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      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [ ... ][15122] [15123] [15124] [15125] [15126] [15127] [15128] [15129] [15130] [15131] [ ... ][15630] [15631] [15632] [15633] [15634]

(XXII) ID: 328877 Bialystoker Synagogue in Lower East Side in New York City, NY - Prayer Hall, , Lower East Side, early 1930s (paintings) edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 328877 Bialystoker Synagogue in Lower East Side in New York City, NY - Prayer Hall, , Lower East Side, early 1930s (paintings) edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Bialystoker Synagogue in Lower East Side in New York City, NY - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 1930s (paintings)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin USA | New York | New York City | Manhattan | Lower East Side
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location United States of America (USA) | New York | New York City, NY | Manhattan | Lower East Side
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2020
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A416188
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
328877
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 20 Regensburg Pentateuch, Fol. 156, Regensburg, 1300? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 20 Regensburg Pentateuch, Fol. 156, Regensburg, 1300? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Regensburg Pentateuch | Not relevant
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 156
4a Artist/ Maker David bar Shabbetai (Scribe)
5 Date 1300?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) | Regensburg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| MS. 180/52
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sanctuary Implements
Mount of Olives (Jerusalem)
Shewbread table
Ark of the Covenant
Laver and its stand
Flesh-hooks (mazlegot)
Shovels (ya'im)
Aaron lighting the Menorah
Menorah
Trumpets
Cherubim
Jar of Manna
Pots (sirot) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 001014
20 Description

The two facing full-page panels (fols. 155v-156) feature the Sanctuary implements with Aaron the High Priest lighting the menorah.

 

Aaron, who stands at the top right of the page (fol. 155v), lights the menorah depicted in the opposite page (see fol. 156) with a torch, held in his left hand. In his right hand he holds a small bucket, the kuz. Aaron, wears a miter on his head and a breastplate over a long robe adorned with bells at the hem. The breastplate is inscribed with the names of the twelve tribes and the names Abraham, Isaac, Jacob andIsrael.

Behind him, to the left, is a stand surmounted by a tree symbolising theMount of Olives.

It is flanked by a flesh hook on the right and a shovel on the left.

On the far left is the table of shewbread with twelve loaves arranged in six pairs, inscribed with the words "shewbread" לחם פנים.

Beneath the tree stand covered goblet and possibly the jar of manna.

On a stand beneath the shewbread table is a bowl.

Below Aaron is the Ark of the Covenant depicted as a four legged table and a ring for hanging theArk's poles on each corner. Two bird-like cherubim with facial features and pointed Jewish hats hover over theArk, facing each other.

To the left of the cherubim are two trumpets situated over a stand and two other implements: a cauldron and a jar, possibly the Laver and its stand.

The implements on both folios are rendered in burnished gold on blue ground. Most of the gold has flaked off revealing a layer of white gesso and traces of the original outlines in lead pencil beneath.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
001014
45 Temp: Batch Number
001 | 014
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
20
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 20  
(XXII) ID: 36 Birds' Head Haggadah, Fol. 15, Upper Rhein, c. 1300 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 36 Birds' Head Haggadah, Fol. 15, Upper Rhein, c. 1300 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Birds' Head Haggadah | Not relevant
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 15
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem (Scribe)
5 Date c. 1300
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 180/57
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Israelites building Pithom and Raamses |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 001036
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
001036
45 Temp: Batch Number
001 | 036
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
36
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 36  
(XXII) ID: 62 Bamberg Mahzor, Fol. 43, Bamberg, 23 July, 1279 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 62 Bamberg Mahzor, Fol. 43, Bamberg, 23 July, 1279 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Bamberg Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 43
4a Artist/ Maker Eliah bar Mordecai (Scribe)
5 Date 23 July, 1279
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Bamberg
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection United States of America (USA) | New York | Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS)
| MS. 4843
10 Location United States of America (USA) | New York | New York City, NY | Manhattan | The Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 001062
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Manuscr.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
001062
45 Temp: Batch Number
001 | 062
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011527
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
62
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.1994.2/15
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 62  
(XXII) ID: 77 Abraham Farissol JTS Haggadah, Fol. 6v, Ferrara, 1515 (text), after 1515 (illustration) edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 77 Abraham Farissol JTS Haggadah, Fol. 6v, Ferrara, 1515 (text), after 1515 (illustration) edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Abraham Farissol JTS Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 6v
4a Artist/ Maker Abraham ben Mordechai Farissol (Scribe)
5 Date 1515 (text), after 1515 (illustration)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Emilia Romagna | Ferrara
| or Venice
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection United States of America (USA) | New York | Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS)
| Ms. 4817
10 Location United States of America (USA) | New York | New York City, NY | Manhattan | The Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sons, the Four, the wise son |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 001076
20 Description In the outer margin is a tinted pen-drawing by a later artist depicting the wise son as a bearded man standing holding an open book.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Manuscr.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
001076
45 Temp: Batch Number
001 | 076
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0013055
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
77
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.1994.18/8
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 77  
(XXII) ID: 96 Yahuda Haggadah, Fol. 6, Franconia, 1470-1480 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 96 Yahuda Haggadah, Fol. 6, Franconia, 1470-1480 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Yahuda Haggadah | Not relevant
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 6
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1470-1480
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 180/50
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Dividing of the matzah
Lifting up the Seder plate while reciting Ha Lahma |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
001095
45 Temp: Batch Number
001 | 095
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
96
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 96  
(XXII) ID: 181 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 181 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel)) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 195-5 (BW) (inscription)##195-6 (BW) (bull)##195-4
19a Scan No. 030034
20 Description זכורים )לטוב( האומנים, שהוציאו לפועל את המלאכה הזאת: מריאנוס וחנינא בנו.## ]הדין פסי[פוסה אתקבע בשתה##]^^^^^^^ל[מלכותה דיוסטינוס מלכה##]סאין)?(^^^^ד[ אתנדבון כל בני## ק]רתה^^^^^^^^^[בירבי##א]^^^^^^^דכירין לטב כל##ב]ני קרתה^^^דכיר לט[ב## Next to the main entrance of the nave are two adjoining inscriptions flanked by a bull and a lion forming part of the band which framed the nave mosaics. The inscriptions are set one above the other and face the entrance. The upper inscription is in Greek, the lower in Aramaic. Each inscription is set within a differently sized tabula ansata The Greek inscription consists of five lines, separated by one line of tesserae. The translation of the inscription is as follows:## "May the craftsmen who carried out this work, Marianus and his son Hanina, be held in remembrance"## The Aramaic inscription consists of seven lines separated by three to four lines of background.The inscription reads as follows:## "This mosaic was laid down in the year ... of the reign of Emperor Justinus ... who gave a hundred dinars ... gave all members (sons) of the community(?) ... Rabbi ... honoured be the memory of all sons ... Amen.## To the left of the inscription is a lion in profile in front of a branch. Its mane is composed of curved and straight lines, its mouth is open and its tail is curled upwards. To the right is a bull in profile, its head with by two horns shaped like a horseshoe; it has a hump on its back and elongated testicles between its hind legs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform, in the inscription as well as in the bodies and background of the animals: (8x8)-(10X10).
The colours of the tesserae in the animals, besides white and black, are dark wine red, brick red, brown, ochre, and yellow.
In both inscriptions the letters are composed of one line of black tesserae on a white background.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 600mm.(Hebrew inscription) 300mm.(Greek inscription)
26c Width 172 cm (Hebrew inscription)## 143 cm (Greek inscription)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The Aramaic inscriptions were interpreted and translated by Joseph Naveh. The Greek inscription was interpreted and translated by E. Sukenik.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Most of the western half of the northern Aramaic inscription has been severely damaged and restored with plain white tesserae.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
גרסון, הכתובות, 7891, עמ' 92 Avi-Yonah, Mosaic Pavements, p. 292.##Sukenik, Beth Alpha, 1932, p.38, pl.22##Naveh, On Mosaic and stone, 1978, p.71
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
030034
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 034
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005340
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
181
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.4
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986 & H.B 3.1994, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 181  
(XXII) ID: 259 Gaza Synagogue, Southern Aisle, Medallions Pane, Gaza, 508-509 CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 259 Gaza Synagogue, Southern Aisle, Medallions Pane, Gaza, 508-509 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Gaza Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Southern Aisle, Medallions Pane
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 508-509 CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Gaza
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Horse
Inhabited scrolls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 68106
19a Scan No. 035040
20 Description The depiction of a horse occupies the central medallion of the second row from the top. The horse is depicted galloping in profile, facing the left medallion. Its hind legs are stretched out and reach the medallion's frame. Its tail is curled up. The horse is harnessed.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The tesserae are made of limestone. They are laid in curved lines within the figure and in straight parallel lines in the background.
The horse's outline consists of one line of black tesserae. The horse and leaves are surrounded by one line of background tesserae.
The average number of tesserae per 10cm2 is (10x11). A higher density can be found in the background: (12x11). A lower density is found in parts of the body: (9x9).
Different hues of red, ranging from pink to burgundy, are used, besides the different hues of black and white.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Avi-Yonah identifies the animal as a horse.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Most of the left half of the medallion is damaged. The horse's head, neck and front legs are destroyed.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, "Une Ecole," Colloque Mosaique, 1975, pp. 377-382.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035040
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 040
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0012516
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
259
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.600.
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 2.1986, T.N. 7.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 259  
(XXII) ID: 422 Israel Museum Shāhin's Musā-Nāmeh, Fol. 131v, Tabriz, 1686 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 422 Israel Museum Shāhin's Musā-Nāmeh, Fol. 131v, Tabriz, 1686 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Israel Museum Shāhin's Musā-Nāmeh | Unknown
3a Object Musā-Nāmeh (The Book of Moses) by Shāhin
3b Object Detail Fol. 131v
4a Artist/ Maker Nehemiah ben Amshal of Tabriz (Scribe)
5 Date 1686
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Iran | East Azerbaijan Province | Tabriz
|
8 Community Persian
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 180/54
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Stoning the Wood Gatherer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0001001
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0001001
45 Temp: Batch Number
0001 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005950
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
422
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.22$$113
:MED : Paper
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 422  
(XXII) ID: 682 The First New York Joel ben Simeon Haggadah , Fol. 18, Germany, Mid 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 682 The First New York Joel ben Simeon Haggadah , Fol. 18, Germany, Mid 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The First New York Joel ben Simeon Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 18
4a Artist/ Maker Joel Ben Simeon illuminator (Scribe)
5 Date Mid 15th century
6 Period Late Gothic
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection United States of America (USA) | New York | Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS)
| Ms. 4481
10 Location United States of America (USA) | New York | New York City, NY | Manhattan | The Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Egyptians, Drowning
Foliate scrolls
Line filler, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 003007
20 Description Fol. 18: Within the text column are penwork flourishes decorating Psalm 136 הודו לה' כי טוב כי לעולם חסדו. In the lower left-hand corner of the page Pharaoh, crowned, is surrounded by his armed soldiers, who are depicted upside-down drowning in a green sea. Pharaoh is lifting his hands in despair. Inscribed above וניער פרעה וחילו בים סוף "but he overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea" (Ps. 136:15).
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Manuscr.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
003007
45 Temp: Batch Number
003 | 007
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010637
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
682
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.1994.11/23
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 682  
(XXII) ID: 1357 Kaufmann Haggadah, fol. 11v, Barcelona, 1350-1360 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 1357 Kaufmann Haggadah, fol. 11v, Barcelona, 1350-1360 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Kaufmann Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail fol. 11v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1350-1360
6 Period Late Gothic
7 Origin Spain | Catalonia | Barcelona
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Hungary | Budapest | Hungarian Academy of Sciences Library (MTAK), Kaufmann Collection
| A 422
10 Location Hungary | Budapest | Hungarian Academy of Sciences Library (MTAK)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Catalan schools, 14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject First seder cup of wine
First seder cup of wine, holding |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
004008
45 Temp: Batch Number
004 | 008
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1357
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 1800 Frankfurt Evronot book, Fol. 11v, Frankfurt am Main, 1624 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 1800 Frankfurt Evronot book, Fol. 11v, Frankfurt am Main, 1624 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Frankfurt Evronot book | Unknown
3a Object Evronot, Book of
3b Object Detail Fol. 11v
4a Artist/ Maker Asher bar Shmuel Ha-Cohen (Scribe)
5 Date 1624
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Hessen | Frankfurt am Main
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Heb. 8 3247
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Computistic table, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 005014
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
005014
45 Temp: Batch Number
005 | 014
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009353
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1800
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.500.11
:MED : Manuscript
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2331 Gross Kurdistan Piyyutim, Fol. 71, Kurdistan, 1869 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2331 Gross Kurdistan Piyyutim, Fol. 71, Kurdistan, 1869 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Gross Kurdistan Piyyutim | Unknown
3a Object Sefer Piyyutim
3b Object Detail Fol. 71
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1869
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Kurdistan
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection
| ?
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0010059
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0010059
45 Temp: Batch Number
0010 | 059
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2331
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2636 Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor, Fol. 82v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2636 Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor, Fol. 82v, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 82v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Heb. 4° 5213-4
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Battle
Rabbit (See also Hare)
Bird
Hybrid animal (See also Griffin) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0007077
20 Description

In the lower part of the text space the initial words "ברכו את ה' המבורך" are placed within a large rectangular penwork panel. The panel is arranged in a lozenge pattern of alternating red and green and surrounded by J motifs of blue and magenta. Attatched to the corners and in the center of each side of the panel, are small medallions, inhabiting a vulture's head, a bird, a rabbit, a dog's head, hybrids and two legged animals. In the space between the two rows of the script are three medallions of floral motifs: a fleur-de-lys, a five petaled flower and a fig-leaf. Fleuronne' motifs are protruding from the four corners, and extend into the upper and lower margin, flanking the text. Above the panel two facing hybrids raising spears and shields fight each other. The left one is winged and bears a monkey's face, the right one is wearing a plummed hat and bears a curved beaked bird's face.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0007077
45 Temp: Batch Number
0007 | 077
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0012196
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2636
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.1995.43/9
:MED : Parchment
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter S.S.E. 6.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2748 NL Pescarolo Esther Scroll, Col. 9, Ferrara, 1616 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2748 NL Pescarolo Esther Scroll, Col. 9, Ferrara, 1616 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title NL Pescarolo Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail Col. 9
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Avraham Pascarol (Illuminator,Scribe)
5 Date 1616
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Emilia Romagna | Ferrara
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Mordecai overhears the plot of Bigthan and Teresh (Es. 2:21-22) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 007093
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
007093
45 Temp: Batch Number
007 | 093
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0004042
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2748
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.344$$110
:MED : Parchment
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2779 NL Natan of Mezritch Haggadah, Fol. 2v, Velké Meziříčí (Gross-Meseritsch)
Hannover, 1730 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2779 NL Natan of Mezritch Haggadah, Fol. 2v, Velké Meziříčí (Gross-Meseritsch)
Hannover, 1730 edit
 
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title NL Natan of Mezritch Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 2v
4a Artist/ Maker Natan ben Shimshon of Mezritch (Scribe and artist)
5 Date 1730
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Czech Republic | Moravia | Velké Meziříčí (Gross-Meseritsch)
Germany | Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) | Hannover
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 8º2237
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Leaven, Burning of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0008032
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0008032
45 Temp: Batch Number
0008 | 032
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2779
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2829 Spanish Siddur , Fol. 14v, Spain, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2829 Spanish Siddur , Fol. 14v, Spain, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Spanish Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 14v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain
|
8 Community Sephardi
|
9 Collection Russia | St Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
| A 31
10 Location Russia | St. Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative)
Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 8082
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
8082
45 Temp: Batch Number
8 | 082
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2829
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3111 Murphy Haggadah, Fol. 4, Italy, 1455? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3111 Murphy Haggadah, Fol. 4, Italy, 1455? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Murphy Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 4
4a Artist/ Maker Joel Ben Simeon (Unknown)
5 Date 1455?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
| north
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4°6130
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rabbi Eleazar, son of Azariah (Rabbis, the Five) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0045042
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0045042
45 Temp: Batch Number
0045 | 042
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3111
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3495 Wysoka Synagogue in Kraków, Wall painting, Kazimierz, 1556 - 1563 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3495 Wysoka Synagogue in Kraków, Wall painting, Kazimierz, 1556 - 1563 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Wysoka Synagogue in Kraków | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Wall painting
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1556 - 1563
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland | Małopolskie Voivodeship | Cracow (Kraków) | Kazimierz
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Poland | Małopolskie Voivodeship | Cracow (Kraków)
| 38 Józefa St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Priestly Blessing (central element of heraldic composition)
Crown (central element of heraldic composition) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219011
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 64 with ill.; Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóżnice murowane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw, 1999), pp. 120-3 with ills.; Eugeniusz Duda, Krakowskie judiaca (Warszawa, 1991), pp. 97-99 with ills.; Izabella Rejduch-Samkowa & Jan Samek (eds.), Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, tom IV: Miasto Kraków, część VI: Kazimierz i Stradom - Judaica: Bóżnice, budowle publiczne i cmentarze (Warszawa, 1995), pp. 15-17, ills. 16, 43-44, 61, 97, 107, 119; http://www.sztetl.org.pl/en/article/krakow/11,synagogues-prayer-houses-and-others/3739,high-synagogue-in-krakow-38-jozefa-street-/
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219011
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 011
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3495
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3731 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 63v, Wien (Vienna), edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3731 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 63v, Wien (Vienna), edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Rothschild Vienna Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 63v
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Menahem (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 242
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Dragon
Foliate scrolls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 197048
20 Description Fol. 63v: The repeated words: מלך עליון (“King of High”) in the hazan's repetition of the Musaf prayer of the first day of New Year, are written ten times, one below the other on the right column of the page within a background of densely spaced mustard-coloured scrolls with brown and blue flowers. The scrolls extend from the mouth of a dragon depicted in the lower part of the page. Its leafy tail of similar scrolls and flowers, extend horizontally along the lower margin.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Mustard-colour, brown red and blue colours.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration was done at the same time as the production of the manuscript.

In the 19th century a parchment leaf was added to the manuscript with text and decoration (fols. 1-1v).

 

A.      Two architectonic initial word panels occupying almost the whole text space, opening the yozer for the first day of New Year (fol. 19v) and the second day of New Year (fol. 90).

B.      Two fully-framed pages for the piyyut Ohil  (אוחיל) for the Musaf prayer for the second day of New Year (fol. 138v) and for the Kol Nidrei (כל נדרי) prayer for the Day of Atonement (fol.162v).

C.      Many initial word panels painted in monochrome colours and decorated with thin foliate scrolls of three types:

a) 5 large panels occupying the width of the text space and enclosing an initial word written in gold leaf (fols. 26- זוכרינו, 60- אופד 71v- אוחיל, 96-ברוך, and 190-אשירה), three of which are inhabited with animals and  hybrids (fols. 71v, 96 and 190).

b) 11 smaller panels occupying as half of the width of the text space for initial words written in display script in dark brown ink (fols. 52, 53v,  63, 70v, fol. 89, 98v-lower panel, 108, 137v,155v, 187 and 189v),  one of  which is inhabited with dragons (fol. 89).

c) 9 small initial words in dark brown ink in smaller rectangular and square panels (Fols. 18v, 19v-upper small panel, 28v, 85v, 98v- upper panel, 118,122, 131 and 177).

D.      Foliate scrolls along the column of the repeated words of some piyyutim (e.g. fols.  63v, 108v-109, 171), one extends from a dragon's mouth (fol. 63v). 

E.       Decorated catchwords: a winged horse (fol. 37v); winged hybrid? (fol. 45v); and simple ink strokes some creating a triangle (fols. 61v, 77v, 93v, 101v, 117v, 125v, 141v, 149v and 197v).

F.      The  descender of the letter "kuf" ends with a fleur-de-lys (e.g. fol. 77, 80, 129v) or with spiral decoration in ink on top of each letter (e.g. fols. 146v, 147) as well as a simple crown on top of the word: King (fol. 158v)

G.     Shaped text at the end of sections: the last two pages of the first day prayers are written in a shaped text (fols. 87v, 88) and also the last page of the second day of New Year prayers (fol. 155v)

 

 A later addition to the manuscript was done inFrankfurt, 1842:

  1. A title page with large initial word panel (fol. 1).
  2. A dedication page with the coat of arms of the Rothschild family (fol. 1v).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The scribe Moshe son of Menahem, who copied this Mahzor for New Year and the Day of Atonement prayers for the evening only, states in the colophon that he completed the production of the manuscript on February 22, 1415. The fact that he declares the manuscript finished indicates that he did not include the next volume with the rest of the Day of Atonement prayers. The colophon does not say where he produced the manuscript nor the identity of the wealthy Jew who commissioned this beautiful illuminated mahzor with rich initial word panels. However, we can assume that the original owner of this manuscript served as a cantor since a few notes in the manuscript are referring to the cantor (e.g. fols. 84v, 118). Moreover, the Torah reading sections are copied twice in the manuscript, once with vocalization and punctuation and once without them (fols. 44v-48; 119-121v) to serve as a practicing tool for the cantor in order to study and memorize the correct reading from the Torah scroll in the synagogue, which does not include any vocalization and punctuation. This is a rare phenomenon in prayer books and we know of only two other mahzorim containing this double text of the Torah readings (One is in the Tripartite Mahzor[1] (vol. I: Budapest, Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection, Ms. A384, e.g. fols. 134-136, 168-170; vol. II: London, British Library, Add. 22413, e.g. fols. 28v-30, 132v, 160v-162; vol. III: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Mich. 619, e.g. fols. 73v-75, 195-196v, 248-249;) and the second is another 13th century Ashkenazi mahzor (Oxford Bodleian Library, Ms. 1049).   Amongst the scribe's notes is also an important one mentioning in the text a custom practiced in the city of Vienna to open the Torah ark while reciting the piyyut  'Melekh Elyon'  (מלך עליון ;fol. 108). We may deduce from the scribe’s remark that he produced it in Vienna. This custom is also mentioned by R. Isaac Tirna, who lived in Austria at the end of the 14th century, in his Book of Customs. In this book are recorded eastern European customs of the 15th century. Tirna mentions this custom of opening the Torah ark on New Year and the Day of Atonement, while reciting various piyyutim and amongst them our piyyut 'Melekh Elyon'  מלך עליון (It seems that R. Isaac refers to all the six different piyyutim in the New Year prayers that open with the same words: 'Melekh Elyon' מלך עליון.; see: Goldshmidt , p. מט (49) in his introduction)

The contents of the manuscript also support an Austrian origin for our manuscript as it is evidenced from some piyyutim following the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite (e.g. the piyyutim on fols. 23 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 53), 28v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.61), 75 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.259), 171 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 10), except for a few piyuutim which adhere to the Western Ashkenazi rite, such as those on fols. 6v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 31), and 172 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 17).

The style of the architectonic panels of our manuscript, as well as the inhabited panels bring to mind the earlier manuscripts of the first half of the 14th century in southern Germany from the Lake Constance book illumination and recalls an early Ashkenazi model for our manuscript. Thus for example we can see the similarity between the architectonic frames in our manuscript on fol. 19v with similar frames such as those on fols. 154v and 256v in the “Vienna Siddur SemaK” (ÖNB, Cod. Hebr. 75 see catalogue…), produced in the Lake Constance region in the first quarter of the 14th century. These three panels each have a large gold initial word within an architectonic frame with a large finial at the centre and smaller ones on top of a tower's crenelated wall. The initial word panels in our manuscript should also be compared with similar panels in the "Alliance Mahzor for New Year and Day of Atonement" probably decorated in Constance in the first half of the 14th century (the Bibliotheque de L’Alliance Israelite Universelle, Ms. 24H; see: Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux, cat. 79, pp. 208-216.)[2] Thus for example, the initial word panel on fol. 30v in the "Alliance mahzor" should also be compared with similar panels in our manuscript, on fols. 71v, 89, 96 and 190.  The composition of the panel with a large initial word decorated on top and below with one or a pair of hybrids and with a scroll of big leaves are very similar.

In fact, the closest comparison to our manuscript is the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", of the first half of the14th century, now in the New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library/ Dorot Jewish Division **P[3] (Ms. Hebr. 248).[4] The "David bar Pesah Mahzor" is also strongly influenced by the Lake Constance school of book illumination and is similar to our manuscript (Cod Hebr, 242) in motives and in the colour palette especially the mustard-yellow colour (ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 242, e.g. fols. 19v and 90 and the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", fol. 353v- see picture in Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England  and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101) or on the website: digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/explore/dgexplore.cfm?topic=arts&collection=HebrewIlluminatedMan&col_id=172

Dr. Veronica of ONB compared our manuscript ion on September 2003, with ONB Cod. 5332, fol. 3v. this ms. was produced in Vienna, 1513- Fingernagel- what do you think??.

We do not know how such models from LakeConstanceof the 14th century, reached the hands of the artist of our manuscript, however it is possible to conjecture for instance that such illuminated manuscripts were brought to Vienna with one of the Jewish immigration from the lake Constance region after the destruction of those communities in 1348-1349.

 

We do not know the identity of the artist of the manuscript, nor how many people were involved in the production of the illuminations. Many initial word panels show scribe’s letters surrounded with wavy lines and enclosed within simple frames beneath the colour (e.g. on fols. 53v, 63, 70v) Some paintings lack the wide, black ink outlines which articulate the details of birds and dragons (e.g. on fol. 162v). In one case (fol. 190) the plummet underdrawing shows more rounded leaves than the edgy coloured ones that were painted over them. Whoever the artist was, he was bold enough to extend beyond the decoration space which the scribe allocated, by covering some words of the text with the decoration as, for example, on fol. 19v where he covered the last two words of the text with a finial.  Some words that were covered by the panel were rewritten before (e.g.  fols. 26) or after the panel (fol. 155v). Moreover, in one case (fol. 162v) the artist left the last letter of the initial word, outside of the panel. On the other hand, there is a slight possibility that the entire manuscript was the production of the scribe Moshe ben Menahem as he claims in the colophon: “This Mahzor I copied and completed”.

 

The manuscript reached Germany years after its production (15-16th centuries??), as indicated by some notes in the outer margins (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 75, 93v) referring to “Ashkenaz” (fol. 23) and the “Swabian countries” (fol. 28v).  These direct the reader to the version of the Western Ashkenaz rite as opposed to the Austrian version to which this Mahzor belongs. 

In August 5, 1842, our manuscript reached the Rothschild family in Frankfurt when Salomon Mayer of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild family (1744-1855; the second son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild) purchased the manuscript in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins as a gift to his son Anselm Salomon (1803-1874). We know that Anselm also received another illuminated manuscript of Talmud Bava Kama on the occasion of his bar mitzvah in 1816 (New York, Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, see: Mann, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds, cat. 87, p. 169). The Rothschilds are known as collectors of other medieval Hebrew illuminated manuscripts such as The "Rothschild Miscellany", Italy, Ferrara?, c. 1479, (Jerusalem. IM, 180/51). After 1855 the manuscript was sold to the Rothschild family in Paris and remained there until it was stolen during the Nazi occupation and reappeared after the war in New York. Someone tried to sell it to Alexander Marx, librarian at the Jewish Theological Seminary, who realized it had been stolen from the Rothschilds and returned it to them in London. James de Rothschild was persuaded by Mordechai Narkiss, director of the Bezalel Museum in Israel, that a manuscript of such importance was a national treasure and therefore belonged in Israel. In 1957, on hearing of Narkiss' illness, James de Rothschild sent it as a gift to Jerusalem.The “Rothschild Mahzor”, Florence, 1492 (New York, JTS ms. 8892) which was in the 19th century in the collection of Henri de Rothschild in Paris and given to the JTS by Baron Edmond de Rothschild of Paris in 1966; The “Rothschild-Weil Mahzor”, northern Italy, c. 1470 (Jerusalem, JNUL Heb. 80 4450)- a gift of Mrs. J. de Rothschild from the collection of her late husband, James de Rothschild, London 1968 through Mr. E. Eilat; The “Murphy Haggadah, Northern Italy, mid 15th century (Jerusalem, JNUL Hebr. 40 6130). The manuscript was part of the collection of Baron Edmond de Rothschild in Paris. Plundered by the Nazis during World War II, it was later given to Yale University by Murphy.  The “Murphy Haggadah” was given by Dorothy Rothschild as a gift to the JNUL in 1981.


[1] Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, pp. 296, 303, 308

[2] This manuscript was copied in the 13th century probably in Ulm, in the first quarter of the 14th century however some paintings were added, probably inConstance

[3] F 32487.- see the microfilm project information on this manuscript. For three pictures of this manuscript see: Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treatures of England  and America (New York 1

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
A later 15th century? hand added some text in the margins:
• A 15th century hand wrote four times the text of the Amelioration of a Dream in the lower margin of the Priestly Blessings in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script on fols. 40v, 83v, 115v and 151v; e.g. on fol. 40v inscribed:
רבונו של עולם אני שלך וחלומותיי שלך ואיני יודע מה הוא בין שחלמתי אני לעצמי בין שחלמו/ לי אחרים אם טובים הם חזקם ואמצם ואם רעים הם הפכם לי לטובה כמי שהפכת מי מרה / למתיקה על ידי משה רבינו ואת מי יריחו על ידי אלישע וכנעמן מצרעתו וכמרים מצרעת'/ וכחזקיהו מחוליו וכשם שהפכת קללתו של בלעם הרשע מרעה לטובה כן תהפוך כל חלו/ חלומתיי ומעשי ? ומחשבותי לטובה ותרציני. אמן
o Translation:-ונוסח זה לא קיים בסדור של ארט סקרול - אין בסדור של בירנבוים

• Another hand of the 15th century added some text with vocalization in square Ashkenazi script (similar to the scribe’s script), on fols. 31v, 32v, 131 and 171, eg., fol. 131- The piyyut לאל עורך דין )Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 79 ) (now folded. )- next to the piyyut ונתנה תוקף is inscribed in the outer margin partly folded now in square Ashkenazi script.
• Later annotations by different hands e.g. on fols. 19v, 28v, 30, 31, 32v, 35, 46v, 60, 61v, 62, 62v, 68, 68v, 70, 70v, 71, 83, 84v, 88, 103, 104, 108v, 114, 132, 142v, 152v, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 177v, 178, 180, 185, 186v
Notes referring to rites:
An owner's inscription by a later? 15th? century hand in Swebia noted in the margins next to many prayers that follow the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite:
זה אין אומרי' ואומר...
Translation: "This section is not recited here, recite…" (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 34, 34v, 64 ; see for example:
• Fol. 23: inscribed in the outer margin next to the last line of the text column:
במקום זה אומרים באשכנז והאופנים
Translation: "In this location is recited in Ashkenaz the piyyut Veha'ofanim"
• Fol. 28v: in the middle of the outer margin inscribed next to the Reshut: “יראתי”:
אין אומרים זה/ במדינות שוואבן/ומתחיל אתחיל
Translation: "This is not recited in the lands of Swebia and starts with the piyyut At'hil" and on fol. 29 next to the initial word אתחיל "At'hil" inscribed: כאן מתחיל "here one starts."

Owner’s inscription of the 16th-19th? century:
• Fol. 202v : Owner’s inscription, inscribed in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink in the upper part of the page within a simple frame of a vase:
זה המחזור חנני אלהי, נאום שלמה בר/ משה המכונה זלמן/ אויערבך./ משה בר שלמה? שמואל? אויערבךText:
Trans.: “This mahzor belongs to Shlomo b. Moshe, who is called Zalman Urbach/ Oyerbach, Moshe b. Shlomo? Shmuel Oyerbach ”.
• Ambiguous annotations in Hebrew inscribed on fols. 3, 202v and pastedown of inner and front covers reads: תשרק צפעס נמלך: (fol. 202v it is written vertically in the upper part of the page with some other letters: קאדמישתאודעינהון תשרק צפעם; fol. 3: inscribed in the lower right part of the page in larger square letters, vertically: תשרק צפעס ב נמלך.; Pastedown of front cover, inscribed in cursive tiny script in the upper side of the page: תש תשרק צפעם נמלך ע?הרג בא על השלחן; Pastedown of back cover in the upper part of the page inscribed: תשרק צפעם נמלך)
• Fol. 3: In small square script in the upper right side of the page, reads: אלכסנדרי/ ב"ר ? אליקים “Alexandry son of ? Eliakim.”,
• Fol. 1v: Owner’s inscription of 1842:
נאום שלמה בן כהרר משה מאיר/ באראן פאן ראטשילד/. הספר הזה קניתי בעיר נירנבערג בעד מאה וחמשים ואחד זהובים/ ונתתי במתנה גמורה לבני היקר והנחמד ומוכתר במעלות ומדות/ כהרר אנזעלם באראן (הצבע נמרח מתחת לשם) פאן ראטשילד יחי'/ למשמרת עד דורי דורות למען תהיה תורת ד' בפינו מעתה ועד/ עולם א"ס/. פראנקפורט על נהר מיין יום וי"ו ערב ראש חדש אלול/ שנת ה' תר"ב.
Translation: “ Signed by Salomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild, in Frankfurt on Friday, on the eve of the new month of Elul 5602 (August 5, 1842). I bought this book in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins and gave it as a gift to my dear son, crowned with virtues and merits, Anselm Baron von Rothschild” (his name is written on an erased text). The same hand added the title page for the manuscript on fol. 1 in square Ashkenazi script with a brief German translation,
מחזור/ מכל השנה/. כתבתי וסיימתי ביום ו' י"ב אדר/ שנת הק"עה/ Geschrieben im März 1415,/ אני משה בן מנחם/ ינב"ע.
Translation: “ Mahzor for the whole year. I copied and completed it on Friday 12th of Adar in the year 5175. copied in March 1415. I, Moshe ben Menahem. (He made a mistake and instead of February he wrote March.)

• Fol. 201- in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb4 and on fol. 200 in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb3; and on 199- Bb2.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Vivian B. Mann and Richard I. Cohen, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds: Art, Patronage, and Power 1600-1800, ed., The Jewish Museum New York. This book has been published in conjunction with the exhibition held at the Jewish Museum, New York, 8 September 1996- 17 January 1997. V.D.L.,“Rothschild”, Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 14, cols. 334-342. Count Corti, The Rise of the House of Rothschild, (London 1928; translation from German into English by Brian & Beatrix Lunn), pp. 302-3. Daniel Goldshmidt , Mahzor for the High Holidays, vol. I – New Year and vol. II.- Day of Atonement, Jerusalem 1970. Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux Enluminés des Bibliothèques de France, Leuven-Paris 1994, cat. 79, pp. 208-216. M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101). Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, XXXX pp. 296, 303, 308 .
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197048
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 048
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3731
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissa Fried, Michal Sternthal Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Vienna with Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 8.10.02 8-9.9.03 3.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Michal Sternthal Bezalel Narkiss August, January 2004 27.1.04 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 28.1.04 54a
55 Donor 55a



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