Hebrew University  
The Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art
  CJA
Search Index Home Page
Object

Object

Object Alone
Show sub-set tree:
  (XI) Obj. ID: 1236 Vienna New Year Mahzor,, Upper Rhein, 1344-47. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1344-47
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents

Mahzor of Ashkenazi Rite for the New Year. All punctuated, the Torah readings (fols. 100-107, 284-291v) are also vocalized.

First day of New Year (fols. 2v-203):
• Morning Service: (fols. 2v-98): Morning prayers (fols. 2v-43), Yozer "Melekh Azur Gevurah" מלך אזור גבורה (Davidson, III, מ, 1529) (fols. 44-48, text is missing between the strophes ד' to ל', copied in the outer margin on fol. 45); the reading of the Shema (fols. 48-61); Amidah (fols. 61-98; piyyut "A'afid Nezer Ayom" אאפיד נזר איום [Davidson, I, א, 25], copied in smaller script in the upper and lower margins of fols. 78v-79).
• Torah reading (fols. 98-107)
• Shofar blowing (fols. 107v-108)
• Musaf (fols. 108v-203); most part of piyyut"Melekh Elion El Dar Bamarom" מלך עליון אל דר במרום (Davidson, III, מ, 1653) is missing and copied in the margin on fols. 134v-135; part of piyyut "Ve'atah Azon Kol Mefa'arekha" ואתה אזון קול מפאריך (Davidson, ו', 81) is missing and copied in the margins on fol. 144v; and of piyylut "Tehillot Kevodekha" תהלות כבודך (Davidson, ת', 126).
Second day of New Year (fols. 204-379v):
• Morning Service: (fols. 204-284v; fol. 204 begins in the middle of the Kaddish: text before is missing, see: quires): the Reading of Shema (fols. 204v-223); Amidah (fols. 223-284)
• Torah reading (fols. 284v-291v)
• Musaf (fols. 292-379v): end incomplete (missing end of Kaddish, and probably other text).odicology

24 Codicology

Scribe A:

Ruling by plummet on both sides of the page, 13 horizontal and 2+2+2 vertical lines. Additional 1 + 1 vertical ruling along the text space only for the arrangement of the main text included between the first and the last lines (e.g. fols. 43, 62). The two first and two last horizontal lines as well as the 6th and 7th ones are usually ruled across the full width of the page (e.g. fols. 212-213v, 218v-222). The Torah reading pages (fols. 100-107and 286-291) are ruled differently, with 3 + 15 + 4 horizontal lines and 2+2+2+2 vertical lines. The 3 and 4 horizontal lines in the margins were intended for the Masorah Magna, which was never written.

Scribe B:

Ruling by plummet on both sides of the page, 13 horizontal and 2+2+2 vertical lines. The 1st, the 7th and the 13th lines are ruled across the full width of the page, e.g. fols. 26-30v.

 

Pricking

Pricking by quire on the recto is discernible in the upper, lower and inner margins, corresponding to the ruled lines (e.g. fols. 296-305) for scribes A's quires. The 2nd, the 7th and 12th lines are double pricked with two pricks side by side to indicate the full width lines.

Pricking by Scribe B is not discernable at all (fols. 1-40, 101-102).

 

Quires

Scribe A: 30 quires of 12 leaves each in the original part, except for VI12-3 (fols. 41-49v; fol. 49 is a widow, stub visible between fols. 40v-41, but no text is missing, while the original central bifolio between fols. 44v-45 is missing, which included the text copied in the margins on fol. 45), IX12-2 (fols.74-83v, lost the middle bifolium between fols. 78v-79, missing text copied there in the margins), XII12-2 (fols. 108-117v – missing central bifolium between fols. 112v-113, text was not recopied), XIV12-2 (fols. 130-139v, lost the middle bifolium between fols. 134v-135, missing text copied there in the margins), XV12-2 (fols. 140-149v, lost middle bifolium between fols. 144v-145, missing text copied in the margins on fol. 144v), XVI14 (fols. 150-163v), XX4 (fols. 200-203v), XXI10-2 (fols. 204-211v; two folios between fols. 203v-204 have been cut out, as clearly indicated by the two cut remains, as well as a cut in the parchment on fol. 203. The cut folios contained part of prayer preceding the Yozer. The stub of the first cut out page carries tiny traces of red ink, while the second stub has visible traces of the first horizontal line ruled by plummet, indicating that they were originally part of the manuscript and one had decoration), XXVII10 (fols. 272-281v, no text is missing), XXXIII14 (fols. 342-355v).

At the end of the manuscript one quire and text is missing.

Scribe B: 5 quires of 8 leaves each (quires I-V8). (Bifolio 101-102 is the central one of quire XI which consists of 12 leaves.)

 

Catchwords

Scribe A: 26 vertical or horizontal catchwords for the quires, written in the lower left-hand corners of the last versos. The presence of the catchword on the last verso of the manuscript indicates that at least one quire is missing.

Scribe B: None.

 

Hebrew numeration

None.

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 1, 1v, 2, 203v.

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Material: Vellum. I + 379 (fols. 1-40, 101-102 are later additions)+ I leaves. The original parchment is very thin and it is hard to distinguish between the flesh and hair sides. The parchment of the later additions is thicker and the differences between the two sides are clearly discernible.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
Full page: (225-228) x (149-151) mm
Text space: (113-115) x (78-79) mm
Width of each text column of the Torah Readings (fols. 100-107, 284-291v): 34 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None (see Remarks
31 Scribal Notes
Fol. 222v: The scribe emphasized the name Moshe (משה) with red and dark brown dots forming a crown above the name. Believed by Schwartz to be the patron (see: Remarks.).
Fol. 41: In the lower margin a graphic sign shaped as a letter "shin" (ש) is written in cursive brown ink (the same is found also in the Moskowitz Mahzor, JNUL, Hebr. 8º 5214, vol. I, fol. 3v).
Hebrew instructions for the prayer within the text in smaller square script (e.g. fols. 98), in square script (e.g. fol. 99v, 107), or in semi-cursive script of "Gothic" type (e.g. fol. 203).
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

 

The decoration was made in two stages after the writing of the text. The first stage is the main one, and includes the decoration of the quires written by Scribe A (fols. 41-379). The second stage consists of only one miniature (fol. 2v), decorating the first page copied by Scribe B, and was clearly made by a different artist in a different style. On fol. 35v space was left for another initial word (ויושע) but was never completed: a different hand later added this missing word.

 

Stage A:

  1. Many pen-work initial words panels: of various sizes at the openings of the main passages of the prayer:

 I. Two large rectangular initial word panels, occupying almost the whole text space, opening the Yozer for the Morning Service for the first and second days (fols. 44, 205). II. Many horizontal initial word panels of two, three or four lines height, occupying the width of the text space, opening many prayers and piyyutim (e.g. fols. 41, 42v, 43, 61v, 93v, 125v, 135v, 138v, 141), sometimes fused to vertical panels in the right side for the initial letters of each verse (e.g. fol. 362, see type III below). One of these panels is trapezoid-shaped (fol. 204), and one is a larger one occupying five text lines (fol. 69v). III. Vertical panels along the right side of the text for the initial letters of each strophe of the piyyutim, as rectangular continuous panels (e.g. fols. 44v-47v, 77v-78v, 131v-134v, 146v, 205v-212, 214-216, 362) or as a vertical sequence of diamonds for the two first letters of the second verse of each strophe and small square panels for the initials of each first verse arranged in the same column (e.g. fols. 147-149v, see: fol. 148). IV. Many smaller horizontal panels in the right part of the text, within the text space, enclosing opening words for new passages in the prayer (e.g. fols. 61v, 62, 66v, 67, 67v, 68, 71, 71v, 73v, 78v, 89, 89v-92v, 93v, 95, 97-98, 103-103v, 107v-111v, 114, 117v, 121,122-124, 126v-127, 128v-129, 130v-131, 137, 139, 140v, 142, 143-143v, 145-145v, 216v, 217, 218v, 220v, 221, 223, 223v), sometimes fused together to form a larger panel (e.g. fols. 78v, 107v).

Most of the panels are filled with red, blue, green and magenta (To check from the priginal!)  pen-work filigree of delicate spiral scrolls, sometimes encircling palmettos, and sometimes divided in sections of different shapes (diagonal panels, triangles, diamonds) or colours. Types I-III are mostly interspersed with medallions encircling dragons (e.g. fols. 43, 44, 125v, 134v, 135v, 147, 148), two-legged hybrids (e.g. fols. 41, 43, 44, 44v, 45, 46, 47v, 61v, 74, 77-78v, 82, 94, 100, 109, 125v, 131v, 134v, 135v, 148, 204-204v, 205-211v), human faces (e.g. fols. 42v, 45v, 52, 54, 131), grotesques (e.g. fols. 52, 76v, 131, 211v), animals faces such as dogs (e.g. fols. 45v, 53, 54, 131, 215v), birds (e.g. fols. 46, 46v, 72, 100, 133v, 211v), eagles (e.g. fols. 42v, 215v), lambs (e.g. fols. 45v, 52), oxes (e.g. fols. 76v), cocks (e.g. fols. 53), one full dog (fol. 47), one full eagle with spread wings (fol. 135), one full lion (fol. 124v), lion mask motif (e.g. fols. 53, 54, 131, 135, 205, 211v), floral and foliate motifs (e.g. fols. 41v, 43, 43v, 46, 52, 61v, 64v, 72, 109, 128, 132, 134, 216), among them fleur de lys (e.g. fols. 206v-207) executed in spared-ground technique on a blue, red and green ground. The highlights of these images are sometimes emphasized in light brown, green or yellow colours (e.g. fols. 125v, 131v, 135v). All the types are mostly framed by a blue, red or green border, and sometimes surrounded by a continuous bow-shaped motif in alternating green, blue or red, (e.g. fol. 64), stylized trees and fringe-like motifs. Flourish motifs extend from the panels along either one or both sides of the text column, mostly stemming into the upper and lower margins. Colourful birds are perched or flying on the tendrils in the margins of some of types I-II (fols. 41, 43, 44).

  1. Three marginal drawings: one grotesque human head in red ink: illustrating the word "Man" (אדם) (fol. 137), one depiction of a  quadruped, illustrating the marginal note "Goats" (ושערים)(fol. 155), and a hybrid in brown ink on fol. 271v.
  2. Graphic signs  and emphasis of letters: by the scribe (see also Script), I. emphasizing lines, words and letters in red ink: criss-crosses (e.g. fols. 107, 249, 251, 284); a red circle above each letter (e.g. fols. 76, 81v, 99v, 135v, 168, 180, 196v-198, 243, 245, 250, 252v-255), vertical scrolls (e.g. fols. 216, 157, 158, 241-241v, 255v-256v, 257v, 311), three or four oblong dots (e.g. fols. 151-152, 233v, 234), flourishes (e.g. fols. 79, 107v, 252v-253).  Also in the additions, for the added piyyutim in the margins on fols. 134v-135, 144v. II. Emphasis of words and initials of alphabetic piyyutim or of the name of the payyitan, written in larger script than the main text, rubricated (e.g. fols. 231v-233v) or in dark brown ink (e.g. fol. 125v); of the initials signaling the rhythm and the number of sounds to be blown on the shofar (fol. 372v). III. “S”-shaped signs at the ending of the rows, rubricated by the scribe, e.g. fols. 66, 107v, 147-149, 230, 231v-233v, 244v-245. IV. Decoration of descenders and ascenders of the letters final "nun" ן (e.g. fols. 99v, 199v, 230v), final "khaf" ך (fols. 81v), "lamed" ל (fol. 257v: a bird’s head), and "kuf"  ק (e.g. fol. 250v).
  3. D.      Two decorated catchwords: with a bull's head (fol. 235v) and small circles (e.g. fols. 223v, 271v).
  4. Emphasis of name: Moshe (fol. 222v).
  5. Shaped texts: at the end of sections (e.g. fols. 43v, 68v, 125, 157v, 204v, 210, 230v); the text space is mainly structured with the first and the last line longer than the rest of the lines between them.

 

Stage B:

One painted initial word panel: the display letters are filled with hunting scenes in spared ground technique (fol. 2v) on a powdered gold ground, now faded.

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The Vienna New Year Mahzor is the first part of a two volume mahzor of the Western Ashkenazi rite. The second part, which includes Day of Atonement prayers, is now housed in Jerusalem and is known as the Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor (Jerusalem, JNUL, Heb. 8° 5214, in 3 vols. see: documentation in Index of Jewish Art, Ms.1995.43). Both parts are identical in size, script and decoration program and it seems that they were originally divided into at least two volumes, since they together comprise about 1020 folios. Both parts do not include a colophon, but the original scribe (Scribe A) emphasized the name Moshe(משה)  in both of them (Vienna, fol. 222v, the name "Moshe" emphasized with red and black dots above the name; Jerusalem, vol. I, fol. 72, a dotted scroll extending from the letter "mem" מ'). Schwartz thinks (no. 91) this is the patron’s name (although he does not explain his assumption), however it may well be the scribe’s name since in the majority of manuscripts the scribe’s name is emphasized (M. Beit-Arié, "How Scribes Disclosed their Names by Means of their Copied Text", in Me'ah She'arim: Studies in Medieval Jewish Spiritual Life in Memory of Isadore Twersky. ed. Ezra Fleischer, Gerald Blidstein, Carmi Horowitz, Bernard Septimus, The Hebrew University Magnes Press, Jerusalem 2001, p. 119. [in Hebrew]).

Sed-Rajna (Sed-Rajna, G., "Filigree Ornaments," 1986/87) claims that the scribe of this mahzor might be the same as of the Cambridge Hagiographa, signed by the scribe Hayyim in 1347 (England, Cambridge, University Library, Ms Ee 5.9) and that of the Vienna SeMaG  Strasbourg, 1344, (Austria, Vienna, ÖBN, Cod. Hebr. 34/I-II see Cat. …..). However, paleographic examination indicates that the script of these three manuscripts is not rendered by the same hand; we can only concur with Sed-Rajna's assumption that this manuscript might have been produced in the same workshop as the Vienna SeMaG and the Cambridge Hagiographa,  but was copied by a different scribe, that we believe to be Moshe.

Besides the original scribe, Moshe (Scribe A), another scribe (Scribe B) at the end of the 14th century or at the first half of the 15th century, copied the first five quires of the manuscript, which includes the Preliminary Morning Prayers (fols. 2v-40v) and part of the Reading of the Torah for the first day (fol. 101-102). The same Scribe B copied many entire quires which also complete missing text in the second part of the mahzor, located in Jerusalem. Even though this second scribe kept some of the codicological features of Scribe A (ruling by plummet on both sides, same number of lines and same text space), his quires count 8 leaves, he used a different, thicker parchment than Scribe A, and his pricking is not discernable at all (in the Jerusalem mahzor it is discernable in very few leaves, see: vol. II fols. 260, 271, 328). Moreover, quires by Scribe B present no decoration at all, besides one painted initial word panel (see below). Scribe B did not interfere with text copied by Scribe A.

Uncompleted or missing piyyutim on fols. 45, 78v-79, 134v-135, 144v were completed or copied  later by another hand (Hand 1) in smaller square and in semi-cursive (of "Gothic" type) script in the outer margins. It is interesting to note that the added texts are all in the margins of a central bifolium of  ten leaf quires. We assume that the missing text originally occupied 2 leaves in each quire, indicating that those quires originally included 12 leaves each, as do most of the quires of scribe A in this manuscript.  It seems that those bifolia were lost not long after the copying of the main text. We assume that those additions were done prior to the decoration of the whole manuscript because the flourishes which extend into the margins cover some letters of the added text (see fols. 78v and 134v).

 

The main decoration of the manuscipt is concentrated mainly in the first half of the original part of the manuscript, the part of prayer for the first day of New Year. It was executed in one stage apparently by one main artist. While the later stage of the manuscript which was copied by Scribe B was not decorated, in a later period one initial word panel was added on fol. 2v.

The decoration of the original part is mainly for initial word panels filled with filigree scrolls, interspersed with medallions encircling various motives such as human and animals' heads, hybrids, grotesques, floral and foliate motifs executed in spared-ground technique. Flourishes with tendrils extend from the panels, often framing the text and reaching the upper and lower margins, where flying and perched birds are sometimes located. It is interesting to note that the Jerusalempart of the mahzor is more elaborate in its decoration program, and it includes a larger and more sophisticated range of zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and vegetal motifs. Moreover it includes a splendid full-page Gothic façade with praying angels illustrating the prayer  (ברוך ..הפותח שערי רחמים)"Blessed is Thou…that opens the Gates of Mercy" recited in the Morning Service of the Day of Atonement (see: vol. I, fol. 83).

The filigree scrolls of the opening panel of the original manuscript (fol. 41) is somewhat of a schematized design and probably repainted later as a result of damage caused to the page. In fact, the style of this panel seems not to be the same as the other panels; the colours, composition and execution of the work are different. Similarly, the addition of the missing words "Melekh Elyon" in the outer margins of fol. 135, written by Hand 1, are decorated with red filigree scrolls, in a different tonality and a different style than that found in the other panels.

 

Stylistic similarity with our manuscript is to be found in the two manuscripts mentioned above, The Vienna SeMaG (Cat…..) and the Cambridge Hagiographa. As Sed-Rajna pointed out (Sed-Rajna, G., "Filigree Ornaments", 1986/87), these three manuscripts are related to the Latin Upper Rhine School of illumination of the first half of the 14th century. Ellen J. Beer, who identified this Latin School, proves that this style began at the end of the 13th century in north of France, and spread to the Upper Rhine, in the southwest of Germany until its decline at the first half of the 14th century (Beer, E. J., Öberrheinischen Buchmalerei, 1959). Out of the eight groups of this School that Beer identified, Sed- Rajna relates the three Hebrew manuscripts to the groups produced in Basel after 1330 (group 5) and Freiburg after 1340 (group 6). This assumption can be supported by the divorce formula in the The Vienna SeMaG (fol. 146v) with 1344 as date and Strasbourg as place and by the colophon in the Cambridge Hagiographa (fol. 555v) that mentions the year 1347 as the date of production of the manuscript by the scribe Hayyim. Thus we assume that the Vienna-Jerusalem mahzor was produced in theUpper Rhine between 1344 to 1347. 

Another manuscript to be attributed to theUpperRhineSchoolis Cod. Hebr. 71 (Cat…..), whose style of decoration is less accurate than the other manuscripts of the School, and was probably executed under the influence of another manuscript, held today in a Private Collection in France.

 

The later initial word panel decorating the first folio copied by Scribe B (Vienna, fol. 2v) is dated to the 15th century. The initial word is filled with zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and foliate motifs in spared ground technique typical of illuminated Ashkenazi manuscripts since around 1300. These kind of letters can also be found in many manuscripts written and illuminated by Joel ben Simeon, the Jewish scribe and artist who worked in Ashkenaz as well as in north-central Italy in the second half of the 15th century. For instance, the hooded human face in the letter "vav" (ו') in our manuscript should be compared to human faces in some initial letters of works of Joel ben Simeon such as in the First Nuremberg Haggadah, produced in Germany shortly before 1449 (Israel Museum,Jerusalem, previously in Jerusalem, Schocken Library, ms. 24086, fols. 8, 11v, 24), as well as in The First New York Joel ben Simeon Haggadah, produced in Germany, middle of the 15th century (New York, The Jewish Theological Seminary, ms. 4481, fol. 1v) and in The Second New York Joel ben Simeon Haggadah, Italy, 1454 (New York, The Jewish Theological Seminary, ms. 8279, fol. 54v). In addition, the tassels that decorate each corner of the panel in our manuscript should be compared with the panel on fol. 21 in the First Nuremberg Haggadah.

The manuscript reached Italyas indicated by the censor Domenico Gerosolomitano's erasures and signature (fol. 379v). Gerosolomitano was censor in Italyin the end of the 16th century and the first twenty years of the 17th century. It stayed in Italy for several centuries as indicated by an 18th-19th Italian inscription on the upper margin of fol. 43 below the hunting scene (“la benola,” meaning weasel) as well as by the Italian inscription on the front flyleaf. 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Additions and corrections in the margins by different hands:
Hand 1: (sometimes in square and sometimes in semi-cursive script)
Fols. 78v-79, 134v-135 in the upper and lower margins, additions of missing text (see: content) in small square Ashkenazi script in light brown ink. To compare to addenda on fols. 85(?), 86v, 132v, 133, 143v, 245v, 246v, 247v, fol. 265v, 268 (where the hand indicates the addenda above the first text line), 268v and 272 (where a hand is drawn above the text where the addenda shall be inserted, indicating the outer margin).
Fol. 45 (middle of quire VI), in the outer margin, addition of missing piyyut in (Gothic) semi-cursive script in faded brown ink; seems similar to the additions in the margins of fol. 144v.
Fol. 144v (middle of quire XV), addition of missing piyyut in upper, outer and inner margins in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script. A few rubricated alphabetic initials, emphisized with a curl above the letter. Compare with the script of the added piyyut on fol. 45 and to the marginal addition on fols. 156v, 157, 157v, 181v, 192v, 193, 252v, 262v, 265, 268v.
Hand 2:
Fols. 76v, 243 in the outer margin in tiny semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink: "not to be recited" ( לא אומר' זה).
Hand 3:
Fols. 77, 78v, 79 in the outer margins instructions for prayers on Shabbat in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink. The same hand appears in the margins also in other places, e.g. on fols. 54, 151, 155, 159, 245, 361.
Hand 4:
Fols. 54, small non-punctuated semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.
Hand 5:
Fols. 69, 71, 73v, 90v, 95v, 96, 112v, 118, 154v, 155v, 231, in small square punctuated Ashkenazi script in light brown ink.
Hand 6:
fols. 53v, 95, semi-cursive punctuated Ashkenazi script in the same brown ink as hand 6.
Fol. 41, Upper margin: Sales inscription: “Rabbi Mordecai (the name is almost erased) bought this mahzor for the two days of the New Year and a small part of the Day of Atonement from R. Akivah (?) son of the late Ephraim for permanent [ownership]….”.
בפני' ח"מ קנה ר' מרדכי ב"ר זה המחזור משני ימי' נוראי' וקצת מי"כ / מר' עקיבה ב"ר אפרים ז"ל לצמיתות ולחלוטי' / דלא בה שנא' ובלאלה שנא' ובלא לאהדר בה / מן יומ[א] דין ולעלם וקבל דמי המכיר[ה] משלם טו' [...] בה שנאמר).

Fol. 2v, Upper margin: Owner's inscription: “… David Samuel, son of Isaac” (...ומלואה דוד שמואל בכמ"ר יצחק).

Fols. 63v, 77v-78v, 90, 97v-98v, 110v, 151, 155v, 296v, 333-333v: censor’s erasures.
Fol. 379v: Censor’s signature “Dominico Irosolomi[ta]no” (indicating that the manuscript was censored in Italy between 1596-1619).
Fol. 1v: Partially faded pen-trials (the beginning of Adon Olam) by a later hand in brown ink.
First front fly leaf: Flowery description of the manuscript and its decoration in Italian:
“Questo manoscrito e’ assai bello in causa della sua pituri e molti figuri che si trova in esso e anche la scritura e di’ bell arte, come ille e' assai rare manuscrito che valgo assai danari”. [“This manuscript is especially beautiful because of its illustrations and many images that are contained in it, and also the script is a work of fine art and it is a very rare manuscript and valuable.”].

According to Schwartz, the manuscript was bought from N. Coronel for 60 fl. on July 9, 1864 (Schwartz, 1924, no. 91).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good.
Fols. 2v (the first text leaf) and 41 (the original first leaf) are spotted and the upper edges of fol. 41 are torn.
In a few pages the ink has corroded the parchment, e.g. fols. 9v, 126-129 (fols. 128-129 the serious corrosion was stopped by the restoration of the parchment).
Fol. 341:
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Beer, E. J., oberrheinischen Buchmalerei, 1959;

Buchkunst des Morgenlandes, Wein, 1953, p. - (no. 23);
Buchkunst des Morgenlandes. F. Unterkircher (ed.) Ausstellung in der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek in
Wien, Wein, 1953

Katalog Miniaturenausstellung, Wien3 1902, p. 58 (no. 359);
Katalog Miniaturenausstellung der K. K. Hofbibliothek. Ausstellung in Wien. Wien3 1902

Metzger. T., & Metzger, M., Review, 1989, pp. 356-359;
Metzger. T., & Metzger, M., Review on: M. Beit-Arié and collab., "The Only Dated Medieval Hebrew
Manuscript Written in England (1189 CE) and the Problem of Pre-Expultion Anglo-Hebrew Manuscripts”,
Londres, Valmadonna Trust Lib., 1985, 80, IX-56 pp., 10 fac.-sim., Cahiers de Civilisation Medievale 22 (1989)
pp. 356-359

Monumenta Judaica, 1964, No. D9;

Nadav and Weizer, 1985, no. 34;

Schwartz, A. Z., hebräischen Hss., Wien, 1914, pp. 59-61 (no. 43);

Schwartz, A. Z., hebräischen Hss., Wien (or Leipzig?), 1925, p. 91 (no. 91), pl. II;

Schwartz, A, Z., jüdischen Wissenschaft, 1923, fig. 3;

Schwartz, A. Z., Sitzungsberichte Handschriften, Wein 1965, p. 7 (no. 33);
Die schönsten Handschriften der ehemaligen Hofbibliothek, Ausstellung in der Österreichischen
Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Wein 1965

Sed-Rajna, G., Filigree Ornaments, 1986/87, pp. 45-54;
Sed-Rajna, G., “Filigree Ornaments in 14th century Hebrew Manuscripts of the Upper Rhine”, Jewish Art, vol.
12/13, 1986/87, pp. 45-54.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1236
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0197&batch_num=080&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissa Fried ;Yaffa Levy Michal Sternthal Anna Nizza 2.1998 8.1999 8.1999 7.2001 2.1998 8.1999 8.1999 7.2001 49a
50 Researcher Yaffa Levy Anna Nizza 4.2002 4.2002 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2002 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 6.2002 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (11 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 11584 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 2v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11584 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 2v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 2v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Hare hunt
Initial word panel, decorative
Dog
Unicorn |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 2v: In the upper part of the text space the initial word "Blessed" (ברוך) for the ritual hand-washing in the Preliminary Morning Service, is written in display script within a powdered-gold panel. The letters are inhabited in spared ground technique on a blue background with a dog chasing a rabbit, a human face and a unicorn smelling some leaves within the top bars of the letters. Another dog appears next to a branch in the lower bar of the first letter (bet – ב'), while the junctions of the letters are decorated with a flower, and a leaf fills the stems. A tassel motif is attached to each corner of the panel, while a floral motif decorates the centre of each side. This folio belongs to the first of five quires that were copied by scribe B in a second stage, probably because the original text that they included was lost. However, this panel was executed after scribe B, probably by a 15th century artist closely related to Joel ben Simeon.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, blue paint; powdered gold (mostly scratched off); spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel Measurements:
ca. 44 x ca 88 mm
ca 64 x ca 105 mm (including tassels)
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The colours are faded, the powdered gold has mostly disappeared. The parchment is wrinkled, brownish and scratched.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The colours are faded, the powdered gold has mostly disappeared. The parchment is wrinkled, brownish and scratched.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197079
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 079
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11584
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11585 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 41, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11585 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 41, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 41
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Bird
Hybrid animal (See also Griffin) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 41: In the upper part of the text space the initial word "The King" (המלך) in Shaharit, is written in display script within a rectangular pen-work panel, occupying the width of the text space. The panel is filled with a red and blue criss-cross background decorated with blue and red foliate scrolls and framed by a border filled with scrolls, each enclosing a palmette in spared ground technique. The border is framed by pairs of bow-shaped patterns in alternating red and green and by stems with buds. Four medallions enclosing two-legged hybrids in spared ground technique on blue and red-brownish (to check the colour!) ground decorate the corners of the panel. Blue and red flourishes extend from the medallions along the sides of the text column into the upper and lower margins, creating a frame to the page. Two colourful long-tailed birds are perched on the tendrils on the right side of the upper margin; their heads are partially trimmed. Remnants of another bird are visible on the left side of this margin, which is covered now by a sale inscription (see History).

Brownish spots caused by water are scattered all over the page. The original colours are faded and the present appearance seems to be the result of a later overpainting of the previous decoration.

The heads of the three birds are trimmed by the later binder.

 

 

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The filigree scrolls are rendered in a different style compared to the other panels in the manuscript: the scrolls are larger, containing leaves and flowers in red and blue. They were probably executed or repainted later as a result of damage caused to the page. The poor state of the page, compared to the rest of the manuscript, is probably due to the fact that for some time it was the first folio
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197080
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 080
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11585
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11586 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 43, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11586 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 43, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 43
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Hybrid animal (See also Griffin)
Dragon
Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 43: In the lower part of the text space the two-line initial words of the opening blessing to the reading of Shema, "Praised by the Lord, Source of all blessing" (ברכו את יי' המבורך) ,in the morning prayer, are written in dark brown display script within a large rectangular panel of pen-work filigree ground arranged in alternating red and blue lozenges. The panel is decorated at each corner by a medallion enclosing a two-legged hybrid in spared ground technique on a blue ground, and by another one enclosing a flower on a green ground at the centre of each longer side. Five more medallions, each encircling a hybrid on alternating green and blue ground, are placed in between the two rows of the script. The panel is framed by alternating green and magenta bow-shaped patterns. Long flourishes extend from the corner medallions along the margins of the text space reaching the upper and lower margins. Two colourful long-tailed birds are perched on the tendrils in the upper margin, while a weasel is chasing the bird on the right, whose head is partially trimmed. Below the animal is a late Italian inscription "la benola" (the weasel).
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red, blue, green ink; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
ca. 39 mm x ca. 70 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good condition. The head of the right bird is trimmed by the binder.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197081
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 081
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11586
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11587 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 44, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11587 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 44, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 44
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Bird
Hybrid animal (See also Griffin)
Dragon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 44: The large panel occupies the main part of the text space, containing the two-line initial words of the yozer “King girded with power” (מלך אזור גבורה) (Davidson, III, מ, 1529) for the first day, written in display script against a background of alternating red and blue filigree lozenges. The panel is framed by bow-shaped patterns in alternating green and blue and decorated at each corner by a medallion enclosing a two-legged hybrid or a dragon in spared ground technique on blue and red-brownish ground. Four other medallions, enclosing hybrids and dragons on a red-brownish ground and framed in a green scalloped motif, are placed within the panel. Flourishes extend from the corner medallions into the upper and lower margins. Four colourful birds are perched on the tendrils in the upper margins, two on each side.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red, blue, green ink; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
?- Fingernagel??
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good. The heads of the two upright birds are trimmed by the later binder.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197082
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 082
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11587
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11588 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 45v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11588 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 45v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 45v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Grotesque |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 45v: In the upper part and at the centre of the text space the initial words "King" (מלך) for the opening strophes of the yozer “King girded with power” (מלך אזור גבורה) (Davidson, III, מ, 1529) are written in dark brown display script within panels which occupy the width of the text space. The ground of the panels is arranged in vertical alternating green and red filigree pen-work sections. Double-framed medallions in red and green scalloped motif, enclosing caricatural human and dogs' heads on blue and red ground, flank each side of the initial words. Two vertical panels attached to the horizontal panels along the right side of the text space contain the initial letters of the second words of each strophe of the piyyut, written in smaller display script (following alphabetic order). Three smaller medallions encircling a human, a grotesque and a lamb's head on blue and red ground, are placed under the initial letters of the vertical panels. Bow-shaped patterns in alternating red and blue surround the panels, while tendrils extend from the corners into the upper and lower margins and along the left-hand side of the text column, embracing the black graphic fillers at the end of the strophes.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial word panel
Grotesque, human and animals heads
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial word panel
Grotesque, human and animals heads
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, yellow and blue paint; spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
?- Fingernagel?????

26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197083
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 083
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11588
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11589 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 52, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11589 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 52, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 52
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Hybrid animal (See also Griffin) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 52: The initial word "Kevodo" (כבודו) [Davidson, כ', 61] is written in large display script in dark brown ink within a large filigree panel in the middle of the page, to which a smaller vertical panel is attached below along the right text space enclosing the initial letters aleph (א) and bet (ב') for the first two strophes of the piyyut. The large panel is filled with red filigree scrolls and framed by a border of blue filigree scrolls, and decorated with medallions inhabited with animal heads, a human head, hybrids and a dragon, interspersed within the panel between the letters and also decorating the corners of the panel. The vertical panel is decorated with red and blue filigree scrolls. Three medallions enclosing floral motifs alternate with the initial letters.
21 Ornamentation Initial word panel
Hybrids
Human head
Animal head
Grotesque ?
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panel
Hybrids
Human head
Animal head
Grotesque ?
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Fingernagel????
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197084
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 084
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11589
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11590 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 89v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11590 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 89v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 89v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 89v: In the upper and lower right-hand sides of the text space, the two initial words “And so” ((ובכן and “And then”) (ואז, in the repetition of the Amidah for Shaharit are written in dark brown display script within small panels. Each panel is surrounded by a band of green fringes and filled with red filigree pen-work scrolls which in the upper one enclose palmettos, while in the lower one enclose blue dotted flowers. Red tendrils stem from the right side of each panel along the right side of the text space reaching the upper and lower margins.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial word panels
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial word panels
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, yellow and blue paint; spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
? Fingernagel???
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197085
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 085
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11590
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11591 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 134v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11591 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 134v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 134v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Dragon
Hybrid animal (See also Griffin) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 134v: Along the right side of the text column four initial letters for the verses of the piyyut “Omez Adirei kol hefez” (אומץ אדירי כל חפץ) [Davidson, I, א, 1868], in the repetition of Musaf for the first day, which starts on fol. 131, are written in dark brown display script one below the other, within a vertical panel. The initials alternate with four medallions encircling two-legged hybrids and dragons in spared ground technique on blue and red ground. The panel is divided into triangular compartments of alternating red and blue filigree pen-work scrolls, each section encloses one letter or one medallion. Flourishes stem from the upper corners of the panel into the upper margin, while red tendrils surround it.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial letter panel
Two-legged hybrid
Dragon
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial letter panel
Two-legged hybrid
Dragon
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, magenta and blue paint. Red and blue ink; spare-ground technique and filigree pen-work

25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Dr. Andreas Fingernagel?????
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

In the upper and lower margins of fols. 134v-135, another piyyut “Supreme King, God who dwells on high” (מלך עליון אל דר במרום) [Davidson, III, מ, 1653], is copied in lighter brown ink by a later scribe (Hand 1), while the last part of this piyyut is written in the main text of fol. 135. We can assume that the missing text was originally written in the central bifolium of the quire and then recopied on fols. 134v-135 by Hand 1. Indeed this quire now includes only ten leaves instead of the 12-leafs quire which is the common structure of the quires in this manuscript. Since the flourishes in the upper margin cover parts of a few letters of the additional text, we can deduce that this addition was copied  before the manuscript was decorated. Also the unusual lack of flourish stems in the lower margin supports this assumption that the decoration was done after the text was copied. The same hand also added the text in the margins of fols. 78v-79. see also: Quires, Remarks

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197086
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 086
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11591
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11592 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 135v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11592 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 135v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 135v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Dragon
Hybrid animal (See also Griffin) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 135v: In the upper part of the text space the initial word “Let us tell” (ונתנה) [Davidson, II, ו, 451] for Musaf for the first day, is written in dark brown display script on a red pen-work filigree ground of foliate scrolls encircling palmettos. The panel is framed by a wide border of blue filigree pen-work decorated with twelve medallions encircling two-legged dragons, hybrids and animals in spared-ground technique on blue and red ground. Flourish motifs outline the panel, extending from the corners along the text column into the upper and lower margins. A row of small red circles tops the upper line of the page.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial letter panel
Dragon
Two-legged hybrid
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial letter panel
Dragon
Two-legged hybrid
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, yellow and blue paint; spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Fingernagel????
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197087
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 087
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11592
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14216 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 148, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14216 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 148, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 148
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 148: Along the right side of the text space are three diamond-shaped panels, each containing the two first letters for the second verse of each strophe of the piyyut “God holds the scale of justice in his hand” (האוחז ביד מדת משפט) [Davidson II, ה, 19], written in dark brown display script on blue and a red filigree scrolls ground. This vertical design of diamond-shaped panel alternates with four red medallions containing a two-legged hybrid or a dragon. Each side of the diamond-shaped panels is decorated with a bow-shaped pattern in alternating blue and green, while the medallions are surrounded by flourish motifs, extending from the two extreme medallions into the upper and lower margins. Three small blue filigree square panels are placed to the left of each diamond-shaped panel, containing red alphabetic display initials tet, yod, khaf, (ט, י, כ) for the first verse of each strophe of the piyyut. Red graphic line fillers appear at the end of these lines.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial letter panel
Two-legged hybrid
Dragon
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial letter panel
Two-legged hybrid
Dragon
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, yellow and blue paint; spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Fingernagel?????
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

See: General Document

The same ornamentation is repeated between fols. 147-149v.

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198001
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14216
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14217 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 362, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14217 Vienna New Year Mahzor, Fol. 362, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna New Year Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 362
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 163
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 362: The initial word “Anusa” (אנוסה) [Davidson I, א, 6396] of the piyyut for Musaf for the second day, is written in black display script in the upper part of an elaborate pen-work panel of red filigree. The initial letter of the second verse is written in smaller bold script within the prolonged part of the panel which extends along the length of the text, to its right. Blue and red-brownish medallions inhabited by two-legged hybrids, dragons and one bird are interspersed in between and below the initials and in the corners of the panel. The panel is framed by blue and green bow-shaped motifs and by flourish extensions, which protrude from the corner medallions along the left side of the text space into the upper and lower margins on both sides of the page.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial letter panel
Two-legged hybrid
Bird
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial letter panel
Two-legged hybrid
Bird
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, yellow and blue paint; spare-ground technique.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Fingernagel????
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198002
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 002
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14217
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

Mount Scopus, Humanities Building, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
Tel.: (972-2) 5882281 |  Fax.: (972-2) 5400105
E-mail: cja@mail.huji.ac.il
      All rights reserved to The Hebrew University of Jerusalem©
For comments: To Webmaster
Page Up