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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1279 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan,, Upper Rhein, 1350?. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1350?
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 71 (Schwartz 93)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

fol 26 The initial word “I would thank you” (אודך) opening the Yozer for Shabbat Hanukkah (Davidson ___), is written within a red filigree panel which occupies the upper third of the page and the text space width. The word is in large dark brown display script, with a small stylized rosette decorating the leg of each letter.

The panel is filled with filigree foliated scrolls executed in red ink. Two medallions, one enclosing a trefoil leaf and the second one an animal in spared-ground technique on a blue and purple background, are depicted within the space of the letters dalet and final khaf. A blue border, decorated with red, blue and purple semi-circles (?), tendrils and fleuronné, frame the panel, extending along the text space. Below the text, a crowned hybrid is depicted in violet pen-work. In the upper corners of the panel the blue strip ends with a trefoil on the right and a fleur de lys on the left.

 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panel
Hybrid
Dragon
Trefoil
Fleur de lys
22 Custom
23 Contents
Mahzor of Ashkenazi rite from Hanukkah till Shavuot. All punctuated. The Torah readings are also vocalized.

Shahrit for Sabbath: (fols. 1–25v), from the preliminary morning service till the beginning of the Reading of Shema blessings.
Shabbat Hanukkah: including: (fols. 26-49), first Sabbath (fols. 26-40); Second Sabbath (fols. 40v-49)
Shabbat Shekalim: (fols. 49v-75v), including: Shaharit (fols. 49v-65); the Torah readings (fols. 65v-68v); Musaf (fols. 68v-75v).
Yozer for the first Hafsakah: (fol. 76 -78) Or Zarua Zoreah (Davidson I, no. 1951, p. 90).
Shabbat Zakhor: (fols. 78v- 93),including: Shaharit (fols. 78v-90); the Torah readings (fols. 91v-93).
Purim: (fols. 93- 107v): including: Amidah (fols. 93-107); the Torah reading (fols. 107-107v).
Yozer for the second Shabbat Hafsakah: Orot Me’ofel (fols. 107v-113v), Davidson I, no. 2004, p. 93.
Shabbat Parah: (fols. 113v-126v), including: Shaharit (fols. 113v-124); the Torah readings (fols. 124v- 126v).
Shabbat Ha-hodesh: (fols. 126v-152), including: Shaharit (fols. 126v-144); the Torah readings (fols. 144-146v), Musaf (fols. 146v-152).
Shabbat ha-Gadol: (fol. 152-165v) including: Shaharit (fols. 152v-155v); Amidah (fols. 155v-161v), Adir Dar Metuhim (fols. 161v-165); Musaf (fols. 165-165v).
Passover: fols. 166-333
• first day: (fols. 166-215), including: Arvit (fol. 166-173); Shaharit (fol. 173v-194v); Hallel (fol. 194v-198), the Torah readings (fols. 198v-203), Musaf (fols. 203-221v); including: the Prayer for the Dew (fols. 203-215).
• Second day: (fols. 222-245v), including: Arvit (fols. 222-227v); Shaharit (fols. 227v-234); Amidah (fols. 235-242), the Torah readings (fols. 242v-245v).
• Shabbat Hol ha-Moed: (fol. 245v-263v), including: Shaharit (fols. 245v-254v), Song of Songs (fols. 255-258v), the Torah readings for all the days of Hol ha-Moed but the fifth day (fols. 259-263v).
• Seventh day: (fols. 263v-306v), including: Arvit (fols. 263v-268), Shaharit (fols. 268-275v); Amidah (fols. 276-298), Hallel (fols. 298v-301), the Torah reading: (fols. 301-306); Reshut (Davidson I, no. 2935, p. 137n): (fols. 306-306v).
• Last day: (fols. 306v-333), including: Arvit (fols. 306v-309; with piyyut אור לשביעי Or L'shvi'i (Davidson, א', 1973) on fols. 306v-307v); Shaharit (fols. 309-331); the Torah readings (fols. 331v-333).
Shavuot: (fols. 333v-457v):
• first day: Arvit (fol. 333v-336v); Shaharit (fol. 336v- 375), with Yozer Sha'ashu'a Yom Yom (Davidson ש' 2087), Hallel (fol. 375-378v), the Torah readings (fols. 379v-387v), including the piyyut “Akdamut Millin” (fols. 380v-383); Musaf (fols. 388-407v).
• Second day: Arvit (fols. 408-412); Shaharit (fols. 412-440); Ruth Scroll (fols. 440-443v); the Torah readings (fols. 443v-446v); Reshut for the Targum of the Shavuot haftarah - Davidson I, no. 8619, p. 390 (fols. 447-449); Musaf (fols. 449-456v), Reshut for the Targum of the Shavuot haftarah of Jacob b. Rabbi Meir – Davidson II, no. 3527, p. 420 (fols. 457-457v).
24 Codicology

Material: Parchment; III + 456 (foliated 457, since fol.  343 mistakenly foliated 344, thus it is foliated 1-342, 344-457) + III.

It is hard to distinguish between the flesh and the hair sides, except for a few pages, e.g.: fols. 36-39,  192r, 193v, 194r, 195v.

 

Measurements:

 

Full page: (194-200) x (148-154) mm

Text space: (113-118) x (78-83) mm

Torah reading: (131-137) x (93-94) mm

Text with piyyutim: ca. 119 x c.93 mm

Column width: ca. 41-42 mm

 

 

Scribes

The manuscript has been copied by a single scribe.

 

Script

The manuscript is written in square and smaller square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

 

 

Number of lines

The Mahzor text

16 lines per page

The Torah readings

21 lines per column (2 columns), except for the reading for Purim, written in one column (fols. 107-107v) and part of reading for Passover, fols. 301v, 303-306

 

Ruling

A) Pages written in one column: ruling by plummet on both sides, 17 lines and 2+2 lines (e.g. fols. 35-35v, 76-77v, 291-294).

B) Pages in which the first and last lines are in large script and the lines between them are in smaller script, ruling is by pencil on both sides. 17 horizontal and 3 + 3 vertical lines (e.g. fols. 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 16, 21, 36, 37, 68, 182v, 197-197v).

C) Pages including piyyutim: 1 + 1 + 1 + 1+ 1+ 1+ 1 vertical lines (e.g. on fols. 246-248); or: 3 + 2 vertical lines (e.g. fols. 71-72, 118, 119); 

D) For Torah Readings, haftarot and the megillot (except for: seventh day of Passover, fols. 301v, 303-306): 21 horizontal lines and 2 + 2 + 2 vertical lines (e.g. fols. 201-201v).

 

 

Pricking

Pricking is discernible in the inner margins (double-pricking, fols. 20) and in the outer margins (e.g. on fols. 1-8, 13v, 20, 97-104) corresponding to the horizontal lines; in the upper and in the lower margins, corresponding to the vertical lines.

Double pricking for 3rd, 8th, 10th, and 15th ruled lines, e.g. fols. 81, 108-112; 182-184.

 

Quires

59 quires of 8 leaves each except for: III8+1 (fol. 25v widow, stab visible between fols. 16v-17, no text is missing), VII4+3 (fol. 52 is widow, stab visible between fols. 54v-55, no text is missing), XX4+5 (fol. 160 widow, stab visible between fols. 153-154, no text is missing) XXI4, XLIII5+4 (fol. 337 widow, stab visible between fols. 339-340) XLIX2+1+1 (a binio and two single leaves, fols. 384 and 387), LII4 and LIX2.

 

Catchwords

Catchwords written horizontally in the lower left-hand corner of the last versos of each quire. Catchwords missing at the end of quires III (fol. 25v), VI (fol. 49v), XXI (fol. 165v), XXII (fol. 173v), XXVIII (fol. 221v), XLIL (fol. 387v).

(catchword shimekha (שמך) on fol. 33v at the end of quire IV does not fit the following words, yishtabah shimekcha (ישתבח שמך), which means that the scribe rewrote the two last words of the quire on the first folio of the next one).

Catchword mal’hiv (מלהיב) on fol. 96v does not fit the following word on fol. 97, lalhav (ללהב). No text is missing.

Catchword for quires XXVII-XXVIII on fol. 213v (Lord– אל) is decorated with a head of an animal.

 

Hebrew numeration

None.

 

Blank leaves

None

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, dark brown, red, violet and blue ink. Executed in filigree pen-work and spared-ground techniques.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
Panel Measurements
The rectangular red panel: ca. 51 x ca. 94 mm
The initial word: 29 x 76 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
Hebrew instructions guiding the prayer within the text, in smaller square Ashkenazi script by the scribe's hand, e.g. on fols. 47v, 144, 200, 201v, 244v, 260v-263v, 331v, 332v, 379, 408, 412, 446.
Hebrew instructions for the hazzan, e.g. on fols. 65, 198v, 199v, 263v, 449.
Fols. 67v, 93, 126v, 449 within the text, scribal note ve’omer hana’ar (ואומר הנער), after the haftarah readings.
Fol. 203, 449 within the text, scribal note “and the congregation says sh’monah esreh” (והקהל אומרים שמונה עשרה)
The letter "taf" (ת') is marked in some places with a half leaf in light brown ink, e.g. on fols. 51, 81, 82v, 205v, 315, 392v, 418.
The word Yisrael is emphasized within the text (e.g. fols. 327). Ask Michal
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

See private document (Hebr71_binding). Parchment binding, fragment of a 15th century Antiphonal, but with fly leaves from the late 16th century, according to the watermark (see Briquet, no. 278).

 

36 Decoration Program

The main decoration was done in one stage by one artist, after the writing of the text. The four coloured initial word panels are executed in red, blue and violet ink, used mainly for filigree pen-work but also for the backgrounds of the figures and patterns executed in spared-ground technique. One of the initial words is in burnished gold (fol. 338).

Decorated words and letters with brown ink are by the scribe himself.

 

I.          4 pen-work initial word panels: for the opening of four Yozerot for: Shabbat Hanukkah (fol. 26), Shabbat Shekalim (fol. 49v), the first day of Passover (fol. 173v) and the first day of Shavuot (fol. 338). The panels occupy the width of the text space, filled with filigree penwork decorated with small medallions enclosing hybrids, animals, geometrical and floral patterns, executed in spare-ground technique. Filigree tendrils and fleuronné extend from the panel along the margins framing the text space.

II.         Black display initial words: for the opening of main prayers (fols. 228, 268v, 309v, 387), some of them decorated with a small circle with a dot inside it placed on the junction of the letters (e.g. on fols. 78v, 93, 152v).

III.        Decoration of the acrostic names or alphabetic order for the piyyutim: with a simple half leaf in ink (e.g. on fols. 102-103, 173v-178v, 208v-210, 245v-251), sometimes with a fine curl in light brown ink (e.g. fol. 231). One hand holding a flower (fol. 409) illustrating the Hebrew letter כ'.

IV.        Decorated words: with wriggly lines (fol. 1), illustration of a rose (fol. 105). One decorated catchword with a dog's head (fol. 213v).

V.         Decorated letters: fols. 51, 81, 372

36 Summary and Remarks

The manuscript is an undated mahzor of the Ashkenazi rite, which includes the prayers for Shabbat Hanukkah, the four special Sabbaths, Purim, Passover and Shavuot. It was probably the first part of a two-volume mahzor for Jewish festivals, the second part including the prayers for New Year, Day of Atonement and Sukkot is missing. Some prayers are specific to the Upper Rhine region's custome (Worms, Mainz, Köln), such as Arvit for the last night of Passover (fols. 306v-309, see: Goldsmidth, Passover, pp. 368-371), Arvit for the second day of Shavuot (fols. 408v-412, see: Goldshmidt, Shavuot, 2000, p. 42 and ff.). The ofanim (one of the part of the Reading of Shema in the morning service) were added later in the margins, some of them probably by the scribe himself (e.g. fols. 51), while other additions to the prayer are in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script by a later scribe (fols. 115, 129v, 147-167), Yisrael, who marked his name with a crown within his text (see fol. 157v). Part of these additions are according the Polish rite.

This mahzor has no colophon stating the place and date of production, nor the names of the scribe or the patron. However its codicological and paleographical features clearly indicate its 14th century Ashkenazi origins.

The style of the four illuminated initial word panels opening four of the yozerot (special hymns for the Morning service; fols. 26, 49v, 173v, 338, see: Decoration Program) is very close to that of a group of Hebrew illuminated manuscripts produced in the Upper Rhine area during the first half of the 14th century (see: Sed-Rajna, “G. Filigree Ornaments”, 1986/87). Amongst this group is a mahzor for the High Holidays, today housed in a private collection in France (see: Sed-Rajna, Bibliothèques de France, 1994, no. 68), also missing the colophon, but whose script and rite are attributed to Northern France around 1300, while its decoration is attributed to Upper Rhine region of the first or the second decades of the 14th century (see: ibid., p. 174). The style of the decoration of our mahzor is not as delicate and accurate as the mahzor in the Private Collection. However, both manuscripts are decorated with the same decorative motives, colours and compositions: both include initial word panels on a filigree background, decorated with extending tendrils and fleuronné framing the text space in the outer and inner margins, and with medallions encircling hybrids and various kind of animals in spare-ground technique on a coloured ground. Moreover, in both manuscripts the fleuronné framing the text is composed of an  "I" band decoration stemming from the panel's sides and running along the text column, decorated with bold circles, and both share the same filigree motif of the "drop" at the lower margins, filled with an animal motif (see for example on fol. 338 in our manuscript, and on fol. 22 in the Private Collection mahzor). This particular type of frame for the text space is typical of the Upper Rhine School of Illumination of Latin manuscripts. It can be found in manuscripts produced in the area of Basel around 1330, such as the Antiponarium housed in Aarau (Kantonsbibliothek, ms. Muri 11), where on fol. 257v appears also the inhabited, drop-shaped medallion (see: Beer, E. J., oberrheinischen Buchmalerei, 1959, Abb. 51-55). (Andreas and/or Karl-George: you are welcomed to make your comments to this comparison, maybe you can find something even more relevant to compare!!).

 

Other Hebrew manuscripts produced and illuminated in the Upper Rhine region are the “Double Mahzor of Vienna and Jerusalem (Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, cod. Hebr. 163, see cat. No.-----,  & Jerusalem, Jewish National and University Library, Hebr. 8° 5214); the "Vienna SeMaG" (Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, cod. Hebr. 34 I-II, see cat. No.-----); the “Cambridge Hagiographa” (Cambridge University Library, Ms Ee 5.9), the only one dated and signed (dated 1347). These manuscripts seem to be the last group to have been illuminated in the Upper Rhine region before the expulsion of the Jew from the area in 1349 (see remarks on "Vienna SeMaG", cat. No.-----).

The script of our manuscript seems different from that of the other manuscripts of the group, being less accurate, thicker and smaller in proportions, with almost no difference of passages between the quill's strokes, comparing with the other manuscripts. Moreover, its quires are composed of 8 leaves, as the Private Collection manuscript, while the other of the "later" group are composed mostly of 12 leaves. It can be concluded that the present mahzor has been copied around the same area, and then decorated by a less skilled artist under the influence of a manuscript similar to that in the Private Collection around the second half of the 14th century.

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Later additions in the margins by different hand:
1. On fol. 51, in the outer margin, addition of ofan for Shabbat Shekalim, in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink, according to the Polish rite.
2. On fols. 115, 129v, in the outer margins, additions of ofanim for Shabbat Parah and for Shabbat ha-Hodesh by a later hand, in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink.
3. On fols. 147v-167v: in the upper, outer and lower margins, additions for Musaf for Shabbat Ha-hodesh and for Shaharit for Shabbat Ha-Gadol, some of them according to the Polish rite, by the same later hand. The word “Yisrael,” in the lower margin of fol. 157v, is marked with a crown in light brown ink, perhaps indicating the name of this later hand.
Later owner’s notes in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in black ink:
1. On fol. 379v, in the outer margin: היותי גרשון לא [---] (“Being me Gershon, not [---]”)
2. On fol. 381, in the lower margin,”נחמן איז[---]” (“Nahman Eis[---]?”)
3. On fol. 408, in the lower margin, a partially deleted Yiddish inscription in later semi-cursive Ashkenazi script can be read as: (על איז איין תקא=??).

Latin inscriptions in cursive script by the librarian Sebastian Tengnagel (prefect of the Hofbibliothek, between 1608-1636):
1. on fol. 1:
In the upper margin: “Mahzor sive Rituale Vetustum Hebraeorum / conferatur cum excusis. / Mss.[Manuscripta] Hebr.[Hebraica] Tengnag.[Tengnagelii] / N.33”. (“Mahzor according to Ancient Rite of the Jews, accompanied by explanation, Number 33 among the Hebrew Manuscripts of Tengnagel.”)
In the outer margin: “Ex Libris Sebastiani / Tengnagel I.V.D. et / Caes[arei] Bibliothecar[ii]. A[nno] / 1616”.
(“Ex Libris of Sebastian Tengnagel I.V.D. and of the Imperial Library. Year 1616”).
At the bottom of the outer margin: “Empt[us] VI flor[enis].” (“Bought for 6 florins.”)
2. On fol. 97 the note in Latin “NB in Christianos” (“NB against Christians”) is written near the beginning of the twelfth blessing “al hamalshinim – on the slanderers” in the Amidah.
3. On fol. 104 the word “Mesias” (“Messiah”) is written in the outer margin near the 14th blessing of the Amidah.
4. On fol. 293v “Esau” is written in the outer margin near the text which mentions Esau.
5. On fol. 294, in the outer margin, “(E)dom et Ismael” is written near the text which mentions Edom and Ishmael.
6. On fol. 295 the German word “Meschiah”, is written near the Kedusha for the Amidah for the seventh day of Passover, which mentions the salvation of the Jewish people from the diaspora in the messianic era.

On fols. 1 and 457v, the red circular stamp of the Bibliothèque Imperiale of Paris, enclosing a standing eagle with open wings, surmounted by a royal crown, and the name of the library along the inner contour of the circle. The manuscript was in fact taken by Napoleon’s troops and kept in Paris between 1809-1814.
On fols. 1, 457v, the rectos of the first three fly leaves, and the versos of the last three ones, the violet stamp of the Hofbibliotheque: within a hardly visible rectangular frame, the script k. k. Hofbibliothek is written below the Imperial Crown.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The manuscript is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Deutsch, S. Die hebraischen Manuscripte der k. k. Hofbibliothek zu Wien. Osterreichische Blatter fur Literatur und Kunst, 63, (1846) 492.
Nessel, 155 (Nr. 134). [Kurzbeschreibung]
Kraft LX, pp. 76-77;
Schwarz, 1925, no. 93, pp. 93-95.
Kraft/Deutsch, 76-77 (Nr. 60)
L. Zunz, Literaturgeschichte der synagogalen Poesie. Frankfurt a. M. 1865, 508. [erwahnt]
Buchkunst des Morgenlandes, Nr. 26. [erwahnt]

On the School of Illumination:
Beer, E. J., oberrheinischen Buchmalerei, 1959;

Christie's, Amsterdam, 21.6.1989, no. 390

Garel, M., D'un main forte, Paris, 1991, no. 73.

Scheiber, A., Mahzor Metsuyar, (Scheiber, Alexander, "Mahzor Metsuyar Miymei Habeinayim BeUngaria", in Areshet, 2, 1960, pp. 408-412, in Hebrew).

Sed-Rajna, “G. Filigree Ornaments”, 1986/87 (Sed-Rajna, G., “Filigree Ornaments in 14th century Hebrew Manuscripts of the Upper Rhine”, Jewish Art, vol.12/13, 1986/87, pp. 45-54)

Sed-Rajna, Bibliothèques de France, 1994


Sotheby's, New York, 18.12.1986, no. 105

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1279
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0199&batch_num=002&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Allicia Fried Anna Nizza 1998 July 2001 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza April 2002 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2002 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo June 2002 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (5 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 12019 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 1, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12019 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 1, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 1
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 71 (Schwartz 93)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

fol. 1The initial word “Blessed” (ברוך) for the hand-washing blessing in the preliminary Morning Service is written in larger dark brown display letters at the beginning of the text line. Each letter is outlined with a thin wavy line in brown ink

21 Ornamentation Decorated word
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated word
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Light brown ink, parchment

25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

In the upper outer and lower margins are notes written by the 16th century librarian Sebastian Tengnagel (see: General Document, History).

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The parchment is scratched
wrinkled/crampled/crease???????
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199001
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12019
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza 1998 July 2001 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2002 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal May 2002 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo June 2002 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12020 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 26, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12020 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 26, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 26
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 71 (Schwartz 93)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199002
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 002
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12020
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12021 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 49v, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12021 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 49v, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 49v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 71 (Schwartz 93)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 49v:

The initial word “Lord” (אל), opening the Yozer for Shabbat Shekalim (Davidson ___), is written at the centre of a filigree panel in the middle of the page and occupies the width of the text space. The word is written as a large, dark brown display ligature linking the aleph (א') and the lamed (ל'), with a small stylized rosette decorating its left junction.

The panel is divided into four rectangular sections organized in two registers, each filled with filigree scrolls executed alternately in violet and red pen-work. Each corner of the panel is decorated with a framed medallion enclosing floral, geometrical or zoomorphic motifs in spared-ground technique on red or violet background and in the same pen-work colours. All the text space is framed by a red border decorated with blue, violet and red mount-like motifs, tendrils and fleuronné pen-work. Each corner of the frame is decorated with a red trefoil leaf outlined with violet tendrils. 

21 Ornamentation Decorated initial word panel
Trefoil
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial word panel
Trefoil
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, dark brown, red, violet and blue ink. Filigree pen-work and spared-ground techniques.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel Measurements
The rectangular panel: ca. 60 x ca. 88 mm
The full page frame: ca. 148 x ca. 113 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The colours are partially faded, especially the violet ink, in the right-hand lower medallion and in the left-hand lower section of the panel.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199003
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 003
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12021
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza 1998 July 2001 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2002 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2002 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo June 2002 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12022 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 157v, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12022 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 157v, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 157v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 71 (Schwartz 93)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the Lard (Ps. 118:26) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 157v:

In the lower margin of the page, the word Yisrael (ישראל) within the additions of prayers for Shabbat ha-Gadol, is emphasized by a crown in light brown ink, perhaps indicating the name of this later hand.

 

21 Ornamentation Decorated name of the scribe of the additions
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated name of the scribe of the additions
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, light brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel Measurements
Not relevant
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The additions for Shaharit for Shabbat ha-Gadol written in the upper, outer and lower margins, are part of a continuous text that extends in the margins between fols. 147v-167v. This text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199004
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 004
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12022
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza 1998 July 2001 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2002 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2002 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardoso June 2002 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12023 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 338, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12023 Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan, Fol. 338, Upper Rhein, 1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Mahzor for Hazzan | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 338
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 71 (Schwartz 93)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 338:

The initial word “Lord” (אדון) for the Yozer of the first day of Shavuot, is written within a filigree panel on the upper part of the page, occupying the text width. The large display letters are in burnished gold, now partially scratched, and outlined with red ink. Their legs are decorated with small medallions.

The background of the panel is divided in two vertical sections, both filled with filigree scrolls in red and violet pen-work, respectively. A red and blue border, decorated with bold circles and thin pen-work tendrils, frames the panel as well as all the text space. Each corner of this border is decorated with one medallion enclosing a hybrid, a trefoil, or a floral motif, executed in spared-ground technique on a red and blue background, some of them framed with geometrical patterns in red pen-work. On top of the two upper medallions, a red bird in profile with a crest, on the right, and a violet human grotesque, protruding a leafy tongue, on the left, are depicted in pen-work. Two drop-shaped red and violet medallions extend from the two lower medallions, each enclosing a dragon in spare-ground technique on a pen-work ground.

 

21 Ornamentation Initial word panel
Phoenix
Fowl
Hybrid
Dragons
Rosette
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panel
Phoenix
Fowl
Hybrid
Dragons
Rosette
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, dark brown, red, violet and blue ink. Filigree pen-work and spared-ground techniques
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel Measurements
The initial word panel: ca. 44 x ca. 82 mm
The full-page frame: ca. 191 x ca. 115 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
It is in rather good condition, although the parchment presents spots and traces of dampness. The gold of the initial word is partially scratched, especially in the aleph. This is the most well-preserved decorated panel in the manuscript.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199005
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 005
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12023
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza 1998 July 2001 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2002 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2002 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2002 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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