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(XXII) ID: 2596 JHI Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 6, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2596 JHI Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 6, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHI Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 6
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| C-331 (former no. 3944)
10 Location Poland | Mazowieckie Voivodeship | Warsaw (Warszawa) | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| C-331 (former no. 3944)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Mordecai's triumph (Es. 6:11)
Haman's daughter empties a chamber pot on her father's head (Bab. Talmud, Megillah 16a)
Esther's second banquet (Es. 7:1)
Haman begging for his life (Es. 7:8)
Harbona suggests to hang Haman (Es. 7:9)
Ahasuerus asks Haman how to honour a man he wishes to reward (Es. 6:5-10)
Floral motif
Endless knot
Ahasuerus returns from the palace garden (Es. 7:8) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Cartouche 11 (upper margin): On the right, Ahasuerus stands next to his throne and points at Haman who stands before him and they are talking (Es. 6:6-10). On the left, Mordecai rides a horse followed by two men and Haman walks before him while blowing a trumpet (Es. 6:11). The scene of the triumph of Mordecai is supplemented by the depiction of Haman's daughter who, from a window above, throws bed-pan slops on her father's head (T.B. Meg. 16).

Cartouche 12 (lower margin): On the right, the second banquet given by Esther is shown (Es. 7:1). The queen sits at a round laid table and is accompanied by Ahasuerus who sits on the throne topped by a canopy, and by Haman who sits between them. In the central part of the cartouche, Haman is begging for his life and is prostrated on the floor before Esther while Ahasuerus is returning from the palace gardens (Es. 7:7-8). On the left, Ahasuerus stands in the palace garden with a scepter in his hand and is accompanied by two chamberlains; one of them can be Harbonah who suggests hanging Haman on the gallows he had prepared for Mordecai (Es. 7:9).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0007037
45 Temp: Batch Number
0007 | 037
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2596
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Yaffa Levy; Keren Katsir; Dagmara Budzioch 1994; 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2626 Pinkas of the Shamashim of the Hevra Kadisha in Dubăsari (Dubosary), Moldova, Fol. 13, Dubăsari (Dubosary), 1832-1835 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2626 Pinkas of the Shamashim of the Hevra Kadisha in Dubăsari (Dubosary), Moldova, Fol. 13, Dubăsari (Dubosary), 1832-1835 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Pinkas of the Shamashim of the Hevra Kadisha in Dubăsari (Dubosary), Moldova | Unknown
3a Object Hevra Kaddisha book
Pinkas (communal records)
3b Object Detail Fol. 13
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1832-1835
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Moldova | Dubăsari (Dubosary)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Heb. 8° 651
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Full page framed
Fish
Hand
Foliate scrolls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0007067
20 Description The text page for the eighteen rules established on Tevet 18th 1832, is framed on its three sides by a foliate scroll held by a hand. Along the bottom part of the page is a fish. The fish, symbol of fertility may allude to the word ח"י "18" also means "live".
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0007067
45 Temp: Batch Number
0007 | 067
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2626
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2642 Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor, Fol. 62 ?, Upper Rhein, 1344-1347 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2642 Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor, Fol. 62 ?, Upper Rhein, 1344-1347 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 62 ?
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1344-1347
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Heb. 4° 5213-4
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative)
Filigree work panel
Two-legged hybrid
Floral motif
Foliate and floral ornaments |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0007083
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0007083
45 Temp: Batch Number
0007 | 083
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0012205
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2642
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2745 NLI Moshe ben Avraham Pescarolo Esther Scroll, col. 6, Ferrara, 1616 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2745 NLI Moshe ben Avraham Pescarolo Esther Scroll, col. 6, Ferrara, 1616 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title NLI Moshe ben Avraham Pescarolo Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail col. 6
4a Artist/ Maker Pescarol (Pescarolo), Moshe ben Abraham (Illuminator,Scribe)
5 Date 1616
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Emilia Romagna | Ferrara
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Vashti refusing King Ahasuerus' order (Es. 1:12)
Vase with flowers
Herm(a)
Floral motif |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 007090
20 Description

On the left hand of the upper frame, under a high baldaquin, the crowned fashionable dressed Queen Vashti is sitting on a chair. Her left hand is pointing to a group of king's servants standing in front of her. The scene is captioned: "ותמאן המלכה ושתי לבא" - "But the queen Vashti refused to come" (Es. 1:12).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
007090
45 Temp: Batch Number
007 | 090
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003914
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2745
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.344$$17
:MED : Parchment
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2788 Abraham of Butera Bible, Fol. 54v, Spain, 1376-1400 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2788 Abraham of Butera Bible, Fol. 54v, Spain, 1376-1400 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Abraham of Butera Bible | Unknown
3a Object Bible
3b Object Detail Fol. 54v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1376-1400
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Heb. 8° 2221
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Judah (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Issachar (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Naphtali (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Dan (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0008041
20 Description <p>Three micrographic animals depicting signs of the tribes illustrating the text of Gen. 49:8-21, appear in the lower margin. Reading from right to left : A couchant lion as the sign of Judah; a long eared donkey as the sign of Issachar, and a short tailed hind as the sign Naphtali. In the space between the two text columns appears a Snake twisted vertically around a pole as the sign of Dan. Some details are in burnished gold.</p>
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0008041
45 Temp: Batch Number
0008 | 041
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008361
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2788
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.1991.355 8
:MED : Vellum
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2814 Spanish Siddur , Fol. 10, Spain, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2814 Spanish Siddur , Fol. 10, Spain, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Spanish Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 10
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain
|
8 Community Sephardi
|
9 Collection Russia | St Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
| A 31
10 Location Russia | St. Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative)
Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 8067
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
8067
45 Temp: Batch Number
8 | 067
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2814
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3110 Murphy Haggadah, Fol. 3v, Italy, 1455? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3110 Murphy Haggadah, Fol. 3v, Italy, 1455? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Murphy Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 3v
4a Artist/ Maker Joel Ben Simeon (Unknown)
5 Date 1455?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
| north
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4°6130
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rabbi Eliezer (Rabbis, the Five) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0045041
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0045041
45 Temp: Batch Number
0045 | 041
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3110
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3205 The Heilbronn Mahzor, Fol. 379v, Heilbronn, 1370-1400 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3205 The Heilbronn Mahzor, Fol. 379v, Heilbronn, 1370-1400 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Heilbronn Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 379v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1370-1400
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Baden-Württemberg | Heilbronn
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Hungary | Budapest | Hungarian Academy of Sciences Library (MTAK), Kaufmann Collection
| Ms. A 387
10 Location Hungary | Budapest | Hungarian Academy of Sciences Library (MTAK)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jonah, Under Gourd Vine (Jonah 4:6) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 32010
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
32010
45 Temp: Batch Number
32 | 010
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3205
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3730 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 28v, Vienna (Wien), edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3730 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 28v, Vienna (Wien), edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Rothschild Vienna Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 28v
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Menahem (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Vienna (Wien)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 242
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 197046
20 Description Fol. 28v: The initial word “Blessed “ (ברוך) opening the Repetition of the Amidah prayer for the first day of New Year, is written in dark brown square script outlined in red within a small rectangular yellow panel in the upper part of the page. The panel is filled with yellow background decorated with red scrolls and branches and framed with a thin red line. The panel is surrounded by small brown dots and a brown frame with a wavy running line and decorated with a trefoil leaf at each corner.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Yellow, brown and red colors and brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
41 x 62 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration was done at the same time as the production of the manuscript.

In the 19th century a parchment leaf was added to the manuscript with text and decoration (fols. 1-1v).

 

A.      Two architectonic initial word panels occupying almost the whole text space, opening the yozer for the first day of New Year (fol. 19v) and the second day of New Year (fol. 90).

B.      Two fully-framed pages for the piyyut Ohil  (אוחיל) for the Musaf prayer for the second day of New Year (fol. 138v) and for the Kol Nidrei (כל נדרי) prayer for the Day of Atonement (fol.162v).

C.      Many initial word panels painted in monochrome colours and decorated with thin foliate scrolls of three types:

a) 5 large panels occupying the width of the text space and enclosing an initial word written in gold leaf (fols. 26- זוכרינו, 60- אופד 71v- אוחיל, 96-ברוך, and 190-אשירה), three of which are inhabited with animals and  hybrids (fols. 71v, 96 and 190).

b) 11 smaller panels occupying as half of the width of the text space for initial words written in display script in dark brown ink (fols. 52, 53v,  63, 70v, fol. 89, 98v-lower panel, 108, 137v,155v, 187 and 189v),  one of  which is inhabited with dragons (fol. 89).

c) 9 small initial words in dark brown ink in smaller rectangular and square panels (Fols. 18v, 19v-upper small panel, 28v, 85v, 98v- upper panel, 118,122, 131 and 177).

D.      Foliate scrolls along the column of the repeated words of some piyyutim (e.g. fols.  63v, 108v-109, 171), one extends from a dragon's mouth (fol. 63v). 

E.       Decorated catchwords: a winged horse (fol. 37v); winged hybrid? (fol. 45v); and simple ink strokes some creating a triangle (fols. 61v, 77v, 93v, 101v, 117v, 125v, 141v, 149v and 197v).

F.      The  descender of the letter "kuf" ends with a fleur-de-lys (e.g. fol. 77, 80, 129v) or with spiral decoration in ink on top of each letter (e.g. fols. 146v, 147) as well as a simple crown on top of the word: King (fol. 158v)

G.     Shaped text at the end of sections: the last two pages of the first day prayers are written in a shaped text (fols. 87v, 88) and also the last page of the second day of New Year prayers (fol. 155v)

 

 A later addition to the manuscript was done inFrankfurt, 1842:

  1. A title page with large initial word panel (fol. 1).
  2. A dedication page with the coat of arms of the Rothschild family (fol. 1v).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The scribe Moshe son of Menahem, who copied this Mahzor for New Year and the Day of Atonement prayers for the evening only, states in the colophon that he completed the production of the manuscript on February 22, 1415. The fact that he declares the manuscript finished indicates that he did not include the next volume with the rest of the Day of Atonement prayers. The colophon does not say where he produced the manuscript nor the identity of the wealthy Jew who commissioned this beautiful illuminated mahzor with rich initial word panels. However, we can assume that the original owner of this manuscript served as a cantor since a few notes in the manuscript are referring to the cantor (e.g. fols. 84v, 118). Moreover, the Torah reading sections are copied twice in the manuscript, once with vocalization and punctuation and once without them (fols. 44v-48; 119-121v) to serve as a practicing tool for the cantor in order to study and memorize the correct reading from the Torah scroll in the synagogue, which does not include any vocalization and punctuation. This is a rare phenomenon in prayer books and we know of only two other mahzorim containing this double text of the Torah readings (One is in the Tripartite Mahzor[1] (vol. I: Budapest, Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection, Ms. A384, e.g. fols. 134-136, 168-170; vol. II: London, British Library, Add. 22413, e.g. fols. 28v-30, 132v, 160v-162; vol. III: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Mich. 619, e.g. fols. 73v-75, 195-196v, 248-249;) and the second is another 13th century Ashkenazi mahzor (Oxford Bodleian Library, Ms. 1049).   Amongst the scribe's notes is also an important one mentioning in the text a custom practiced in the city of Vienna to open the Torah ark while reciting the piyyut  'Melekh Elyon'  (מלך עליון ;fol. 108). We may deduce from the scribe’s remark that he produced it in Vienna. This custom is also mentioned by R. Isaac Tirna, who lived in Austria at the end of the 14th century, in his Book of Customs. In this book are recorded eastern European customs of the 15th century. Tirna mentions this custom of opening the Torah ark on New Year and the Day of Atonement, while reciting various piyyutim and amongst them our piyyut 'Melekh Elyon'  מלך עליון (It seems that R. Isaac refers to all the six different piyyutim in the New Year prayers that open with the same words: 'Melekh Elyon' מלך עליון.; see: Goldshmidt , p. מט (49) in his introduction)

The contents of the manuscript also support an Austrian origin for our manuscript as it is evidenced from some piyyutim following the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite (e.g. the piyyutim on fols. 23 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 53), 28v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.61), 75 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.259), 171 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 10), except for a few piyuutim which adhere to the Western Ashkenazi rite, such as those on fols. 6v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 31), and 172 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 17).

The style of the architectonic panels of our manuscript, as well as the inhabited panels bring to mind the earlier manuscripts of the first half of the 14th century in southern Germany from the Lake Constance book illumination and recalls an early Ashkenazi model for our manuscript. Thus for example we can see the similarity between the architectonic frames in our manuscript on fol. 19v with similar frames such as those on fols. 154v and 256v in the “Vienna Siddur SemaK” (ÖNB, Cod. Hebr. 75 see catalogue…), produced in the Lake Constance region in the first quarter of the 14th century. These three panels each have a large gold initial word within an architectonic frame with a large finial at the centre and smaller ones on top of a tower's crenelated wall. The initial word panels in our manuscript should also be compared with similar panels in the "Alliance Mahzor for New Year and Day of Atonement" probably decorated in Constance in the first half of the 14th century (the Bibliotheque de L’Alliance Israelite Universelle, Ms. 24H; see: Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux, cat. 79, pp. 208-216.)[2] Thus for example, the initial word panel on fol. 30v in the "Alliance mahzor" should also be compared with similar panels in our manuscript, on fols. 71v, 89, 96 and 190.  The composition of the panel with a large initial word decorated on top and below with one or a pair of hybrids and with a scroll of big leaves are very similar.

In fact, the closest comparison to our manuscript is the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", of the first half of the14th century, now in the New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library/ Dorot Jewish Division **P[3] (Ms. Hebr. 248).[4] The "David bar Pesah Mahzor" is also strongly influenced by the Lake Constance school of book illumination and is similar to our manuscript (Cod Hebr, 242) in motives and in the colour palette especially the mustard-yellow colour (ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 242, e.g. fols. 19v and 90 and the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", fol. 353v- see picture in Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England  and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101) or on the website: digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/explore/dgexplore.cfm?topic=arts&collection=HebrewIlluminatedMan&col_id=172

Dr. Veronica of ONB compared our manuscript ion on September 2003, with ONB Cod. 5332, fol. 3v. this ms. was produced in Vienna, 1513- Fingernagel- what do you think??.

We do not know how such models from LakeConstanceof the 14th century, reached the hands of the artist of our manuscript, however it is possible to conjecture for instance that such illuminated manuscripts were brought to Vienna with one of the Jewish immigration from the lake Constance region after the destruction of those communities in 1348-1349.

 

We do not know the identity of the artist of the manuscript, nor how many people were involved in the production of the illuminations. Many initial word panels show scribe’s letters surrounded with wavy lines and enclosed within simple frames beneath the colour (e.g. on fols. 53v, 63, 70v) Some paintings lack the wide, black ink outlines which articulate the details of birds and dragons (e.g. on fol. 162v). In one case (fol. 190) the plummet underdrawing shows more rounded leaves than the edgy coloured ones that were painted over them. Whoever the artist was, he was bold enough to extend beyond the decoration space which the scribe allocated, by covering some words of the text with the decoration as, for example, on fol. 19v where he covered the last two words of the text with a finial.  Some words that were covered by the panel were rewritten before (e.g.  fols. 26) or after the panel (fol. 155v). Moreover, in one case (fol. 162v) the artist left the last letter of the initial word, outside of the panel. On the other hand, there is a slight possibility that the entire manuscript was the production of the scribe Moshe ben Menahem as he claims in the colophon: “This Mahzor I copied and completed”.

 

The manuscript reached Germany years after its production (15-16th centuries??), as indicated by some notes in the outer margins (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 75, 93v) referring to “Ashkenaz” (fol. 23) and the “Swabian countries” (fol. 28v).  These direct the reader to the version of the Western Ashkenaz rite as opposed to the Austrian version to which this Mahzor belongs. 

In August 5, 1842, our manuscript reached the Rothschild family in Frankfurt when Salomon Mayer of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild family (1744-1855; the second son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild) purchased the manuscript in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins as a gift to his son Anselm Salomon (1803-1874). We know that Anselm also received another illuminated manuscript of Talmud Bava Kama on the occasion of his bar mitzvah in 1816 (New York, Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, see: Mann, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds, cat. 87, p. 169). The Rothschilds are known as collectors of other medieval Hebrew illuminated manuscripts such as The "Rothschild Miscellany", Italy, Ferrara?, c. 1479, (Jerusalem. IM, 180/51). After 1855 the manuscript was sold to the Rothschild family in Paris and remained there until it was stolen during the Nazi occupation and reappeared after the war in New York. Someone tried to sell it to Alexander Marx, librarian at the Jewish Theological Seminary, who realized it had been stolen from the Rothschilds and returned it to them in London. James de Rothschild was persuaded by Mordechai Narkiss, director of the Bezalel Museum in Israel, that a manuscript of such importance was a national treasure and therefore belonged in Israel. In 1957, on hearing of Narkiss' illness, James de Rothschild sent it as a gift to Jerusalem.The “Rothschild Mahzor”, Florence, 1492 (New York, JTS ms. 8892) which was in the 19th century in the collection of Henri de Rothschild in Paris and given to the JTS by Baron Edmond de Rothschild of Paris in 1966; The “Rothschild-Weil Mahzor”, northern Italy, c. 1470 (Jerusalem, JNUL Heb. 80 4450)- a gift of Mrs. J. de Rothschild from the collection of her late husband, James de Rothschild, London 1968 through Mr. E. Eilat; The “Murphy Haggadah, Northern Italy, mid 15th century (Jerusalem, JNUL Hebr. 40 6130). The manuscript was part of the collection of Baron Edmond de Rothschild in Paris. Plundered by the Nazis during World War II, it was later given to Yale University by Murphy.  The “Murphy Haggadah” was given by Dorothy Rothschild as a gift to the JNUL in 1981.


[1] Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, pp. 296, 303, 308

[2] This manuscript was copied in the 13th century probably in Ulm, in the first quarter of the 14th century however some paintings were added, probably inConstance

[3] F 32487.- see the microfilm project information on this manuscript. For three pictures of this manuscript see: Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treatures of England  and America (New York 1

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
A later 15th century? hand added some text in the margins:
• A 15th century hand wrote four times the text of the Amelioration of a Dream in the lower margin of the Priestly Blessings in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script on fols. 40v, 83v, 115v and 151v; e.g. on fol. 40v inscribed:
רבונו של עולם אני שלך וחלומותיי שלך ואיני יודע מה הוא בין שחלמתי אני לעצמי בין שחלמו/ לי אחרים אם טובים הם חזקם ואמצם ואם רעים הם הפכם לי לטובה כמי שהפכת מי מרה / למתיקה על ידי משה רבינו ואת מי יריחו על ידי אלישע וכנעמן מצרעתו וכמרים מצרעת'/ וכחזקיהו מחוליו וכשם שהפכת קללתו של בלעם הרשע מרעה לטובה כן תהפוך כל חלו/ חלומתיי ומעשי ? ומחשבותי לטובה ותרציני. אמן
o Translation:-ונוסח זה לא קיים בסדור של ארט סקרול - אין בסדור של בירנבוים

• Another hand of the 15th century added some text with vocalization in square Ashkenazi script (similar to the scribe’s script), on fols. 31v, 32v, 131 and 171, eg., fol. 131- The piyyut לאל עורך דין )Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 79 ) (now folded. )- next to the piyyut ונתנה תוקף is inscribed in the outer margin partly folded now in square Ashkenazi script.
• Later annotations by different hands e.g. on fols. 19v, 28v, 30, 31, 32v, 35, 46v, 60, 61v, 62, 62v, 68, 68v, 70, 70v, 71, 83, 84v, 88, 103, 104, 108v, 114, 132, 142v, 152v, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 177v, 178, 180, 185, 186v
Notes referring to rites:
An owner's inscription by a later? 15th? century hand in Swebia noted in the margins next to many prayers that follow the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite:
זה אין אומרי' ואומר...
Translation: "This section is not recited here, recite…" (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 34, 34v, 64 ; see for example:
• Fol. 23: inscribed in the outer margin next to the last line of the text column:
במקום זה אומרים באשכנז והאופנים
Translation: "In this location is recited in Ashkenaz the piyyut Veha'ofanim"
• Fol. 28v: in the middle of the outer margin inscribed next to the Reshut: “יראתי”:
אין אומרים זה/ במדינות שוואבן/ומתחיל אתחיל
Translation: "This is not recited in the lands of Swebia and starts with the piyyut At'hil" and on fol. 29 next to the initial word אתחיל "At'hil" inscribed: כאן מתחיל "here one starts."

Owner’s inscription of the 16th-19th? century:
• Fol. 202v : Owner’s inscription, inscribed in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink in the upper part of the page within a simple frame of a vase:
זה המחזור חנני אלהי, נאום שלמה בר/ משה המכונה זלמן/ אויערבך./ משה בר שלמה? שמואל? אויערבךText:
Trans.: “This mahzor belongs to Shlomo b. Moshe, who is called Zalman Urbach/ Oyerbach, Moshe b. Shlomo? Shmuel Oyerbach ”.
• Ambiguous annotations in Hebrew inscribed on fols. 3, 202v and pastedown of inner and front covers reads: תשרק צפעס נמלך: (fol. 202v it is written vertically in the upper part of the page with some other letters: קאדמישתאודעינהון תשרק צפעם; fol. 3: inscribed in the lower right part of the page in larger square letters, vertically: תשרק צפעס ב נמלך.; Pastedown of front cover, inscribed in cursive tiny script in the upper side of the page: תש תשרק צפעם נמלך ע?הרג בא על השלחן; Pastedown of back cover in the upper part of the page inscribed: תשרק צפעם נמלך)
• Fol. 3: In small square script in the upper right side of the page, reads: אלכסנדרי/ ב"ר ? אליקים “Alexandry son of ? Eliakim.”,
• Fol. 1v: Owner’s inscription of 1842:
נאום שלמה בן כהרר משה מאיר/ באראן פאן ראטשילד/. הספר הזה קניתי בעיר נירנבערג בעד מאה וחמשים ואחד זהובים/ ונתתי במתנה גמורה לבני היקר והנחמד ומוכתר במעלות ומדות/ כהרר אנזעלם באראן (הצבע נמרח מתחת לשם) פאן ראטשילד יחי'/ למשמרת עד דורי דורות למען תהיה תורת ד' בפינו מעתה ועד/ עולם א"ס/. פראנקפורט על נהר מיין יום וי"ו ערב ראש חדש אלול/ שנת ה' תר"ב.
Translation: “ Signed by Salomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild, in Frankfurt on Friday, on the eve of the new month of Elul 5602 (August 5, 1842). I bought this book in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins and gave it as a gift to my dear son, crowned with virtues and merits, Anselm Baron von Rothschild” (his name is written on an erased text). The same hand added the title page for the manuscript on fol. 1 in square Ashkenazi script with a brief German translation,
מחזור/ מכל השנה/. כתבתי וסיימתי ביום ו' י"ב אדר/ שנת הק"עה/ Geschrieben im März 1415,/ אני משה בן מנחם/ ינב"ע.
Translation: “ Mahzor for the whole year. I copied and completed it on Friday 12th of Adar in the year 5175. copied in March 1415. I, Moshe ben Menahem. (He made a mistake and instead of February he wrote March.)

• Fol. 201- in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb4 and on fol. 200 in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb3; and on 199- Bb2.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Vivian B. Mann and Richard I. Cohen, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds: Art, Patronage, and Power 1600-1800, ed., The Jewish Museum New York. This book has been published in conjunction with the exhibition held at the Jewish Museum, New York, 8 September 1996- 17 January 1997. V.D.L.,“Rothschild”, Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 14, cols. 334-342. Count Corti, The Rise of the House of Rothschild, (London 1928; translation from German into English by Brian & Beatrix Lunn), pp. 302-3. Daniel Goldshmidt , Mahzor for the High Holidays, vol. I – New Year and vol. II.- Day of Atonement, Jerusalem 1970. Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux Enluminés des Bibliothèques de France, Leuven-Paris 1994, cat. 79, pp. 208-216. M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101). Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, XXXX pp. 296, 303, 308 .
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197046
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 046
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3730
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissa Fried, Michal Sternthal Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Vienna with Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 8.10.02 8-9.9.03 3.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Michal Sternthal Bezalel Narkiss August, January 2004 27.1.04 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal August 2003 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 28.1.04 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3811 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, , Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3811 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, , Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Zedek neighborhood, 18 Shimon Rokah St.
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Tel Aviv
| 18 Shimon Rokah St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219054
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219054
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 054
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3811
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4549 Erna Michael Haggadah, Fol. 8v, Bohemia, 1400-1420 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 4549 Erna Michael Haggadah, Fol. 8v, Bohemia, 1400-1420 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Erna Michael Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 8v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1400-1420
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Czech Republic | Bohemia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 181/18 (formerly 180/58)
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject First seder cup of wine, holding |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 73072
20 Description

A bearded man is sitting on a stool, lifting a golden goblet

with a handle in his right hand.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
73072
45 Temp: Batch Number
73 | 072
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4549
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4779 Southern and part of Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), Paintings on the southern wall, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 4779 Southern and part of Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), Paintings on the southern wall, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Southern and part of Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Paintings on the southern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Between 1923 and 1940
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Mount Hor הר ההר
Mount Nebo
Sukkot
Palm tree |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345677
20 Description

///ID/11991/

///ID/161/

///ID/162/

///ID/218/

///ID/219/

///ID/220/

 

The synagogue is a simple freestanding building of irregular shape situated among dwelling houses.  It consists of two volumes – a two-storey main volume which contains the prayer hall and a single storey northern volume with auxiliary premises. The main volume is a two-storey high trapezoid structure covered by a hipped roof.  It contains the main prayer hall with a women's gallery on the west and north, a small prayer room in the north and a staircase to the women's gallery.  The south facade of the volume faces the street; its west facade faces the courtyard, which is separated from the street by a grillwork fence. The northern volume is a trapezoid single storey structure, connected to the north facade of the main volume.  It consists of four rooms: two communal offices, a kitchen and a bathroom, and it is covered by a lean-to roof.  It has two windows and two doors leading to the courtyard. Description of the exterior: The south or main facade is facing the street.  It is framed by two pilaster-strips and divided into two sunken fields by a central pilaster-strip.  They are topped by a wide blank freeze and a moulded cornice.  An onion shaped dome on a low octagonal drum protrudes over the roof, above the central pilaster-strip.  Each facet of the drum is pierced by a small bull's eye window. Two globular finials on cubic bases are mounted over the lateral pilasters.  Each finial and the dome terminate with a Star of David apex. Each field of the facade has an arch enclosing a triple window with round arches and colonettes.  The lunette of each arch is decorated by a pair of double-stepped depressed circles, and the arch is decorated with five protruding voussoirs.  The windows are set back in moulded frames.  The spandrels of these frames are covered by concrete plaster in the "fur coat" technique.  The panels under the protruding window sills as well as the lower part of the pilasters are currently covered by white ceramic tiles with a diamond-shaped pattern made from blue tiles. The western facade is comprised of two tiers and framed by two pilaster-strips. Another one divides it into two unequal sections, corresponding to the main synagogue in the southern part and the small prayer room in the north. The lower tier of the southern part is preceded by a gabled entrance hall flanked by two rectangular windows. The entrance hall’s western wall has a wide rectangular window topped by two round ones.  A door leads into the entrance hall from the south, whereas its northern wall is blind. On the upper tier of the southern part are three rectangular windows corresponding to the women’s gallery, which extends in the interior on the north and west walls. In the northern part there is a door which leads to the small prayer room.  A window above it gives light to the women's gallery. The northern facade is three tiers high.  There are two windows on the first tier, corresponding to the small prayer room.  A side entrance covered with a lean-to roof leading to the women's section is located in the eastern corner.  In the second tier there are three windows, corresponding to the women’s gallery, and on the third tier there is a small window on the eastern corner corresponds to the attic.  All the openings are rectangular. The east wall of the main volume is a blank firewall.

See also:

///ID/10630/

///ID/9134/

///ID/9132/

///ID/9133/

///ID/11710/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4779
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4788 Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Czernowitz (Cernăuţi), Torah ark, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 4788 Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Czernowitz (Cernăuţi), Torah ark, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Czernowitz (Cernăuţi) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Torah ark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1923?
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi
| Chernivtsi, Kobylytsi St. 53
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tablets of the Law (central element of heraldic composition)
Two lions
Crown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345710
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4788
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4830 Northern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), , Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 4830 Northern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), , Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Northern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Between 1923 and 1940
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aaron |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345728
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4830
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4854 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4854 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel)) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046066
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4854
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 5053 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, Southeastern wall, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 5053 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, Southeastern wall, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Southeastern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Zedek neighborhood, 18 Shimon Rokah St.
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Tel Aviv
| 18 Shimon Rokah St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Musical Instruments
Praise Him with timbrel and dance (Ps. 150: 4) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 049065
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
049065
45 Temp: Batch Number
049 | 065
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5053
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5058 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals, Ceiling, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 5058 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals, Ceiling, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Ceiling
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Tzedek neighborhood
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 049070
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
049070
45 Temp: Batch Number
049 | 070
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5058
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5130 Ma'amar Mordekhai, Fol. 225, Halych (Halicz, Galich), 1753 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 5130 Ma'amar Mordekhai, Fol. 225, Halych (Halicz, Galich), 1753 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Ma'amar Mordekhai | Unknown
3a Object Halakhic literature
3b Object Detail Fol. 225
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1753
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Ivano-Frankivs'ka obl. | Halych (Halicz, Galich)
|
8 Community Karaite
|
9 Collection Russia | St Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
| C 104
10 Location Russia | St. Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ephod |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 45099
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45099
45 Temp: Batch Number
45 | 099
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5130
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 6236 Tiered Seder plate of Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman of Sadigora (?), , Russia, 1859? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6236 Tiered Seder plate of Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman of Sadigora (?), , Russia, 1859? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tiered Seder plate of Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman of Sadigora (?) | Unknown
3a Object Passover (Seder) plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Russia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 115
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Goat |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 2-26-32, 4-12, 8-23
19a Scan No. 052062
20 Description

The seder plate consist of a body, a base and a handel.

The body is cylindrical lowl shaped with convex bottom and concave upper part. it is rests on three legs in a shape of a scrolling vine with leaves and brunches. The bottom is decorated with petal like design composed of scrolls, foliates and flowers. The handles in a shape of swans with raised wings. On the front side there is rectangular narrow holes for inserting of three trays.

Each tray decorated with foliate scrolls and has a lock which decorated with three leaves connected by a pair of barries. The plate bears depicting pictures ( from the right to the left): buildings; Exodus (Mosses laedind his people while he is caried on 12 waves) and the Egyptians are falling into the sea; a gout between two trees above them a bird; alongated building with two flags above it a bird. The trays are made from raund hoops with lattiee work inside composed of triangular in a circle composing a Star of David. The front part of each hoop is decorated with scroll foliate and flowers design with the saue handle. Each tray has a velvet round cover inside the cover is flat with wavy edge.

Description on the first tray hoop (from above) on the right side: "Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread" (Exodus,13:6) "שבעת ימים מצות תאכלו" On the left in a medalion: "wisdom" "חכמה" On the second tray hoop on the right: "At even ye shall eat unleavened bread" (Exodus, 12:18) "בערב תאכלו מצות" On the left: "understanding" "בינה" On the third tray hoop, the inscription on the right side: "and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it" (Exodus,12:8) "ומצות על מרורים יאכלו" On the left: "knowledge" "ודעת"

There are six dishes on it. Two are with oval body and oval bases decorated with foliate design. Two are with raund base and decorated with foliet design, two are in a shape of conus and a base in a shape of a leaf decorated with scrolls.

On the body there are two small amphoras with expelling leaves and fruits. From each vase a vine with leaves and grapes expells and support a crown decorated with filigree scrolls and flowers. Between a crest and an apex there is decoration of acorms alternatiny with three leaves. The apex is globular surmounted by a bird. Seven bells are alternuating with the arms of the crown. a bell biger than the others is hanging in it`s centre.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver##Structure: cast,hammered,rased ##Decoration: stamped, repouse, engraved, punched ##Bonding: secreued, soldered## Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 610mm (all the four levels)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 1060mm (each plate)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Goldman Ida identified this Seder Plate as belonging to Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman of Sadigora on the basis of the verbal description given by Itzhak Even. Even wrote that the plate was presented by the rich Russian Hasidim of the Rabbi after his recovery from illness in 1859.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Batsheva Goldman Ida, “Ha-hefetz ha-tiksi ha-hasidi” (Ph.D. thesis, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2007), pp. 115-150. Itzhak Even, Funem rebens hoyf: zikhroynes un mayses gezehen, gehert un nochdertselt (New York, 1922), p. 213.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
052062
45 Temp: Batch Number
052 | 062
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011204
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6236
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.11204
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter N.Y. (M.P.R.) 03.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 6288 Ceiling in the Habad Synagogue (former Glaziers synagogue) in Chişinău (Kishinev), Eastern row, Chişinău (Kishinev), 1950s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 6288 Ceiling in the Habad Synagogue (former Glaziers synagogue) in Chişinău (Kishinev), Eastern row, Chişinău (Kishinev), 1950s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Ceiling in the Habad Synagogue (former Glaziers synagogue) in Chişinău (Kishinev) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Eastern row
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1950s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Moldova | Chişinău (Kishinev)
| 8 Iakimanka St.
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Moldova | Chişinău (Kishinev)
| 8 Habad-Lyubavitch St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0137030
20 Description

The Zodiac sign of Virgo is depicted as a girl with two braids, holding a bunch of roses with both hands. Inscribed מזל אלול בתולה (The Zodiac sign of Elul Virgo).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0137030
45 Temp: Batch Number
0137 | 030
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6288
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich 1994 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a



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