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(VIII) ID: 38168 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38168 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172621
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38168
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38168  
(VIII) ID: 38167 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38167 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172620
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38167
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38167  
(VIII) ID: 38166 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38166 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Exterior | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172619
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38166
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38166  
(VIII) ID: 38165 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38165 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172618
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38165
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38165  
(VIII) ID: 38164 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38164 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172617
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38164
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38164  
(VIII) ID: 38163 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, View towards northern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38163 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, View towards northern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail View towards northern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172616
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38163
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38163  
(VIII) ID: 38162 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38162 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902, 1920s
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172615
20 Description

The lower tier of the western wall of the prayer hall contains the main entrance. An arcade of five arches connects the women's section to the upper tier of the prayer hall.

The upper tier is a result of a reconstruction undertaken either in 1902 or in the 1920s (before 1929). Thus, the pilasters flanking the entrance are preserved only on the lower tier. The spaces between the arches on the upper tier are decorated with sunken rhomboids, and the piers between the arches are decorated with sunken rectangles.

The arches were bricked up after WWII when the building was transformed into a storage facility.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38162
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38162  
(VIII) ID: 38161 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38161 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172614
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38161
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38161  
(VIII) ID: 38160 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38160 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172613
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38160
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38160  
(VIII) ID: 38159 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38159 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Western Wall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902, 1920s
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172612
20 Description

The lower tier of the western wall of the prayer hall contains the main entrance. An arcade of five arches connects the women's section to the upper tier of the prayer hall.

The upper tier is a result of a reconstruction undertaken either in 1902 or in the 1920s (before 1929). Thus, the pilasters flanking the entrance are preserved only on the lower tier. The spaces between the arches on the upper tier are decorated with sunken rhomboids, and the piers between the arches are decorated with sunken rectangles.

The arches were bricked up after WWII when the building was transformed into a storage facility.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38159
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38159  
(VIII) ID: 38158 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38158 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172611
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38158
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38158  
(VIII) ID: 38157 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38157 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172610
20 Description

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches. Probably they were installed during the renovation of 1902 and bricked after WWII.

Women entered through an exterior wooden staircase attached to the southern façade (not preserved).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38157
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38157  
(VIII) ID: 38156 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38156 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172609
20 Description

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches. Probably they were installed during the renovation of 1902 and bricked after WWII.

Women entered through an exterior wooden staircase attached to the southern façade (not preserved).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38156
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38156  
(VIII) ID: 38155 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38155 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172608
20 Description

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches. Probably they were installed during the renovation of 1902 and bricked after WWII.

Women entered through an exterior wooden staircase attached to the southern façade (not preserved).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38155
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38155  
(VIII) ID: 38154 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Eastern wall, Torah ark, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38154 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Eastern wall, Torah ark, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Eastern wall, Torah ark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sun
From the rising of the sun to the going down of the same the Lord's name is to be praised (Ps. 113:3) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172607
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38154
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38154  
(VIII) ID: 38153 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, View towards northern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38153 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, View towards northern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail View towards northern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172606
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38153
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38153  
(VIII) ID: 38152 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38152 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172605
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38152
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38152  
(VIII) ID: 38151 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Torah ark, Eastern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38151 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall, Torah ark, Eastern wall, Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Torah ark, Eastern wall
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sun
Pisces (Fish), Zodiac Sign of Adar
Aries (Lamb), Zodiac Sign of Nisan
From the rising of the sun to the going down of the same the Lord's name is to be praised (Ps. 113:3) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172604
20 Description

The prayer hall is rectangular. Its wall are divided by pilasters, and it stands to reason that before the renovation of 1902, those pilasters bore the vaults which rested on a bimah-support in the center of the hall. In 1902 the vaults were replaced by an elaborate interior dome.

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches in the upper tier of the western wall. They probably were installed during the renovation of 1902 and then bricked up after WWII.

The upper parts of the pilasters, above the entablement, are decorated with sunken rectangles in which the zodiac signs are depicted.

The central pilasters flanking the Torah ark on the eastern wall are decorated with plaques painted to look like marble; two Stars of David decorate the wall on either side of the round window above the ark.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38151
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38151  
(VIII) ID: 38150 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38150 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Prayer Hall - Dome | Unknown
3a Object Wall painting (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Heavens with stars |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172603
20 Description

The central part of the wooden dome is painted in dark blue with stars, while the rest is painted in light blue. The flat parts of the ceiling as well as the lower rim of the dome are decorated with foliage, which probably dates back to 1902.

The rising sun is inscribed,

"ממזרח שמש עד מבואו נהלל שםיי"

("From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised”, Ps. 113:3). The inscription is located on the eastern facet above the Torah ark. The sun is painted on top of the foliage, so it was probably added in the 1920s.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38150
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin 1993, 2007 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38150  
(VIII) ID: 38149 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit view
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 38149 Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section, , Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana), 1902 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Oshmiany - Women's section | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 1902
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany, Oszmiana)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Belarus | Hrodzienskaia vobl. | Ashmiany (Oshmiany)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Levin, Vladimir
18 Photograph Date 2007
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A172602
20 Description

The women’s section is connected to the prayer hall through five large arches. Probably they were installed during the renovation of 1902 and bricked after WWII.

Women entered through an exterior wooden staircase attached to the southern façade (not preserved).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
38149
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 38149  


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