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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1639 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior,, Bacău, 1927-1928. // Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

To the main object: Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău, Romania


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

For the vault decoration see:

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

For the wall decoration see:

For  the Women's balcony decoration see:

For women's section see:


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1639
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (45 image(s))

      [1] [2] [3]

(XXII) ID: 16215 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16215 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16215
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16216 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16216 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16216
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16217 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16217 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16217
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16218 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16218 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16218
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16219 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16219 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301020.jpg
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16219
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16220 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16220 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16220
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16221 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16221 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16221
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16222 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16222 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009; 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345747
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16222
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154400 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154400 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev,Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A300999
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154400
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154401 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154401 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301000.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154401
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154402 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154402 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301002.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154402
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154403 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154403 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301006.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154403
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154404 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154404 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301008.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154404
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154405 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154405 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301014.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154405
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154406 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154406 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301017.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154406
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154407 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154407 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301018.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154407
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154408 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154408 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301061.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154408
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154409 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154409 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301078.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154409
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154410 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154410 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301079.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154410
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 154411 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154411 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, Interior, Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301080.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (xxx). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signes are located In the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by oval medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by two of each side and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel are decorated the balconies of women's gallery.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Iasi.

///ID/12017/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/1641/

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see;

///ID/1640/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/1645/

For  the Women's gallery decoration see:

///ID/1652/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154411
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a



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