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(VIII) ID: 38148 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38148 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172601
20 Description

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches. Probably they were installed during the renovation of 1902 and bricked after WWII.

Women entered through an exterior wooden staircase attached to the southern façade (not preserved).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38148
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38148  
(VIII) ID: 38147 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38147 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172600
20 Description

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches. Probably they were installed during the renovation of 1902 and bricked after WWII.

Women entered through an exterior wooden staircase attached to the southern façade (not preserved).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38147
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38147  
(VIII) ID: 38146 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38146 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172599
20 Description

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches. Probably they were installed during the renovation of 1902 and bricked after WWII.

Women entered through an exterior wooden staircase attached to the southern façade (not preserved).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38146
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38146  
(VIII) ID: 38145 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Corner of the eastern and southern walls, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38145 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Corner of the eastern and southern walls, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Corner of the eastern and southern walls
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Capricorn (Kid), Zodiac Sign of Tevet |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172598
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38145
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38145  
(VIII) ID: 38144 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Left pilaster of the Torah ark, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38144 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Left pilaster of the Torah ark, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Left pilaster of the Torah ark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172597
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38144
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38144  
(VIII) ID: 38143 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38143 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902, 1920s
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172596
20 Description

The lower tier of the western wall of the prayer hall contains the main entrance. An arcade of five arches connects the women's section to the upper tier of the prayer hall.

The upper tier is a result of a reconstruction undertaken either in 1902 or in the 1920s (before 1929). Thus, the pilasters flanking the entrance are preserved only on the lower tier. The spaces between the arches on the upper tier are decorated with sunken rhomboids, and the piers between the arches are decorated with sunken rectangles.

The arches were bricked up after WWII when the building was transformed into a storage facility.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38143
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38143  
(VIII) ID: 38142 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, View towards southern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38142 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, View towards southern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail View towards southern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172595
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38142
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38142  
(VIII) ID: 38141 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Corner of the southern and western walls, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38141 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Corner of the southern and western walls, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Corner of the southern and western walls
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172594
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38141
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38141  
(VIII) ID: 38140 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, western corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38140 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, western corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Northern wall, western corner
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Virgo (Virgin), Zodiac Sign of Elul |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172593
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Virgo is represented by a dove with a harp and inscribed מזל אלול (Zodiac sign of Elul).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38140
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38140  
(VIII) ID: 38139 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, center, western pilaster, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38139 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, center, western pilaster, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Northern wall, center, western pilaster
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Leo (Lion), Zodiac Sign of Av |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172592
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Leo is represented as a lion in a desert, inscribed מזל אב (Zodiac Sign of Av). The image is damaged by a bullet.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38139
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38139  
(VIII) ID: 38138 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, center, eastern pilaster, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38138 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, center, eastern pilaster, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Northern wall, center, eastern pilaster
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cancer (Crab), Zodiac Sign of Tammuz |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172591
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Cancer is represented as a beetle, inscribed מזל תמוז (Zodiac Sign of Tammuz).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38138
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38138  
(VIII) ID: 38136 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, eastern corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38136 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Northern wall, eastern corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Northern wall, eastern corner
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gemini (Twins), Zodiac Sign of Sivan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172589
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Gemini is represented as two doves, a white and a black, inscribed מזל סיון(Zodiac Sign of Sivan).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38136
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38136  
(VIII) ID: 38135 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Corner of the eastern and northern walls, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38135 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Corner of the eastern and northern walls, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Corner of the eastern and northern walls
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172588
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38135
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38135  
(VIII) ID: 38134 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Southern wall, eastern corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38134 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Southern wall, eastern corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Southern wall, eastern corner
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Capricorn (Kid), Zodiac Sign of Tevet |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A172587
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Capricorn is represented as a goat in a field, inscribed מזל טבת (Zodiac Sign of Tevet). The painting is damaged by a bullet.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38134
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38134  
(VIII) ID: 38133 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Southern wall, center, western pilaster, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38133 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Southern wall, center, western pilaster, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Southern wall, center, western pilaster
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Scorpio (Scorpion), Zodiac Sign of Heshvan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A172586
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Scorpio is represented as a crowfish, inscribed מזל מרחשון (Zodiac Sign of Marheshvan).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38133
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38133  
(VIII) ID: 38132 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38132 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172585
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38132
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38132  
(VIII) ID: 38131 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, Former entrance to the prayer hall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38131 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, Former entrance to the prayer hall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Former entrance to the prayer hall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902, 1920s
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172584
20 Description

The lower tier of the western wall of the prayer hall contains the main entrance. An arcade of five arches connects the women's section to the upper tier of the prayer hall.

The upper tier is a result of a reconstruction undertaken either in 1902 or in the 1920s (before 1929). Thus, the pilasters flanking the entrance are preserved only on the lower tier. The spaces between the arches on the upper tier are decorated with sunken rhomboids, and the piers between the arches are decorated with sunken rectangles.

The arches were bricked up after WWII when the building was transformed into a storage facility.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38131
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38131  
(VIII) ID: 38130 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Southern wall, western corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38130 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Southern wall, western corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Southern wall, western corner
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Libra (Scales), Zodiac Sign of Tishrei |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172583
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Libra is represented as a scales, inscribed מזל תשרי (Zodiac Sign of Tishrei).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38130
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38130  
(VIII) ID: 38129 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Eastern wall, southern corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38129 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs, Eastern wall, southern corner, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1920s? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer hall - Zodiac Signs | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Eastern wall, southern corner
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1920s?
6 Period Second Polish Republic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shvat |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172582
20 Description

The zodiac sign of Aquarius is represented as a well in a field, inscribed מזל שבט (Zodiac sign of Shevat).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38129
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38129  
(VIII) ID: 38128 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Northern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38128 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Northern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Northern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172581
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38128
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38128  


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