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(XXII) ID: 138 Torah crown of Hevra Kadisha, , Galicia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 138 Torah crown of Hevra Kadisha, , Galicia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of Hevra Kadisha | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Galicia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7874
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Palmette
Vase with scrolls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 598-1-4, 597-36
19a Scan No.
20 Description <p>The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest and an apex. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of a circumferal band surmounted by four decorative bands. There are two bands with geometric motifs that are seperated from each other by two narrow bands with foliate motifs.<br />The bottom band bears a dedicatory inscription in square letters which reads: זאת נדבו החבור' (החבורה) קודש ג"ח (גמילות חסד) של אמת שנת תקנ'ב לפ'ק (לפרט קטן) ("This was donated by the holy society of true good virtue the year (5)552 [1792]").<br />The top of the coronet is decorated with palmettes and scrolls from which emerge six arms. The arms widen in the center and are decorated with a floral scroll emerging frm a vase. The main part is surmounted by an undulating shaped crest with a serated base decorated with flowers. The top part is composed of a compressed globe decorated with flowers as well. The crest is topped by a floral circlet and surmounted by a foliate apex.</p>
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver##Structure: cut, raised##Decoration: repousse, chased, cast##Bonding: screwed, folded##Inscription: repousse
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 390mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 185mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Odessa Collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Apex is broken. Units which were connected to base are missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
031006
45 Temp: Batch Number
031 | 006
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009315
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
138
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9315
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (G.I.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 138  
(XXII) ID: 139 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi, Southern façade, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 139 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi, Southern façade, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Southern façade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182046
20 Description

The synagogue is a simple freestanding building of irregular shape situated among dwelling houses.  It consists of two volumes – a two-storey main volume which contains the prayer hall and a single storey northern volume with auxiliary premises.

The main volume is a two-storey high trapezoid structure covered by a hipped roof.  It contains the main prayer hall with women's gallery on the west and north, a small prayer roomin the north and a staircase to the women's gallery.  The south facade of the volume faces the street; its west facade faces the courtyard, which is separated from the street by a grillwork fence.

The northern volume is a trapezoid single storey structure, connected to the north facade of the main volume.  It consists of four rooms: two communal offices, a kitchen and a bathroom, and it is covered by a lean-to roof.  It has two windows and two doors leading to the courtyard.

Description of the exterior:

The south or main facade is facing the street (figs. 6, 7, 8).  It is framed by two pilaster-strips and divided into two sunken fields by a central pilaster-strip.  They are topped by a wide blank freeze and a moulded cornice.  An onion shaped dome on a low octagonal drum protrudes over the roof, above the central pilaster-strip.  Each facet of the drum is pierced by a small bull's eye window. Two globular finials on cubic bases are mounted over the lateral pilasters.  Each finial and the dome terminate with a Star of David apex.

Each field of the facade has an arch enclosing a triple window with round arches and colonettes.  The lunette of each arch is decorated by a pair of double-stepped depressed circles, and the arch is decorated with five protruding voussoirs.  The windows are set back in moulded frames.  The spandrels of these frames are covered by concrete plaster in the "fur coat" technique.  The panels under the protruding window sills as well as the lower part of the pilasters are currently covered by white ceramic tiles with a diamond-shaped pattern made from blue tiles.

The western facade (figs. 8, 9) is comprised of two tiers and framed by two pilaster-strips.  Another one divides it into two unequal sections, corresponding to the main synagogue in the southern part and the small prayer room in the north.

The lower tier of the southern part is preceded by a gabled entrance hall flanked by two rectangular windows.  The entrance hall’s western wall has a wide rectangular window topped by two round ones.  A door leads into the entrance hall from the south, whereas its northern wall is blind.

On the upper tier of the southern part are three rectangular windows corresponding to the women’s gallery, which extends in the interior on the north and west walls.

In the northern part there is a door which leads to the small prayer room.  A window above it gives light to the women's gallery.

The northern facade is three tiers high (fig. 10).  There are two windows on the first tier, corresponding to the small prayer room.  A side entrance covered with a lean-to roof leading to the women's section is located in the eastern corner.  In the second tier there are three windows, corresponding to the women’s gallery, and on the third tier there is a small window on the eastern corner corresponds to the attic.  All the openings are rectangular.

The east wall of the main volume is a blank firewall (fig. 11).


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Khaimovich, Boris, The Work of Our Hands to Glorify: Murals of Beit Tfilah Benymin Synagogue in Czernowitz (Kiev, 2008).
Mykola Kuschnir, Kotlyar, and Anna Yamchuk, eds., “How Goodly Are Thy Tents, O Jacob...” Wall Paintings in Bukovinian Synagogues (Catalogue of the Exhibition) (Chernivtsi and Kyiv: Dukh i litera, 2016), pp. 56-71.
Yulii Lifshitz, “Na grani zabveniya,” Yegupetz 19 (2010).
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182046
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 046
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
139
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction Sergey Kravtsov 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 139  
(XXII) ID: 140 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Balcony of the women's gallery, Painting on the balcony parapet of the women's gallery, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 140 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Balcony of the women's gallery, Painting on the balcony parapet of the women's gallery, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Balcony of the women's gallery | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Painting on the balcony parapet of the women's gallery
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi
| 53 Kobylytsi St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jonah swallowed by the fish |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182043
20 Description

On the balcony parapet of the women's gallery are inscribed illustrations pertaining to the prophets.  They are situated in panels curved to the shape of the balcony parapet; the Hebrew inscriptions are placed below the paintings, on the beam supporting the balcony.

- Jonah being swallowed by the fish (Jonah 2:1), inscribed "Jonah inside the fish".

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182043
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 043
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
140
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 140  
(XXII) ID: 141 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Balcony of the women's gallery, Painting on the balcony parapet of the women's gallery, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 141 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Balcony of the women's gallery, Painting on the balcony parapet of the women's gallery, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Balcony of the women's gallery | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Painting on the balcony parapet of the women's gallery
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi
| 53 Kobylytsi St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Daniel in Lion's Den |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182044
20 Description

On the balcony parapet of the women's gallery are inscribed illustrations pertaining to the prophets.  They are situated in panels curved to the shape of the balcony parapet; the Hebrew inscriptions are placed below the paintings, on the beam supporting the balcony.

-  Daniel in the lions' den (Daniel 6:8-24), inscribed "Daniel in the lions' den".

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182044
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 044
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
141
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 141  
(XXII) ID: 152 Mazah cover, , Poland, 1900-1920? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 152 Mazah cover, , Poland, 1900-1920? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Mazah cover | Unknown
3a Object Matzah cover
Matzah cover
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1900-1920?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 155
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Flower |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 544-26
19a Scan No. 40001
20 Description

The square Mazah cover is made of velvet in olive green and it consists of three pockets for the Matzahs, each entitled:"Cohen", "Levy" and "Israel",inscribed upon attached labels. "כהן" ,"לוי"',"ישראל". The cover depicts a dedicatory inscription within a wreath of open flowers in red, yellow, green and blue.The inscription in square filled letters reads: "דבורה מאשקאויטש" "Dvorah Moshkovitch". A benediction for eating unleavened bread frames the cover and reads from the top counter-clockwise: "ברוך אתה יי' אלהינו מלך העולם אשר קדשנו במצוותיו וצונו על אכילת מצה" "Blessed art thou, Lord our God, King of the universe, who hast sanctified us with thy commandments and commanded us to eat unleavened bread".

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Cloth:VelvetDecoration: embroidery; cross stitch, additional band of twisted gilted threads.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration embroidery; cross stitch, additional band of twisted gilted threads
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
ML : 372mm:
MWI : 425mm:
26a Height
26b Length 372mm
26c Width 425mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

According to Museum object card the cover is of Polish origin.

Sc.8066

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Obtained by the Rozin family, from Raanana between 1920-40.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
40001
45 Temp: Batch Number
40 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008066
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
152
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8066
:MED : Textile
:NNO : 544-26
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher Y.B. 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 152  
(XXII) ID: 153 Mazah cover, , Ukraine
Galicia, 1894 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 153 Mazah cover, , Ukraine
Galicia, 1894 edit
 
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Mazah cover | *Year cycle | *Passover | Matzah cover
*Year cycle | *Passover | Matzah cover
3a Object Matzah cover
Matzah cover
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1894
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Ukraine
Galicia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 156
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Passover lamb |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 541-24
19a Scan No. 40002
20 Description The square Mazah^cover is made of silk. It has three pockets for the Mazahs. The cover is decorated around the borders with inscriptions, vegetal patterns and flowers in green,red,yellow and blue. The inscriptions are in square filled letters and read: "לשנה הבאה בירושלים" "Next year in Jerusalem",the names of the six Sfirot: "חסד","גבורה","תפארת","נצח","הוד","יסוד" "Heroism","Glory","Root","Eternity","Mercy","Splendour". In the center there is a depiction of a lamb and beneath the lines: "קרבן פסח" "Sacrifice of Passover".This depiction is encircled by a wreath of flowers. The lower edge depicts the date divided in two and at the center a vase encircled by a wreath of flowers.Beneath, the line: "תרנד סדר הקערה" "(5)654 (1894)Seder of the bowl". Three labels are attached to the cover's lower part,each one bears an embroided line: "ישראל","לוי","כהן" "Israel","Levi","Cohen".
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Textile
Cloth:silk
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration Embroidery: wool and cotton threads,cross stitc; Additional decoration: fringes, silver threads wrapped on cotton threads,beads.
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth silk,compound weave
25g Material Lining cotton,tabby
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 495mm
26c Width 410mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
According to the Kabalah each Sfira stands for one of the components in the Seder plate. The three Mazahs' stand against the three first Sfirot:"Keter", "Hokhma", "Bina" and they represent also "Cohen","Levi" and "Israel".The Seder^plate represents "Malkhut",the Shankbone stands for "Hesed",egg for "Gvura", the lettuce for "Tiferet",Haroset for "Nezah",Karpas for "Hod",Maror for "Yesod". see also Schachar,Jewish Tradition in Art,1981,p.180, fig.475. A similar t'filin^case is depicted but instead of the Sfirot,the seder plate components are inscribed.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
שטיינזלץ, הגדה של פסח, 4891, עמ'7.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
40002
45 Temp: Batch Number
40 | 002
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007658
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
153
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7658
:LN : ENG
:XX : סדר בקערה"

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Y.P. 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 153  
(XXII) ID: 154 Passover plate, , Russia
Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy, 1800-1824? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 154 Passover plate, , Russia
Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy, 1800-1824? edit
 
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Passover plate | Unknown
3a Object Passover (Seder) plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1824?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Russia
Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 2 (SZM173.101)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Israelites leaving Egypt
Rabbis, the Five, of Benei Beraq
Aaron
Moses
Solomon
David as musician
Moses and Aaron |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 46054
20 Description

The plate is round with a rased rim. In its center it is inscribed with the order of the Seder. The words are arranged in six lines with the first word comprising the top line and the last word comprising the bottom line. The inscription is in square filled letters:

קדש ##ורחץ כרפס יחץ מגיד##רחצה מוציא מצה## מרור כורך שלחן-עורך##צפון ברך הלל##נרצה,

"Kadesh, U'Rehaz, Karpas, Yahaz, Magid, Rahazah, Mozi, Mazah, Maror, Korekh, Shulhan-Orekh, Zafun, Barekh, Halel, Nirzah"

The word 'Kadesh' at the center of the top line is encircled by a garland with a pair of ribbons on each side. The word 'Nirzah' at the center of the bottom line is surrounded by an oval dotted frame. The rim of the plate bears an oval medallion at the and bottom and two round medallions on each side. Each medallion bears a different scene. The medallion at the top bears a scene of the Israelites leaving Egypt (13760) and the medallion on bottom bears a scene of the five rabbis from Benei Berak (13679). The medallions on the right bear the figures of King Solomon and King David and the medallions on the left bear the figures of Moses and Aaron (13763). A recurring pattern of roses and leaves decorates the rim between the medallions.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Three hallmarks are stamped on the plate. 1. the hallmark includes St. George mounted on a horse killing the dragon. The dragon lies on its back and raises its tail which passed between the horse's hind legs and past the horse's tail. The conturs of the hallnark's frame follow the shapes of the figurs. The hallmark is unidentified but its type is similar to hallmarks which indicate Moscow in the 19th century. Cf. Tardy, p. 532-533. 2. The hallmark includes in its center a rectangle divided into nine squares. The rectangle is surmounted by the cypher 13 and is surrounded by the date 1(8?)1(?). It is framed by a rectangle which surmounted by an arch. The hallmark is unidentified but it is similar in type to Austro-Hungarian hallmarks. In these hallmarks the cypher 13 indicates quality and the cyphers around the central motif refers to the date. Cf. Tardy. p. 328. 3. The hallmark includes the initials: F A A, combined together within a frame in a shape of a shield. It is unidentified, but probably refers to the artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
46054
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 | 054
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0013644
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 154  
(XXII) ID: 160 En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 160 En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Mid-late 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric
Swastika
Peacock
Bird
Conch
Calendar, Hebrew |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Four strata can be distinguished in the synagogue: Stratum IIIb- The earliest synagogue: a simple prayer building consisting of one large hall paved with a geometric mosaic floor. The entrances were in the northern wall, which faces Jerusalem. Stratum IIIa- The main hall of the synagogue was divided now into a nave, eastern and southern aisles. A niche was set in the wall facing Jerusalem. Three entrances were situated on the western side of the building, and a a porch with three columns stood befors them. Stratum II- The main phase of the synagogue, which is extant today.It consists of a main hall with three aisles in the east, west, and south and a corridor-narthex along the western aisle. Opposite the center of the wall facing Jerusalem, is an apse and a bimah in the south. A multicolored mosaic was laid on the synagogue floor. Excavations surrounding the synagogue show that it was connected to the other buildings in the area. To the west and north-west of the synagogue, roads and private dwellings were recoverd. Two Mikva'ot were found to the south-west and north of the synagogue, and a two-roomed housed, similar in size to the synagogue, was excavated. This adjacent building may belong to the synagogue. There is evidence throughout the site of the conflagration which destroyed Jewish En Gedi.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
30001
45 Temp: Batch Number
30 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015226
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
160
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 160  
(XXII) ID: 161 En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 161 En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Mid-late 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Peacock |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 30021
20 Description Four pairs of peacocks decorate the corners of the mosaic pavement of the nave, occupying the space between the border of the central square panel and the eight-pointed star enclosed within the panel. The pairs of peacocks are depicted in profile, each peacock facing the other and each pair of birds holding a bunch of grapes in their beaks. Each bird is depicted in profile with a large body with a short neck, and long legs with three claws. For each peacock, one wing and the folded tail are visible while the "eyes" of the tail feathers are depicted as circles. A crest surmounts the head of each bird. The pairs of peacocks differ in color and in the size of the bunches of grapes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
30021
45 Temp: Batch Number
30 | 021
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015243
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
161
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 161  
(XXII) ID: 170 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 170 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs
Heraldic composition
Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver##Structure: cut, hammered##Decoration: repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed##Bonding: screwed, soldered, nailed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
41009
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 009
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
170
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8691
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
3003-II6a
3003-II9ab
3003-IV1a
3003-IV3 ## Her
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 170  
(XXII) ID: 171 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 171 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gemini (Twins), Zodiac Sign of Sivan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No. 41010
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Metal
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424 2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12 4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist. 5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
41010
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 010
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
171
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8691
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
3003-II6a
3003-II9ab
3003-IV1a
3003-IV3 ## Her
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 171  
(XXII) ID: 172 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 172 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shevat |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered, nailed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
41011
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 011
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
172
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8691
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
3003-II6a
3003-II9ab
3003-IV1a
3003-IV3 ## Her
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (Michael Tal) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 172  
(XXII) ID: 173 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 173 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sagittarius (Bow), Zodiac Sign of Kislev |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered, nailed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
41012
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 012
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
173
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (Michael Tal) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 173  
(XXII) ID: 174 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 174 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered, nailed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
41008
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 008
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
174
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (Michael Tal) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 174  
(XXII) ID: 233 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, , Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 233 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, , Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine,Late Roman - early Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Hammat Tiberias
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric
Foliate and floral ornaments
Zodiac Signs
Seasons, the Four (as commonly listed from Autumn until Summer)
Helios
Lion
Sanctuary Implements |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 030037
20 Description Most of the synagogue floor, from the north-western entrance to the south-western end, is decorated with mosaics in the nave, the eastern aisles and the intercolumnar spaces. Fragments of geometric panels can be found near and between the columns which divide the nave from the western aisle. The mosaic in the nave is divided into three panels: 1. The northern panel containing a dedicatory Greek inscription flanked by two lions (7816). 2. The central panel depicting the zodiac wheel. In it Helios is surrounded by the twelve zodiac signs. Each spandrel of this panel contains a representation of one of the seasons (7991). 3. The southern panel depicting the sanctuary implements (7846). All panels are designed to be viewed from the entrance except for the zodiac signs and the seasons facing Helios in the center. The zodiac panel and the panel which consists of an inscription are framed together by a double parallel line. The sanctuary implements panel is framed by a separate double parallel line. The nave and the eastern intercolumnar panels are surrounded by a white background, adorned with flowers and rhombus designs. Two of these geometric panels include inscriptions in Greek and Aramaic.
21 Ornamentation fghr
 
21 Ornamentation
fghr
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Mosaic
The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in parallel straight lines. Curved lines of tesserae can be found around outlines. The average density of tesserae per 10cm2 in geometric panels is: (8x9.5)-(10x10); a higher number is noticeable in the sanctuary implements: (9.5x10.5)-(9.5-11) and zodiac signs: background: 11.5x9; bodies: (10.5x12)-(14x15); faces: (13x14)-(13x16); seasons: background: 10x9.5; figures: 12.5x12. The outlines are composed of one to two lines of background tesserae. The colours of the tesserae other than black and white, include hues of brown, yellow, red, gray, ochre, pink and orange. Green glass is also used, for example, in the representation of Winter.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp. 27-62.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030037
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 037
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008611
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
233
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.200.1
MED : Mosaic
MAT : The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in parallel straight lines. Curved lines of tesserae can be found around outlines. The average density of tesserae per 10cm2 in geometric panels is: (8x9.5)-(10x10); a higher number is noticeable in the sanctuary implements: (9.5x10.5)-(9.5-11) and zodiac signs: background: 11.5x9; bodies: (10.5x12)-(14x15); faces: (13x14)-(13x16); seasons: background: 10x9.5; figures: 12.5x12. The outlines are composed of one to two lines of background tesserae. The colours of the tesserae other than black and white, include hues of brown, yellow, red, gray, ochre, pink and orange. Green glass is also used, for example, in the representation of Winter.
RG : D.D. & T.N. 12.1994
BIB : Dothan, M., 1983, pp. 27-62.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 233  
(XXII) ID: 234 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 234 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Helios |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 030066
20 Description The round panel depicting Helios is situated in the inner circle of the zodiac wheel, in the center of the nave. Helios is portrayed frontally in what seems to be a chariot. His face is surrounded by seven rays emanating from a halo. He is wearing a tunic. His left hand is raised and in his right he holds a globe and a whip. The moon is depicted to the left of Helios, and to the right is a star with a dot in the center. Of the chariot only the wheels and a small part of the horses' manes remain.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform in the panel.The background density is 9.20x10. A higher number is noticeable in the
face of helios 13x13, halo and seven rays 11.5x11.5 and in the globe 12.5x10.5. The colors of tesserae are white and black with shades
of grey, ochre, red and orange.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 155 cm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The center of the panel is destroyed by a later wall, belonging to a later stage of the synagogue.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030066
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0002109
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
234
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.1
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 11.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 234  
(XXII) ID: 235 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 235 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aries (Lamb), Zodiac Sign of Nisan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Aries is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the upper left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a galloping lamb in profile, facing left. Inscribed in Hebrew on the upper right corner: טלה "Aries" (Lamb). The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The colours of tesserae are black and white with shades of yellow and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 540mm.
26c Width 620mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030067
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 067
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001481
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
235
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.2
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 235  
(XXII) ID: 236 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 236 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Taurus is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the upper left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a galloping bull in profile, with up curved tail, facing left. The bull's horns are visible. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: שור "Taurus" (Bull). The panel is framed on all four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is 11.5x9 in the background and 11x12.5 in the bull. The colours are white and black with shades of grey.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 530mm.
26c Width 630mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030068
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 068
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007797
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
236
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.3
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 236  
(XXII) ID: 237 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 237 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Leo (Lion), Zodiac Sign of Av |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Leo is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a rampant lion facing right. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: אריה "Leo" (Lion). The lion's mouth is open and its front teeth can be seen. Its four legs are visible, and its tail is curled up. The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is: background 11x10; lion 13x13. The colours are white and black with shades of red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 540mm.
26c Width 620mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper left corner of the panel is damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030069
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 069
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007798
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
237
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.6
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 237  
(XXII) ID: 238 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 238 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Virgo is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a woman standing in a frontal position holding a torch in her right hand. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: בתולה "Virgo" (Virgin). The woman's hair is covered by a veil. She wears a long tunic decorated with broad lines. The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform. Background: 10.5x9.5; body: 16x13; face: 11x13. The colours are white and black with shades of brown, red, yellow, green, orange, and blue.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 550 mm.
26c Width 630 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030070
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 070
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007799
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
238
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.7
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994. 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 238  


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