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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1235 Vienna Woman's Siddur,, Italy, 1450-1500?. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna Woman's Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1450-1500?
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Italian
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 86 (Schwatrz No. 96)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
20 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents

Siddur of Roman rite for the whole year and Holidays with instructions. All punctuated.
100 Daily benedictions: (fol. 2v) אלו / מאה ברכות... וכשנכנס לבית הכנסת / להתפלל תפלת שחרית מתחיל ואומר
Shaharit: (fols. 3-48)
Instructions for Minhah: (fol. 48)
Arvit: (fols. 48v-51)
Shabbat (fols. 51-96): including: Arvit (fols. 51-58); Songs for the Sabbath meal (fols. 58v-63v); Kiddush (fols. 63v-64); Shaharit (fols. 64-85); Musaf (fols. 86-89v); Minhah (fols. 89v-91v); End of Sabbath (fols. 91v-95v)
Blessing on the Full Moon: (fols. 95v-96)
Havdalah: (fol. 96-101v)
Addition for the Amidah: (fols. 102-102v)
New Moon: (fols. 102v-107v) including: Hallel (fol. 102v); Musaf (fols. 105v); Yotzer for Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh (fol. 106v); Musaf for Shabbat and New Moon (fol. 107v)
Hanukka: (fol. 109)
Purim: (fol. 109v)
Public fasts: (fol. 110)
Fast of the 9th of Av: (fol. 110v)
Passover: (fols. 111-116v) including: Shaharit (fols. 111-113v); additions for Arvit on End of Sabbath of Passover (fols. 113v-114); additions for Musaf (fols. 114-116)
Shavuot: (fol. 116v-119v) including: Additions for Shaharit (fols. 116v-117); additions for Musaf (fols. 117-119v)
Shevahot for Three Pilgrimages: fols. 119v-124v
New Year: (fols. 124v-137) including: Shaharit (fols. 124v-128); Avinu Malkenu (fols. 128v-129v); Musaf (fols.129v-137)
Day of Atonement (fols. 137-152v) including: Confessions (fols. 137v-139); Kol Nedarim (fols. 139-139v); Amida for Musaf (fols. 139v-144v); Confessions for Shaharit (fols. 144v-147v); Confession for after Minhah (fols. 147v-152v); Amidah for Ne’ilah (fols. 152v-160) including the Confessions (fols. 156v-160)
Sukkot and Shemini Azeret: (fols. 160v-164v) including: Musaf for both holidays (fols. 160v-164); additions to Musaf for the days of Chol Ha-mo'ed (fols. 164-164v)
Hosha’anah Rabah: Hosha`anot (fols. 164v-177v)
Passover (fols.178-199v) including: Bedikat Chametz and Bi'ur Chametz (fol. 178); instructions for the seder (fol. 178v), Kiddush for Passover which falls on a Sabbath (fols. 178v-179), Kiddush for Passover which falls on end of Sabbath (fols. 170v-180); Kiddush for Passover which falls on a weekday (fols. 180-180v); Instructions for the seder (fol. 180v); Haggadah including instructions and Piyyutim (fols. 181-199v).
24 Codicology

Parchment, 199 + I (paper leaf pasted to fol. 199 and foliated fol. 200) leaves (see Qiures).

(distinctions between the flesh and hair sides? Gregory rule? To be completed from the original)

 

Measurements

Full page: (100-103) x (74-79) mm

Text space: (67-70) x (43-48) mm

 

Scribes

One single scribe: Arieh (who emphasizes his name on fols. 54v, 56v, 100v, see Scribal Notes)

 

Script

The main text is written in semi-cursive Italian script in brown ink

The opening words for passages and new sections are in square Italo-Ashkenazi script

Instructions written in semi-cursive Italo-Sephardic script in the same brown ink (e.g. fols. 43v, 51, 91, 91v, 129v, 160, 178-178v, 180v, 190-190v, 193)

Confessions for Ne'ilah (fols. 156v-160) are written in square Italo-Ashkenazi script in large letters in brown ink

 

Number of lines

The whole text

14 lines per page (except for fols. 157–159v, which are 9 lines per page)

 

Ruling

Ruling by ink on both sides, 14 horizontal lines and 1+1 vertical lines (except for fols. 161v-163v which are 1+2+2+1 and fol. 165 which is 1+1+1)

 

Pricking

No pricking is visible

 

Quires

20 quires of 10 leaves each, except for XX5+4 (fol. 200 is a paper leaf which was pasted to fol. 199 serving as the last leaf for this quire).

 

Catchwords

None

Hebrew numeration

None

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 1-2r (for recto)

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None
31 Scribal Notes
Fol. 54v and 56v – the letters forming the name אריה are marked within the text in acrostic form
Fol. 100v – the name אריה appearing in the text is marked by a scroll made of dots, extending into the margin:


Instructions to say Kaddish (written by the scribe?) in Italo-Sephardic semi-cursive script
1. Fol. 43v, 6th line from the top:
ואומ' קדיש עד לעולם ומוציאין ס"ת [ספר תורה] וקורין/בענינו של יום וקדיש עד לעולם ואומר/אשרי ואחכ אומ
"And say Kaddish up to "all times" then take the Torah out of the Ark and recite the readings of the day and Kaddish up to "all times" (again), then say Ashrei and then continue [with the text which follows in the siddur]".

2. Fol. 48, 3rd line from the bottom:
למנחה/אומ אשרי וקדיש עד לעולם ושמנה עשרה/בלחש וברכת [?] ליוצר וקדיש גמור ואומ
"For Minhah one says Ashrei and Kaddish up to "all times" and Shmoneh-Esre (Amidah) in silence and the blessing […] for Yozer? And full Kaddish and continues [with the text which follows in the siddur]".

3. Fol. 51, 5th line from the bottom:
קדיש עד לעילא (?) / עשרה עלינו לשבח וגו' / בערב שבת אומ' (?) / וקדיש עד לעילא בסדר החול ואח"כ אומ' / מעריב של שבת
"Kaddish up to לעילא? ("beyond all"), Shmoneh-Esre(?), Aleinu Leshabeh, etc. In Sabbat Evening say […] and Kaddish up to "all times" in weekly service and then continue with the Arvit for Sabbath".


32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration was made in one stage probably by the scribe himself. It consists of pen-drawings in light brown ink in the same tonality as the script.

  1. Text illustrations: one within initial word panel, for "This [is the bread] (הא [לחמא]) (fol. 181); one in the margins, for maror (fol. 189).
  2. Decoration of descenders: small foliate flourishes extending from the legs of letters final nun (e.g. fols. 31, 139) or kof (e.g. fols. 15, 16, 20, 24, 67, 73, 91, 94v), when appearing on the last line of the page.

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The ViennaWoman's Siddur (Cod. Hebr. 86) is a tiny prayer book of Roman rite for weekly prayers with special additions for Festivals and High Holidays. It is evident that this prayer-book was intended for the use of a woman, as indicated by the first two in the preliminary morning service, ending with the formula: "…who did not made me a shifha (female slave)" (...שלא עשני שפחה); and "... who made me as He wished" (... שעשני כרצונו) on fol. 3v. Interesting to notice that the third blessing usually referring to gender שלא עשני גוי / שעשני ישראל, is totally missing in this manuscript. In other prayer-books of the Roman rite, produced in Italy apparently in the third and last quarter of the 15th century (see: Cohen, "Women's Prayer Books", pp. 305-312) one can find the same variants in the preliminary blessing. This indicates that the manuscripts, as well as Cod. Hebr. 86, were copied for a woman, as sometimes is also attested in the colophons, as for example in a Siddur copied by Abraham Farissol in 1471 or 1478 (New York, Jewish Theological Seminary Library, ms. 8255; here the scribe states he copied the manuscript for a male owner, whose name is erased, and his wife, who was the actual user of the Siddur, as also attested by the preliminary morning blessings on fol. 5v; see: Cohen, ibid., pp. 308-310).

Although the manuscript is lacking a colophon stating the date and place of production, the name Arieh is emphasized three times within the text (fols. 54v, 56v and 100v), and we believe it being the name of the scribe, whose hand is unknown from other manuscripts (the name Arieh is emphasized also in another Mahzor of Italian rite of the 15th century, yet the script is clearly different than that of the Vienna Woman's Siddur; see: Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, Parm. 2405, fol. 100).

The codicological features as well as the script of the Vienna Woman's Siddur are clearly of Italian type. Moreover, ruling by ink gives approximately the year 1427 as terminum post quem (see: Beit-Ariè, Hebrew Codicology, 1981, p. 78). The meager decoration program of the manuscript consists of only two pen-drawn text illustrations for two passages of the Haggadah, recurring in most Italo-Ashkenazi illuminated haggadot and prayer books from the 14th till the early 16th century. The first depiction, a round medallion reminding the seder plate enclosing the initial word "This [is the bread] (הא [לחמא]) (fol. 181), is actually less frequent, as usually this passage is illustrated with a depiction of the seder basked containing the three mazzot, raised by a group of people or simply by hands, as for example in a Mahzor of Roman rite, copied in Fermo in 1431, (formely: London, Jew's College, Montefiore Library, ms. 213, fol. 88; see comparison # 1; Narkiss, Italian Manuscripts;). The depiction in the Vienna manuscript with a large roundel looks more like the depiction of the large Mazzah within the text space of the text it illustrates, appearing in some Italian manuscripts, such as in the Bodleian Italian Mahzor (Oxford, Bodliean Lib. Mich. 610, fol. 94v; see comparison # 2; Narkiss, Italian Manuscripts, No. 49). In the Vienna Woman's Siddur the passage of "Mazzah" is not illustrated.

The second illustration depicts one hand with no arm holding a bunch of lettuce illustrating the passage of Maror (fol. 189). The representation of the Maror as a bunch of lettuce leafs recalls the analogous illustration in many other Italian manuscripts of the 15th century, in particular that in the "Rothschild-Weil Mahzor" (see: vol. I in Jerusalem, Jewish National and University Library, 8° 4450; fol. 120v – see: comparison # 3), dated around 1460-1470 (see: Metzger, "Un Mahzor"). Both manuscripts display the detail of the detached hand holding the bunch, whose wrist is decorated with a scalloped sleeve.

Both illustrations in our manuscript are executed in fine uncoloured pen-drawing, most possibly by the same hand, which is remaining unidentified. Possibly other decoration was intended to be added in the manuscript but never executed, as indicated by large space left empty around some initial words, such as for the first initial word "These" (אלו [מאה ברכות] ) on fol. 2v, and for the opening of the section for the Sabbath (fol. 64).

In conclusion, the Vienna Woman's Siddur was copied and decorated for a woman, in the second half of the 15th century in Central-Northern Italy. 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Censor’s signatures: Fol. 199: “Visto per me Gi[ovann]I Dominico Carretto 1619
Fol. 199v: “Clemente Renatto"
Front cover: Per mano saced[ote] B[ea]to
Fol. 131v: censor’s erasure (rubbed out) from שהם משתחוים till ואנו כורעים
Fol. 84v: censor’s erasure (ערלים) and correction (אחרים)
Fol. 1: later inscription in semi-cursive Italian script and below it in larger square script, another inscription:
סדור מהתפילה [...] (Siddur from the prayer)
Fol. 3: upper margin, later Hebrew inscription in square script "תפלת ש " meant to be a title for the opening page to Shaharit.
Back past-down: unreadable inscriptions in Latin script; Hebrew pen-trials.

Inner front cover: later inscription in cursive Italian script in black ink [...] אתן לך ביום א' כ"ה תמוז התצ"ה [...], indicating to the date 1735.

Purchased December 12th, 1846 from Simon Deutsch for 3 florins.

Fol. 200v includes a restoration note in German written in pencil.

Binding and leaves restored in Feb. 1919 by P. Genzinger (as annotated on the verso of the back flyleaf)
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Fols. 1, 198-199 damaged, then restored. Restoration signs also on fols. 2-21.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Beit-Arié, Hebrew Codicology, 1981
Beit-Arié, Malachi, Hebrew Codicology, Jerusalem, 1981.

Cohen, Women's Prayer Books
E. Cohen, "Women's Illuminated Hebrew Prayer Books in Renaissance Italy", in: Italia Judaica. Atti del IX Convegno internazionale dell'Associazione Italiana per lo Studio del Giudaismo: Donne nella storia degli ebrei d’Italia: Lucca, 6-9 giugno 2005, A cura di Michele Luzzati e Cristina Galasso, Firenze, 2007, pp. 305-312.

Narkiss, Italian Manuscripts
B. Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles. Italian Manuscripts, unpublished volume, Nos. 49, 50.

Metzger, Un Mahzor
M. Metzger, "Un Mahzor italien enluminé du XVe siècle", Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz, Vol. XX (1976), pp. 159-196.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1235
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0197&batch_num=076&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (3 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 11581 Vienna Woman's Siddur, Fol. 181, Italy, 1450-1500? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11581 Vienna Woman's Siddur, Fol. 181, Italy, 1450-1500? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Woman's Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 181
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1450-1500?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Italian
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 86 (Schwatrz No. 96)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Matzah |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 181: The initial word "This [is the bread] (הא [לחמא]) is written in square large script at the center of the upper part of the text space within a round medallion-shaped matzah. The matzah is decorated with running motif of foliate scroll twisting around a bar, forming the outer frame, and a pen scroll decorating the lower part of the central medallion, below the initial word.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial word panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial word panel
22 Custom
Italian
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, dark brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Not relevant
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197076
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 076
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11581
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Estherlee Kanon Anna Nizza 2003 2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11582 Vienna Woman's Siddur, Fol. 189, Italy, 1450-1500? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11582 Vienna Woman's Siddur, Fol. 189, Italy, 1450-1500? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Woman's Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 189
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1450-1500?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Italian
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 86 (Schwatrz No. 96)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Hand holding the maror |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 189: On top of the outer margin of the page, a hand holding a bunch of lettuce leafs is depicted next to the initial word Maror, written in square larger script than the main text at the beginning of the text space. The hand is attached to a scalloped-shaped edge of a sleeve.
21 Ornamentation Marginal decoration
 
21 Ornamentation
Marginal decoration
22 Custom
Italian
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, dark brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Not relevant
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197077
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 077
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11582
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Estherlee Kanon Anna Nizza 2003 2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11583 Vienna Woman's Siddur, Fol. 100v, Italy, 1450-1500? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 11583 Vienna Woman's Siddur, Fol. 100v, Italy, 1450-1500? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Woman's Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 100v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1450-1500?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Italian
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 86 (Schwatrz No. 96)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Colophon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 100v: the name of the scribe, Arieh (אריה) appearing in the text is marked by a scroll of dots, extending into the margin.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197078
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 078
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11583
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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