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(VIII) ID: 541 En Nashut Synagogue, synagogue, Unknown, 5th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 541 En Nashut Synagogue, synagogue, Unknown, 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Nashut Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail synagogue
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 079013
20 Description The prayer hall was divided into nave and two aisles,by six columns (tree on each row) resting on pedestals.Three tiered benches lined all four walls. The floor was paved by light coloured plaster.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 013
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007602
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
541
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
NO : AN.
MED : Basalt stone
M : Synagogue
ML : 12.5
MWI : 11.3
MAT : Basalt## Carved
RG : R.T. 1983 & R.B.A. 1993
BIB : Z.Maoz.,B.A 51,pp.116-128.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 541  
(VIII) ID: 540 Meiron Synagogue , Facade, Meiron, 3rd-5th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 540 Meiron Synagogue , Facade, Meiron, 3rd-5th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Meiron Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-5th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Meiron
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The synagogue is a long basilica, oriented north south, toward Jerusalem. Three entrances located in the south facde. Infront of the facade there was a shallow portico, with six columns. The hall is divided into a nave and two aisles by two rows of eight columns each, According to D.Barag in the northern end of the hall there was a transverse row of four columns. The leveled rock floor was apparently paved with stone slabs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 010
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008869
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
540
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.
MED : Stone
ML : 27m
MWI : 13.5m
MAT : Lime stone##Ashlar block##Carved
RG : R.B.A. 1994
CO : Except for a section of the facade, part of the cornice and several column bases, no other part of the building survives. The vertical rock of the terrace formed the building's west wall. Of the north and east walls, only traces have been preserved. About two-thirds of the facade, still stand insitu.
HIS : Meiron is located, along one of the eastern foothills of Mount Meiron. Josephus lists Meiron as one of the villages, fortified by him in 66 CE. (Life 188; war ) and olso named it as one of the border settlement of Upper Galilee. Meiron is olso one of the villages mentioned in the list of priestly courses (1Chr.24; Mishnah,Ta'an.4:2;Tosefta,Dem.4,13) as the seat of the family Jehoiarib. It is well known for its production of olive oil in the Talmudic period (J.T.,Shev'it 38d). By late medieval times, Meiron had become an important pilgrimage center, its sanctity deriving from the mystical traditions of Bar Yohai, the festival of Lag ba-'omer, and the centrality of Safed in the development of Lurianic mysticism. The excavation at ancient Meiron were conducted over the course of five seasons (1971-1972, 1974-1975, 1977) under the American Schools of Oriental Research by E.M. Meyers. The synagogue is dated to the late third century CE., According the coins that were found in the undisturbed foundaitions of an attached room in southeast corner. It apparently survived for less than a century.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 540  
(VIII) ID: 539 Meiron Synagogue , Facade, Meiron, 3rd-5th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 539 Meiron Synagogue , Facade, Meiron, 3rd-5th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Meiron Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-5th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Meiron
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Description: The synagogue is a long basilica, oriented north south, toward Jerusalem. Three entrances located in the south facde. Infront of the facade there was a shallow portico, with six columns. The hall is divided into a nave and two aisles by two rows of eight columns each, According to D.Barag in the northern end of the hall there was a transverse row of four columns. The leveled rock floor was apparently paved with stone slabs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 009
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008869
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
539
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.
MED : Stone
ML : 27m
MWI : 13.5m
MAT : Lime stone##Ashlar block##Carved
RG : R.B.A. 1994
CO : Except for a section of the facade, part of the cornice and several column bases, no other part of the building survives. The vertical rock of the terrace formed the building's west wall. Of the north and east walls, only traces have been preserved. About two-thirds of the facade, still stand insitu.
HIS : Meiron is located, along one of the eastern foothills of Mount Meiron. Josephus lists Meiron as one of the villages, fortified by him in 66 CE. (Life 188; war ) and olso named it as one of the border settlement of Upper Galilee. Meiron is olso one of the villages mentioned in the list of priestly courses (1Chr.24; Mishnah,Ta'an.4:2;Tosefta,Dem.4,13) as the seat of the family Jehoiarib. It is well known for its production of olive oil in the Talmudic period (J.T.,Shev'it 38d). By late medieval times, Meiron had become an important pilgrimage center, its sanctity deriving from the mystical traditions of Bar Yohai, the festival of Lag ba-'omer, and the centrality of Safed in the development of Lurianic mysticism. The excavation at ancient Meiron were conducted over the course of five seasons (1971-1972, 1974-1975, 1977) under the American Schools of Oriental Research by E.M. Meyers. The synagogue is dated to the late third century CE., According the coins that were found in the undisturbed foundaitions of an attached room in southeast corner. It apparently survived for less than a century.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 539  
(VIII) ID: 538 Meiron Synagogue , Facade, Meiron, 3rd-5th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 538 Meiron Synagogue , Facade, Meiron, 3rd-5th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Meiron Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Facade
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-5th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Meiron
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The synagogue is a long basilica, oriented north south, toward Jerusalem. Three entrances located in the south facde. Infront of the facade there was a shallow portico, with six columns. The hall is divided into a nave and two aisles by two rows of eight columns each, According to D.Barag in the northern end of the hall there was a transverse row of four columns. The leveled rock floor was apparently paved with stone slabs.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 008
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008869
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
538
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
NO : An.
MED : Stone
ML : 27m
MWI : 13.5m
MAT : Lime stone##Ashlar block##Carved
RG : R.B.A. 1994
CO : Except for a section of the facade, part of the cornice and several column bases, no other part of the building survives. The vertical rock of the terrace formed the building's west wall. Of the north and east walls, only traces have been preserved. About two-thirds of the facade, still stand insitu.
HIS : Meiron is located, along one of the eastern foothills of Mount Meiron. Josephus lists Meiron as one of the villages, fortified by him in 66 CE. (Life 188; war ) and olso named it as one of the border settlement of Upper Galilee. Meiron is olso one of the villages mentioned in the list of priestly courses (1Chr.24; Mishnah,Ta'an.4:2;Tosefta,Dem.4,13) as the seat of the family Jehoiarib. It is well known for its production of olive oil in the Talmudic period (J.T.,Shev'it 38d). By late medieval times, Meiron had become an important pilgrimage center, its sanctity deriving from the mystical traditions of Bar Yohai, the festival of Lag ba-'omer, and the centrality of Safed in the development of Lurianic mysticism. The excavation at ancient Meiron were conducted over the course of five seasons (1971-1972, 1974-1975, 1977) under the American Schools of Oriental Research by E.M. Meyers. The synagogue is dated to the late third century CE., According the coins that were found in the undisturbed foundaitions of an attached room in southeast corner. It apparently survived for less than a century.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 538  
(VIII) ID: 537 Pik Synagogue , Ionic Capital, Pik, 4th-5th century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 537 Pik Synagogue , Ionic Capital, Pik, 4th-5th century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Pik Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Ionic Capital
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 4th-5th century CE (?)
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Pik
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Kazrin | Kazrin Museum
| 138
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Egg |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The achinus is decorated with three eggs.The eggs are decorated with stylized tendrils.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 014
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008393
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
537
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
MED : Stone
NNO : 58095
MH : 340
ML : 680
MWI : 213
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-incised
RG : R.T. 1982
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 537  
(VIII) ID: 536 Dabiyya Synagogue, , Unknown, 5th-6th century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 536 Dabiyya Synagogue, , Unknown, 5th-6th century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Dabiyya Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Lintel
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 5th-6th century CE (?)
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Menorah |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The lintel is decorated with two seven-branched menorahs. The right menorah is triple-legged. The left one is depicted without the base. The curving branches are connected on the top by an horizontal bar.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 007
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008389
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
536
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 58084,158385
MH : 270
ML : 540
MWI : 230
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-incised
RG : R.T. 1982 & R.B.A. 1993
CO : Left end of the stone broken off. The left menorah missing: its left part.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 536  
(VIII) ID: 535 En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 535 En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Western aisle
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description 1. דכירין לטב יוסה ועזרון וחיזקיו בנוה דחלפי 2. כל מן דיהיב פלגו בן גבר לחבריה הי אמר 3. לשן ביש על חבריה לעממיה הי גניב 4. צבותיה דחבריה הי מן דגלי רזה דקרתה 5. לעממיה דין דעינוה משוטטן בכל ארעה 6. וחמי סתירתה הוא יתן אפוא בגברה 7. ההו ובזרעוה ויעקור יתיה מן תחות שומיה 8. וימרון כל עמה אמן ואמן סלה The inscription was found in the mosaic pavement of the western aisle, and is the third (from the north) of five inscriptions. The inscription is written in Aramaic script in eight lines. According to Naveh the inscription reads as follows: The following translation is according to Levine: "1. May they be remembered for good: Yose and `Ezron and Hizziqiyu the sons of Hilfi 2. Anyone causing a controversy between a man and his friend, or whoever 3. slanders his friend before the Gentiles, or whoever steals 4. the property of his friend, or whoever reveals the secret of the town 5. to the Gentiles - He whose eyes range through the whole earth 6. and Who sees hidden things, He will set his face on that 7. man and on his seed and will uproot him from under the heavens. 8. And all the people said: Amen and Amen Selah." The inscription opens with a blessing for Yose, `Ezron (or Irun?) and Hizziqiyu, the sons of Hilfi. It then continues with warnings to those who commit the sins of causing dissension in the community, passing on malicious information to the Gentiles, or revealing the secrets of the town.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
084 | 006
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015246
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
535
48 Temp: Addenda
HS : The original inscription is located in Rockfeller museum.
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Tesserae arrangement: Outlines- Tesserae density (10sq. cm): Tesserae colors:
SIT : Israel:En Gedi
RG : H.B; L.T
CO : The inscription is well preserved.
BIB : א. דותן, הרז בכתובת בית הכנסת של עין גדי, לשוננו, ניסן-תמוז תשל"א, עמ' 112-712. י. נוה, על פסיפס ואבן, ספרית מעריב, תשל"ח, עמ' 501-901. א. מירסקי, גדי ודלי בכתובת עין גדי ובפיוטי קדמונים, תרביץ שנה מ' חוברת ג, ניסן, תשל"א, עמ' 673-483ץ א. ש. רוזנטל, צבו, תרביץ, שנה מ' חוברת א, תשרי תשל"א, עמ' 13-23. ד. בר"ג, לעניין 'קרתה' בכתובות מבית הכנסת בעין גדי, תרביץ, שנה מא חוברת ד, תמוז-אלול תל"ב, עמ' 354-454. ב. מזר, כתובת על רצפת בית כנסת בעין גדי, תרביץ, שנה מ' חוברת א, תשרי תשל"א, עמ' 81-03. מ. ויינפלד, הסוד של קהילת עין גדי, תרביץ, שנה נא, תשרי-כסלו תשמ"ב, עמ' י. פליקס, לעניין 'הי גניב צבותיה דחבריה' בפסיפס של עין גדי, תרביץ, שנה מ חוברת ב, טבת תשל"א, עמ' 652-752. מ"ב, לרנר, עוד לענין 'צבו', תרביץ, שנה מ' חוברת ב', טבת תשל"א, עמ' 752. י. קומולוש, הערות לכתובת של רצפת בית כנסת בעין גדי, בית מקרא, עמ' 965-075. B. Mazar and D. Barag, En Gedi, In: The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-409. I. L. Levine, The Inscriptions in the En Gedi Synagogue, In: Ancient Synagogue Revealed (I. L. Levine ed. ), The Israel Exploration Society Jerusalem, 1981, pp.
REM : According to Y. Felix, S. Lieberman, and I. L. Levine, the secret mentioned in the inscription refers to the growth and production of balsam, which was centered in En Gedi. A. A. Urbach rejects this idea, since the Romans knew the secret of balsam production long before the date of the inscription. Urbach suggests that the inscription is a typical example of a civic oath sworn by town residents. According to Weinfeld, the structure of the inscriptions, opening with the ancestors of the world and continuing with the zodaic signs, indicates that the inscription is an oath taken by members of a professional union. A. Dothan suggests that the events behind the inscription were religious and related to the restrictions imposed by Justinian on the reading of the Scriptures and the study of the Oral Law. Dothan suggests that the Jewish community hid their Torah scrolls, and that the inscription was a warning against revealing the "secret." Mazar interprets the secret of the town as relating to various political alliances. He suggests that the Persian-Byzantine conflict of 614 CE and after, gave rise to political controversy with some members of the community supporting the Persian cause, and others maintaining their allegiance to the Byzantine authorities. These conflicting loyalties gave rise to tensions within the community, including slander and the revelation of the town's secret, ie. the town's divided loyalties.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 535  
(VIII) ID: 534 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, southern aisle, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 534 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, southern aisle, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail southern aisle
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description In the southern aisle there were two medallions, which only one of them was preserved. The preserved western medallion in the southern aisle encloses a bird, depicted in profile facing east. It has a rounded body, a short neck and three claws for each leg. A flowerbud is set near its beak. The medallion is framed by two concentric circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
084 | 005
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015242
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
534
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 534  
(VIII) ID: 533 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, southern aisle,, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 533 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, southern aisle,, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail southern aisle,
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description In the southern aisle there were two medallions, which only one of them was preserved. The preserved western medallion in the southern aisle encloses a bird, depicted in profile facing east. It has a rounded body, a short neck and three claws for each leg. A flowerbud is set near its beak. The medallion is framed by two concentric circles.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 023
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015242
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
533
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
DCR : Floral designs, bird
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 533  
(VIII) ID: 532 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum IIIa-IIIb, nave, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 532 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum IIIa-IIIb, nave, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum IIIa-IIIb | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail nave
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The first phase of the mosaic floor is belong to Stratum IIIb and it is continued to the next phase, Stratum IIIa. Stratum IIIb - The hall of the synagogue was paved with a geometric mosaic. Along the nave were three square panels arranged north-south. The panels were framed with a rectangular border consisting of a plain band. The southern panel was decorated with a swastika form facing left, enclosed by two frames: the interior frame consisting of a plain band, the outer, a band of stepped triangles. The remains of the damaged middle panel indicate that it was decorated with a bichrome chessboard pattern. The northern panel was also damaged, but the few remaining fragments indicate that the frame consisted of a band of diamond shapes within two plain parallel bands.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 022
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015234
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
532
48 Temp: Addenda
DCR : Swastika form, geometric designs
ML : Rectangular frame: 8.0m (according to A. Ovadiah and T. Ilan) Each square panel: 1.4m (according to A. Ovadiah)
MWI : Rectangular frame: 3.0m (according to A. Ovadiah and T. Ilan) Each square panel: 1.4m (according to A. Ovadiah)
CO : The bases of the pillars of the nave in the stratum IIIa were built on the mosaic pavement of stratum IIIa. Remains of the mosaic pavement can be found in the eastern aisle below the mosaic floor from the stratum II. The mosaic floor can be found on the stepped benches in the southern aisle and beyond the niche. The northern and the middle panels were partly damaged, the northern panel being damaged during construction of the bema of the synagogue in Stratum II. The center of the middle panel was damaged and so reconstruction was difficult.
BIB : ד. בר"ג, י. פורת, וא. נצר, עונת החפירות השנייה בבית הכנסת של עין גדי, קדמוניות 81, תשל"ב, עמ' 25-45. ד. בר"ג, י. פורת, בית הכנסת בעין גדי, קדמוניות 11, תש"ל, עמ' 79-001. צ. אילן, עין גדי, מתוך: בתי כנסת קדומים בארץ ישראל )עורך צ. אילן(, משרד הבטחון, עמ' 813-123. En Gedi, In: Excavations and Surveys in Israel, 1982, Vol. I, Jerusalem, 1982, p. 26. B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, In: The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. H. Shanks, Judaism in Stone, Washington, 1979, pp. 131-142. L.J. Hoppe, The Synagogue and Churches of Ancient Palestine, Minnesota pp. 45-46. D. Barag, and Y. Porat, and E. Netzer, The synagogue at En Gedi, In: Ancient Synagogues Revealed (I.L. Levine ed.), The Israel Exploration, Jerusalem, 1981, pp. 116-119.
REM : According to the excavators it is unclear whether the difference between the mosaic rectangle (small tesserae) and its surroundng mosaics (larger tesserae) is merely a matter of technique or whether the rectangle was laid later within the original pavement. According to Barag the swastika symbol was chosen either as a decorative motif or as a symbol of luck. According to Barag the mosaic pavement was repaired after being damaged by fire.
LN : ENG

DCR :
DCR :
DCR :
:DCR :

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 532  
(VIII) ID: 531 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Nave panel , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 531 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Nave panel , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The nave, south of the bimah area, is decorated with a rectangular mosaic which encloses a square panel. The square panel frames two overlapping square panels with a circle at the center. The circle which is framed by two bands encloses two pairs of birds facing each other. The differing pairs of birds are set one above the other. The two squares which enclose the circle overlap each other diagonally, creating an eight-pointed star form. The space between the rim of the circle and the triangles of the star is inhabited by vine leaves and bunches of grapes. The eight triangles of the star are decorated with a chess-board pattern and a conch pattern alternately. The area within the corners of the outer square panel around the star contains pairs of peacocks facing each other, each pair flanking between a bunch of grapes. The outer square panel is surrounded by a repeating pattern of four-petals formed by intersecting circles. The rectangular panel is framed by a border of of plain bands and stepped triangles. The mosaic near the outer frame of the bimah on the south includes three seven brached menorahs: one at the center, and two near the corners of the rectangular panel. Around the entire panel are rows of flowerbuds. The panel was designed to be viewed from the south, except for the peacocks in the corners which are to be viewed from the corners of the nave.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 013
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015238
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
531
48 Temp: Addenda
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Tessarae density (per 10 sq, cm)- (10x10)-(9x9): Birds, menorah (9x9)-(8x8): Geometric and floral designs, background Tessarae colors: Pinkish-red, gray, light green, sun-yellow, purple- brown, white and black.
SIT : Israel:En Gedi
BIB : B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, In: The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57.
REM : T. Ilan identifies the upper pair of birds as ostriches or cranes, and the lower pair as partridges.
LN : ENG
MAT :
MAT :
MAT :
:MAT :

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 531  
(VIII) ID: 530 En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II, nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 530 En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II, nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail nave panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Peacock |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Four pairs of peacocks decorate the corners of the mosaic pavement of the nave, occupying the space between the border of the central square panel and the eight-pointed star enclosed within the panel. The pairs of peacocks are depicted in profile, each peacock facing the other and each pair of birds holding a bunch of grapes in their beaks. Each bird is depicted in profile with a large body with a short neck, and long legs with three claws. For each peacock, one wing and the folded tail are visible while the "eyes" of the tail feathers are depicted as circles. A crest surmounts the head of each bird. The pairs of peacocks differ in color and in the size of the bunches of grapes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 020
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015243
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
530
48 Temp: Addenda
DER : Peacocks
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 530  
(VIII) ID: 529 En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II, nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 529 En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II, nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail nave panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Peacock |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Four pairs of peacocks decorate the corners of the mosaic pavement of the nave, occupying the space between the border of the central square panel and the eight-pointed star enclosed within the panel. The pairs of peacocks are depicted in profile, each peacock facing the other and each pair of birds holding a bunch of grapes in their beaks. Each bird is depicted in profile with a large body with a short neck, and long legs with three claws. For each peacock, one wing and the folded tail are visible while the "eyes" of the tail feathers are depicted as circles. A crest surmounts the head of each bird. The pairs of peacocks differ in color and in the size of the bunches of grapes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 019
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015243
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
529
48 Temp: Addenda
DER : Peacocks
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 529  
(VIII) ID: 528 En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II, Nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 528 En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II, Nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The nave, south of the bimah area, is decorated with a rectangular mosaic which encloses a square panel. The square panel frames two overlapping square panels with a circle at the center. The circle which is framed by two bands encloses two pairs of birds facing each other. The differing pairs of birds are set one above the other. The two squares which enclose the circle overlap each other diagonally, creating an eight-pointed star form. The space between the rim of the circle and the triangles of the star is inhabited by vine leaves and bunches of grapes. The eight triangles of the star are decorated with a chess-board pattern and a conch pattern alternately. The area within the corners of the outer square panel around the star contains pairs of peacocks facing each other, each pair flanking between a bunch of grapes. The outer square panel is surrounded by a repeating pattern of four-petals formed by intersecting circles. The rectangular panel is framed by a border of of plain bands and stepped triangles. The mosaic near the outer frame of the bimah on the south includes three seven brached menorahs: one at the center, and two near the corners of the rectangular panel. Around the entire panel are rows of flowerbuds. The panel was designed to be viewed from the south, except for the peacocks in the corners which are to be viewed from the corners of the nave.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 018
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015238
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
528
48 Temp: Addenda
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Tessarae density (per 10 sq, cm)- (10x10)-(9x9): Birds, menorah (9x9)-(8x8): Geometric and floral designs, background Tessarae colors: Pinkish-red, gray, light green, sun-yellow, purple- brown, white and black.
SIT : Israel:En Gedi
BIB : B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, In: The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57.
REM : T. Ilan identifies the upper pair of birds as ostriches or cranes, and the lower pair as partridges.
LN : ENG
MAT :
MAT :
MAT :
:MAT :

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 528  
(VIII) ID: 527 En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II, Nave panel , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 527 En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II, Nave panel , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Nave panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The nave, south of the bimah area, is decorated with a rectangular mosaic which encloses a square panel. The square panel frames two overlapping square panels with a circle at the center. The circle which is framed by two bands encloses two pairs of birds facing each other. The differing pairs of birds are set one above the other. The two squares which enclose the circle overlap each other diagonally, creating an eight-pointed star form. The space between the rim of the circle and the triangles of the star is inhabited by vine leaves and bunches of grapes. The eight triangles of the star are decorated with a chess-board pattern and a conch pattern alternately. The area within the corners of the outer square panel around the star contains pairs of peacocks facing each other, each pair flanking between a bunch of grapes. The outer square panel is surrounded by a repeating pattern of four-petals formed by intersecting circles. The rectangular panel is framed by a border of of plain bands and stepped triangles. The mosaic near the outer frame of the bimah on the south includes three seven brached menorahs: one at the center, and two near the corners of the rectangular panel. Around the entire panel are rows of flowerbuds. The panel was designed to be viewed from the south, except for the peacocks in the corners which are to be viewed from the corners of the nave.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 014
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015238
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
527
48 Temp: Addenda
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Tessarae density (per 10 sq, cm)- (10x10)-(9x9): Birds, menorah (9x9)-(8x8): Geometric and floral designs, background Tessarae colors: Pinkish-red, gray, light green, sun-yellow, purple- brown, white and black.
SIT : Israel:En Gedi
BIB : B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, In: The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57.
REM : T. Ilan identifies the upper pair of birds as ostriches or cranes, and the lower pair as partridges.
LN : ENG
MAT :
MAT :
MAT :
:MAT :

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 527  
(VIII) ID: 526 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle mosaic , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 526 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle mosaic , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Western aisle mosaic
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The western aisle is paved with a vertical rectangular mosaic panel, which decorates with five inscriptions in Hebrew and Aramaic with geometric and floral designs. The rectangular panel is framed by two plain bands and stepped triangles. The panel is divided to eight rectangular panels, which are seprate by two plain bands and stepped triangles. The panels are described from the north to south: 1. The panel decorates with grid of serrated bichrome filets, which create rhmbois form. 2. The next panel contains a row of flowerbuds. 3. The north side of the panel decorates with outlined orthogonal pattern of adjacent scales in bichrome serrated filets, each scale bearing a flowerbud. The south side of the panel contains Hebrew inscription. The inscription names the thirteen ancestors of the world, from Adam to Shem, Ham and Japheth. 4. The panel contains a Hebrew inscription, which lists the twelve signs of the zodiac, the twelve months of the year, and the names of the patriachs and the companions of Daniel. 5. The panel contains an Aramaic inscription.The inscription opens with a blessing for the sons of Hilfi. It then continues with a warnings to those who commit the sins of causing dissension in the community. 6. The panel contains an Aramaic inscription, which blessed the sons of Hilfi. 7. The panel is decorted with intersecting octagons forming a central emphasized square and four surrounding oblong hexagons. Each hexagon and square contains two short bichrome lines in the center. 8. The northern side of the panel contains the fifth and the last Aramaic inscription. The inscription is blessing the pepole of the town, which renovate the synagogue. The southern side of the panel is decorated with outlined orthogonal pattern of adjacent scales in bichrome serrated filets, each scale bearing a flowerbud. The vertical rectangular panel is surrounded by rows of flowerbuds. The panel is designed to be viewed from the south.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 005
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015305
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
526
48 Temp: Addenda
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Outlines: Tesserae colors: Sun-yellow, light brown, light red, orange, black and white.
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
CO : The southern side of the rectangular panel is damaged.
HIS : The original four inscriptions panels are located in Rockfeller museum while the fifth inscription panel is in the Field School of En Gedi.
BIB : צ. אילן, עין גדי, מתוך: בתי כנסת קדומים בארץ ישראל )עורך: צ. אילן(, משרד הבטחון, עמ' 813-123. B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57.
REM : For more details about the inscriptions, see relevant documents.
LN : ENG
DEL : IJA 036155
MAT :
MAT :
MAT :
:MAT :

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 526  
(VIII) ID: 525 n Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle mosaic, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 525 n Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle mosaic, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title n Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Western aisle mosaic
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The western aisle is paved with a vertical rectangular mosaic panel, which decorates with five inscriptions in Hebrew and Aramaic with geometric and floral designs. The rectangular panel is framed by two plain bands and stepped triangles. The panel is divided to eight rectangular panels, which are seprate by two plain bands and stepped triangles. The panels are described from the north to south: 1. The panel decorates with grid of serrated bichrome filets, which create rhmbois form. 2. The next panel contains a row of flowerbuds. 3. The north side of the panel decorates with outlined orthogonal pattern of adjacent scales in bichrome serrated filets, each scale bearing a flowerbud. The south side of the panel contains Hebrew inscription. The inscription names the thirteen ancestors of the world, from Adam to Shem, Ham and Japheth. 4. The panel contains a Hebrew inscription, which lists the twelve signs of the zodiac, the twelve months of the year, and the names of the patriachs and the companions of Daniel. 5. The panel contains an Aramaic inscription.The inscription opens with a blessing for the sons of Hilfi. It then continues with a warnings to those who commit the sins of causing dissension in the community. 6. The panel contains an Aramaic inscription, which blessed the sons of Hilfi. 7. The panel is decorted with intersecting octagons forming a central emphasized square and four surrounding oblong hexagons. Each hexagon and square contains two short bichrome lines in the center. 8. The northern side of the panel contains the fifth and the last Aramaic inscription. The inscription is blessing the pepole of the town, which renovate the synagogue. The southern side of the panel is decorated with outlined orthogonal pattern of adjacent scales in bichrome serrated filets, each scale bearing a flowerbud. The vertical rectangular panel is surrounded by rows of flowerbuds. The panel is designed to be viewed from the south.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 003
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015305
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
525
48 Temp: Addenda
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Outlines: Tesserae colors: Sun-yellow, light brown, light red, orange, black and white.
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
CO : The southern side of the rectangular panel is damaged.
HIS : The original four inscriptions panels are located in Rockfeller museum while the fifth inscription panel is in the Field School of En Gedi.
BIB : צ. אילן, עין גדי, מתוך: בתי כנסת קדומים בארץ ישראל )עורך: צ. אילן(, משרד הבטחון, עמ' 813-123. B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57.
REM : For more details about the inscriptions, see relevant documents.
LN : ENG
DEL : IJA 036155
MAT :
MAT :
MAT :
:MAT :

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 525  
(VIII) ID: 524 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle mosaic, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 524 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Western aisle mosaic, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Western aisle mosaic
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The western aisle is paved with a vertical rectangular mosaic panel, which decorates with five inscriptions in Hebrew and Aramaic with geometric and floral designs. The rectangular panel is framed by two plain bands and stepped triangles. The panel is divided to eight rectangular panels, which are seprate by two plain bands and stepped triangles. The panels are described from the north to south: 1. The panel decorates with grid of serrated bichrome filets, which create rhmbois form. 2. The next panel contains a row of flowerbuds. 3. The north side of the panel decorates with outlined orthogonal pattern of adjacent scales in bichrome serrated filets, each scale bearing a flowerbud. The south side of the panel contains Hebrew inscription. The inscription names the thirteen ancestors of the world, from Adam to Shem, Ham and Japheth. 4. The panel contains a Hebrew inscription, which lists the twelve signs of the zodiac, the twelve months of the year, and the names of the patriachs and the companions of Daniel. 5. The panel contains an Aramaic inscription.The inscription opens with a blessing for the sons of Hilfi. It then continues with a warnings to those who commit the sins of causing dissension in the community. 6. The panel contains an Aramaic inscription, which blessed the sons of Hilfi. 7. The panel is decorted with intersecting octagons forming a central emphasized square and four surrounding oblong hexagons. Each hexagon and square contains two short bichrome lines in the center. 8. The northern side of the panel contains the fifth and the last Aramaic inscription. The inscription is blessing the pepole of the town, which renovate the synagogue. The southern side of the panel is decorated with outlined orthogonal pattern of adjacent scales in bichrome serrated filets, each scale bearing a flowerbud. The vertical rectangular panel is surrounded by rows of flowerbuds. The panel is designed to be viewed from the south.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 007
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015305
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
524
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Outlines: Tesserae colors: Sun-yellow, light brown, light red, orange, black and white.
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
CO : The southern side of the rectangular panel is damaged.
HIS : The original four inscriptions panels are located in Rockfeller museum while the fifth inscription panel is in the Field School of En Gedi.
BIB : צ. אילן, עין גדי, מתוך: בתי כנסת קדומים בארץ ישראל )עורך: צ. אילן(, משרד הבטחון, עמ' 813-123. B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57.
REM : For more details about the inscriptions, see relevant documents.
LN : ENG
DEL : IJA 036155

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 524  
(VIII) ID: 523 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Bimah mosaic , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 523 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Bimah mosaic , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Bimah mosaic
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description A rectangular bimah paved with mosaics south of the apse, surrounded by a frame of rough stones. A Torah ark apparently stood on the bimah. At the center of the mosaic a square panel framed with a plain strip, enclosing a bird at the center. It is surrounded by two concentric circles within an equilatertal diamond shape. eometric patterns. The bird is depicted in profile facing left, with a rounded body. A row of flowerbuds is set between the two concentric circles which surround the bird. A trichrome chessboard pattern decorates the upper area of the outer circle and the diamond-shape, and the lower area is decorated with a conch pattern. The triangular spaces within the corners of the outer panel are decorated alternately with conch and trichrome chessboard patterns. Around the central panel are rows of flowerbuds. The panel was designed be viewed from the south.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 017
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015239
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
523
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Tesserae arrangement: Outlines: The outlines are composed of one line of black tesserae, which is usually surrounded by 1-2 lines of background tesserae. Tessrae density (per 10sq. cm)- (10x8): Bird's head (10x9): Bird's body (10x9): Conch (8x9): Flowerbuds (9x10): Background (8x9): Geometric designs in the corners of the square Tesserae colors: Blue, sun-yellow, light brown, light red, orange, black and white.
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
BIB : B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57. צ. אילן, עין גדי, מתוך: בתי כנסת קדומים בארץ ישראל )עורך: צ. אילן(, משרד הבטחון, עמ' 813-123.
REM : T. Ilan recognized the bird as a partridge.
LN : ENG
XX : The southern area of the panel is damaged.

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 523  
(VIII) ID: 522 En Gedi synagogue, stratum II, nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 522 En Gedi synagogue, stratum II, nave panel, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi synagogue, stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail nave panel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
|
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Two pairs of birds decorate the central circle of the mosaic pavement of the nave. The upper pair is depicted in profile, each bird facing the other. The head of the bird on the left is raised slightly higher than that of the bird on the right. Each bird has an almond-shaped body, a long curved neck, long legs with three claws and a crest on its head.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 016
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015241
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
522
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
DCR : Birds
MAT : Tesserae Material: Limestome
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
REM : T. Ilan identifies the birds as carnes or ostrichs.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 522  


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