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(XXII) ID: 3726 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 1v, Wien (Vienna), edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 3726 Rothschild Vienna Mahzor, Fol. 1v, Wien (Vienna), edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Rothschild Vienna Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 1v
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Menahem (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 242
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Coat of arms |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 197042
20 Description Fol. 1v: A dedication page from Baron Solomon son of Moshe Meir Rothschild to his son Anselm, is adorned with the coat of arms of the Rothschild family, depicted in the upper part of the page. The coat of arms is composed of a shield held by supporters of a rampant unicorn on the right and a rampant lion on the left, standing on an inscribed ribbon with the Latin motto “CONCORDIA INTEGRITAS INDUSTRIA” and surmounted by the seven-pointed coronet with three splendid helmets adorning it above. The left helmet is decorated on top with a star and the middle helmet with an eagle, while the right is adorned with a trefoil flower. The shield is divided into four sections with a fifth section in the middle, each enclosing from left to right: an eagle, an arm which a hand grasping five/four arrows-( hard to tell how many arrows it looks like 4 but it is hard to tell), another identical arm, a rampant lion and a torch in the middle. The dedication inscription below reads: נאום שלמה בן כהרר משה מאיר/ באראן פאן ראטשילד/. This inscription with the name of "Solomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild" are written in display script in a dark blue colour outlined in gold. The inscription continues in smaller square script: הספר הזה קניתי בעיר נירנבערג בעד מאה וחמשים ואחד זהובים/ ונתתי במתנה גמורה לבני היקר והנחמד ומוכתר במעלות ומדות/ כהרר אנזעלם באראן (זו רק מריחה של צבע) פאן ראטשילד יחי'/ למשמרת עד דורי דורות למען תהיה תורת ד' בפינו מעתה ועד/ עולם א"ס/. פראנקפורט על נהר מיין יום וי"ו ערב ראש חדש אלול/ שנת ה' תר"ב. Translation: “Words by Solomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild, in Frankfurt am Main on Friday, on the eve of the new month of Elul 5602 (August 5, 1842). I bought this book in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins and gave it as a gift to my dear son, crowned with virtues and merits, Anselm Baron von Rothschild”. The son’s name is written in bold letters in black and gold.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Powdered gold, blue, brown and red colours and black ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Coat of arms measurement: ca. 80 x 78 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration was done at the same time as the production of the manuscript.

In the 19th century a parchment leaf was added to the manuscript with text and decoration (fols. 1-1v).

 

A.      Two architectonic initial word panels occupying almost the whole text space, opening the yozer for the first day of New Year (fol. 19v) and the second day of New Year (fol. 90).

B.      Two fully-framed pages for the piyyut Ohil  (אוחיל) for the Musaf prayer for the second day of New Year (fol. 138v) and for the Kol Nidrei (כל נדרי) prayer for the Day of Atonement (fol.162v).

C.      Many initial word panels painted in monochrome colours and decorated with thin foliate scrolls of three types:

a) 5 large panels occupying the width of the text space and enclosing an initial word written in gold leaf (fols. 26- זוכרינו, 60- אופד 71v- אוחיל, 96-ברוך, and 190-אשירה), three of which are inhabited with animals and  hybrids (fols. 71v, 96 and 190).

b) 11 smaller panels occupying as half of the width of the text space for initial words written in display script in dark brown ink (fols. 52, 53v,  63, 70v, fol. 89, 98v-lower panel, 108, 137v,155v, 187 and 189v),  one of  which is inhabited with dragons (fol. 89).

c) 9 small initial words in dark brown ink in smaller rectangular and square panels (Fols. 18v, 19v-upper small panel, 28v, 85v, 98v- upper panel, 118,122, 131 and 177).

D.      Foliate scrolls along the column of the repeated words of some piyyutim (e.g. fols.  63v, 108v-109, 171), one extends from a dragon's mouth (fol. 63v). 

E.       Decorated catchwords: a winged horse (fol. 37v); winged hybrid? (fol. 45v); and simple ink strokes some creating a triangle (fols. 61v, 77v, 93v, 101v, 117v, 125v, 141v, 149v and 197v).

F.      The  descender of the letter "kuf" ends with a fleur-de-lys (e.g. fol. 77, 80, 129v) or with spiral decoration in ink on top of each letter (e.g. fols. 146v, 147) as well as a simple crown on top of the word: King (fol. 158v)

G.     Shaped text at the end of sections: the last two pages of the first day prayers are written in a shaped text (fols. 87v, 88) and also the last page of the second day of New Year prayers (fol. 155v)

 

 A later addition to the manuscript was done inFrankfurt, 1842:

  1. A title page with large initial word panel (fol. 1).
  2. A dedication page with the coat of arms of the Rothschild family (fol. 1v).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The scribe Moshe son of Menahem, who copied this Mahzor for New Year and the Day of Atonement prayers for the evening only, states in the colophon that he completed the production of the manuscript on February 22, 1415. The fact that he declares the manuscript finished indicates that he did not include the next volume with the rest of the Day of Atonement prayers. The colophon does not say where he produced the manuscript nor the identity of the wealthy Jew who commissioned this beautiful illuminated mahzor with rich initial word panels. However, we can assume that the original owner of this manuscript served as a cantor since a few notes in the manuscript are referring to the cantor (e.g. fols. 84v, 118). Moreover, the Torah reading sections are copied twice in the manuscript, once with vocalization and punctuation and once without them (fols. 44v-48; 119-121v) to serve as a practicing tool for the cantor in order to study and memorize the correct reading from the Torah scroll in the synagogue, which does not include any vocalization and punctuation. This is a rare phenomenon in prayer books and we know of only two other mahzorim containing this double text of the Torah readings (One is in the Tripartite Mahzor[1] (vol. I: Budapest, Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection, Ms. A384, e.g. fols. 134-136, 168-170; vol. II: London, British Library, Add. 22413, e.g. fols. 28v-30, 132v, 160v-162; vol. III: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Mich. 619, e.g. fols. 73v-75, 195-196v, 248-249;) and the second is another 13th century Ashkenazi mahzor (Oxford Bodleian Library, Ms. 1049).   Amongst the scribe's notes is also an important one mentioning in the text a custom practiced in the city of Vienna to open the Torah ark while reciting the piyyut  'Melekh Elyon'  (מלך עליון ;fol. 108). We may deduce from the scribe’s remark that he produced it in Vienna. This custom is also mentioned by R. Isaac Tirna, who lived in Austria at the end of the 14th century, in his Book of Customs. In this book are recorded eastern European customs of the 15th century. Tirna mentions this custom of opening the Torah ark on New Year and the Day of Atonement, while reciting various piyyutim and amongst them our piyyut 'Melekh Elyon'  מלך עליון (It seems that R. Isaac refers to all the six different piyyutim in the New Year prayers that open with the same words: 'Melekh Elyon' מלך עליון.; see: Goldshmidt , p. מט (49) in his introduction)

The contents of the manuscript also support an Austrian origin for our manuscript as it is evidenced from some piyyutim following the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite (e.g. the piyyutim on fols. 23 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 53), 28v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.61), 75 (Goldshmidt, New Year, p.259), 171 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 10), except for a few piyuutim which adhere to the Western Ashkenazi rite, such as those on fols. 6v (Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 31), and 172 (Goldshmidt, Day of Atonement, p. 17).

The style of the architectonic panels of our manuscript, as well as the inhabited panels bring to mind the earlier manuscripts of the first half of the 14th century in southern Germany from the Lake Constance book illumination and recalls an early Ashkenazi model for our manuscript. Thus for example we can see the similarity between the architectonic frames in our manuscript on fol. 19v with similar frames such as those on fols. 154v and 256v in the “Vienna Siddur SemaK” (ÖNB, Cod. Hebr. 75 see catalogue…), produced in the Lake Constance region in the first quarter of the 14th century. These three panels each have a large gold initial word within an architectonic frame with a large finial at the centre and smaller ones on top of a tower's crenelated wall. The initial word panels in our manuscript should also be compared with similar panels in the "Alliance Mahzor for New Year and Day of Atonement" probably decorated in Constance in the first half of the 14th century (the Bibliotheque de L’Alliance Israelite Universelle, Ms. 24H; see: Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux, cat. 79, pp. 208-216.)[2] Thus for example, the initial word panel on fol. 30v in the "Alliance mahzor" should also be compared with similar panels in our manuscript, on fols. 71v, 89, 96 and 190.  The composition of the panel with a large initial word decorated on top and below with one or a pair of hybrids and with a scroll of big leaves are very similar.

In fact, the closest comparison to our manuscript is the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", of the first half of the14th century, now in the New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library/ Dorot Jewish Division **P[3] (Ms. Hebr. 248).[4] The "David bar Pesah Mahzor" is also strongly influenced by the Lake Constance school of book illumination and is similar to our manuscript (Cod Hebr, 242) in motives and in the colour palette especially the mustard-yellow colour (ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 242, e.g. fols. 19v and 90 and the "David bar Pesah Mahzor", fol. 353v- see picture in Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England  and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101) or on the website: digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/explore/dgexplore.cfm?topic=arts&collection=HebrewIlluminatedMan&col_id=172

Dr. Veronica of ONB compared our manuscript ion on September 2003, with ONB Cod. 5332, fol. 3v. this ms. was produced in Vienna, 1513- Fingernagel- what do you think??.

We do not know how such models from LakeConstanceof the 14th century, reached the hands of the artist of our manuscript, however it is possible to conjecture for instance that such illuminated manuscripts were brought to Vienna with one of the Jewish immigration from the lake Constance region after the destruction of those communities in 1348-1349.

 

We do not know the identity of the artist of the manuscript, nor how many people were involved in the production of the illuminations. Many initial word panels show scribe’s letters surrounded with wavy lines and enclosed within simple frames beneath the colour (e.g. on fols. 53v, 63, 70v) Some paintings lack the wide, black ink outlines which articulate the details of birds and dragons (e.g. on fol. 162v). In one case (fol. 190) the plummet underdrawing shows more rounded leaves than the edgy coloured ones that were painted over them. Whoever the artist was, he was bold enough to extend beyond the decoration space which the scribe allocated, by covering some words of the text with the decoration as, for example, on fol. 19v where he covered the last two words of the text with a finial.  Some words that were covered by the panel were rewritten before (e.g.  fols. 26) or after the panel (fol. 155v). Moreover, in one case (fol. 162v) the artist left the last letter of the initial word, outside of the panel. On the other hand, there is a slight possibility that the entire manuscript was the production of the scribe Moshe ben Menahem as he claims in the colophon: “This Mahzor I copied and completed”.

 

The manuscript reached Germany years after its production (15-16th centuries??), as indicated by some notes in the outer margins (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 75, 93v) referring to “Ashkenaz” (fol. 23) and the “Swabian countries” (fol. 28v).  These direct the reader to the version of the Western Ashkenaz rite as opposed to the Austrian version to which this Mahzor belongs. 

In August 5, 1842, our manuscript reached the Rothschild family in Frankfurt when Salomon Mayer of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild family (1744-1855; the second son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild) purchased the manuscript in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins as a gift to his son Anselm Salomon (1803-1874). We know that Anselm also received another illuminated manuscript of Talmud Bava Kama on the occasion of his bar mitzvah in 1816 (New York, Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, see: Mann, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds, cat. 87, p. 169). The Rothschilds are known as collectors of other medieval Hebrew illuminated manuscripts such as The "Rothschild Miscellany", Italy, Ferrara?, c. 1479, (Jerusalem. IM, 180/51). After 1855 the manuscript was sold to the Rothschild family in Paris and remained there until it was stolen during the Nazi occupation and reappeared after the war in New York. Someone tried to sell it to Alexander Marx, librarian at the Jewish Theological Seminary, who realized it had been stolen from the Rothschilds and returned it to them in London. James de Rothschild was persuaded by Mordechai Narkiss, director of the Bezalel Museum in Israel, that a manuscript of such importance was a national treasure and therefore belonged in Israel. In 1957, on hearing of Narkiss' illness, James de Rothschild sent it as a gift to Jerusalem.The “Rothschild Mahzor”, Florence, 1492 (New York, JTS ms. 8892) which was in the 19th century in the collection of Henri de Rothschild in Paris and given to the JTS by Baron Edmond de Rothschild of Paris in 1966; The “Rothschild-Weil Mahzor”, northern Italy, c. 1470 (Jerusalem, JNUL Heb. 80 4450)- a gift of Mrs. J. de Rothschild from the collection of her late husband, James de Rothschild, London 1968 through Mr. E. Eilat; The “Murphy Haggadah, Northern Italy, mid 15th century (Jerusalem, JNUL Hebr. 40 6130). The manuscript was part of the collection of Baron Edmond de Rothschild in Paris. Plundered by the Nazis during World War II, it was later given to Yale University by Murphy.  The “Murphy Haggadah” was given by Dorothy Rothschild as a gift to the JNUL in 1981.


[1] Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, pp. 296, 303, 308

[2] This manuscript was copied in the 13th century probably in Ulm, in the first quarter of the 14th century however some paintings were added, probably inConstance

[3] F 32487.- see the microfilm project information on this manuscript. For three pictures of this manuscript see: Harry M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treatures of England  and America (New York 1

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
A later 15th century? hand added some text in the margins:
• A 15th century hand wrote four times the text of the Amelioration of a Dream in the lower margin of the Priestly Blessings in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script on fols. 40v, 83v, 115v and 151v; e.g. on fol. 40v inscribed:
רבונו של עולם אני שלך וחלומותיי שלך ואיני יודע מה הוא בין שחלמתי אני לעצמי בין שחלמו/ לי אחרים אם טובים הם חזקם ואמצם ואם רעים הם הפכם לי לטובה כמי שהפכת מי מרה / למתיקה על ידי משה רבינו ואת מי יריחו על ידי אלישע וכנעמן מצרעתו וכמרים מצרעת'/ וכחזקיהו מחוליו וכשם שהפכת קללתו של בלעם הרשע מרעה לטובה כן תהפוך כל חלו/ חלומתיי ומעשי ? ומחשבותי לטובה ותרציני. אמן
o Translation:-ונוסח זה לא קיים בסדור של ארט סקרול - אין בסדור של בירנבוים

• Another hand of the 15th century added some text with vocalization in square Ashkenazi script (similar to the scribe’s script), on fols. 31v, 32v, 131 and 171, eg., fol. 131- The piyyut לאל עורך דין )Goldshmidt, New Year, p. 79 ) (now folded. )- next to the piyyut ונתנה תוקף is inscribed in the outer margin partly folded now in square Ashkenazi script.
• Later annotations by different hands e.g. on fols. 19v, 28v, 30, 31, 32v, 35, 46v, 60, 61v, 62, 62v, 68, 68v, 70, 70v, 71, 83, 84v, 88, 103, 104, 108v, 114, 132, 142v, 152v, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 177v, 178, 180, 185, 186v
Notes referring to rites:
An owner's inscription by a later? 15th? century hand in Swebia noted in the margins next to many prayers that follow the Österreich rite (known as the Polish rite) rather than the Western Ashkenazi rite:
זה אין אומרי' ואומר...
Translation: "This section is not recited here, recite…" (e.g. fols. 23, 28v, 34, 34v, 64 ; see for example:
• Fol. 23: inscribed in the outer margin next to the last line of the text column:
במקום זה אומרים באשכנז והאופנים
Translation: "In this location is recited in Ashkenaz the piyyut Veha'ofanim"
• Fol. 28v: in the middle of the outer margin inscribed next to the Reshut: “יראתי”:
אין אומרים זה/ במדינות שוואבן/ומתחיל אתחיל
Translation: "This is not recited in the lands of Swebia and starts with the piyyut At'hil" and on fol. 29 next to the initial word אתחיל "At'hil" inscribed: כאן מתחיל "here one starts."

Owner’s inscription of the 16th-19th? century:
• Fol. 202v : Owner’s inscription, inscribed in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink in the upper part of the page within a simple frame of a vase:
זה המחזור חנני אלהי, נאום שלמה בר/ משה המכונה זלמן/ אויערבך./ משה בר שלמה? שמואל? אויערבךText:
Trans.: “This mahzor belongs to Shlomo b. Moshe, who is called Zalman Urbach/ Oyerbach, Moshe b. Shlomo? Shmuel Oyerbach ”.
• Ambiguous annotations in Hebrew inscribed on fols. 3, 202v and pastedown of inner and front covers reads: תשרק צפעס נמלך: (fol. 202v it is written vertically in the upper part of the page with some other letters: קאדמישתאודעינהון תשרק צפעם; fol. 3: inscribed in the lower right part of the page in larger square letters, vertically: תשרק צפעס ב נמלך.; Pastedown of front cover, inscribed in cursive tiny script in the upper side of the page: תש תשרק צפעם נמלך ע?הרג בא על השלחן; Pastedown of back cover in the upper part of the page inscribed: תשרק צפעם נמלך)
• Fol. 3: In small square script in the upper right side of the page, reads: אלכסנדרי/ ב"ר ? אליקים “Alexandry son of ? Eliakim.”,
• Fol. 1v: Owner’s inscription of 1842:
נאום שלמה בן כהרר משה מאיר/ באראן פאן ראטשילד/. הספר הזה קניתי בעיר נירנבערג בעד מאה וחמשים ואחד זהובים/ ונתתי במתנה גמורה לבני היקר והנחמד ומוכתר במעלות ומדות/ כהרר אנזעלם באראן (הצבע נמרח מתחת לשם) פאן ראטשילד יחי'/ למשמרת עד דורי דורות למען תהיה תורת ד' בפינו מעתה ועד/ עולם א"ס/. פראנקפורט על נהר מיין יום וי"ו ערב ראש חדש אלול/ שנת ה' תר"ב.
Translation: “ Signed by Salomon b. Moshe Meir, Baron von Rothschild, in Frankfurt on Friday, on the eve of the new month of Elul 5602 (August 5, 1842). I bought this book in the city of Nuremberg for 151 gold coins and gave it as a gift to my dear son, crowned with virtues and merits, Anselm Baron von Rothschild” (his name is written on an erased text). The same hand added the title page for the manuscript on fol. 1 in square Ashkenazi script with a brief German translation,
מחזור/ מכל השנה/. כתבתי וסיימתי ביום ו' י"ב אדר/ שנת הק"עה/ Geschrieben im März 1415,/ אני משה בן מנחם/ ינב"ע.
Translation: “ Mahzor for the whole year. I copied and completed it on Friday 12th of Adar in the year 5175. copied in March 1415. I, Moshe ben Menahem. (He made a mistake and instead of February he wrote March.)

• Fol. 201- in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb4 and on fol. 200 in the lower margin of the page inscribed in light brown ink: Bb3; and on 199- Bb2.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Vivian B. Mann and Richard I. Cohen, From Court Jews to the Rothschilds: Art, Patronage, and Power 1600-1800, ed., The Jewish Museum New York. This book has been published in conjunction with the exhibition held at the Jewish Museum, New York, 8 September 1996- 17 January 1997. V.D.L.,“Rothschild”, Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 14, cols. 334-342. Count Corti, The Rise of the House of Rothschild, (London 1928; translation from German into English by Brian & Beatrix Lunn), pp. 302-3. Daniel Goldshmidt , Mahzor for the High Holidays, vol. I – New Year and vol. II.- Day of Atonement, Jerusalem 1970. Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hébreux Enluminés des Bibliothèques de France, Leuven-Paris 1994, cat. 79, pp. 208-216. M. Rabinowicz, The Jewish Literary Treasures of England and America (New York 1962), figs. 23-25 (between pgs. 100 to 101). Shalev-Eyni, The Tripartite Mahzor, XXXX pp. 296, 303, 308 .
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
197042
45 Temp: Batch Number
197 | 042
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3726
48 Temp: Addenda
This page is a later addition to the manuscript.

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissa Fried, Michal Sternthal Michal Sternthal- in Vienna Michal Sternthal- in Vienna with Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 8.10.02 8-9.9.03 3.2.04 49a
50 Researcher Michal Sternthal Bezalel Narkiss August, January 2004 27.1.04 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal August 2003 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo August 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3785 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3785 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219024
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219024
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 024
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3785
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3812 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, , Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3812 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, , Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Zedek neighborhood, 18 Shimon Rokah St.
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Tel Aviv
| 18 Shimon Rokah St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219053
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219053
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 053
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3812
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3814 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals, Ceiling, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 3814 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals, Ceiling, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue in Neve Zedek, Tel Aviv - Ceiling with the Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Ceiling
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Tzedek neighborhood
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 219051
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
219051
45 Temp: Batch Number
219 | 051
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3814
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 3991 Kiddush cup from a ghetto, , Lithuania, 1710 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 3991 Kiddush cup from a ghetto, , Lithuania, 1710 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kiddush cup from a ghetto | *Year cycle | *Sabbath | Kiddush cup
Unkn
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1710
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Lithuania | Vilnius | The Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum
| VZM 411 (CJA no.22)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kheifetz, Michael
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 091047
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
091047
45 Temp: Batch Number
091 | 047
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3991
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4106 Great Synagogue in Bykhov - Bimah, , Bykhov (Bychów Nowy, Staryi Bykhov), 16?? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 4106 Great Synagogue in Bykhov - Bimah, , Bykhov (Bychów Nowy, Staryi Bykhov), 16?? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Bykhov - Bimah | Unknown
3a Object Bimah (in Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 16??
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Belarus | Mahiloŭskaia vobl. | Bykhov (Bychów Nowy, Staryi Bykhov)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Vase with flowers |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 175028
20 Description

The documentation undertaken in 1993 lead to the discovery of the remains of stucco decoration and paintings in the dome of the bimah support.

The only preserved painting was a depiction of a red vase on one of the piers of the bimah. The stucco decorations are vases of stemmed flowers that is flanked by more flowers and foliage.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
175028
45 Temp: Batch Number
175 | 028
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4106
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4271 Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals, , Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno), 1895-1896? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4271 Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals, , Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno), 1895-1896? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Rimonim (Torah finials)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1895-1896?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Vilnius County | Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The National Museum in Warsaw
| 1 (SZM 10955 MN)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Libra (Scales), Zodiac Sign of Tishrei
Sagittarius (Bow), Zodiac Sign of Kislev |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1991
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 478-(10-19)
19a Scan No. 041030
20 Description The Torah finial now consists of only a body. The body is composed of two openworked compressed globes of diminishing size, each surmounted by a concave unit. The lower globe,which is supported by a base decorated with petalled leaves, depicts the Four Animals (8829), each framed by a double foliate scroll. The upper globe depicts six of the Zodiac signs (8816) surounded by double foliate scrolls. Small cast branches with leaves are attached to the smooth connecting units.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver partly gilded##Structure: spun, cast##Decoration: stamped, cast##Bonding: soldered
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 300mm (body)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 118mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the object.##1. The hallmark depicts a galloping horse with a rider holding a sword ready to strike, within an octagon frame. This is a city hallmark, probably Vilna in the years 1895-1896, Postnikova-
Losseva, p.153, no.170.##2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "A.K" (in latin) above a line with the date 18?? under it. This is an unidentified assay mark, Postnikova-Losseva, p.128-129.
3. The hallmark depicts the Cyphers 84 within an octagon frame. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19th c. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148, no.12.
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials: "SH.B" (in latin). These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For a similar example see IJA no.8641
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The shaft and the upper part are missing. The matching finial on which the rest of the zodiac signs were probably depicted, is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. W. Nar. Mus., Judaica, 1993, p. 60, f.60.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
041030
45 Temp: Batch Number
041 | 030
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008639
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4271
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8639
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
9253-I1,2,3,4
9253-II1a
9253-II2a
9253-II3a
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 8.1991 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4449 Torah shield, , Lublin, 1800-1849? edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4449 Torah shield, , Lublin, 1800-1849? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1849?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland | Lublin Voivodeship | Lublin
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2123
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Serpent (Snake)
Musical Instruments |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 553-5,21,23 (hallmark 556-14)
19a Scan No. 043007
20 Description The silver Torah shield is rectangular and terminates with a wavy top. It consists of a plate.## The decoration is arranged simmetricaly on both sides of a central axis. In the center it depicts the Tables of the Covenant that bears the begining of the ten commandnents five on each side. A lion and a unicorn support the tablets from the sides. The rampant animals hold them with their front legs. Above the tablets is an elliptic openning framed by a wreath, and surmounted by an open-winged eagle. On both sides of the shield are two columns with crown-like capitals and square bases. Two snakes with griphon head twist around the columns. They lay their heads on the bases and face each other. Between the bases are musical instruments intertwined with leavs. In the center is depicted a drum flanked on right by three trumpets, and on left by a violin and a mandoline. A dedicatory inscription is inscribed on each of the colomns's base. Hardly seen it is read: "מרישא##אשת##משה##כובאוו)?(" "Marisha the wife of Moses, Kubav(?)". Two holes are pierced on each side of the opening at the top of the shield. Probably used to hang the chain.
21 Ornamentation Columns
Snake
 
21 Ornamentation
Columns
Snake
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ##Structure: cut##Decoration: repousee, punched ##Bonding: screwed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 184 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped twice: in the head of the shield, and on the centre of the lower part. Not photographed.
1. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 12, within a square frame. It is unidentified.
2. The hallmark depicts the letter: L. ##This letter indicates the city Lublin and it is an authority city mark between the 16th century to the end of the 18th century.
Lepszy, p.210, no.161.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For lack of picture it is hard to be certain about the identity of the hallmark that indicates Lublin.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev Collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Partly broken.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Masterpieces-silver, Moscow, 1992, no. 51
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
043007
45 Temp: Batch Number
043 | 007
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009547
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4449
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9547
:MED : Metal
:DER : 2444
:MW : 179 mm
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4546 Erna Michael Haggadah, Fol. 6v, Bohemia, 1400-1420 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 4546 Erna Michael Haggadah, Fol. 6v, Bohemia, 1400-1420 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Erna Michael Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail Fol. 6v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1400-1420
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Czech Republic | Bohemia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 181/18 (formerly 180/58)
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject First seder cup of wine, holding |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 73069
20 Description

A bearded man is sitting on a stool, lifting a golden

goblet.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
73069
45 Temp: Batch Number
73 | 069
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4546
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4818 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Ceiling, , Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 4818 Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Ceiling, , Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi - Ceiling | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi
| 53 Kobylytsi St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2000
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345705
20 Description

A deer against a barren Northern landscape, inscribed רץ כצבי (fleet as the gazelle, Pirkeh Avot 5:20)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4818
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 4861 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4861 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Coat of arms
Two griffins
Crown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046073
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 073
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4861
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4968 Torah coronet , , Turkey, 1868 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4968 Torah coronet , , Turkey, 1868 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah coronet | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown | Torah coronet
3a Object Torah coronet
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1868
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Turkey
|
8 Community Italian
Turkish | Istanbul
|
9 Collection Turkey | Istanbul | Sc_016
| 17
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sanctuary Implements |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 047080
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
047080
45 Temp: Batch Number
047 | 080
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4968
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5047 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, Northwestern entrance facade, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 5047 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, Northwestern entrance facade, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Northwestern entrance facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Zedek
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Tel Aviv
| 18 Shimon Rokah St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Tablets of the Law |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 049059
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
049059
45 Temp: Batch Number
049 | 059
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5047
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 1993 49a
50 Researcher Michael Tal 1993 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5050 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, Southeastern wall, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 5050 Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv, Southeastern wall, Tel Aviv, 1910 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Marot Ha-sulam Synagogue (Beit Ha-Midrash Neve Tzedek Le-Adat Ha-Prushim), Tel Aviv | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Southeastern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1910
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Tel Aviv
| Neve Zedek neighborhood, 18 Shimon Rokah St.
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Tel Aviv
| 18 Shimon Rokah St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Musical Instruments
Psalm 150 |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 049062
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
049062
45 Temp: Batch Number
049 | 062
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5050
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5094 Israel Museum Shāhin's Musā-Nāmeh, Fol. 31 (31v), Tabriz, 1686 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 5094 Israel Museum Shāhin's Musā-Nāmeh, Fol. 31 (31v), Tabriz, 1686 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Israel Museum Shāhin's Musā-Nāmeh | Unknown
3a Object Musā-Nāmeh (The Book of Moses) by Shāhin
3b Object Detail Fol. 31 (31v)
4a Artist/ Maker Nehemiah ben Amshal of Tabriz (Scribe)
5 Date 1686
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Iran | East Azerbaijan Province | Tabriz
|
8 Community Persian
|
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 180/54
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Moses as a shepherd fights a lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0073094
20 Description Text-illustration, depicting a bearded, Moses dressed in blue and red, fighting a lion with his rod. In the foreground and on the left, Moses' flock is crouching alongside a river watching him humbly. In the steep, mountainous background are two descending mountain goats, and an inverted sun with a human face shines from above.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Moreen, Miniature, p. 44.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0073094
45 Temp: Batch Number
0073 | 094
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005061
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5094
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.22$$16
:MED : Paper
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5100 Yemenite Torah, Fol. 175v, Yemen, 1677 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 5100 Yemenite Torah, Fol. 175v, Yemen, 1677 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Yemenite Torah | Unknown
3a Object Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 175v
4a Artist/ Maker David ben Saadiah (Scribe)
5 Date 1677
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Yemen
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Yah. Heb. 11
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 45069
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45069
45 Temp: Batch Number
45 | 069
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5100
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5129 Ma'amar Mordekhai, Fol. 221v, Halych (Halicz, Galich), 1753 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 5129 Ma'amar Mordekhai, Fol. 221v, Halych (Halicz, Galich), 1753 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Ma'amar Mordekhai | Unknown
3a Object Halakhic literature
3b Object Detail Fol. 221v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1753
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Ivano-Frankivs'ka obl. | Halych (Halicz, Galich)
|
8 Community Karaite
|
9 Collection Russia | St Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
| C 104
10 Location Russia | St. Petersburg | Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 45098
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45098
45 Temp: Batch Number
45 | 098
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5129
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5398 Southern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), Paintings on the southern wall, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 5398 Southern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), Paintings on the southern wall, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Southern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Paintings on the southern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Between 1923 and 1940
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tower of David מגדל דוד |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182038
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182038
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 038
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5398
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5446 Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Czernowitz (Cernăuţi), Torah ark niche, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 5446 Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Czernowitz (Cernăuţi), Torah ark niche, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), 1923 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Eastern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Czernowitz (Cernăuţi) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Torah ark niche
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Tablets of the Law (central element of heraldic composition)
Curtain |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182090
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182090
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 090
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5446
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 5453 Northern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), Wall paintings on the northern wall, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 5453 Northern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi), Wall paintings on the northern wall, Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi), Between 1923 and 1940 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Northern Wall - Beit Tefilah Benyamin Synagogue in Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi) | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Wall paintings on the northern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Between 1923 and 1940
6 Period Romania
7 Origin Ukraine | Chernivets'ka obl. | Chernivtsi (Czernowitz, Cernăuţi)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cave of Machpelah (Tomb of the Patriarchs/Matriarchs) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 182097
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
182097
45 Temp: Batch Number
182 | 097
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5453
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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