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  (XI) Obj. ID: 13687 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis,, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895. // Unknown edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

To the main object: Wooden synagogue in Pakruojis, Lithuania


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1801, 1895
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis (Pokroi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Šiauliai | Šiauliai Aušra Museum
|
10 Location Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Lemchenas, Chackelis, and Vaitkus, Stasys
18 Photograph Date 1938
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The wooden synagogue of Pakruojis was built in 1801 according to an inscription deciphered by Chackelis Lemchenas (Lemchenas, “Pakruojo medinė sinagoga,” p. 101). It was renovated in 1895, and metal rods were installed to prevent the structure from further deformation (Lemchenas, “Pakruojo medinė sinagoga,” p. 101).

Before the 1920s, the building included a prayer hall, a winter prayer room, a vestibule, a staircase, and a women’s gallery. In the 1920s, the winter prayer room was converted into a primary school and the vestibule lost its original function, as a new lobby was added at the northern side of the synagogue. This lobby protected the entrances to the prayer hall and the classroom from the outside elements. The women’s entrance was located on the south-western side of the building (Interview with Monti [Menachem] Kremer).

The synagogue is on the northern side of Kranto Street (in the Soviet period it was Aleksonio St.), on a high, southern bank of the Kruoja River. The pre-WWII appearance of the synagogue is known from a series of photographs taken by Chackelis Lemchenas and Stasys Vaitkus in 1938, and again by Berelzonas in 1940.

The synagogue is covered with a shingled mansard roof. The log walls, without weather-boarding, were reinforced by vertical posts and metal bolts. The building was lit by segment head windows. Six of the windows looked into the prayer hall (two on each of its south-western, south-eastern, and north-eastern sides), two other smaller windows of similar shape looked into the women’s gallery on southwest and northeast. 

The structure functioned as a synagogue and a school until 1941. From 1941 to 1954 it stood abandoned. In 1954 it was reconstructed as a cinema, which functioned until 1971. In later years it was used as a gym and a warehouse, and was finally abandoned.

Currently (2004 - 2006), the synagogue is a rectangular log structure, measuring 18.46 m by 13.75 m, and about 12 m high. Its interior is divided as a cinema into vestibule, manager’s office, ticket office and a projection unit on the western side, and a hall for the audience. Neither the layout of these rooms, nor the actual fenestration corresponds to the original ones. The level of humus grew around the building through the decades, which caused water ingress into the log walls.

The building retains the original mansard roof, and its exterior is well preserved. The interior was not so lucky. In 1954, the painted wooden dome ceiling was replaced by a flat ceiling. Only the painted beam on the top of the women’s gallery partition is preserved and is presently in the attic.

The roof is covered with asbestos sheets instead of the old shingles. Horizontal weather-boarding protects the log walls. The original paving inside and around the synagogue is lost.

In May of 2009, the synagogue building was damaged by fire. 

(Text from Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12))

In October of 2010, conservation efforts began. Currently (2017), the building has been reconstructed to serve as a children's library, and to hold an exhibition about the Jewish community in the town. Its interior paintings have been recreated according to Lemchenas' photographs and surviving remnants.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark Southeast
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk center
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section western gallery
27k Direction Prayer Southeast
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem Southeast

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
13687
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin 2006, 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (25 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 126110 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Center of the dome, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 126110 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Center of the dome, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Center of the dome
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1801, 1895
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis (Pokroi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Šiauliai | Šiauliai Aušra Museum
| Šiauliai Aušra Museum no.2783
10 Location Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Leviathan biting his tail
Leviathan biting his tail, surrounding a city/building |
14 Category
17 Photographer Lemchenas, Chackelis, and Vaitkus, Stasys
18 Photograph Date 1938
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A179631
20 Description

At the center of the dome there was a Leviathan holding its tail in its jaws, and circling a town house.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark Southeast
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk center
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section western gallery
27k Direction Prayer Southeast
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem Southeast

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
126110
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin 2006, 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 126111 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Partition of the women's gallery, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 126111 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Partition of the women's gallery, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Partition of the women's gallery
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1801, 1895
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis (Pokroi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Šiauliai | Šiauliai Aušra Museum
| Šiauliai Aušra Museum no. 3709
10 Location Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Lemchenas, Chackelis, and Vaitkus, Stasys
18 Photograph Date 1938
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A179632
20 Description

Four animals mentioned in the Mishna Avot 5:20 (“Be strong as the leopard, swift as the eagle, fleet as the gazelle, and brave as the lion to do the will of thy Father which is in heaven”) appeared on the partition of the women’s gallery. 

Here depicted is the eagle.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark Southeast
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk center
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section western gallery
27k Direction Prayer Southeast
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem Southeast

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
126111
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin 2006, 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 126113 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Partition of the women's gallery, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 126113 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Partition of the women's gallery, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Partition of the women's gallery
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1801, 1895
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis (Pokroi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Šiauliai | Šiauliai Aušra Museum
| Šiauliai Aušra Museum no.3712
10 Location Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Lemchenas, Chackelis, and Vaitkus, Stasys
18 Photograph Date 1938
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A179634
20 Description

Four animals mentioned in the Mishna Avot 5:20 (“Be strong as the leopard, swift as the eagle, fleet as the gazelle, and brave as the lion to do the will of thy Father which is in heaven”) appeared on the partition of the women’s gallery. 

Here depicted is the gazelle.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark Southeast
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk center
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section western gallery
27k Direction Prayer Southeast
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem Southeast

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
126113
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin 2006, 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 126119 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Partition of the women's gallery, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 126119 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Partition of the women's gallery, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Partition of the women's gallery
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1801, 1895
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis (Pokroi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Šiauliai | Šiauliai Aušra Museum
| no.3708
10 Location Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Camel
Lion (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Lemchenas, Chackelis, and Vaitkus, Stasys
18 Photograph Date 1938
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A179640
20 Description

Four animals mentioned in the Mishna Avot 5:20 (“Be strong as the leopard, swift as the eagle, fleet as the gazelle, and brave as the lion to do the will of thy Father which is in heaven”) appeared on the partition of the women’s gallery.

Depicted above is the lion. Surprisingly, there was a fifth animal, a camel.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark Southeast
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk center
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section western gallery
27k Direction Prayer Southeast
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem Southeast

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
126119
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin 2006, 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 126114 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Calendar, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 126114 Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis, Calendar, Pakruojis (Pokroi), 1801, 1895 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wooden Synagogue in Pakroujis | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Calendar
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1801, 1895
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis (Pokroi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Šiauliai | Šiauliai Aušra Museum
| Šiauliai Aušra Museum no.2803
10 Location Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Pakruojis
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Lemchenas, Chackelis, and Vaitkus, Stasys
18 Photograph Date 1938
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A179635
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark Southeast
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk center
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section western gallery
27k Direction Prayer Southeast
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem Southeast

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
126114
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin 2006, 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a



      [1] [2]