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Obj. ID: 1456
Jewish Architecture
  Synagogue in the Upper town of Osijek, Croatia

© , Photographer: Unknown,

The synagogue was built in 1869 by architect Theodor Stern, burned on 13 April 1941 and the remnants were removed in 1950.

In 1945, a local architect made a drawing and a description of the remnants of the synagogue: 

“The synagogue was built in 1869. The walls were of bricks.  The outside facade was made of mortar.   The Rosettes and the frame of the main entrance were in terracotta.  There are two separate women’s galleries, one above the other.  The galleries were held by pillars of iron.  The entrance to the galleries is by a wooden staircase (Wendeltreppe).  The stairs on the outside were of stone.  The windows were in colors with a frame of lead.  The galleries were richly decorated with whitewash arches.  The interior was in the Moorish style.  The ornament was gold-plated.  The floor mosaic (opus sectile) was terazzo.

The synagogue was looted and burned in 1941 in the first days of occupation. Only the walls remained.  From the outside they were almost undamaged.  The inner walls remained, but without mortar.  The galleries were destroyed, the iron constructions were taken away.  The arch and the roof constructions, the wooden stairs in the two towers, as well as the inner stone stairs were destroyed. Furthermore, the shrine was destroyed, as well as all wooden handmade works of art, the terazzo of marble and all decorative architecture on the inside.  Left standing were two towers with cupolas.”

14 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Synagogue in the Upper town of Osijek | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1869
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Origin
Croatia | Slavonia | Osijek (Esseg)
| Županijska St. 13
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
No
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Karač Z., “Arhitektura sinagoga u Hrvatskoj u doba historicizma,” in V. Maleković (ed.), Historicizam u Hrvatskoj (Zagreb, 2000), pp. 167-185, 523-533.

Klein R., “Sinagoga u Osijeku,” in Secesija u Hrvatskoj: Program i sažeci znanstvenog skupa (Osijek, 1997).

Klein R., “Sinagogalna arhitektura na tlu Hrvatske u kontekstu Austro-Ungarske Monarhije,” in Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj (Zagreb, 1998).

Zlatko Karač, Studije o arhitekturi sinagoga u Hrvatskoj: Odabrani tekstovi (Zagreb: UPI 2 M Books, 2020), pp. 90-91.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2000
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.