Home Activities Publications About
Images

3298 (of 3352) images

      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [ ... ][162] [163] [164] [165] [166] [167]

(VIII) ID: 160 En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 160 En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En-Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date Mid-late 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric
Swastika
Peacock
Bird
Conch
Calendar, Hebrew |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Four strata can be distinguished in the synagogue: Stratum IIIb- The earliest synagogue: a simple prayer building consisting of one large hall paved with a geometric mosaic floor. The entrances were in the northern wall, which faces Jerusalem. Stratum IIIa- The main hall of the synagogue was divided now into a nave, eastern and southern aisles. A niche was set in the wall facing Jerusalem. Three entrances were situated on the western side of the building, and a a porch with three columns stood befors them. Stratum II- The main phase of the synagogue, which is extant today.It consists of a main hall with three aisles in the east, west, and south and a corridor-narthex along the western aisle. Opposite the center of the wall facing Jerusalem, is an apse and a bimah in the south. A multicolored mosaic was laid on the synagogue floor. Excavations surrounding the synagogue show that it was connected to the other buildings in the area. To the west and north-west of the synagogue, roads and private dwellings were recoverd. Two Mikva'ot were found to the south-west and north of the synagogue, and a two-roomed housed, similar in size to the synagogue, was excavated. This adjacent building may belong to the synagogue. There is evidence throughout the site of the conflagration which destroyed Jewish En Gedi.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
30 | 001
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015226
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
160
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 160  
(VIII) ID: 150 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, by the entrance, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 150 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, by the entrance, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, by the entrance
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Palm tree |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 68920 (BW).
19a Scan No. 030040
20 Description

The rectangular panel of the sacrifice of Isaac is situated on the northern side of the nave below the Zodiac panel and is the first panel which visitors see upon entry. On the right of the panel, Abraham and Isaac are depicted before an altar. A ram is set in the middle of the panel beneath a hand in the sky above, and two servants stand with an ass on the left. Above this scene, is a row of palm trees set in a band separated from the main panel by a black line.

Abraham, a tall bearded figure, wears a long tunic and has a halo around his head. He stands before a rectangular burning altar and holds up young Isaac in his left hand, towards the altar. Abraham holds a long knife in his right hand before him. Isaac, depicted as a small child, wears a scarf on his neck and crosses his arms. Hebrew inscriptions of their names are situated above these figures.

The standing ram, which is overturned and set vertically on its tail, is positioned to the right of Abraham, tied by a rope to a tree. Inscribed in Hebrew above the ram, are the words: "And behold.... a ram" (Gen. 22:13).

Above the ram, the hand of God emerges towards Abraham from a cloud with rays. The cloud overlaps the band of palm trees and the main panel. Below the hand is a Hebrew inscription which reads: “Lay not thine" (Gen. 22:12).

The two servants and the ass stand on the left by the ram. The servant on the right wears a short tunic and holds the reins of the ass in one hand and a whip in the other. The servant on the left stands behind the ass. The ass wears a bell around its neck and has a saddle on its back.

Branches are scattered beneath the servants and the ram, and to the right of Abraham.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae of the background and the figures is uniform, per 10cm2. (9x9-9x10), The density for the human and animal figures is 11x11, per 10cm2.
The outlines of figures and other elements consist of one or two lines of black tesserae, except for the figures of Isaac and the ram which are outlined in red and ochre.
The colors of the tesserae, are white and black and shades of: gray, brick red, wine red and light brown. shades of grey, brick red, wine red and light brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 157 cm Band of palm branches - 390 mm
26c Width 347 cm.## Band of palm branches - 353 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
According to J. Gutman (p.80), Isaac waering a veil on his neck. According to Sukenik, the hand ehich emerges from the disc is that of God.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Slight damage can be seen to the heads of the figures of Abraham and Isaac, in the upper part of the flames and in the row of palms which surmount the panel. Restoration work is evident.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
סוקניק, בית הכנסת העתיק בבית אלפא, תרצ"ב.
J. Gutman, "Revisiting the Binding of Isaac", Bulletin of the Asia Institute,No. 6 (1992), pg. 79-85.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 040
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008023
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
150
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.3
:MED : Mosaic
:DER : 2016-3
2016-7b
2016-8b
2016-9b
2016-10biii
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986 & H.B 3.1994, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 150  
(VIII) ID: 149 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, at the center, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 149 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, at the center, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, at the center
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs
Helios
Seasons, the Four (as commonly listed from Autumn until Summer)
Quadriga |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 68930 (BW)##75 (BW)
19a Scan No. 30038
20 Description

The panel representing the zodiac wheel with Helios and the Seasons is situated at the centre of the nave, between the panels of the sanctuary implements to the south and the sacrifice of Isaac to the north. The subject is depicted in two concentric circles within a rectangular frame. The inner circle depicts Helios in a chariot drawn by four horses (quadriga) stars and a crescent moon. The twelve signs of the zodiac are enclosed in segments of the outer circle. Each sign is identified by a Hebrew inscription. They are arranged counterclockwise facing the centre. A guilloche band surrounds the two concentric circles and some of the segments; others are framed by bands of various geometric motifs. The four seasons appear in the spandrels of the rectangular panel, represented as winged female busts facing the centre, each identified by a Hebrew inscription and special attributes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform in the panel. The average number in the background and in depictions of
bodies is of 9x9. A higher number is noticeable in the figures' heads (10x10). The highest density is in the depictions of Spring,
Aquarius, Libra and Virgo (12x13)-(12x14).##The colours besides white and black, are in one or two shades of grey, brick red,
wine red, yellow and ochre; emerald green is employed in the seasons. The figures are surrounded by one row of black tesserae except for Gemini and Pisces, which are outlined in ochre.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 366 cm
26c Width 345 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 333 cm (Zodiac Wheel)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
There is no correlation between the seasons and the signs that appear beneath them.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Sukenik, Beit Alpha, 1932, pp.32-36 pl.10-18.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
30 | 038
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005190
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
149
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986 & H.B 3.1994, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 149  


      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [ ... ][162] [163] [164] [165] [166] [167]