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(XXII) ID: 243 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 243 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Spring |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The representation of Spring is enclosed within the upper left spandrel of the zodiac wheel, above the sign of Taurus. It depicts the frontal bust of a female. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left and right corners: תקופת ניסן The season of Nisan. The female's head is crowned with a wreath. In her left hand she holds a small basket filled to the brim. Above her right shoulder is a flower Round her neck she wears a necklace. On her right shoulder a round brooch adorns the upper part of her dress.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is: background: 11.5x9.5; body: 15x12; face: 12x12.5; bowl: 12.5x11.5. The colors are white and black with shades of red, grey and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 530mm.
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030075
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 075
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007807
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
243
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.14
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter D.D. & T.N. 11.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 243  
(XXII) ID: 244 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 244 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Summer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The representation of Summer is enclosed within the lower left spandrel of the zodiac wheel, beneath the sign of Leo. It depicts the frontal bust of a female. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left and right corners: תקופת תמוז The season of Tamuz The female's head is adorned with a garland of leaves. In her left hand she holds a scythe. Above her right shoulder a cluster of spikes is depicted. Round her neck she wears a necklace. On her left shoulder a round brooch is outlined fastening the upper part of her dress.She has earrings in her ears.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is: background: 11.5x9.5; body: 15x12; face: 15x13; scythe: 12x11.5. The colors are white and
black with shades of brown, grey and red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 500mm.
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030076
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 076
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007810
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.15
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter D.D. & T.N. 11.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 244  
(XXII) ID: 245 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, , Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 245 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, , Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Autumn |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The representation of Autumn is enclosed within the lower right spandrel of the zodiac wheel, beneath the sign of Scorpio. It depicts the frontal bust of a female. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper right corner: תקופת תשרי The season of Tishrei. The female's head is crowned with a garland adorned with pomegrantes. In her left hand she holds a bunch of grapes, to the left of her hand is a branch with leaves. Her dress is adorned with two brooches,one on each side. She is wearing a necklace and earrings.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is: background: 11.5x9.5; body: 12.5x13.5. The colours are black and white with shades of blue, red with green glass.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 510mm.
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper corners of the spandrel are damaged. Only the frame was affected.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030077
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 077
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007806
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
245
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.16
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter D.D. & T.N. 11.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 245  
(XXII) ID: 246 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 246 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Winter |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The representation of Winter is enclosed within the upper right spandrel of the Zodiac Wheel, above the sign of Aquarius. It depicts the frontal bust of a female. inscribed in Hebrew on the upper right corner: תקופת Tekufat. To her left is a jug with a stream of water pouring from it. The woman's hair is coverd by a veil; her ears are adorned with earrings.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background 10x9.5; face 12.5x13; the mantle pallium 11x11.5. The colours are
black and white with shades of orange, brown, red, yellow green and green glass.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 520 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Damage can be seen in the left part of the spandrel, including the female's left shoulder, the second part of the inscription and the
frame.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, p.44, pl.31
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030078
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 078
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001520
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
246
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : n.200.1.2.17
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 11.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 246  
(XXII) ID: 247 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Sanctuary Implements Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 247 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Sanctuary Implements Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Sanctuary Implements Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Species, the Four (Lulav, Hadas, Aravah, Ethrog; See also: Hoshanah Rabba)
Menorah
Torah Ark
Snuffdishes (mahtot)
Sanctuary Implements
Shofar (in the Temple); See also Shofar (New Year) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 030065
20 Description The panel representing the zodiac wheel with Helios and the seasons, is situated at the centre of the nave, between the panels of the sanctuary implements to the south and the dedicatory inscription to the north. The subject is depicted in two concentric circles within a rectangular frame. The inner circle depicts Helios; the twelve signs of the zodiac are enclosed in segments in the outer circle. Each sign is identified by a Hebrew inscription. They are arranged counterclockwise and face the centre. Twisted ribbons forming spaced circles surround the two concentric circles and the segments. The four seasons appear in the spandrels of the rectangular panel. The seasons are represented as female busts, facing the centre. Each season is identified by a Hebrew inscription and by special attributes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform in the panel. The average number of tesserae in the background is 10x11, while
a higher number is noticeble in the bodies of the figures (11x12)-(12x13). The highest density can be seen in the figures' heads
(13x14)-(13X15). Two depictions have an exceptionally high density: Virgin (16x13), Libra (14x16.5). The colours of tesserae are white
and black, with shades of gray, ochre, yellow, red, pink, brown, green, and orange.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 325cm.
26b Length 325cm.
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030065
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 065
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007991
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
247
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter D.D. & T.N. 11.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 247  
(XXII) ID: 248 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Between the Nave and the Eastern Aisle, Inscription panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 248 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Between the Nave and the Eastern Aisle, Inscription panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Between the Nave and the Eastern Aisle, Inscription panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ivy |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The geometric panel is situated between the nave and the eastern aisle. It is interrupted by a tabula ansata containing a Greek and Aramaic inscription. The tabula ansata consists of an inscriptions which is divided in two: the western half Greek and the eastern Aramaic. An ivy leaf remains in the northern ansa. The Greek inscription reads as follows: Severos disciple of the most illus- trious. Patriarchs completed (it). Blessing on him and on Ioullos the suppervisor. The Aramaic inscription reads as follows: יהי שלמה על כל מן דעבד מצותה בהדן אתרה קדישה ודעתיד מעבד מצותה תהי לה ברכתה אמן אמן סלה ולי אמן The panel depicts overlapping octagons composed of four lozenges surrounding a square. The lozenges are filled with small octagons. May peace be upon anyone who has offered charity in this holy place and anyone who will offer charity may he be blessed. Amen, Amen, Selah, and for myself Amen.
21 Ornamentation Geometric panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Geometric panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 equals 9x11 cm. The colors are black and white with shades of red, orange, brown and grey.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 591 cm
26c Width 820 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The panel was destroyed at the southern end of the inscription by a later wall, and also at the northern extreme of the inscription.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan,M., 1983, p.53-54, 60, pl.35.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030080
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 080
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0002092
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
248
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.13
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, T.N. & D.D. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 248  
(XXII) ID: 249 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Eastern Aisle, Dedication Inscription panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 249 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Eastern Aisle, Dedication Inscription panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Eastern Aisle, Dedication Inscription panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ivy |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The geometric carpet is situated in the easternmost aisle of the synagogue. The carpet has a Greek inscription in the central area. It is enclosed within a rectangle, and consists of five lines which read as follows: May he be remembered for good and for blessing. Profoturos the elder constructed this aisle of the synagogue. Blessing upon him Amen. Shalom. The fifth line of the inscription is flanked by an ivy leaf within a curving stem. The geometric carpet consists of a grid of poised squares, each unit decorated with squares and poised squares. The squares have repeating geometric patterns which vary from square to square. The panel is framed by a pattern of triangles enclosing a double border.
21 Ornamentation Geometric panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Geometric panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is 8.2x9.2. The colours used other than black and white, are shades of gray, red, orange, pink
and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 843 cm
26c Width 239 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The letters in the description are as given in Dothan's description in the given bibliography.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The panel is partly destroyed, especially at the eastern and northern edges of the inscription. In addition there is damage caused
by a later wall to the north.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M. 1983, p.51, pl. 18.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030082
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 082
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008206
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
249
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.20
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter G.W. 1993, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 249  
(XXII) ID: 250 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 250 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ivy
Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The geometric carpet is situated in the eastern most aisle of the synagogue. The carpet has a Greek inscription in the central area. It is enclosed within a rectangle, and consists of five lines which read as follows: May he be remembered for good and for blessing. Profoturos the elder constructed this aisle of the synagogue. Blessing upon him Amen. Shalom. The fifth line of the inscription is flanked by an ivy leaf within a curving stem. The geometric carpet consists of a grid of poised squares, each unit decorated with squares and poised squares. The squares have repeating geometric patterns which vary from square to square. The panel is framed by a pattern of triangles enclosing a double border.

21 Ornamentation Geometric panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Geometric panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is 8.2x9.2. The colours used other than black and white, are shades of gray, red, orange, pink
and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 843 cm
26c Width 239 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The letters in the description are as given in Dothan's description in the given bibliography.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The panel is partly destroyed, especially at the eastern and northern edges of the inscription. In addition there is damage caused
by a later wall to the north.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M. 1983, p.51, pl. 18.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030081
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 081
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008206
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
250
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.20
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter G.W. 1993, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 250  
(XXII) ID: 251 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, between the nave and the eastern aisle, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 251 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, between the nave and the eastern aisle, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail between the nave and the eastern aisle
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The geometric panel is situated in the southern intercolumnar space between the nave and the eastern aisle. The panel is composed of a band of intersecting circles, each filled with smaller concentric circles. It is framed by parallel lines.
21 Ornamentation Geometric panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Geometric panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is 10x10. The colors are white and black with shades of red, pink and grey.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 141 cm
26c Width 510 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, p.50, pl.35.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030079
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 079
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001875
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.8
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter G.W. 1993, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 251  
(XXII) ID: 255 Gaza Synagogue, Southern Aisle, Medallions Panel, Gaza, 508-509 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 255 Gaza Synagogue, Southern Aisle, Medallions Panel, Gaza, 508-509 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Gaza Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Southern Aisle, Medallions Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 508-509 CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Gaza
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Gaza
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 035036
20 Description This mosaic pavement is situated in the southernmost aisle of the Gaza synagogue, oriented from east to west, following the synagogue's orientation. The mosaic's border consists of a double-guilloche pattern, and within this border is an elongated rectangle, forming a single decorated with inhabited vine-scrolls.The medallions, which are arranged in eleven rows of three, with the first row at the top, in the east, and the eleventh at the bottom, in the west, are formed by vine-scrolls. Vine leaves, tendrils and grape clusters are interspersed throughout the background of the panel. They appear both within the frames of the medallions and in the spaces formed between them. A row of birds alternates with a row of four-legged animals, the uppermost row being occupied by depictions of birds. The outer medallions in each row usually depict the same animal, facing the center, and a different animal, of the same species, in the row's central medallion. The central medallion of the ninth row from the top has a dedicatory inscription. Starting from the left medallion of the first row from the top, these are the animals depicted: three birds (two ducks?); two leopards and a horse; three birds (two cranes?); two foxes (hunting-dogs?) and a goat (a deer?); two birds (partridges?) and a bird in a cage; two giraffes and a zebra; two birds (flamingos?) (the central medallion is destroyed); a lioness with a cub, a donkey and a tigress; two birds (peacocks?) and an inscription in the central medallion; a bear and a stag; a bird. Due to the damage caused to the western part of the mosaic, it is impossible to determine whether the vine scrolls rose from an amphora or an acanthus leaf.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The tesserae are made of limestone, marble, glass and clay.
They are laid in curved lines within the figures and forming the scrolls, and in straight parallel lines in the background.
The figures' outline consists of one line of black tesserae. The figures, scrolls, grapes and leaves are surrounded by one line of white tesserae.
The average number of tesserae in 10cm2 is (10x10). The highest density is found in the right medallion, second from the top,
in the leopard's paws, as well as in the right medallion, sixth from the top, in the giraffe's legs, where the density equals (14x16).
The lowest density is found in the left medallion, fifth from the top, in the bird's body, where the density equals (7x8).
Various hues of red, including burgundy, brick-red and pink, yellow, including ochre, and green are used,
besides the many hues of white and black, which include many shades of gray, ranging from bluish to brownish gray.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width Total field: 332cm; border 29-32 cm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
A large part of the mosaic is damaged. The western end of the mosaic, some of the central areas and part of the eastern end are destroyed.
The damage equals approximately one third of the medallions.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Ovadiah, "Ancient Synagogue", IEJ 19 (1969), pp. 193-198; Ovadiah, A. & R., Mosaic Pavements, 1987, pp. 60-61; Avi-Yonah, "Une Ecole", Colloque Mosaique, 1975, pp. 377-382.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035036
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 036
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003461
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
255
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.600.
:MED : Mosaic
:DCM : Inhabited scrolls with animals
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 2.1986, T.N. 7.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 255  
(XXII) ID: 276 Maon Nirim Synagogue, Sanctuary Implement Panel, Maon Nirim, 6th c. edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 276 Maon Nirim Synagogue, Sanctuary Implement Panel, Maon Nirim, 6th c. edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Maon Nirim Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Sanctuary Implement Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th c.
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Maon Nirim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Menorah |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description A seven branched menorah which overlays the central medallions in the eleventh and tenth rows is flanked by two lions. The lions overlay the two medallions in the eleventh row to the left and right of the menorah. Two pear shaped ethrogs with short stems flank the shaft of the menorah. A shofar is located in the space between the medallions to the right of the shaft. An elongated object decorated with stripes together with an additional ethrog is located in the corresponding space to the left of the shaft. (see remarks). The menorah is formed of round links. Its branches and shaft are connected by a bar surmounted with seven cups with wicks. The menorah's base is composed of three legs each resembling a lion's paw. The lion on the right is depicted in profile facing left towards the central axis. It's mouth is open revealing its tongue. Its mane is neatly arranged and its claws are drawn. The lion on the left is depicted in profile facing right towards the central axis. It's mouth is open revealing its teeth. Its mane is flowing and its claws are drawn. Its tail is curved down between its legs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The limestone tesserae are arranged in curved lines to form the shapes and shading of the menorah, ethrog, lulav, shofar
and lions. The menorah and lions are outlined by one line of brown tesserae. Between one and three lines of background tesserae surround
the menorah, lions and ethrogs. The density per 10cm2 for the menorah and lions is almost uniform. For the menorah the density is 9x10. The
density for the lions is 10x10 for the bodies and 9x9 for the heads with a density of 10x10 for the background. The density for the left
ethrog and the shofar are 10x12, whereas a lower density of 8x10 is found in the right ethrog. The colors of the tesserae are off-white,
white, brown, light and dark ochre, grey, yellow dark pink and turquoise.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 700mm approx.
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Avi Yona identifies the elongated object on the left as a lulav.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
One of the back legs of the lion on the right and most of its body are missing. One paw of the lion on the left is also missing as is most
of the lulav.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Bulletin III, 1960, p.30
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030063
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 063
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007140
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
276
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.500.2.1.3
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Sara Shor 1996 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 276  
(XXII) ID: 278 Na'aran Synagogue, Sanctuary implements panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 278 Na'aran Synagogue, Sanctuary implements panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Sanctuary implements panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 699-26 699-27 699-28 699-29 (BW)
19a Scan No. 035017
20 Description 1. דכ 2. דיר לטב מרות] [טינה ויעק]ב[ 3. ברה דהנון מתחזקין בת]קון[ אתרה 4. ]חול[קהון בהדן אתר]ה קדיש[ה אמ]ן[ I 1.דכי 2.דיר לטב מרות] [טינה ויעק]ב[ 3.ברה דהנון מתחזקין בת]קון[ אתרה 4.]חול[קהון בהדן אתר]ה קדיש[ה אמ]ן[ II 1.דכיר לטב מרו] [ 2.בר כריס] ו.. ברה[ 3.חולקהון בה]דן אתרה קדישה אמן[ III 1.דניא]ל[ 2.שלום. VI. 1. דכיר לט]ב[ 2.שמואל V. 1. דכיר לטב 2. בנימין פרנסה 3. בר יוסה. IV 1. ]ד[כירין לטב כל מן 2. ]ד[מתחזק ויהב או 3. ]די[הב בהדן אתרה 4. ]ק[דישה בן דהב בן 5. ]כ[סף בן כל מקמה 6.]ד[היא ]א[מן חו>ל The rectangular panel depicting the sanctuary implements is situated at the south end of nave, above the zodiac panel. In the centre of the panel the Torah shrine is depicted flanked by two seven-branched menorahs; two lamps are hanging from the outer branches of the menorahs and Aramaic inscriptions are placed above them. Below the menorahs the figure of Daniel (identified by the accompanying inscription) is portrayed flanked by two lions and surrounded by Aramaic inscriptions. The Torah shrine is depicted with its two doors closed and topped by a gable. Each door is composed of five squares. Each menorah consists of a stepped base; the central shaft is decorated with circles while the other branches are decorated with squares. The branches are connected to a bar adorned by a band (of lotus?). One of the lamps hanging from the menorahs can still be seen; its base has a triangular leg with a round element on top. Above the right menorah a three-lined Aramaic inscription reads as follows: "May be remembered for good lord[ship ] Tina and his son Jacob, who support the renovation of [the holy place]. May they have a ?? in this holy place. Amen." Above the left menorah a three-lined inscription reads as follows: "May be remembered Lord[ship..] the son of Cris[and...his son] May they have a share in this [holy place Amen]. Below the left menorah two legs and the tail of a single lion can be seen, while two arms of the figure of Daniel are discernible. At Daniel's top right an inscription reads: "Danie/l/ Peace". And at his lower right the inscription reads: "May Samuel be remembered for good". At Daniel's upper left a three-lined inscription reads: "May Benjamin the chief (of the congregration) son of Jose". At Daniel's lower left an eight-lined inscription reads: "May be remembered good anyone who donates and gives or will give for this holy place either gold or silver or anything. Amen. May they have a share in this Holy place. Amen." The panel is framed by two parallel lines.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in the background, Torah shrine and the depiction of the lion (10x10)
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length Not measured for technical reason.
26c Width 408cm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The above description is based on one made when condition of the Na'aran Synagogue was better than it is today; the lions, the menorahs and the lamps have remained in a poor fragmentary condition. The above inscriptions were all interpreted and translated by Joseph Naveh.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The human and animal figures have been destroyed, as well as the Torah shrine and one of the lamps. The lower part of the left menorah and the central shaft,
branches and lamp of the right menorah survived and were made into one panel by the Ecole Biblique expedition.
Part of the Aramaic inscriptions was also damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Naveh,
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177. Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035017
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 017
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0002457
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
278
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.1
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & D.D. & N.S. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 278  
(XXII) ID: 279 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel , Na'aran, 500-599? edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 279 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel , Na'aran, 500-599? edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 500-599?
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 063118
20 Description The panel representing the zodiac wheel with Helios and the seasons is situated at the centre of the nave, between the panels of the sanctuary implements to the south and the medallions panel to the north.The subject is depicted in two concentric circles within a square frame.The inner circle depicts Helios in a chariot.The twelve signs of the zodiac are enclosed in segments in the outer circle; each sign is identified by a Hebrew inscription. They are arranged clockwise and face the center. A wide strip surrounds the outer concentric wheel while a plain line surrounds the inner circle and some of the segments.The four seasons appear in the spandrels of the rectangular panel. The seasons are represented as female busts, facing the center. Two ofthe seasons are identified by a Hebrew inscription and special attributes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063118
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 118
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
279
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 279  
(XXII) ID: 280 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel , Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 280 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel , Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 1223 (BW)
19a Scan No. 063070
20 Description The panel representing the zodiac wheel with Helios and the seasons is situated at the centre of the nave, between the panels of the sanctuary implements to the south and the medallions panel to the north. The subject is depicted in two concentric circles within a square frame. The inner circle depicts Helios in a chariot. The twelve signs of the zodiac are enclosed in segments in the outer circle; each sign is identified by a Hebrew inscription. They are arranged clockwise and face the center. A wide strip surrounds the outer concentric wheel while a plain line surrounds the inner circle and some of the segments. The four seasons appear in the spandrels of the rectangular panel. The seasons are represented as female busts, facing the center. Two of the seasons are identified by a Hebrew inscription and special attributes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform (9x10)- (10x10), except in the Virgin and the seasons which have a higher number (10x12) - (12x12).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 418cm.
26c Width 408cm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The figures of the signs and the seasons, including the inscriptions, are badly damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063070
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 070
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003066
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
280
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.2
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & D.D. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 280  
(XXII) ID: 281 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 281 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 1223 (BW)
19a Scan No. 035016
20 Description The panel representing the zodiac wheel with Helios and the seasons is situated at the centre of the nave, between the panels of the sanctuary implements to the south and the medallions panel to the north. The subject is depicted in two concentric circles within a square frame. The inner circle depicts Helios in a chariot. The twelve signs of the zodiac are enclosed in segments in the outer circle; each sign is identified by a Hebrew inscription. They are arranged clockwise and face the center. A wide strip surrounds the outer concentric wheel while a plain line surrounds the inner circle and some of the segments. The four seasons appear in the spandrels of the rectangular panel. The seasons are represented as female busts, facing the center. Two of the seasons are identified by a Hebrew inscription and special attributes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform (9x10)- (10x10), except in the Virgin and the seasons which have a higher number (10x12) - (12x12).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 418cm.
26c Width 408cm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The figures of the signs and the seasons, including the inscriptions, are badly damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035016
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 016
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003066
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
281
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.2
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & D.D. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 281  
(XXII) ID: 282 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 282 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Helios |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 700-15 700-16 (BW)
19a Scan No. 035005
20 Description The round panel depicting Helios is situated in the inner circle of the zodiac wheel in the middle of the nave. Helios is portrayed frontally in a chariot. Six rays surround his head. He is wearing a decorated tunic and holds a whip in The chariot has two wheels to which two horses are harnessed. Only the horses' ears and one of their legs are depicted.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 in the background and figure is uniform (10x11)-(10x10).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Helios' face, the horse's body and part of the right wheel have been damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035005
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 005
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003029
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
282
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.2.1
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter H.B. & D.D. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 282  
(XXII) ID: 283 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 283 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Autumn |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 700-14 (BW)
19a Scan No. 063071
20 Description "תקופת ###י" The representation of Autumn is enclosed within the upper right spandrel of the zodiac wheel panel, above the signs of Aries and Pisces. It depicts the frontal bust of a female figure, followed by Hebrew inscription. Only the first word of the inscription remains, situated in the upper right corner: "The season of..." The figure is depicted wearing a tunic, hands raised, holding a stick and a ram's horn (shofar) in her right hand. Beneath the figure's left hand a bird is depicted facing the opposite way from the figure. The panel shares the frame of the square zodiac panel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 in the background and figure is uniform (12x12).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
תשרי The season is identified as Autumn because of the shofar, which is used in the celebration of Rosh Hashanah, which takes place during this season; also because of the letter "yod" which is part of the Hebrew word for autumn :
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The figure's head and part of the Hebrew inscription have been damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063071
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 071
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003018
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
283
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.2.16
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & N.S. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 283  
(XXII) ID: 284 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 284 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Spring |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 700-11 (BW)
19a Scan No. 035013
20 Description "תקו## #יסן" The representation of Spring is enclosed within the lower left spandrel of the zodiac wheel panel, beneath the signs of Virgo and Libra. It depicts a frontal figure, accompanied by a Hebrew inscription in the panel's upper part: The season of Nisan The lower part of the figure's tunic can be seen. The figure is depicted raising her hands and holding a stick in her right hand. Beneath the figure's right hand a small bush is depicted and beneath her left hand a bird facing the opposite way from the figure. The panel shares the frame of the square zodiac panel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Mosaic
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 in the background and figure is uniform (10x11).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The figure's tunic has alternating diagonal stripes. According to Avi-Yonah the bird is a duck.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper part of the figure and part of the inscription have been destroyed.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035013
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 013
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003005
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
284
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.2.14
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & N.S. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 284  
(XXII) ID: 285 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodic panel, Spring, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 285 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodic panel, Spring, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodic panel, Spring
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 700-11 (BW)
19a Scan No. 035014
20 Description "תקו## #יסן" The representation of Spring is enclosed within the lower left spandrel of the zodiac wheel panel, beneath the signs of Virgo and Libra. It depicts a frontal figure, accompanied by a Hebrew inscription in the panel's upper part: The season of Nisan The lower part of the figure's tunic can be seen. The figure is depicted raising her hands and holding a stick in her right hand. Beneath the figure's right hand a small bush is depicted and beneath her left hand a bird facing the opposite way from the figure. The panel shares the frame of the square zodiac panel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 in the background and figure is uniform (10x11).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The figure's tunic has alternating diagonal stripes. According to Avi-Yonah the bird is a duck.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper part of the figure and part of the inscription have been destroyed.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035014
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 014
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003005
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
285
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.2.14
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & N.S. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 285  
(XXII) ID: 286 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 286 Na'aran Synagogue, Zodiac panel, Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Jericho
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Summer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 700-5 (BW)
19a Scan No. 035015
20 Description The representation of Summer is enclosed within the lower right spandrel of the zodiac wheel panel, beneath the signs of Cancer and Gemini. A stick and a bunch of grapes are depicted in the lower left corner of the panel. The panel shares the frame of the square Zodiac panel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 in the background and figure is uniform (10x12).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The panel is identified as Tkufat Tammuz because of the bunch of grapes which symbolizes this season. See grapes as attributes the summer season in the zodiac panel in Beit Alpha 5205.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The inscription and most of the decoration have been destroyed.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894.
Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035015
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 015
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003006
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
286
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.2.15
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & N.S. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

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