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(XXII) ID: 2630 Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor, Fol. 2, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2630 Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor, Fol. 2, Upper Rhein, 1344-47 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Moskowitz Rhein Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 2
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1344-47
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Upper Rhein
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Heb. 4° 5213-4
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Upper Rhinish school of the 13th-14th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird
Dragon
Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0007071
20 Description The two initial words "ברוך אתה" and "ברכו את ה'" are placed within two red rectangular penword panels one above the other. The panels are enclosed within a blue frame surrounded by J motifs in green and magenta (the upper one) or red and blue (the lower one). In the corners of the upper panel are four medallions with dragons. Two medallions encompassing birds flank the text line in between the two panels. Other medallions are located between the two words of each panel. Fleuronne' motifs protruding out of long stems extend from the upper panel's corners and flank the text. A colorful bird is flying in the upper margin.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0007071
45 Temp: Batch Number
0007 | 071
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0012190
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2630
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.1995.43/3
:MED : Parchment
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter S.S.E. 6.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2792 Abraham of Butera Bible, Fol. 21v, Spain, 1376-1400 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2792 Abraham of Butera Bible, Fol. 21v, Spain, 1376-1400 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Abraham of Butera Bible | Unknown
3a Object Bible
3b Object Detail Fol. 21v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1376-1400
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Heb. 8° 2221
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Parasha sign, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0008045
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0008045
45 Temp: Batch Number
0008 | 045
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008338
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2792
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.1991.355 4
:MED : Vellum
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2832 Spanish Siddur , Fol. 4, Spain, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2832 Spanish Siddur , Fol. 4, Spain, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Spanish Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 4
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Spain
|
8 Community Sephardi
|
9 Collection Russia | St Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
| A 31
10 Location Russia | St. Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel (Not used; see: Initial word panel, Illustrative, Initial word panel, decorative)
Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 8085
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
8085
45 Temp: Batch Number
8 | 085
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2832
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3201 The Heilbronn Mahzor, Ffol. 316, Heilbronn, 1370-1400 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3201 The Heilbronn Mahzor, Ffol. 316, Heilbronn, 1370-1400 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Heilbronn Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Ffol. 316
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1370-1400
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Baden-Württemberg | Heilbronn
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Hungary | Budapest | Hungarian Academy of Sciences Library (MTAK), Kaufmann Collection
| Ms. A 387
10 Location Hungary | Budapest | Hungarian Academy of Sciences Library (MTAK)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rose of the Valley |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 32006
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
32006
45 Temp: Batch Number
32 | 006
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3201
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3401 Torah shield, , Russia, 18?? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 3401 Torah shield, , Russia, 18?? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah shield | *Torah shield also called: | Tas (Torah shield)
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 18??
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Russia
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2043
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Columns
Eagle, double-headed displayed
Crown of Kingship
Two lions
Tablets of the Law (central element of heraldic composition) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 29.6.92
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 555-33; 555-17(obj.), 556-12,14(hallmarks)
19a Scan No. 034097
20 Description The Torah shield is rectangular and terminates in an arch. A plaque with the Tables of the Covenant is situated in the center of the shield. The Tables are inscribed with the first words of the Ten comandments in square outlined letters. Two rampant lions holding the Tables of the Covenant flank the plaque. They are turning backwards and extend their tongues. A crowned, spread-winged, double headed eagle is situated below the plaque. The eagle's body consists of a shield inscribed with square outlined letters which read: "כתר## מלכות" Crown of kingship" A symmetrical pillar with twisted lines and an ornamental base and capital is situated on each side of the shield. Below the pillars, on each side of the eagle, is a pattern of foliate scrolls. The Torah shield is surrounded by a raised line and serrated edges made of trefoil. There are two bird-shaped loops on the shield to which attached a chian to hang it on the Torah mantle.
21 Ornamentation Column
 
21 Ornamentation
Column
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded ## Structure: Cut ## Decoration: repousee ## Iscription: engraved.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 239mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are two different hallmarks located in on the front side of the shield. 1. The hallmark includs the cypher 84, framed by a rectangle. This was a Russian quality mark from the 18th - 19th centuries.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p. 148, no. 12
2. The hallmark includs a Cyrillic initials (T.E.R.), in an oval frame. Unidentified, probably an artists hallmark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev Collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Part of the frame of the shield and its crest is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Masterpieces-Silver, Moscow, 1992, fig.48.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
034097
45 Temp: Batch Number
034 | 097
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010142
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3401
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10142
:MED : Metal
:MW : 170 mm
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (O.E.) 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 1st editing by IneZ - corrected by M.T. 26.3.96 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3442 Torah shield, , Unknown, edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 3442 Torah shield, , Unknown, edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah shield | *Torah shield also called: | Tas (Torah shield)
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 5887
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown of Law (Crown of Torah) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 552-10, 553-24
19a Scan No. 038038
20 Description

The silver Torah shield is rectangular and terminated with a semi circular arch. It consists of a plate. A rectangular plaque is located in the center it bears a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters. It reads:

זאת נדב האלוף הרר [הרב רבי] / משה עבור בנו הילד / יצחק השם יגדלהו / לתורה ולחופה ולמעשי' [ולמעשים] / טובים

"This was donated by the prominent R. Moshe, for his son the child Isaac, the Lord will raise him to Torah, Hupa and to good deeds".

The plaque is surmounted by a crown. A rectangular plaque bearing an inscription is located in the shields' upper corners. The square filled letters read from right to left.

כתר / תורה

"Torah crown"

A flower surmounts the crown, its symmetrical petals fill the arch in a scroll design. A foliate scroll motif surrounds the lower half of the shield. The Torah shield is framed by a scalloped band.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
silver ##Structure: cut ## Decoration: repousse## Inscription: engraved##Bonding: soldered, nailed.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 154mm
26b Length
26c Width 109mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
none
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev Collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Pieces of the edge are broken and missing, it is dented in places, the arch consists of two pieces, the upper piece not necessarily from the original shield.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
038038
45 Temp: Batch Number
038 | 038
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009202
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3442
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : sc.9202
:MED : Metal
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (S.H.) 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3470 Torah shield, , Unknown, 1800-1849? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 3470 Torah shield, , Unknown, 1800-1849? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1849?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7035
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 551-36, 556-17(hallmark)
19a Scan No. 038066
20 Description

The silver Torah Shiled is rectangular and terminats with a hemicircular arch. On its centre there is a round medallion that bears an inscription which reads in five lines from right to left in square filed letters:

"זה נדבה##איטע בת חלוונא##הכהן בעד ביתה##חיי' ציריל בת##ר' יצחק"

"This was donated by Ita daughter of Halvana Hacohen, for her daughter Haia Ziril daughter of Rabbi Issac" The inscription is surounded by a circle decoreted with a design of triangles. The entire shiels is decoreted with a pattern of diamonds, intermitently dark and light which are framed by a band that follows the shape of the shield and is identical to the band of the inner medallion. The edges are flat and smooth. Two holes for hanging are inserted at the base of the arch.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Structure: cut##Decoration: engraved ##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 136 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
One hallmark at the centre of the arch. ## The hallmark depicts the cypher: 12 within a rectangular frame. This is a quality mark that was used in Warsaw from 1809 or 1817 till 1851.##cf. Lileyko, p.99, no. 82.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odesa Collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
038066
45 Temp: Batch Number
038 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007847
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3470
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7847
:MED : Metal
:MW : 111 mm
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (M.T.) 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3668 Torah Ark in Menahem Zion Synagogue , , Saluzzo, 17?? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 3668 Torah Ark in Menahem Zion Synagogue , , Saluzzo, 17?? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Ark in Menahem Zion Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Torah ark
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 17??
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Piedmont | Saluzzo
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem
| Old City, Ha-yehudim St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Foliate and floral ornaments |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 20.2.1986
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 245-8,11, ?
19a Scan No. 039085
20 Description The upper left door depicts the Receiving of the Torah. Mount Sinai is illustrated as a rocky mountain dotted with trees. Two hands which hold round-topped tablets of the covenant are set above its summit. The initial words of the Ten Commandments are inscribed upon the tablets. A conical trumpet emerges out of the right side of a ring of clouds. A cluster of flames appears within this ring and emanates rays of light. Biblical phrases describing the revelation at Mount Sinai are dispersed throughout the painting: "ומשה עלה אל האלהים" )שמות יט:ג( "ויוצא משה את העם לקראת האלהים )מן המחנה(/והתייצבו בתחתית ההר." )שמות יט:יז( "והר סיני עשן כלו מפני אשר ירד עליו ה' באש/ויעל עשנו כעשן הכבשן." )שמות יט:יח( "ויהי קול השפר חולך וחזק מאד." )שמות יט:יט( "And Moses went up to God" (Ex.19:3a) "And Moses brought forth the people (out of the camp) to meet with God;/and they stood at the nether part of the mount." (Ex.19:17) "And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire:/and the smoke thereof ascended, as the smoke of a furnace." (Ex.19:18) "And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder" (Ex.19:19a)
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood##Structure: carved, sawed##Decoration: painted in green, bordeaux, gold and brown. Interior covering of modern bordeaux velvet.##Inscription: painted
25a Material Structure carved, sawed
25b Material Decoration painted in green, bordeaux, gold and brown. Interior cover of industrial bordeaux velvet
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription carved, painted
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 296 cm
26b Length
26c Width 123 cm
26d Depth 57 cm
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The community of Saluzzo, in Piemonte, was established in the 15C., flourished during in the following years, and built its synagogue in the 18C. This Torah^ark was used by the community until the Holocaust, during which the community and its synagogue were destroyed. According to the gabbai, Menachem Perlman, the ark was originally used by aristocrats as a liquor cabinet, and was later converted into a Torah^ark. The paintings were added to suit this secondary usage.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
039085
45 Temp: Batch Number
039 | 085
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008308
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3668
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8308
:MED : Wood
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter G.P.S. (L.F.) 2.1986 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3707 Synagogue in Łańcut - Bimah, Eastern side of the bimah, Łańcut, 1761, 1935 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3707 Synagogue in Łańcut - Bimah, Eastern side of the bimah, Łańcut, 1761, 1935 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Łańcut - Bimah | Unknown
3a Object Bimah (in Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail Eastern side of the bimah
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1761, 1935
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland | Podkarpackie Voivodeship | Łańcut
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Poland | Podkarpackie Voivodeship | Łańcut
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182020
20 Description

Two deer support a cartouche with a crown. Two decorative towers flank the central composition. The composition is made of painted knock in 1761.

Inscriptions:

Upper part 

שויתי יי' לנגדי תמיד   (תהלים טז,ח)

I have set the LORD always before me (Psalms 16:8)  

Inscription on the arch reads:

 כילקח טוב נתתי לכם תורתי אל תעזובו (משלי ד,ב)

For I give you good doctrine, forsake ye not my law (Proverbs 4:2)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182020
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 020
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3707
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3713 Synagogue in Łańcut - Interior, , Łańcut, 1761, 1900 - 1925? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3713 Synagogue in Łańcut - Interior, , Łańcut, 1761, 1900 - 1925? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Łańcut - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1761, 1900 - 1925?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland | Podkarpackie Voivodeship | Łańcut
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182006
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182006
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 006
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3713
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3726 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 1v, Wien (Vienna), edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3726 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 1v, Wien (Vienna), edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Rothschild Vienna Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 1v
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Menahem (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 242
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Coat of arms |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 197042
20 Description Fol. 1v: A dedication page from Baron Solomon son of Moshe Meir Rothschild to his son Anselm, is adorned with the coat of arms of the Rothschild family, depicted in the upper part of the page. The coat of arms is composed of a shield held by supporters of a rampant unicorn on the right and a rampant lion on the left, standing on an inscribed ribbon with the Latin motto “CONCORDIA INTEGRITAS INDUSTRIA” and surmounted by the seven-pointed coronet with three splendid helmets adorning it above. The left helmet is decorated on top with a star and the middle helmet with an eagle, while the right is adorned with a trefoil flower. The shield is divided into four sections with a fifth section in the middle, each enclosing from left to right: an eagle, an arm which a hand grasping five/four arrows-( hard to tell how many arrows it looks like 4 but it is hard to tell), another identical arm, a rampant lion and a torch in the middle. The dedication inscription below reads: נאום שלמה בן כהרר משה מאיר/ באראן פאן ראטשילד/. This inscription with the name of "Solomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild" are written in display script in a dark blue colour outlined in gold. The inscription continues in smaller square script: הספר הזה קניתי בעיר נירנבערג בעד מאה וחמשים ואחד זהובים/ ונתתי במתנה גמורה לבני היקר והנחמד ומוכתר במעלות ומדות/ כהרר אנזעלם באראן (זו רק מריחה של צבע) פאן ראטשילד יחי'/ למשמרת עד דורי דורות למען תהיה תורת ד' בפינו מעתה ועד/ עולם א"ס/. פראנקפורט על נהר מיין יום וי"ו ערב ראש חדש אלול/ שנת ה' תר"ב. Translation: “Words by Solomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild, in Frankfurt am Main on Friday, on the eve of the new month of Elul 5602 (August 5, 1842). I bought this book in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins and gave it as a gift to my dear son, crowned with virtues and merits, Anselm Baron von Rothschild”. The son’s name is written in bold letters in black and gold.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Powdered gold, blue, brown and red colours and black ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Coat of arms measurement: ca. 80 x 78 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration was done at the same time as the production of the manuscript.

In the 19th century a parchment leaf was added to the manuscript with text and decoration (fols. 1-1v).

 

A.      Two architectonic initial word panels occupying almost the whole text space, opening the yozer for the first day of New Year (fol. 19v) and the second day of New Year (fol. 90).

B.      Two fully-framed pages for the piyyut Ohil  (אוחיל) for the Musaf prayer for the second day of New Year (fol. 138v) and for the Kol Nidrei (כל נדרי) prayer for the Day of Atonement (fol.162v).

C.      Many initial word panels painted in monochrome colours and decorated with thin foliate scrolls of three types:

a) 5 large panels occupying the width of the text space and enclosing an initial word written in gold leaf (fols. 26- זוכרינו, 60- אופד 71v- אוחיל, 96-ברוך, and 190-אשירה), three of which are inhabited with animals and  hybrids (fols. 71v, 96 and 190).

b) 11 smaller panels occupying as half of the width of the text space for initial words written in display script in dark brown ink (fols. 52, 53v,  63, 70v, fol. 89, 98v-lower panel, 108, 137v,155v, 187 and 189v),  one of  which is inhabited with dragons (fol. 89).

c) 9 small initial words in dark brown ink in smaller rectangular and square panels (Fols. 18v, 19v-upper small panel, 28v, 85v, 98v- upper panel, 118,122, 131 and 177).

D.      Foliate scrolls along the column of the repeated words of some piyyutim (e.g. fols.  63v, 108v-109, 171), one extends from a dragon's mouth (fol. 63v). 

E.       Decorated catchwords: a winged horse (fol. 37v); winged hybrid? (fol. 45v); and simple ink strokes some creating a triangle (fols. 61v, 77v, 93v, 101v, 117v, 125v, 141v, 149v and 197v).

F.      The  descender of the letter "kuf" ends with a fleur-de-lys (e.g. fol. 77, 80, 129v) or with spiral decoration in ink on top of each letter (e.g. fols. 146v, 147) as well as a simple crown on top of the word: King (fol. 158v)

G.     Shaped text at the end of sections: the last two pages of the first day prayers are written in a shaped text (fols. 87v, 88) and also the last page of the second day of New Year prayers (fol. 155v)

 

 A later addition to the manuscript was done inFrankfurt, 1842:

  1. A title page with large initial word panel (fol. 1).
  2. A dedication page with the coat of arms of the Rothschild family (fol. 1v).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The scribe Moshe son of Menahem, who copied this Mahzor for New Year and the Day of Atonement prayers for the evening only, states in the colophon that he completed the production of the manuscript on February 22, 1415. The fact that he declares the manuscript finished indicates that he did not include the next volume with the rest of the Day of Atonement prayers. The colophon does not say where he produced the manuscript nor the identity of the wealthy Jew who commissioned this beautiful illuminated mahzor with rich initial word panels. However, we can assume that the original owner of this manuscript served as a cantor since a few notes in the manuscript are referring to the cantor (e.g. fols. 84v, 118). Moreover, the Torah reading sections are copied twice in the manuscript, once with vocalization and punctuation and once without them (fols. 44v-48; 119-121v) to serve as a practicing tool for the cantor in order to study and memorize the correct reading from the Torah scroll in the synagogue, which does not include any vocalization and punctuation. This is a rare phenomenon in prayer books and we know of only two other mahzorim containing this double text of the Torah readings (One is in the Tripartite Mahzor[1] (vol. I: Budapest, Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection, Ms. A384, e.g. fols. 134-136, 168-170; vol. II: London, British Library, Add. 22413, e.g. fols. 28v-30, 132v, 160v-162; vol. III: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Mich. 619, e.g. fols. 73v-75, 195-196v, 248-249;) and the second is another 13th century Ashkenazi mahzor (Oxford Bodleian Library, Ms. 1049).   Amongst the scribe's notes is also an important one mentioning in the text a custom practiced in the city of Vienna to open the Torah ark while reciting the piyyut  'Melekh Elyon'  (מלך עליון ;fol. 108). We may deduce from the scribe’s remark that he produced it in Vienna. This custom is also mentioned by R. Isaac Tirna, who lived in Austria at the end of the 14th century, in his Book of Customs. In this book are recorded eastern European customs of the 15th century. Tirna mentions this custom of opening the Torah ark on New Year and the Day of Atonement, while reciting various piyyutim and amongst them our piyyut 'Melekh Elyon'  מלך עליון (It seems that R. Isaac refers to all the six different piyyutim in the New Year prayers that open with the same words: 'Melekh Elyon' מלך עליון.; see: Goldshmidt , p. מט (49) in his introduction)

The contents of the manuscript also support an Austrian origin for our manuscript as it is evidenced from some piyyutim following the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite (e.g. the piyyutim on fols. 23 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 53), 28v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.61), 75 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.259), 171 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 10), except for a few piyuutim which adhere to the Western Ashkenazi rite, such as those on fols. 6v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 31), and 172 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 17).

The style of the architectonic panels of our manuscript, as well as the inhabited panels bring to mind the earlier manuscripts of the first half of the 14th century in southern Germany from the Lake Constance book illumination and recalls an early Ashkenazi model for our manuscript. Thus for example we can see the similarity between the architectonic frames in our manuscript on fol. 19v with similar frames such as those on fols. 154v and 256v in the “Vienna Siddur SemaK” (ÖNB, Cod. Hebr. 75 see catalogue…), produced in the Lake Constance region in the first quarter of the 14th century. These three panels each have a large gold initial word within an architectonic frame with a large finial at the centre and smaller ones on top of a tower's crenelated wall. The initial word panels in our manuscript should also be compared with similar panels in the "Alliance Mahzor for New Year and Day of Atonement" probably decorated in Constance in the first half of the 14th century (the Bibliotheque de L’Alliance Israelite Universelle, Ms. 24H; see: Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux, cat. 79, pp. 208-216.)[2] Thus for example, the initial word panel on fol. 30v in the "Alliance mahzor" should also be compared with similar panels in our manuscript, on fols. 71v, 89, 96 and 190.  The composition of the panel with a large initial word decorated on top and below with one or a pair of hybrids and with a scroll of big leaves are very similar.

In fact, the closest comparison to our manuscript is the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", of the first half of the14th century, now in the New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library/ Dorot Jewish Division **P[3] (Ms. Hebr. 248).[4] The "David bar Pesah Mahzor" is also strongly influenced by the Lake Constance school of book illumination and is similar to our manuscript (Cod Hebr, 242) in motives and in the colour palette especially the mustard-yellow colour (ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 242, e.g. fols. 19v and 90 and the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", fol. 353v- see picture in Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England  and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101) or on the website: digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/explore/dgexplore.cfm?topic=arts&collection=HebrewIlluminatedMan&col_id=172

Dr. Veronica of ONB compared our manuscript ion on September 2003, with ONB Cod. 5332, fol. 3v. this ms. was produced in Vienna, 1513- Fingernagel- what do you think??.

We do not know how such models from LakeConstanceof the 14th century, reached the hands of the artist of our manuscript, however it is possible to conjecture for instance that such illuminated manuscripts were brought to Vienna with one of the Jewish immigration from the lake Constance region after the destruction of those communities in 1348-1349.

 

We do not know the identity of the artist of the manuscript, nor how many people were involved in the production of the illuminations. Many initial word panels show scribe’s letters surrounded with wavy lines and enclosed within simple frames beneath the colour (e.g. on fols. 53v, 63, 70v) Some paintings lack the wide, black ink outlines which articulate the details of birds and dragons (e.g. on fol. 162v). In one case (fol. 190) the plummet underdrawing shows more rounded leaves than the edgy coloured ones that were painted over them. Whoever the artist was, he was bold enough to extend beyond the decoration space which the scribe allocated, by covering some words of the text with the decoration as, for example, on fol. 19v where he covered the last two words of the text with a finial.  Some words that were covered by the panel were rewritten before (e.g.  fols. 26) or after the panel (fol. 155v). Moreover, in one case (fol. 162v) the artist left the last letter of the initial word, outside of the panel. On the other hand, there is a slight possibility that the entire manuscript was the production of the scribe Moshe ben Menahem as he claims in the colophon: “This Mahzor I copied and completed”.

 

The manuscript reached Germany years after its production (15-16th centuries??), as indicated by some notes in the outer margins (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 75, 93v) referring to “Ashkenaz” (fol. 23) and the “Swabian countries” (fol. 28v).  These direct the reader to the version of the Western Ashkenaz rite as opposed to the Austrian version to which this Mahzor belongs. 

In August 5, 1842, our manuscript reached the Rothschild family in Frankfurt when Salomon Mayer of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild family (1744-1855; the second son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild) purchased the manuscript in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins as a gift to his son Anselm Salomon (1803-1874). We know that Anselm also received another illuminated manuscript of Talmud Bava Kama on the occasion of his bar mitzvah in 1816 (New York, Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, see: Mann, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds, cat. 87, p. 169). The Rothschilds are known as collectors of other medieval Hebrew illuminated manuscripts such as The "Rothschild Miscellany", Italy, Ferrara?, c. 1479, (Jerusalem. IM, 180/51). After 1855 the manuscript was sold to the Rothschild family in Paris and remained there until it was stolen during the Nazi occupation and reappeared after the war in New York. Someone tried to sell it to Alexander Marx, librarian at the Jewish Theological Seminary, who realized it had been stolen from the Rothschilds and returned it to them in London. James de Rothschild was persuaded by Mordechai Narkiss, director of the Bezalel Museum in Israel, that a manuscript of such importance was a national treasure and therefore belonged in Israel. In 1957, on hearing of Narkiss' illness, James de Rothschild sent it as a gift to Jerusalem.The “Rothschild Mahzor”, Florence, 1492 (New York, JTS ms. 8892) which was in the 19th century in the collection of Henri de Rothschild in Paris and given to the JTS by Baron Edmond de Rothschild of Paris in 1966; The “Rothschild-Weil Mahzor”, northern Italy, c. 1470 (Jerusalem, JNUL Heb. 80 4450)- a gift of Mrs. J. de Rothschild from the collection of her late husband, James de Rothschild, London 1968 through Mr. E. Eilat; The “Murphy Haggadah, Northern Italy, mid 15th century (Jerusalem, JNUL Hebr. 40 6130). The manuscript was part of the collection of Baron Edmond de Rothschild in Paris. Plundered by the Nazis during World War II, it was later given to Yale University by Murphy.  The “Murphy Haggadah” was given by Dorothy Rothschild as a gift to the JNUL in 1981.


[1] Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, pp. 296, 303, 308

[2] This manuscript was copied in the 13th century probably in Ulm, in the first quarter of the 14th century however some paintings were added, probably inConstance

[3] F 32487.- see the microfilm project information on this manuscript. For three pictures of this manuscript see: Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treatures of England  and America (New York 1

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
A later 15th century? hand added some text in the margins:
• A 15th century hand wrote four times the text of the Amelioration of a Dream in the lower margin of the Priestly Blessings in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script on fols. 40v, 83v, 115v and 151v; e.g. on fol. 40v inscribed:
רבונו של עולם אני שלך וחלומותיי שלך ואיני יודע מה הוא בין שחלמתי אני לעצמי בין שחלמו/ לי אחרים אם טובים הם חזקם ואמצם ואם רעים הם הפכם לי לטובה כמי שהפכת מי מרה / למתיקה על ידי משה רבינו ואת מי יריחו על ידי אלישע וכנעמן מצרעתו וכמרים מצרעת'/ וכחזקיהו מחוליו וכשם שהפכת קללתו של בלעם הרשע מרעה לטובה כן תהפוך כל חלו/ חלומתיי ומעשי ? ומחשבותי לטובה ותרציני. אמן
o Translation:-ונוסח זה לא קיים בסדור של ארט סקרול - אין בסדור של בירנבוים

• Another hand of the 15th century added some text with vocalization in square Ashkenazi script (similar to the scribe’s script), on fols. 31v, 32v, 131 and 171, eg., fol. 131- The piyyut לאל עורך דין )Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 79 ) (now folded. )- next to the piyyut ונתנה תוקף is inscribed in the outer margin partly folded now in square Ashkenazi script.
• Later annotations by different hands e.g. on fols. 19v, 28v, 30, 31, 32v, 35, 46v, 60, 61v, 62, 62v, 68, 68v, 70, 70v, 71, 83, 84v, 88, 103, 104, 108v, 114, 132, 142v, 152v, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 177v, 178, 180, 185, 186v
Notes referring to rites:
An owner's inscription by a later? 15th? century hand in Swebia noted in the margins next to many prayers that follow the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite:
זה אין אומרי' ואומר...
Translation: "This section is not recited here, recite…" (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 34, 34v, 64 ; see for example:
• Fol. 23: inscribed in the outer margin next to the last line of the text column:
במקום זה אומרים באשכנז והאופנים
Translation: "In this location is recited in Ashkenaz the piyyut Veha'ofanim"
• Fol. 28v: in the middle of the outer margin inscribed next to the Reshut: “יראתי”:
אין אומרים זה/ במדינות שוואבן/ומתחיל אתחיל
Translation: "This is not recited in the lands of Swebia and starts with the piyyut At'hil" and on fol. 29 next to the initial word אתחיל "At'hil" inscribed: כאן מתחיל "here one starts."

Owner’s inscription of the 16th-19th? century:
• Fol. 202v : Owner’s inscription, inscribed in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink in the upper part of the page within a simple frame of a vase:
זה המחזור חנני אלהי, נאום שלמה בר/ משה המכונה זלמן/ אויערבך./ משה בר שלמה? שמואל? אויערבךText:
Trans.: “This mahzor belongs to Shlomo b. Moshe, who is called Zalman Urbach/ Oyerbach, Moshe b. Shlomo? Shmuel Oyerbach ”.
• Ambiguous annotations in Hebrew inscribed on fols. 3, 202v and pastedown of inner and front covers reads: תשרק צפעס נמלך: (fol. 202v it is written vertically in the upper part of the page with some other letters: קאדמישתאודעינהון תשרק צפעם; fol. 3: inscribed in the lower right part of the page in larger square letters, vertically: תשרק צפעס ב נמלך.; Pastedown of front cover, inscribed in cursive tiny script in the upper side of the page: תש תשרק צפעם נמלך ע?הרג בא על השלחן; Pastedown of back cover in the upper part of the page inscribed: תשרק צפעם נמלך)
• Fol. 3: In small square script in the upper right side of the page, reads: אלכסנדרי/ ב"ר ? אליקים “Alexandry son of ? Eliakim.”,
• Fol. 1v: Owner’s inscription of 1842:
נאום שלמה בן כהרר משה מאיר/ באראן פאן ראטשילד/. הספר הזה קניתי בעיר נירנבערג בעד מאה וחמשים ואחד זהובים/ ונתתי במתנה גמורה לבני היקר והנחמד ומוכתר במעלות ומדות/ כהרר אנזעלם באראן (הצבע נמרח מתחת לשם) פאן ראטשילד יחי'/ למשמרת עד דורי דורות למען תהיה תורת ד' בפינו מעתה ועד/ עולם א"ס/. פראנקפורט על נהר מיין יום וי"ו ערב ראש חדש אלול/ שנת ה' תר"ב.
Translation: “ Signed by Salomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild, in Frankfurt on Friday, on the eve of the new month of Elul 5602 (August 5, 1842). I bought this book in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins and gave it as a gift to my dear son, crowned with virtues and merits, Anselm Baron von Rothschild” (his name is written on an erased text). The same hand added the title page for the manuscript on fol. 1 in square Ashkenazi script with a brief German translation,
מחזור/ מכל השנה/. כתבתי וסיימתי ביום ו' י"ב אדר/ שנת הק"עה/ Geschrieben im März 1415,/ אני משה בן מנחם/ ינב"ע.
Translation: “ Mahzor for the whole year. I copied and completed it on Friday 12th of Adar in the year 5175. copied in March 1415. I, Moshe ben Menahem. (He made a mistake and instead of February he wrote March.)

• Fol. 201- in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb4 and on fol. 200 in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb3; and on 199- Bb2.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Vivian B. Mann and Richard I. Cohen, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds: Art, Patronage, and Power 1600-1800, ed., The Jewish Museum New York. This book has been published in conjunction with the exhibition held at the Jewish Museum, New York, 8 September 1996- 17 January 1997. V.D.L.,“Rothschild”, Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 14, cols. 334-342. Count Corti, The Rise of the House of Rothschild, (London 1928; translation from German into English by Brian & Beatrix Lunn), pp. 302-3. Daniel Goldshmidt , Mahzor for the High Holidays, vol. I – New Year and vol. II.- Day of Atonement, Jerusalem 1970. Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux Enluminés des Bibliothèques de France, Leuven-Paris 1994, cat. 79, pp. 208-216. M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101). Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, XXXX pp. 296, 303, 308 .
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197042
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 042
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3726
48 Temp: Addenda
This page is a later addition to the manuscript.

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissa Fried, Michal Sternthal Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Vienna with Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 8.10.02 8-9.9.03 3.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Michal Sternthal Bezalel Narkiss August, January 2004 27.1.04 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal August 2003 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo August 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3785 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3785 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219024
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219024
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 024
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3785
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3812 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, , Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3812 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, , Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Zedek neighborhood, 18 Shimon Rokah St.
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Tel Aviv
| 18 Shimon Rokah St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219053
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219053
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 053
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3812
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3814 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals, Ceiling, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3814 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals, Ceiling, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Ceiling
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Tzedek neighborhood
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219051
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219051
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 051
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3814
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3991 Kiddush cup from a ghetto, , Lithuania, 1710 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 3991 Kiddush cup from a ghetto, , Lithuania, 1710 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kiddush cup from a ghetto | *Year cycle | *Sabbath | Kiddush cup
Unkn
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1710
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Lithuania | Vilnius | The Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum
| VZM 411 (CJA no.22)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kheifetz, Michael
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 091047
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
091047
45 Temp: Batch Number
091 | 047
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3991
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4106 Great Synagogue in Bykhov - Bimah, , Bykhov (Bychów Nowy, Staryi Bykhov), 16?? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 4106 Great Synagogue in Bykhov - Bimah, , Bykhov (Bychów Nowy, Staryi Bykhov), 16?? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Bykhov - Bimah | Unknown
3a Object Bimah (in Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 16??
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Belarus | Mahiloŭskaia vobl. | Bykhov (Bychów Nowy, Staryi Bykhov)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Vase with flowers |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 175028
20 Description

The documentation undertaken in 1993 lead to the discovery of the remains of stucco decoration and paintings in the dome of the bimah support.

The only preserved painting was a depiction of a red vase on one of the piers of the bimah. The stucco decorations are vases of stemmed flowers that is flanked by more flowers and foliage.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
175028
45 Temp: Batch Number
175 | 028
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4106
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4271 Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals, , Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno), 1895-1896? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4271 Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals, , Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno), 1895-1896? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Rimonim (Torah finials)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1895-1896?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Vilnius County | Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The National Museum in Warsaw
| 1 (SZM 10955 MN)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Libra (Scales), Zodiac Sign of Tishrei
Sagittarius (Bow), Zodiac Sign of Kislev |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1991
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 478-(10-19)
19a Scan No. 041030
20 Description The Torah finial now consists of only a body. The body is composed of two openworked compressed globes of diminishing size, each surmounted by a concave unit. The lower globe,which is supported by a base decorated with petalled leaves, depicts the Four Animals (8829), each framed by a double foliate scroll. The upper globe depicts six of the Zodiac signs (8816) surounded by double foliate scrolls. Small cast branches with leaves are attached to the smooth connecting units.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver partly gilded##Structure: spun, cast##Decoration: stamped, cast##Bonding: soldered
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 300mm (body)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 118mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the object.##1. The hallmark depicts a galloping horse with a rider holding a sword ready to strike, within an octagon frame. This is a city hallmark, probably Vilna in the years 1895-1896, Postnikova-
Losseva, p.153, no.170.##2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "A.K" (in latin) above a line with the date 18?? under it. This is an unidentified assay mark, Postnikova-Losseva, p.128-129.
3. The hallmark depicts the Cyphers 84 within an octagon frame. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19th c. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148, no.12.
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials: "SH.B" (in latin). These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For a similar example see IJA no.8641
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The shaft and the upper part are missing. The matching finial on which the rest of the zodiac signs were probably depicted, is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. W. Nar. Mus., Judaica, 1993, p. 60, f.60.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
041030
45 Temp: Batch Number
041 | 030
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008639
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4271
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8639
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
9253-I1,2,3,4
9253-II1a
9253-II2a
9253-II3a
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 8.1991 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4449 Torah shield, , Lublin, 1800-1849? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4449 Torah shield, , Lublin, 1800-1849? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1849?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland | Lublin Voivodeship | Lublin
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2123
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Serpent (Snake)
Musical Instruments |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 553-5,21,23 (hallmark 556-14)
19a Scan No. 043007
20 Description The silver Torah shield is rectangular and terminates with a wavy top. It consists of a plate.## The decoration is arranged simmetricaly on both sides of a central axis. In the center it depicts the Tables of the Covenant that bears the begining of the ten commandnents five on each side. A lion and a unicorn support the tablets from the sides. The rampant animals hold them with their front legs. Above the tablets is an elliptic openning framed by a wreath, and surmounted by an open-winged eagle. On both sides of the shield are two columns with crown-like capitals and square bases. Two snakes with griphon head twist around the columns. They lay their heads on the bases and face each other. Between the bases are musical instruments intertwined with leavs. In the center is depicted a drum flanked on right by three trumpets, and on left by a violin and a mandoline. A dedicatory inscription is inscribed on each of the colomns's base. Hardly seen it is read: "מרישא##אשת##משה##כובאוו)?(" "Marisha the wife of Moses, Kubav(?)". Two holes are pierced on each side of the opening at the top of the shield. Probably used to hang the chain.
21 Ornamentation Columns
Snake
 
21 Ornamentation
Columns
Snake
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: cut##Decoration: repousee, punched ##Bonding: screwed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 184 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped twice: in the head of the shield, and on the centre of the lower part. Not photographed.
1. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 12, within a square frame. It is unidentified.
2. The hallmark depicts the letter: L. ##This letter indicates the city Lublin and it is an authority city mark between the 16th century to the end of the 18th century.
Lepszy, p.210, no.161.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For lack of picture it is hard to be certain about the identity of the hallmark that indicates Lublin.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev Collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Partly broken.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Masterpieces-silver, Moscow, 1992, no. 51
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
043007
45 Temp: Batch Number
043 | 007
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009547
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4449
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9547
:MED : Metal
:DER : 2444
:MW : 179 mm
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4546 Erna Michael Haggadah, Fol. 6v, Bohemia, 1400-1420 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 4546 Erna Michael Haggadah, Fol. 6v, Bohemia, 1400-1420 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Erna Michael Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 6v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1400-1420
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Czech Republic | Bohemia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 181/18 (formerly 180/58)
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject First seder cup of wine, holding |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 73069
20 Description

A bearded man is sitting on a stool, lifting a golden

goblet.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
73069
45 Temp: Batch Number
73 | 069
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4546
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4818 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Ceiling, , Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 4818 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Ceiling, , Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Ceiling | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi
| 53 Kobylytsi St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2000
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345705
20 Description

A deer against a barren Northern landscape, inscribed רץ כצבי (fleet as the gazelle, Pirkeh Avot 5:20)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4818
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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