשכנז 1350-1000, ירושלים תשנ"ו, פרק יד (I. M.

Ta-Shma, Ritual, Custom and Reality in Franco-Germany, 1000-1350, Jerusalem 1996, ch. 14).

Ta-Shma 2010 י' מ' תא-שמע, "איסור שתיית מים בתקופה ומקורו", כנסת מחקרים, עיונים בספרות הרבנית בימי ביניים, ד.

ארצות המזרח, פרובנס ומאסף, ירושלים תש"ע, פרק 19 (I. M. Ta-Shma, "Issur Shetiyat Mayim Ba-tekufah

Umekoro", Studies in Medieval Rabbinic Literature, 4. East and Provence, Jerusalem 2010, ch. 19).

Wischnitzer 1960   R. Wischnitzer, "The Moneychanger with the Balance: A topic of Jewish

Iconography", Eretz Israel 6 (1960):23-25.

 

Reference bibliography

B. B. Levy, Planets, Potions and Parchments: Scientifica Hebraica from the Dead Sea Scrolls to the

Eighteenth Century, (exhibition catalogue for the Jewish Public Library),Montreal 1990.

S. Sela, Abraham ibn Ezra and the Rise of Medieval Hebrew Science, Leiden 2003.

S. Stern, Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar Second Century BCE-Tenth Century

            CE, Oxford 2001.ח' שמרוק, האיורים לספרי יידיש במאות הט"ז-הי"ז, ירושלים תשמ"ו

(Ch. Shmeruk, The illustrations in Yiddish Books of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, Jerusalem 1986).

I. WarntjesD. Ó Cróinín (eds.), The Easter Controversy of Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.

Its Manuscripts, Texts, and Tables, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on the Science

of Computus,Galway, 18-20 July, 2008.

 

Literature on Hirsch Fränckel (by Prof. Peter Kuhn

·        Höchstwichtiger actenmäßiger Bericht als Beitrag zur Geschichte der Juden. Von einem Freunde der Wahrheit und Mäßigung (= Georg Friedrich Daniel Göß), Franken (=Ansbach) 1804.

·        Haenle, Siegfried, Geschichte der Juden im ehemaligen Fürstenthum Ansbach, 1. Aufl. Ansbach 1867, 2. Aufl. (Nachdruck, mit Schlagwortregister und Bücherverzeichnis von H. Süß), Hainsfarth 1990. (English tr.: Haenle, Siegfried, History of the Jews in the former principality of Ansbach,Ansbach ed. 1867, 2nd ed. (reprinted with descriptor register and list of books by H. Süß),Hainsfarth 1990).

·        Carmoly, E., Der Gefangene. Eine wahre Geschichte, von dem Helden derselben selbst aufgezeichnet, in: Der Israelit, Jg. 9 (1868), Heft 1-17 (Fortsetzungen) [romenhaft, unter Verwendung authentischer Nachrichten].

·        Krauß, Heinrich, Hofjude und Hochmeister in Franken. Die Geheimnisse der Schwabacher Bastille, in: Schwabach Stadt und Kreis, 5. Folge, Schwabach 1940.

  • Süß, Hermann, Hebraica und Judaica an der Staatlichen Bibliothek Ansbach, in: Bibliotheksforum Bayern Jg. 17 (1989) 24-32 [über die Bücher von H. F. in der Ansbacher Bibliothek].

 

Note of Thanks:

  • To Joshua Straus for allowing us to read his unpublished paper "Calculating Celestial Cycles, Courses and Conjunctions: An Introduction to Sifrei Evronot (Books of Intercalations)". B.A. Thesis presented to Program in Asian and Near Eastern Languages and Literatures, WashingtonUniversityin St. Louis. 2006.
  • To Prof. Peter Kuhn for the bibliography on Hirsch Fränckel and for fruitful discussions.

 

 

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original Object
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
21582
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Ilona Steimann 2009; 2009 49a
50 Researcher Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Ilona Steimann; Yaffa Levy 2009, 2011, 2015, 2016; 2009; 2009, 2011, 2015 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 06-2016; 2008-2015 53a
54 Editor Christine Evans 54a
55 Donor Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation 2015 55a

Less Details


Object's images (159 image(s))

      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

(XXII) ID: 221367 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221367 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000529.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221367
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221368 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221368 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000530.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221368
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221369 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221369 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000531.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221369
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221370 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221370 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000532.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221370
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221371 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221371 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000533.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221371
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221372 Munich double Evronot book, vol. II, fol. 62v, Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221372 Munich double Evronot book, vol. II, fol. 62v, Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail vol. II, fol. 62v
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Hand Chart |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000534.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221372
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221373 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221373 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000535.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221373
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221374 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221374 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000536.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221374
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221375 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221375 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Calendar circle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000537.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221375
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221376 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221376 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Calendar circle
Iggul de-Rav Nahshon (Rav Nahshon's Circle) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000538.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221376
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221377 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221377 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000539.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221377
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221378 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221378 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000540.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221378
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221379 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221379 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000541.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221379
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221380 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221380 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Calendar circle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000542.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221380
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221381 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221381 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000543.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221381
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221382 Munich double Evronot book, fol. 109, Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221382 Munich double Evronot book, fol. 109, Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail fol. 109
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sun Orbit of, diagram
Moon, Orbit of, diagram |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000544.jpg
20 Description

Solar and lunar eclipse diagrams: Two diagrams of a solar and lunar eclipse. At the time of the solar eclipse (on the left) the moon is midway between the earth and the sun, which is in the east. The moon hides some of the light from the sun and casts a shadow on the earth. At the time of a lunar eclipse (on the right) the earth, between the sun in the west and the moon, casts its shadow on the moon, which is dark. These phenomena occur only when the sun, earth, and moon are aligned.

The sun has a human face surrounded by rays. The two other bodies are in black and white, or light and darkness, according to their positions. The concentric circles of the spheres are inscribed “Crocodile’s head” (ראש תנין) on the external circle and “Crocodile’s tail” (זנב תנין) below the inner circle. The crocodile’s head and tail are two astronomical points which virtually indicate where the orbit of the moon and that of the sun intersect as viewed from the earth (for an explanation of the diagram in our Sefer Evronot, see Sefer ha-Galgal, part four, MS II:135v-136v).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Diameter: 44 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221382
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221383 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221383 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000545.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221383
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221384 Munich double Evronot book, fol. 129v, Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221384 Munich double Evronot book, fol. 129v, Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail fol. 129v
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens, Spheres of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000546.jpg
20 Description

The Cosmic Spheres (Sacrobosco's De sphaera mundi): The Cosmic Spheres consists of nine concentric wheels sourounding the central fixed earth. Below is inscribed: צורת גלגלי שחקים המפורשים באילו פרקים אחד באחד כגלדי בצלים דבוקים (The concentric scheme of the spheres is interpreted as glued onion’s skin), and above with the mnemonic sign for the seven planets' Hebrew names: כל"ש צמח"ן (=כוכב לבנה שבתי צדק מאדים חמה נוגה). The ninth outermost wheel is the mobile circle; the eighth wheel includes the constant small stars and the 12 zodiac signs, while the following seven wheels include the seven constant planets (from outside inwards): Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Star and Moon, each with its 'servants' (i.e. the correponding zodiac signs); the related elements: earth, water, air, fire (עפר רוח אש מים), and its characteristic climate: cold, warm, wet, dry (קר חם לח יבש). The fixed innermost element, Earth ((ארץ, is surrounded by the other three elements: water (above and below earth, emphasized in black), dry air and fire (מים, אויר יבש, אש).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Heavenly diameter: 93 mm; Elements diameter (fol.129): 37mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221384
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221385 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221385 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000547.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221385
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 221386 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 221386 Munich double Evronot book, , Frankfurt am Main, MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Zvi Hirsch ben Haggai Hanokh Segal,Pinchas ben Isaac Neuerlingen (Unknown)
5 Date MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000548.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
221386
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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