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(VIII) ID: 201 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 201 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Autumn |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 91 (BW)##(SL)
19a Scan No. 030055
20 Description The representation of Autumn is enclosed within the lower right spandrel of the zodiac wheel panel, beneath the signs of Aquarius and Pisces. It depicts the frontal bust of a winged female. Inscribed in Hebrew in the lower right corner of the panel:## תקופת תשרי## "The season of Tishrei".## The figure wears a diadem, long earrings and a necklace. The lower part of her two wings by a wide band, which comprises of a display of fruit: grapes, a pomegranate and apples. A bird is perched on top of her left wing. Above the other wing are two round objects, ans a small tree is seen to the right of the wing. A pair of leaves is at the bottom of each wing. The panel shares the frame of the square zodiac panel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: body, 9x9.5, neck, 10x11, face, 12x14, fruits, 8x10.
Emerald green is used for the jewelry and diadem.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750mm.
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The lower frame of the panel was damaged and restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 055
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005206
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
201
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.16
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986. T.N., D.F. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 201  
(VIII) ID: 200 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 200 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Summer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 90 (BW)## (SL)
19a Scan No. 030054
20 Description The representation of Summer is enclosed within the lower left spandrel of the zodiac wheel panel, beneath the signs of Scorpio and Sagittarius. It depicts the frontal bust of a winged female. Inscribed in Hebrew in the lower left corner of the panel:## תקופת תמוז## "The season of Tamuz".## The female wears long earrings and a necklace. The lower part of her two wings are joined by a wide band, which comprises a display of fruit. To the left of the woman's right wing three different vegetables are depicted. Bunches of grapes flank her head. A pair of leaves is at the bottom part of each wing. The panel shares the frame of the square zodiac panel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background, 10x9, body, 9x9.5, neck, 10x11, face, 10x10.5, fruits, 9x9.
Emerald green is used for the jewelry.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 870mm.
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The lower right corner was damaged and restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 054
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005205
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
200
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.15
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986. T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 200  
(VIII) ID: 199 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 199 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Spring |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 89(BW)#(SL)
19a Scan No. 030053
20 Description The representaion of Spring is enclosed within the upper left spandrel of the zodiac wheel panel above the signs of Virgo and Leo. It depicts the frontal bust of a winged female. Inscribed in Hebrew in the lower left corner of the panel:## תקופת ני]סן[## "The season of Nissan".## The female wears long earrings and a necklace. Behind the left wing is a shepherd's crook; above the right wing, an unidentified object reconstructed as a twelve-legged spider. In the center of the female's dress, is a bird pecking flower buds. A pair of leaves is at the bottom of each wing. The panel shares the guilloche frame of the zodiac wheel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: body, 9x9.5, 9x8, neck, 9.5x11, face, 12x13. Emerald green is used for the jewelry.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 800mm.
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The object next to the right wing has been reconstructed as a twelve-
legged spider. The lower left corner, including part of the inscription, was damaged and restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 053
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005204
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
199
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.14
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N, D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 199  
(VIII) ID: 198 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 198 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Pisces (Fish), Zodiac Sign of Adar |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 88 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030052
20 Description The zodiac sign of Pisces is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower right section of the zodiac wheel. It depicts two horizontal fish, set head to tail Inscribed in Hebrew at the upper right corner:## ודגים## "Pisces" (and fish).## Each fish has a tail and two pairs of fins. The panel is framed on three sides by guilloche bands and on the left side by a row of flower buds.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background, 9x10- 9x11, fish, 8.5x9.0
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 700mm.
26c Width 610mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 052
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005203
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
198
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.13
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W.; T.N., D.D. & D.S. 12.1986, 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 198  
(VIII) ID: 197 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 197 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shevat |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 87 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030051
20 Description The zodiac sign of Aquarius is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower right section of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a young man holding a pear-shaped object (bucket) by two strings above a circle (well), as from above. Inscribed in Hebrew at the upper left corner:## ודלי## "Aquarius" (and bucket)## The panel is framed on three sides by guilloche bands and on the right by a band of paralel lines.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background and body, 9x9-10x9 in the figure's head, 12x13.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 680mm.
26c Width 60omm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The body and upper frame were damaged and restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 051
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005202
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
197
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.12
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 197  
(VIII) ID: 196 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 196 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Capricorn (Kid), Zodiac Sign of Tevet |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 86 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030050
20 Description The zodiac sign of Capricorn is enclosed within a trapezoid panel, situated in the lower right section of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a kid in profile facing left. Only its head, with horns and two front legs are extant. The panel is framed at top and bottom by guilloche bands, on the left side by a band of parallel lines and on the right by a row of arrow-heads.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background: 11x9, body, 9x8, 10x8, face, 12x13.
The colour of the outline is brick red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 740mm.
26c Width 620mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper, central and right parts of the panel were badly damaged and were restored with white tesserae. The zodiac sign name was damaged and has not been restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 050
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005201
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
196
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.11
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 196  
(VIII) ID: 195 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 195 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sagittarius (Bow), Zodiac Sign of Kislev |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 85 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030049
20 Description קשת## The zodiac sign of Sagittarius is enclosed within a trapezoid frame, situated in the lower left section of the zodiac wheel panel. It depicts a frontal archer, his legs and arms in profile. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner:## "Sagittarius" (archer)## The man is pointing right with the right hand which holds a bow and arrow. The panel is framed on three sides by guilloche bands and on the left by a row of arrow-heads.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background, 10x8- 10x9, body, 8x9-10x9, head, 12x13.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 730mm.
26c Width 570mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The lower left frame of the panel was damaged and restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 049
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005200
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
195
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.10
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 195  
(VIII) ID: 193 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 193 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Scorpio (Scorpion), Zodiac Sign of Heshvan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 84 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030048
20 Description The zodiac sign of Scorpio is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower left section of the zodiac wheel panel. It depicts a scorpion facing left, seen from above. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner:## עקרב## "Scorpio" (scorpion). ## The scorpion has four legs on its right side, five on its left, two pincers and two eyes. A long tail is curved up over the body. The panel is framed on three sides by guilloche bands and on the fourth, right, side by a band of circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in background and body: 9x9.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 70omm.
26c Width 650mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 048
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005199
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
193
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.9
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 193  
(VIII) ID: 192 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 192 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Libra (Scales), Zodiac Sign of Tishrei |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 82 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030047
20 Description מאזנים## The zodiac sign of Libra is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower left section of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a young man facing forward holding scales in his left hand. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper right corner:## "Libra" (scales)## Only the man left leg can be seen; to the left of the leg the scales are depicted. The man is wearing a short striped tunic. The panel is framed on three sides by guilloche bands and on the left by a band of circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background, 10x9,
body, 10x10, head, 12x13. The outlines are in black and pink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 710mm.
26c Width 640mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 047
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005121
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
192
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.8
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 192  
(VIII) ID: 190 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 190 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Leo (Lion), Zodiac Sign of Av |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 81 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030045
20 Description The Zodiac sign of Leo is enclosed within a trapezoid panel, situated in the upper left section of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a lion in profile, facing left; inscribed in Hebrew in the upper right corner:## ארייה## "Leo" (lion).## The lion has its mouth open, its tongue protruding out and its tail curved upward. The panel is framed at top and bottom by guilloche bands, by a plain strip on the right, and a row of flower buds on the left.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background, 11x10,
body, (10x9)-(9x9), head, 9x9.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 710mm.
26c Width 700mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 045
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005197
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
190
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.6
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 190  
(VIII) ID: 189 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 189 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cancer (Crab), Zodiac Sign of Tammuz |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 80 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030044
20 Description The zodiac sign of Cancer is enclosed within a trapezoid panel, situated in the central upper part of the zodiac panel. It depicts a round crab, seen from above, eight leggs and pincers at the front. Inscribed in Hebrew:## סרטן## "Cancer" (Crab)## The panel is framed at top and bottom by guilloche bands and at the sides by plain strips.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in background and figure 10x10. The outline is red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 720mm
26c Width 620mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
There is a circular depression on the upper right corner of the panel, between the inscription and the guilloche band.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 044
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005196
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
189
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.5
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 189  
(VIII) ID: 188 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 188 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gemini (Twins), Zodiac Sign of Sivan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 79 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030043
20 Description The zodiac sign of Gemini is enclosed within a trapezoid panel in the upper right corner of the zodiac wheel. It depicts two boys in one tunic. Their two inner arms are crossed. The boys' bodies are frontal their legs in profile. Inscribed in Hebrew on the upper left corner:##. תאומים## "Gemini" (twins)##. The panel is framed on three sides by guilloche bands and on the left by a plain band.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10m2 is not uniform: background, 9x9, bodies, 9x11, heads, 10x11-10x12. Outlines, ochre and red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 710mm.
26c Width 630mm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 043
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005195
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
188
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.4
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 188  
(VIII) ID: 187 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 187 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 78 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030042
20 Description The zodiac sign of Taurus is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the upper right section of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a bull in profile, facing left. The bull has two horns, a hump on its back and a long tail. Inscribed in Hebrew in the upper left corner:## שור## "Taurus" (bull)## The panel is framed on three sides by guilloche bands and on the right by a band of opposite stepped triangles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in background, body and heads: 10x10.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 710mm.
26c Width 580mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper part of the right corner was damaged and later restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 042
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005194
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
187
48 Temp: Addenda
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 187  
(VIII) ID: 186 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 186 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Aries (Lamb), Zodiac Sign of Nisan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 77 (BW)
19a Scan No. 030041
20 Description The zodiac sign of Aries is enclosed within a trapezoid panel situated in the lower right section of the zodiac wheel. It depicts a lamb in profile with a long tail, facing left; inscribed in Hebrew in the upper right corner: טלא## "Aries" (Lamb)## The panel is framed at top and bottom by guilloche bands, on the right by a row of flower buds, and on the left by a band of opposite stepped triangles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in background, head and body: (9x10)-(10x11).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 71 cm
26c Width 60 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper left corner of the panel was damaged and restored.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 041
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005193
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
186
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.2
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 186  
(VIII) ID: 185 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 185 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Zodiac Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Zodiac Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Helios
Quadriga |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. >(SL)
19a Scan No. 030039
20 Description The round panel depicting Helios is in the inner circle of the zodiac wheel in the middle of the nave. Helios is portrayed frontally in a chariot. Only his crowned head and neck are seen. His crown is composed of six rays. The front of the chariot is shown as a square with two wheels attached to it and flanked by two pairs of frontal horses with reins. Above the right pair of horses is a crescent moon, above the left pair a whip. Stars are depicted in the background, next to the moon and below the chariot. The panel is framed by a guilloche band.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is not uniform: background (sky), 8x10, horses, 9x9-8x10, chariot and guilloche band, 10x10, Helios' head, 10x12.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 123 cm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
No BW photo, only slide.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 039
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005192
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
185
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.2.1
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 185  
(VIII) ID: 182 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 182 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 195-5 (BW) (inscription)##195-6 (BW) (bull)##195-4
19a Scan No. 030035
20 Description זכורים )לטוב( האומנים, שהוציאו לפועל את המלאכה הזאת: מריאנוס וחנינא בנו.## ]הדין פסי[פוסה אתקבע בשתה##]^^^^^^^ל[מלכותה דיוסטינוס מלכה##]סאין)?(^^^^ד[ אתנדבון כל בני## ק]רתה^^^^^^^^^[בירבי##א]^^^^^^^דכירין לטב כל##ב]ני קרתה^^^דכיר לט[ב## Next to the main entrance of the nave are two adjoining inscriptions flanked by a bull and a lion forming part of the band which framed the nave mosaics. The inscriptions are set one above the other and face the entrance. The upper inscription is in Greek, the lower in Aramaic. Each inscription is set within a differently sized tabula ansata The Greek inscription consists of five lines, separated by one line of tesserae. The translation of the inscription is as follows:## "May the craftsmen who carried out this work, Marianus and his son Hanina, be held in remembrance"## The Aramaic inscription consists of seven lines separated by three to four lines of background.The inscription reads as follows:## "This mosaic was laid down in the year ... of the reign of Emperor Justinus ... who gave a hundred dinars ... gave all members (sons) of the community(?) ... Rabbi ... honoured be the memory of all sons ... Amen.## To the left of the inscription is a lion in profile in front of a branch. Its mane is composed of curved and straight lines, its mouth is open and its tail is curled upwards. To the right is a bull in profile, its head with by two horns shaped like a horseshoe; it has a hump on its back and elongated testicles between its hind legs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform, in the inscription as well as in the bodies and background of the animals: (8x8)-(10X10).
The colours of the tesserae in the animals, besides white and black, are dark wine red, brick red, brown, ochre, and yellow.
In both inscriptions the letters are composed of one line of black tesserae on a white background.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 600mm.(Hebrew inscription) 300mm.(Greek inscription)
26c Width 172 cm (Hebrew inscription)## 143 cm (Greek inscription)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The Aramaic inscriptions were interpreted and translated by Joseph Naveh. The Greek inscription was interpreted and translated by E. Sukenik.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Most of the western half of the northern Aramaic inscription has been severely damaged and restored with plain white tesserae.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
גרסון, הכתובות, 7891, עמ' 92
Avi-Yonah, Mosaic Pavements, p. 292.##Sukenik, Beth Alpha, 1932, p.38, pl.22##Naveh, On Mosaic and stone, 1978, p.71
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 035
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005340
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.4
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986 & H.B 3.1994, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 182  
(VIII) ID: 181 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 181 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel)) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 195-5 (BW) (inscription)##195-6 (BW) (bull)##195-4
19a Scan No. 030034
20 Description זכורים )לטוב( האומנים, שהוציאו לפועל את המלאכה הזאת: מריאנוס וחנינא בנו.## ]הדין פסי[פוסה אתקבע בשתה##]^^^^^^^ל[מלכותה דיוסטינוס מלכה##]סאין)?(^^^^ד[ אתנדבון כל בני## ק]רתה^^^^^^^^^[בירבי##א]^^^^^^^דכירין לטב כל##ב]ני קרתה^^^דכיר לט[ב## Next to the main entrance of the nave are two adjoining inscriptions flanked by a bull and a lion forming part of the band which framed the nave mosaics. The inscriptions are set one above the other and face the entrance. The upper inscription is in Greek, the lower in Aramaic. Each inscription is set within a differently sized tabula ansata The Greek inscription consists of five lines, separated by one line of tesserae. The translation of the inscription is as follows:## "May the craftsmen who carried out this work, Marianus and his son Hanina, be held in remembrance"## The Aramaic inscription consists of seven lines separated by three to four lines of background.The inscription reads as follows:## "This mosaic was laid down in the year ... of the reign of Emperor Justinus ... who gave a hundred dinars ... gave all members (sons) of the community(?) ... Rabbi ... honoured be the memory of all sons ... Amen.## To the left of the inscription is a lion in profile in front of a branch. Its mane is composed of curved and straight lines, its mouth is open and its tail is curled upwards. To the right is a bull in profile, its head with by two horns shaped like a horseshoe; it has a hump on its back and elongated testicles between its hind legs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform, in the inscription as well as in the bodies and background of the animals: (8x8)-(10X10).
The colours of the tesserae in the animals, besides white and black, are dark wine red, brick red, brown, ochre, and yellow.
In both inscriptions the letters are composed of one line of black tesserae on a white background.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 600mm.(Hebrew inscription) 300mm.(Greek inscription)
26c Width 172 cm (Hebrew inscription)## 143 cm (Greek inscription)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The Aramaic inscriptions were interpreted and translated by Joseph Naveh. The Greek inscription was interpreted and translated by E. Sukenik.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Most of the western half of the northern Aramaic inscription has been severely damaged and restored with plain white tesserae.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
גרסון, הכתובות, 7891, עמ' 92
Avi-Yonah, Mosaic Pavements, p. 292.##Sukenik, Beth Alpha, 1932, p.38, pl.22##Naveh, On Mosaic and stone, 1978, p.71
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 034
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005340
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
181
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.4
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986 & H.B 3.1994, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 181  
(VIII) ID: 180 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 180 Beth Alpha Synagogue, Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel, Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave, Inscription Mosaic Panel
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 195-5 (BW) (inscription)##195-6 (BW) (bull)##195-4
19a Scan No. 030036
20 Description זכורים )לטוב( האומנים, שהוציאו לפועל את המלאכה הזאת: מריאנוס וחנינא בנו.## ]הדין פסי[פוסה אתקבע בשתה##]^^^^^^^ל[מלכותה דיוסטינוס מלכה##]סאין)?(^^^^ד[ אתנדבון כל בני## ק]רתה^^^^^^^^^[בירבי##א]^^^^^^^דכירין לטב כל##ב]ני קרתה^^^דכיר לט[ב## Next to the main entrance of the nave are two adjoining inscriptions flanked by a bull and a lion forming part of the band which framed the nave mosaics. The inscriptions are set one above the other and face the entrance. The upper inscription is in Greek, the lower in Aramaic. Each inscription is set within a differently sized tabula ansata The Greek inscription consists of five lines, separated by one line of tesserae. The translation of the inscription is as follows:## "May the craftsmen who carried out this work, Marianus and his son Hanina, be held in remembrance"## The Aramaic inscription consists of seven lines separated by three to four lines of background.The inscription reads as follows:## "This mosaic was laid down in the year ... of the reign of Emperor Justinus ... who gave a hundred dinars ... gave all members (sons) of the community(?) ... Rabbi ... honoured be the memory of all sons ... Amen.## To the left of the inscription is a lion in profile in front of a branch. Its mane is composed of curved and straight lines, its mouth is open and its tail is curled upwards. To the right is a bull in profile, its head with by two horns shaped like a horseshoe; it has a hump on its back and elongated testicles between its hind legs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform, in the inscription as well as in the bodies and background of the animals: (8x8)-(10X10).
The colours of the tesserae in the animals, besides white and black, are dark wine red, brick red, brown, ochre, and yellow.
In both inscriptions the letters are composed of one line of black tesserae on a white background.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 600mm.(Hebrew inscription) 300mm.(Greek inscription)
26c Width 172 cm (Hebrew inscription)## 143 cm (Greek inscription)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The Aramaic inscriptions were interpreted and translated by Joseph Naveh. The Greek inscription was interpreted and translated by E. Sukenik.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Most of the western half of the northern Aramaic inscription has been severely damaged and restored with plain white tesserae.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
גרסון, הכתובות, 7891, עמ' 92
Avi-Yonah, Mosaic Pavements, p. 292.##Sukenik, Beth Alpha, 1932, p.38, pl.22##Naveh, On Mosaic and stone, 1978, p.71
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 036
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005340
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
180
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.100.1.4
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986 & H.B 3.1994, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 180  
(VIII) ID: 179 Beth Alpha Synagogue, , Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 179 Beth Alpha Synagogue, , Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs
Sanctuary Implements
Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 063119
20 Description The synagogue floor, from the north-west entrance to the south-east apse, is entirely decorated with mosaic pavements in the nave, the west aisle and the intercolumnar spaces. Some mosaic fragments also survive in the east aisle and in the narthex. The nave mosaic is divided into three panels, from the entrance to the apse: 1. The Sacrifice of Isaac (8023) preceded by a dedicatory inscription (5340) 2. A zodiac panel in the centre (5190), 3. Sanctuary Implements (5245). The depictions in all panels are designed to be viewed from the entrance, except for the zodiac signs and the seasons facing Helios in the centre. All the panels are surrounded by a decorative border framed by parallel lines and are divided by similar lines. The eastern border consists of inhabited scrolls whereas the southern and western borders include rhomboids enclosing birds, floral and geometric motifs. The northern border, which includes two Greek and Aramaic inscriptions, is flanked by a reversed bull and lion. All the depictions in these framing bands, including the lion and the bull, are designed to be viewed from the centre of the nave, except for the inscriptions which face the entrance of the synagogue in the north. The intercolumnar spaces between the nave and the west aisle are filled by four geometric mosaic panels of different sizes. The whole western aisle is covered by four continous panels of different geometric patterns.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 119
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008030
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
179
48 Temp: Addenda
The tesserae are made of limestone and laid in straight parallel lines. Curved lines of tesserae lines follow round outlines. The average density of tesserae ranges between (9x9)-(10x10) 10cm2. A higher number is noticeable in the heads and faces of the figures (11X11)-(12X14), while the geometric panels are characterized by a lower density (7x8)-(8x8).##The outlines are composed of 1-2 lines of black tesserae which, in most cases, are followed by 1-3 lines of background tesserae. However, coloured outlines can also be seen. The colours of the tesserae, besides white and black, are one or two shades of gray, wine red, brick red, brown, ochre, sun-yellow and emerald green.

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 179  
(VIII) ID: 161 En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 161 En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks, , En Gedi (Engaddi), Mid-late 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En-Gedi synagogue, nave panel, pair of peacocks | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date Mid-late 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Peacock |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 30021
20 Description Four pairs of peacocks decorate the corners of the mosaic pavement of the nave, occupying the space between the border of the central square panel and the eight-pointed star enclosed within the panel. The pairs of peacocks are depicted in profile, each peacock facing the other and each pair of birds holding a bunch of grapes in their beaks. Each bird is depicted in profile with a large body with a short neck, and long legs with three claws. For each peacock, one wing and the folded tail are visible while the "eyes" of the tail feathers are depicted as circles. A crest surmounts the head of each bird. The pairs of peacocks differ in color and in the size of the bunches of grapes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
30 | 021
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015243
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
161
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 161  


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