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(VIII) ID: 16257 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16257 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The artist has placed nineteen panels with landscape on the southern, western and northern wall of the prayer hall inside the decorative "pilasters" . The artist depicted all landscapes in the popular volk-style: rural landscape with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, castles. He portrays different times of day and year, includes traditional deer, swans, and even oxen and elephants in many landscapes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16257
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16257  
(VIII) ID: 16256 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16256 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The artist has placed nineteen panels with landscape on the southern, western and northern wall of the prayer hall inside the decorative "pilasters" . The artist depicted all landscapes in the popular volk-style: rural landscape with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, castles. He portrays different times of day and year, includes traditional deer, swans, and even oxen and elephants in many landscapes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16256
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16256  
(VIII) ID: 16255 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16255 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The artist has placed nineteen panels with landscape on the southern, western and northern wall of the prayer hall inside the decorative "pilasters" . The artist depicted all landscapes in the popular volk-style: rural landscape with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, castles. He portrays different times of day and year, includes traditional deer, swans, and even oxen and elephants in many landscapes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16255
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16255  
(VIII) ID: 16254 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16254 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The artist has placed nineteen panels with landscape on the southern, western and northern wall of the prayer hall inside the decorative "pilasters" . The artist depicted all landscapes in the popular volk-style: rural landscape with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, castles. He portrays different times of day and year, includes traditional deer, swans, and even oxen and elephants in many landscapes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16254
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16254  
(VIII) ID: 16253 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16253 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration - Decorative landscapes | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The artist has placed nineteen panels with landscape on the southern, western and northern wall of the prayer hall inside the decorative "pilasters" . The artist depicted all landscapes in the popular volk-style: rural landscape with houses, trees, ponds, lakes, paths, castles. He portrays different times of day and year, includes traditional deer, swans, and even oxen and elephants in many landscapes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16253
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16253  
(VIII) ID: 16252 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16252 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration , , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Interior - Wall decoration | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301019.jpg
20 Description

The prayer hall of the synagogue in Bacău has the size (). The hall is surrounded by the balconies of women's gallery on three sides, which are support by square wooden columns. The central part of the prayer hall covered with tetrahedral domical vault. The vault, the walls, arches and balconies of women's gallery adorned with murals, which correlated to the architectural design of the hall. The murals of the vault, on the eastern wall around the Torah Ark, on the walls and balconies of women’s galleries have independent iconographical programs.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated like marble. The symbols of the tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the tribes of Israel  placed in colorful military standard.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative pilasters, which are decorated with landscape scenes. Landscape with the musical instruments, illustrating Psalm 137, is placed on the south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem and the Temple Mount is placed on the north wall.

According to inscriptions on two paintings, the murals in the prayer hall  of the synagogue are made by Mendel Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi, between 1900 and 1910.

For the Eastern wall decoration see:

///ID/1647/

For the Decorative landscape see;

///ID/1646/

For the Musical instruments see:

///ID/1649/

For the Psalm 137 see:

///ID/1650/

For the Still life decoration see:

///ID/1651/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16252
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16252  
(VIII) ID: 16249 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16249 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cancer (Crab), Zodiac Sign of Tammuz
Leo (Lion), Zodiac Sign of Av
Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345742
20 Description

On the south side of the vault there are the Zodiac signs of the months Tammuz (Crab), Av (Lion), and Elul (Virgin).

The month Tammuz is depicted by a turtle crawling along the banks of a river near a wooden hut. It is inscribed:

מזל סרטן

The month Av is depicted by a lion and lioness standing on the edge of a cliff and inscribed:

מזל אב

The month Elul is depicted by a girl walking along a city street. The girl's head is obscured by her umbrella. It is inscribed:

מזל אלול 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16249
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16249  
(VIII) ID: 16248 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16248 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Capricorn (Kid), Zodiac Sign of Tevet
Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shevat
Pisces (Fish), Zodiac Sign of Adar |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345741
20 Description

On the north side of the vault are the zodiacs signs of the months Tevet (Kid), Shevat (Bucket), and Adar (Fish).

The month Tevet is depicted as a horned goat in a barn and incribed:

מזל טבת

The month Shevat is depicted as a village well near a road. On the left side there is a wheat field and on the right is a pond. In the background there are village houses. It is inscribed:

מזל שבט 

The month Adar is depicted by a fisherman on the shore of the lake who has caught a large fish. It is inscribed:

מזל אדר 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16248
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16248  
(VIII) ID: 16247 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16247 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aries (Lamb), Zodiac Sign of Nisan
Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar
Gemini (Twins), Zodiac Sign of Sivan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345740
20 Description

On the western side of the vault are the Zodiacs signs of the months Nisan (Lamb), Iyyar (Bull), Sivan (Twins).

The month Nisan is depicted by a flock of sheep grazing in a meadow and inscribed:

מזל ניסן

The month Iyyar is depicted by a bull and a cow and a sheep grouped under a tree and inscribed:

מזל אייר

The month Sivan is depicted by two deer in the woods.

מזל סיון

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16247
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16247  
(VIII) ID: 16246 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16246 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Libra (Scales), Zodiac Sign of Tishrei
Scorpio (Scorpion), Zodiac Sign of Heshvan
Sagittarius (Bow), Zodiac Sign of Kislev |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A345739
20 Description

 

On the east side of the vault there are the Zodiac signs of the months Tishrei (Scales), Heshvan (Scorpion), and Kislev (Bow).

The month Tishrei is depicted by a set of scales hanging from the sky. Behind them is a mountain valley through which a river flows. It is inscribed:

מזל תשרי

The month Heshvan is depicted by a large crocodile catching a fish from a lake and inscribed:

מזל חשוון

The month Kislev is depicted by a bow and arrow hanging on a tree by the seashore. Sailing boats moor to the houses on the opposite bank. It is inscribed:

מזל כסליו 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16246
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16246  
(VIII) ID: 16245 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16245 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Badly formed string. |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A300963.jpg
20 Description

The western side of the vault. On the western side of the vault depicts two of the prophecy of Isaiah. (Isaiah 11: 6) and (Isaiah 60: 6-7)  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16245
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16245  
(VIII) ID: 16244 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16244 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Badly formed string. |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The painting depicts a camel (dromedary), tied to a fence, behind which are visible roof and gabled tower of European town. A large trunk stands near the feet of a camel. Jug with brushes and purple cloth lying on the trunk. Nearby, on the ground, lie a blue fabric and hunting horn. A large yellow bag standing at the fence. Probably, this scene is an illustration of Isaiah's prophesy: «and of the young camels of Midian and Ephah, all coming from Sheba; they shall bring gold and incense, and shall proclaim the praises of the LORD ». (Isaiah 60, 6 -7).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16244
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16244  
(VIII) ID: 16243 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16243 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject 'Israel is a scattered sheep' (Jer. 50: 17) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The name of the painting is (שה פזורו ישראל) "Israel is a scattered sheep." A herd of white sheep goes into a dark thicket from sunny edge of the forest. This scene is Illustration to the prophecy of Jeremiah 50:17.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16243
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16243  
(VIII) ID: 16242 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16242 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Joseph interpreting Pharaoh's dreams
'Israel is a scattered sheep' (Jer. 50: 17) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The eastern side of the vault. The prophecy Joseph to Pharaoh of the well-fed and hungry years and the prophecies of Jeremiah 50:17

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16242
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16242  
(VIII) ID: 16241 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16241 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Joseph interpreting Pharaoh's dreams |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The name of the painting is: חלם פרעה, "The dream of Pharaoh." In the foreground of the painting, a flock of fat cows on the watering is depicted. Two cow skulls, which symbolize the skinny cows, appeared on the hill on the background.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16241
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16241  
(VIII) ID: 16240 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16240 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images, , Bacău, 1927-28 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Narrative images | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927-28
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Messianic days |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The picture features a boy with a palm tree in his hand, and a lion, a sheep, and a wolf standing peacefully next to him. Below is an inscription in Yiddish, (משיחס צייטען) "messianic times". The artist converted Isaiah’s prophecy: The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them (Isaiah 11, 6) into visual images.  The model was an early 20th cent. post card, equally popular among Jews and Christians. The image of a human figure is extremely rare in the synagogues murals.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16240
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16240  
(VIII) ID: 16239 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16239 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

On the north side of the vault there is a flock of wild birds (ducks or pigeons) depicted flying over a forest lake before a sunset sky. It is inscribed:

קל כנשר

(Swift as the eagle).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16239
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16239  
(VIII) ID: 16238 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16238 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals)
Lion (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

On the south side of the vault are the Lion and the Deer.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16238
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16238  
(VIII) ID: 16237 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16237 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

On the south side of the vault a large lion is depicted roaring at the snake that strangled the animal. The lake and hills are depicted in the background. It is inscribed:

גיבור כארי

(Brave as the lion).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16237
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16237  
(VIII) ID: 16236 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 16236 Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals, , Bacău, 1927 - 1928 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Grain Merchants' Synagogue in Bacău - Four Animals | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1927 - 1928
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Bacău
| 29 Stefan cel Mare St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Deer (of the Four Animals) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

On the south side of the vault two deer are depicted on the shore of forest lake. It is inscribed:

רץ כצבי

(Swift as the deer).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16236
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 16236  


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