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(VIII) ID: 16237 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16237 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

On the south side of the vault a large lion is depicted roaring at the snake that strangled the animal. The lake and hills are depicted in the background. It is inscribed:

גיבור כארי

(Brave as the lion).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16237
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16237  
(VIII) ID: 16236 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16236 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

On the south side of the vault two deer are depicted on the shore of forest lake. It is inscribed:

רץ כצבי

(Swift as the deer).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16236
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16236  
(VIII) ID: 16235 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16235 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tiger (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

On the north side of the vault there is the depiction of the tiger sneaking through the water of a pond. It is inscribed:

עז כנמר  

(Strong as the leopard).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16235
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16235  
(VIII) ID: 16234 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16234 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tiger (of the Four Animals)
Eagle (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A300960.jpg
20 Description

On the north side of the vault there are the Tiger and the "Eagle". 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16234
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16234  
(VIII) ID: 16233 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16233 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16233
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16233  
(VIII) ID: 16232 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16232 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16232
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16232  
(VIII) ID: 16231 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16231 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16231
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16231  
(VIII) ID: 16230 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16230 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16230
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16230  
(VIII) ID: 16229 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16229 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle accompanied by the verse 'As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young' Deut. 32:11) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16229
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16229  
(VIII) ID: 16228 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16228 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Vault | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A300983.jpg
20 Description

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16228
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16228  
(VIII) ID: 16227 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , Closed doors of the Torah ark, Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16227 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , Closed doors of the Torah ark, Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark | Unknown
3a Object Torah ark
Synagogue
3b Object Detail Closed doors of the Torah ark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Grapes, Cluster of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301016
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16227
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16227  
(VIII) ID: 16226 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , Upper part of the Torah ark, Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16226 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , Upper part of the Torah ark, Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark | Unknown
3a Object Torah ark
Synagogue
3b Object Detail Upper part of the Torah ark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301011
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16226
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16226  
(VIII) ID: 16225 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16225 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark | Unknown
3a Object Torah ark
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16225
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16225  
(VIII) ID: 16224 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , Open Torah ark, Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16224 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark , Open Torah ark, Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Torah Ark | Unknown
3a Object Torah ark
Synagogue
3b Object Detail Open Torah ark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sun
Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301001.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16224
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16224  
(VIII) ID: 16222 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16222 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345747
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16222
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16222  
(VIII) ID: 16221 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16221 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16221
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16221  
(VIII) ID: 16220 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16220 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16220
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16220  
(VIII) ID: 16219 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16219 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301020.jpg
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16219
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16219  
(VIII) ID: 16218 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16218 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16218
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16218  
(VIII) ID: 16217 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16217 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior, , Bacău, 1927-1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

According to the information in the pinkas of the synagogue, the prayer hall was completely destroyed by the fire of 1924. From 1927 to 1928 a painter from Iaşi, Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) painted the images (for this work he was payed 101,000 Leu). His credit is also noted within two inscriptions on the walls.

The prayer hall is surrounded on three sides by the balconies of the women's section which is supported by square wooden pillars. The central part of the prayer hall is covered with a tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, walls, arches, and balconies of the women's gallery are all adorned with murals that compliment the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark and on the walls and balconies of the women’s galleries have their own independent iconographical programs.

The decoration of vault of the synagogue contains a multi-level composition. The central part of the vault is decorated with a sky and stars motif, including both the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault is a single-headed heraldic eagle is painted. It keeps a military standard with the verse "As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young" (Deut. 32:11), and a white Magen David. In the lower part of the vault two belts containing paintings of the Zodiac signs and illustrative biblical scenes. Zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and are framed by ovular medallions and grouped by threes. The eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt and are composed by twos and framed by rich architectural ornament.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, which is set into the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark is painted to look like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Tablets of the Law are painted on opposing sides of the Torah Ark. The symbols of the tribes of Israel are placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall are divided by decorative pilasters decorated with landscape scenes. A large landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall, and a similar picture of the Temple in Jerusalem is depicted on the north wall.

The images of the Holy Tombs in the Land of Israel decorate the outer side of the balconies of the women's section.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16217
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16217  


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