Hebrew University  
The Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art
  CJA
Search Index Home Page
Object

Object



Object's images (301120 image(s))

      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [ ... ][15052] [15053] [15054] [15055] [15056]

(XXII) ID: 154 Passover plate, , Russia
Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy, 1800-1824? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 154 Passover plate, , Russia
Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy, 1800-1824? edit
 
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Passover plate | Unknown
3a Object Passover (Seder) plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1824?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Russia
Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 2 (SZM173.101)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Israelites leaving Egypt
Rabbis, the Five, of Benei Beraq
Aaron
Moses
Solomon
David as musician
Moses and Aaron |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 46054
20 Description

The plate is round with a rased rim. In its center it is inscribed with the order of the Seder. The words are arranged in six lines with the first word comprising the top line and the last word comprising the bottom line. The inscription is in square filled letters:

קדש ##ורחץ כרפס יחץ מגיד##רחצה מוציא מצה## מרור כורך שלחן-עורך##צפון ברך הלל##נרצה,

"Kadesh, U'Rehaz, Karpas, Yahaz, Magid, Rahazah, Mozi, Mazah, Maror, Korekh, Shulhan-Orekh, Zafun, Barekh, Halel, Nirzah"

The word 'Kadesh' at the center of the top line is encircled by a garland with a pair of ribbons on each side. The word 'Nirzah' at the center of the bottom line is surrounded by an oval dotted frame. The rim of the plate bears an oval medallion at the and bottom and two round medallions on each side. Each medallion bears a different scene. The medallion at the top bears a scene of the Israelites leaving Egypt (13760) and the medallion on bottom bears a scene of the five rabbis from Benei Berak (13679). The medallions on the right bear the figures of King Solomon and King David and the medallions on the left bear the figures of Moses and Aaron (13763). A recurring pattern of roses and leaves decorates the rim between the medallions.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Three hallmarks are stamped on the plate. 1. the hallmark includes St. George mounted on a horse killing the dragon. The dragon lies on its back and raises its tail which passed between the horse's hind legs and past the horse's tail. The conturs of the hallnark's frame follow the shapes of the figurs. The hallmark is unidentified but its type is similar to hallmarks which indicate Moscow in the 19th century. Cf. Tardy, p. 532-533. 2. The hallmark includes in its center a rectangle divided into nine squares. The rectangle is surmounted by the cypher 13 and is surrounded by the date 1(8?)1(?). It is framed by a rectangle which surmounted by an arch. The hallmark is unidentified but it is similar in type to Austro-Hungarian hallmarks. In these hallmarks the cypher 13 indicates quality and the cyphers around the central motif refers to the date. Cf. Tardy. p. 328. 3. The hallmark includes the initials: F A A, combined together within a frame in a shape of a shield. It is unidentified, but probably refers to the artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
46054
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 | 054
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0013644
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 154  
(XXII) ID: 155 Yahuda Haggadah, Fol. 9, Franconia, 1470-1480 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 155 Yahuda Haggadah, Fol. 9, Franconia, 1470-1480 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Yahuda Haggadah | Not relevant
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 9
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1470-1480
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 180/50
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sons, the Four, the wicked son
Moses as a prince |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 002001
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
002001
45 Temp: Batch Number
002 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
155
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 155  
(XXII) ID: 156 Yahuda Haggadah, Fol. 9v, Franconia, 1470-1480 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 156 Yahuda Haggadah, Fol. 9v, Franconia, 1470-1480 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Yahuda Haggadah | Not relevant
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 9v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1470-1480
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 180/50
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sons, the Four, the simple son
Sons, the Four, the son who does not know how to ask
Israelites in bondage in Egypt
Moses slaying the Egyptian |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
002002
45 Temp: Batch Number
002 | 002
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
156
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 156  
(XXII) ID: 160 En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 160 En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Mid-late 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric
Swastika
Peacock
Bird
Conch
Calendar, Hebrew |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Four strata can be distinguished in the synagogue: Stratum IIIb- The earliest synagogue: a simple prayer building consisting of one large hall paved with a geometric mosaic floor. The entrances were in the northern wall, which faces Jerusalem. Stratum IIIa- The main hall of the synagogue was divided now into a nave, eastern and southern aisles. A niche was set in the wall facing Jerusalem. Three entrances were situated on the western side of the building, and a a porch with three columns stood befors them. Stratum II- The main phase of the synagogue, which is extant today.It consists of a main hall with three aisles in the east, west, and south and a corridor-narthex along the western aisle. Opposite the center of the wall facing Jerusalem, is an apse and a bimah in the south. A multicolored mosaic was laid on the synagogue floor. Excavations surrounding the synagogue show that it was connected to the other buildings in the area. To the west and north-west of the synagogue, roads and private dwellings were recoverd. Two Mikva'ot were found to the south-west and north of the synagogue, and a two-roomed housed, similar in size to the synagogue, was excavated. This adjacent building may belong to the synagogue. There is evidence throughout the site of the conflagration which destroyed Jewish En Gedi.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
30001
45 Temp: Batch Number
30 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015226
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
160
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 160  
(XXII) ID: 161 En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 161 En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Mid-late 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Peacock |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 30021
20 Description Four pairs of peacocks decorate the corners of the mosaic pavement of the nave, occupying the space between the border of the central square panel and the eight-pointed star enclosed within the panel. The pairs of peacocks are depicted in profile, each peacock facing the other and each pair of birds holding a bunch of grapes in their beaks. Each bird is depicted in profile with a large body with a short neck, and long legs with three claws. For each peacock, one wing and the folded tail are visible while the "eyes" of the tail feathers are depicted as circles. A crest surmounts the head of each bird. The pairs of peacocks differ in color and in the size of the bunches of grapes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
30021
45 Temp: Batch Number
30 | 021
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015243
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
161
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 161  
(XXII) ID: 170 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 170 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs
Heraldic composition
Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver##Structure: cut, hammered##Decoration: repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed##Bonding: screwed, soldered, nailed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
41009
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 009
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
170
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8691
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
3003-II6a
3003-II9ab
3003-IV1a
3003-IV3 ## Her
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 170  
(XXII) ID: 171 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 171 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gemini (Twins), Zodiac Sign of Sivan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No. 41010
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Metal
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424 2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12 4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist. 5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
41010
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 010
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
171
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8691
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
3003-II6a
3003-II9ab
3003-IV1a
3003-IV3 ## Her
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 171  
(XXII) ID: 172 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 172 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shevat |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered, nailed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
41011
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 011
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
172
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8691
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
3003-II6a
3003-II9ab
3003-IV1a
3003-IV3 ## Her
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (Michael Tal) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 172  
(XXII) ID: 173 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 173 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sagittarius (Bow), Zodiac Sign of Kislev |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered, nailed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
41012
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 012
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
173
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (Michael Tal) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 173  
(XXII) ID: 174 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 174 Torah Crown, , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1875 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1875
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2291
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 595-(13-26), (hallmark 595-29,30)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered, nailed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 600mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 337mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
41008
45 Temp: Batch Number
41 | 008
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008691
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
174
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (Michael Tal) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 174  
(XXII) ID: 233 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, , Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 233 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, , Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine,Late Roman - early Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Hammat Tiberias
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric
Foliate and floral ornaments
Zodiac Signs
Seasons, the Four (as commonly listed from Autumn until Summer)
Helios
Lion
Sanctuary Implements |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 030037
20 Description Most of the synagogue floor, from the north-western entrance to the south-western end, is decorated with mosaics in the nave, the eastern aisles and the intercolumnar spaces. Fragments of geometric panels can be found near and between the columns which divide the nave from the western aisle. The mosaic in the nave is divided into three panels: 1. The northern panel containing a dedicatory Greek inscription flanked by two lions (7816). 2. The central panel depicting the zodiac wheel. In it Helios is surrounded by the twelve zodiac signs. Each spandrel of this panel contains a representation of one of the seasons (7991). 3. The southern panel depicting the sanctuary implements (7846). All panels are designed to be viewed from the entrance except for the zodiac signs and the seasons facing Helios in the center. The zodiac panel and the panel which consists of an inscription are framed together by a double parallel line. The sanctuary implements panel is framed by a separate double parallel line. The nave and the eastern intercolumnar panels are surrounded by a white background, adorned with flowers and rhombus designs. Two of these geometric panels include inscriptions in Greek and Aramaic.
21 Ornamentation fghr
 
21 Ornamentation
fghr
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Mosaic
The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in parallel straight lines. Curved lines of tesserae can be found around outlines. The average density of tesserae per 10cm2 in geometric panels is: (8x9.5)-(10x10); a higher number is noticeable in the sanctuary implements: (9.5x10.5)-(9.5-11) and zodiac signs: background: 11.5x9; bodies: (10.5x12)-(14x15); faces: (13x14)-(13x16); seasons: background: 10x9.5; figures: 12.5x12. The outlines are composed of one to two lines of background tesserae. The colours of the tesserae other than black and white, include hues of brown, yellow, red, gray, ochre, pink and orange. Green glass is also used, for example, in the representation of Winter.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp. 27-62.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030037
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 037
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008611
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
233
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.200.1
MED : Mosaic
MAT : The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in parallel straight lines. Curved lines of tesserae can be found around outlines. The average density of tesserae per 10cm2 in geometric panels is: (8x9.5)-(10x10); a higher number is noticeable in the sanctuary implements: (9.5x10.5)-(9.5-11) and zodiac signs: background: 11.5x9; bodies: (10.5x12)-(14x15); faces: (13x14)-(13x16); seasons: background: 10x9.5; figures: 12.5x12. The outlines are composed of one to two lines of background tesserae. The colours of the tesserae other than black and white, include hues of brown, yellow, red, gray, ochre, pink and orange. Green glass is also used, for example, in the representation of Winter.
RG : D.D. & T.N. 12.1994
BIB : Dothan, M., 1983, pp. 27-62.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 233  
(XXII) ID: 234 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 234 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Helios |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 030066
20 Description The round panel depicting Helios is situated in the inner circle of the zodiac wheel, in the center of the nave. Helios is portrayed frontally in what seems to be a chariot. His face is surrounded by seven rays emanating from a halo. He is wearing a tunic. His left hand is raised and in his right he holds a globe and a whip. The moon is depicted to the left of Helios, and to the right is a star with a dot in the center. Of the chariot only the wheels and a small part of the horses' manes remain.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform in the panel.The background density is 9.20x10. A higher number is noticeable in the
face of helios 13x13, halo and seven rays 11.5x11.5 and in the globe 12.5x10.5. The colors of tesserae are white and black with shades
of grey, ochre, red and orange.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 155 cm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The center of the panel is destroyed by a later wall, belonging to a later stage of the synagogue.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030066
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0002109
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
234
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.1
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 11.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 234  
(XXII) ID: 235 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 235 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aries (Lamb), Zodiac Sign of Nisan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Aries is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the upper left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a galloping lamb in profile, facing left. Inscribed in Hebrew on the upper right corner: טלה "Aries" (Lamb). The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The colours of tesserae are black and white with shades of yellow and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 540mm.
26c Width 620mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030067
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 067
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001481
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
235
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.2
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 235  
(XXII) ID: 236 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 236 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Taurus is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the upper left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a galloping bull in profile, with up curved tail, facing left. The bull's horns are visible. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: שור "Taurus" (Bull). The panel is framed on all four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is 11.5x9 in the background and 11x12.5 in the bull. The colours are white and black with shades of grey.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 530mm.
26c Width 630mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030068
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 068
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007797
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
236
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.3
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 236  
(XXII) ID: 237 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 237 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Leo (Lion), Zodiac Sign of Av |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Leo is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a rampant lion facing right. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: אריה "Leo" (Lion). The lion's mouth is open and its front teeth can be seen. Its four legs are visible, and its tail is curled up. The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is: background 11x10; lion 13x13. The colours are white and black with shades of red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 540mm.
26c Width 620mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper left corner of the panel is damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030069
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 069
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007798
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
237
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.6
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 237  
(XXII) ID: 238 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 238 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Virgo is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower left corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a woman standing in a frontal position holding a torch in her right hand. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: בתולה "Virgo" (Virgin). The woman's hair is covered by a veil. She wears a long tunic decorated with broad lines. The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform. Background: 10.5x9.5; body: 16x13; face: 11x13. The colours are white and black with shades of brown, red, yellow, green, orange, and blue.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 550 mm.
26c Width 630 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030070
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 070
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007799
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
238
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.7
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994. 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 238  
(XXII) ID: 239 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 239 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Libra (Scales), Zodiac Sign of Tishrei |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Libra is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower right corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a young man facing front, holding scales in his left hand and a stick in his right. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: מוזנים "Libra" (Scales). The young man is depicted naked, although his right arm is covered by a long mantle. The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is: background 9x10.5, scales 13x16.5. The colours are white and black with shades of brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 540mm.
26c Width 630mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030071
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 071
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007800
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
239
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.8
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994. 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 239  
(XXII) ID: 240 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 240 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Capricorn (Kid), Zodiac Sign of Tevet |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Capricorn is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the upper right corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a hybrid in profile with the front part of a goat with vertical horns and a fish's tail. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper part of the panel: גדי "Capricorn" (kid). The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background 10.5x9.5; kid 11.5x10. The colours are white and black with shades of green and orange.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width 630 mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The lower(west) part of the frame is damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030072
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 072
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007803
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
240
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.11
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 240  
(XXII) ID: 241 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 241 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shevat |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The zodiac sign of Aquarius is enclosed within a trapezoid panel in the upper right corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a young naked man pouring water out of a large jug. The jug is held above the right sholder. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner: דלי "Aquarius" (bucket). The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background 11x9.5; figure (12.5x14)-(14x15). The colors are white and black with shades of red, grey and ochre.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 530 mm.
26c Width 650 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The inscription is written backwards, as if in a mirror.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030073
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 073
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007804
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
241
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.12
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994. 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 241  
(XXII) ID: 242 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 242 Hammath Tiberias Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Hammath Tiberias, 286-337 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammath Tiberias Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 286-337 CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Hammath Tiberias
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Pisces (Fish), Zodiac Sign of Adar |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description דגים The zodiac sign of Pisces is enclosed within a trapezoid panel in the upper right corner of the Zodiac Wheel. It depicts two horizontal fish facing opposite ways. Inscribed in Hebrew on the upper right corner: "Pisces" (fish). The panel is framed on four sides by a twisted ribbon forming spaced circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of the tesserae per 10cm2 is: background 9.5x11; fish 11x11. The colours are white and black with shades of red and gray.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 530 mm
26c Width 640 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Dothan, M., 1983, pp.45-46, pl.32.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030074
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 074
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007805
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
242
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.200.1.2.13
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. 1991, D.D. & T.N. 12.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 242  


      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [ ... ][15052] [15053] [15054] [15055] [15056]

 

 

Mount Scopus, Humanities Building, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
Tel.: (972-2) 5882281 |  Fax.: (972-2) 5400105
E-mail: cja@mail.huji.ac.il
      All rights reserved to The Hebrew University of Jerusalem©
Development by Mark Gondelman (2012-17) and Igor Eisenberg (2017-18).
Design by Gilad Hemed (2013).
Page Up