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(VIII) ID: 561 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, , Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 561 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, , Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Umm El Kanatir Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Umm El Kanatir
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Umm El Kanatir
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The stone is decorated with a standing eagle open its wings. The stone is in poor state of preservation.The head of the eagle is missing
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 041
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008406
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
561
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 34?
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-Carved.
RG : R.T. 1982
CO : The stone is in poor state of preservation.The head of the eagle is missing.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 561  
(VIII) ID: 560 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, Capital surmounting double colonnettes , Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 560 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, Capital surmounting double colonnettes , Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Umm El Kanatir Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Capital surmounting double colonnettes
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Umm El Kanatir
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Kazrin | Kazrin Museum
| 720
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Umm El Kanatir
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ovoloi |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The capital is decorated in the center with an eagle with spread wings. On both sides of the eagle a band of ovoloi is seen. On the left hand there are two rosettes (one above the other), one of ten petales and the other of eight petals), betwwn the two rosettes there is a row of three fluts. A band of leaves is seen on the right side of the capital. On the capital's side relief of two ovoloi one above the other, between them a separating line.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 039
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008405
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
560
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 58074
MH : 460
ML : 1030
MWI : 360
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-Carved.The eagle and the lions carved in high relief. then the wings.
RG : R.T. 1982
CO : The lowercpartof the eagle is missing.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 560  
(VIII) ID: 559 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, Capital surmounting double colonnettes , Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 559 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, Capital surmounting double colonnettes , Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Umm El Kanatir Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Capital surmounting double colonnettes
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Umm El Kanatir
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Kazrin | Kazrin Museum
| 720
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Umm El Kanatir
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle
Ovoloi
Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The capital is decorated in the center with an eagle with spread wings. On both sides of the eagle a band of ovoloi is seen. On the left hand there are two rosettes (one above the other), one of ten petales and the other of eight petals), between the two rosettes there is a row of three fluts. A band of leaves is seen on the right side of the capital. On the capital's side relief of two ovoloi one above the other, between them a separating line.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 038
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008405
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
559
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 58074
MH : 460
ML : 1030
MWI : 360
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-Carved.The eagle and the lions carved in high relief. then the wings.
RG : R.T. 1982
CO : The lowercpartof the eagle is missing.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 559  
(VIII) ID: 558 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, capital, Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 558 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, capital, Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Umm El Kanatir Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail capital
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Umm El Kanatir
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Kazrin | Kazrin Museum
|
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Umm El Kanatir
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Basket |
14 Category
17 Photographer H.U.
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Basket capital from the entrance portico.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 037
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008404
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
558
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 36
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-Carved.The eagle and the lions carved in high relief. then the wings.
RG : R.T. 1982
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 558  
(VIII) ID: 557 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, Arch, Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 557 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, Arch, Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Umm El Kanatir Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Arch
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Umm El Kanatir
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Kazrin | Kazrin Museum
|
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Umm El Kanatir
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer H.U.
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The arch is decorated with five strips. The lower strip carries row of round objects. The second strip carries flower buds. The third strip is decorated with zigzag pattern. The forth strip carries row of triangles. The fifth strip is decorated with three round objects similar to those on the lower strip. Triple leaf overlap small part of the three lower strips.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 036
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008403
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
557
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 34
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-Carved.The eagle and the lions carved in high relief. then the wings.
RG : R.T. 1982
CO : The stone is broken on both sides.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 557  
(VIII) ID: 556 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, synagogue, inside, Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 556 Umm El Kanatir Synagogue, synagogue, inside, Umm El Kanatir, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Umm El Kanatir Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail synagogue, inside
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 6th Century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Umm El Kanatir
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Umm El Kanatir
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 079035
20 Description The synagogue's building is orinted north-south with its facade on the south. Outside the entrance is a small portico with stone floor that is reached by three steps. The Main entrance was slightly to the east of the building central axis, probably in order to leave room to the Ark of Law inside. Above the lintel of the entrance found a relieving arch. The building was crowned with a gable topped by an eagle. A side entrance located on the western wall. The prayer hall has a central nave and three aisles. Two rows of columns parallel to the long walls and an addditional row parallel to the northern wall. The columns supported an archiraves. Near the southern wall there was Adicula of the ark.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 035
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008602
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
556
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : AN.
MED : Basalt stone
M : Synagogue
ML : 18.8
MWI : 13.8
MAT : Basalt## Carved
RG : R.B.A. 1993
CO : The synagogue is preserved to a height of several courses, pariticularly in the southern wall.
HIS : The arabic name of the site means "Mother of the arches" after a nymphaeum with two arches built over the spring,south of the Synagogue. The site discovered by L.Oliphant (1884), survayed by Schumacher (1885). A limited excavation conducted by H.Kohl and C.Vatzinger. The site was survayed by E.L. Sukenik (1932), and by Z.Ma'oz (1980).
BIB : Z.Maoz.,E.E. 1993:542.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 556  
(VIII) ID: 555 Taiyiba Synagogue, lintel, Unknown, 6th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 555 Taiyiba Synagogue, lintel, Unknown, 6th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Taiyiba Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Architectural fragment
Synagogue
3b Object Detail lintel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 6th Century CE (?)
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Wreath |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The center of the lintel is decorated with a wreath bound with a ribbon tied with Hercules knot and centered with a projecting boss.The wreath is flanking by two rosettes differ in the number and shape of their petals,while both are centered with projecting bosses. Flanking the composition at either end are schematic palm-branches. The entire complex is framed in three strips:egg-and-dart,cavatto and a plain strip.outside the frame two round projecting bosses.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 034
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008374
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
555
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 58091
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-carved
RG : R.T. 1982
CO : The stone is broken on the left corner.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 555  
(VIII) ID: 554 Rafid Synagogue, Ashlar block, Rafid, 4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 554 Rafid Synagogue, Ashlar block, Rafid, 4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Rafid Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Ashlar block
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Rafid
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Kazrin | Kazrin Museum
|
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The stone is decorated with a schematic incised bird. The bird's tail is long and stylized. The bird holds a wreath in the beak.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 033
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008373
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
554
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : 5135-28
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-incised.
RG : R.T. 1982
CO : The stone is broken on the left side and on the right corner.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 554  
(VIII) ID: 553 Rafid Synagogue, Syrian Gable , Rafid, 4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 553 Rafid Synagogue, Syrian Gable , Rafid, 4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Rafid Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Syrian Gable
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Rafid
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Kazrin | Kazrin Museum
|
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The syrian gable is decorated with an eagle below the vertex, an unidentify best (lion?) to the left ,and hindquarters of a lion to the right. The gable enclosing a conch framed by three decorated strips from bottom to top: guilloche, bead-and-reel and egg-and-dart.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 032
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008370
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
553
48 Temp: Addenda
ED : Stone
NNO : 58065
MH : 770
ML : 815
MWI : 410
MAT : Basalt Ashlar-Carved.The eagle and the lions carved in high relief. then the wings.
RG : R.T. 1982
CO : The stone is broken on the left side and on the right side.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 553  
(VIII) ID: 552 Japhia synagogue, The southernmost panel in the nave, above the circular panel., Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 552 Japhia synagogue, The southernmost panel in the nave, above the circular panel., Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail The southernmost panel in the nave, above the circular panel.
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description This panel depicts an eagle with outstretched wings.The eagle is frontal but its head and its tail are depcited in profile. The eagle stands on two pairs of volutes and between the volutes is the head of medusa (Forster,Goodenough)or Helios (Sukenik). This panel is enclosed in a simple frame of black lines.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 025
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006412
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
552
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.6
RG : T.M. 11.1983 & G.W. 8.1992
BIB : Sukenik E.L,"The Ancient Synagogue at Yafa near Nazreth-Preliminary Report",Bulletin of the L.M. Rabinowitz Fund II(1951),p.16,fig.5,pl. VII. Synagogues ,Bulletin II,Jerusalem 1951,p.16 fig 5,pl.VII.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 552  
(VIII) ID: 551 Japhia synagogue, Pedestal, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 551 Japhia synagogue, Pedestal, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Pedestal
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Abstract geometric |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The only remaining sections of the mosaic floor were recoverd in the southern aisle and the western part of the nave. The central nave was apparently decorated by diffrent mosaic panels. Only remains of the western-most panel survive. This panel depicts a circle with twelve circles within it. It is possible that this panel represent the zodiac wheel (Goodenough)or the symbols of the twelve tribes(Sukenik). Only two circles are extant and they depict a buffalo and beside it a fragmentary inscription ([Epr]raim?), and an ox. The space around the large outer circle was decorated with animal and floral designs. The western strip of the nave,above the western panel with the circle, was divided into different sized panels decorated with designs of plants and living creatures. There appear to have been five such panels originally but only the southern-most survives. It was preserved in its entirety.On it is a depiction of an eagle. The nave was surrounded by a double guilloche border. The floor of the south aisle was divided into geometric panels of different sizes each surrounded by a guilloch border. The intercolumnar spaces are decorated with geometric panels.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 023
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006409
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
551
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.3
RG : T.M. 10.1983 & G.W. 8.1992
BIB : Barag,D.,"Japhia",Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land,II(1976),pp.541-543. Sukenik,E.L.,"The Ancient Synagogue at Yafa near Nazareth-Preliminary Report",Bulletin of the L.M. Rabinowitz Fund II(1951),pp.15-24.
LN : ENG
XX : Most of the mosaic floor is badly damaged.

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 551  
(VIII) ID: 550 Japhia synagogue, The southernmost panel in the nave,above the circular panel. , Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 550 Japhia synagogue, The southernmost panel in the nave,above the circular panel. , Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail The southernmost panel in the nave,above the circular panel.
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description This panel depicts an eagle with outstretched wings.The eagle is frontal but its head and its tail are depcited in profile. The eagle stands on two pairs of volutes and between the volutes is the head of medusa(Forster,Goodenough)or Helios(Sukenik). This panel is enclosed in a simple frame of black lines.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 024
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006412
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
550
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.6
RG : T.M. 11.1983 & G.W. 8.1992
BIB : Sukenik E.L,"The Ancient Synagogue at Yafa near Nazreth-Preliminary Report",Bulletin of the L.M. Rabinowitz Fund II(1951),p.16,fig.5,pl. VII. Synagogues ,Bulletin II,Jerusalem 1951,p.16 fig 5,pl.VII.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 550  
(VIII) ID: 549 Japhia synagogue, South Aisle, The first panel on the west, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 549 Japhia synagogue, South Aisle, The first panel on the west, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail South Aisle, The first panel on the west
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Guilloche |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The first panel on the west of the south aisle was rectangular. It depicts a geometric carpet of squares formed by diagonal lines.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 022
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006410
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
549
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.4
NNO : 8224,8230
RG : T.M. 10.1983 & G.W. 8.1992
BIB : Sukenik,E.L.,"The Ancient Synagogue at Yafa near Nazareth-Preliminary Report",Bulletin of the L.M. Rabinowitz Fund II(1951),p.16.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 549  
(VIII) ID: 548 Japhia synagogue, , Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 548 Japhia synagogue, , Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 079021
20 Description The excavations established that the synagogue had stood on a peak to the north of the village and that only few remains had survived. The synagogue was basilical in plan: two rows of four columns devided the structure into a central nave and two lateral aisles. The columns stood on pedestals, had Attic bases and they were topped with Corinthian capitals. The synagogue pavement was decorated with mosaic pavement but only a few fragments of it were preserved.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 021
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006212
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
548
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
NO : An.1
RG : T.M. 10.1983 & G.W. 8.1992
HIS : Japhia an Arab village in the Lower Galilee,called Yafa,is situated about 2 kilometers soutwest of Nazaret.In the bible,Japhia is mentioned as one of of the cities of Zebulun (Joshua 19:12). The Place is apparently mentioned in the el-Amarna letters from the fourteenth century b.c. where it is called Iapu. During the Jewish War, Josephus Flavius strengthened the defenses of the city,whose inhabitants took an active part in the revolt (War II, 573. Life, 37). Josephus describes the site as the largest village in Galilee, very strongly fortified and containing a dense population (Life,45,230). Titus captured the city in the summer of 67 C.E. and killed most of its inhabitants (War III,289-306). There is no litterary information concerning Jewish settlement at Japhia after the destruction of the Second Temple. According to a late Cristian tradition, the apostle James,son of Zebedee, was born here. The location of the Roman-Byzantine city is certain. Sukenik dated the Synagogue towards the end of the third century C.E. beginning of the fourth. Guerin, who visited Japhia in the nineteen cetury reported about several columns and two underground systems that survived in the site from the old city. In 1921,L.H.Vincent published an article in which he described and illustrated two large carved stones which had been reused in the village. He identified those stones as lintels from an ancient synagogue of the third century C.E. In the summer of 1950,E.L.Sukenik and N.Avigad excavated the remains of the synagogue on behalf of the Hebrew University.
BIB : Barag,D.,"Japhia",Encyclopedia of Archeological Excavation in the Holy land,vol II(1976),pp.541-543. Sukenik,E.L.,"The Ancient Synagogue at Yafa near Nazareth-Preliminary Report",Bulletin of the L.M. Rabinowitz Fund II(1951),pp.6-15,fig.6.
LN : ENG
XX : z` z` v`

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 548  
(VIII) ID: 547 Japhia synagogue, synagogue mosaic, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 547 Japhia synagogue, synagogue mosaic, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail synagogue mosaic
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel)) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description This panel contained a large circle within which was another circle. In the space between the two circles were laid twelve small interlacing circles,of which two only remain in some damaged condition. One of these small circles,on the central axis of the floor is almost complete,and shows an ox facing to the right,one of his horns missing through damage to the upper part of the circle. The other small circle to the right is very badly broken.It shows the head of a horned animal,facing left,and two of its feet. Above the animal's head appear three Hebrew letters("raim"),with traces of a fourth letter preceding. According to Sukenik we have here presumable the end of the word Ephraim- one the twelve tribes,whose symbol is here taken to be wild ox . If this be so,we may assume that the damaged portion of the other circle formerly contained the word "Menasseh",symbolized here by an ox.> Both these small interlacing circles are framed by plain strips. The outer circle was surrounded by a guilloche border. Of the inner circle only a small fragment of the guilloche border remains,and above it a triangle between two small circles of the tribes. In the triangular spaces between the small circles and the border of the big circle,dolphins are portrayed.One dolphin is complete,the other is destroyed,except for its tail.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 019
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006413
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
547
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.7
NNO : 8333
RG : T.M. 10.1983 & G.W. 8.1992
BIB : Sukenik,E.L."The Ancient Synagogue at Yafa near Nazareth-Preliminary Report",Bulletin of the L.M. Rabinowitz Fund II(1951),p.17,fig.5,pl. VIII,IX.
REM : This panel presented a depiction similar to the zodiacs discovered in synagogues at Na'aran,Beth Alpha,Hammat Tiberias ext'. The excavators believed that it was not the signs of the zodiac that were portrayed here but the symbols of the twelve tribes. G.Forster supports the opinion of the excavators. D.Barag do not accept the excavators opinion because the description (in the small circles)is not in keeping with that in the Midrash(Bmidbar Rabba,82),were the ox is the symbol of Ephraim,and the buffalo the symbol of Menasseh. E.R.Goodenough claimed that the zodiac cycle is represented here. Barag finds it difficult to accept the opinion of Goodenough,too.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 547  
(VIII) ID: 546 Japhia synagogue, synagogue mosaic, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 546 Japhia synagogue, synagogue mosaic, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail synagogue mosaic
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ram |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description This panel contained a large circle within which was another circle. In the space between the two circles were laid twelve small interlacing circles,of which two only remain in some damaged condition. One of these small circles,on the central axis of the floor is almost complete,and shows an ox facing to the right,one of his horns missing through damage to the upper part of the circle. The other small circle to the right is very badly broken.It shows the head of a horned animal,facing left,and two of its feet. Above the animal's head appear three Hebrew letters("raim"),with traces of a fourth letter preceding. According to Sukenik we have here presumable the end of the word Ephraim- one the twelve tribes,whose symbol is here taken to be wild ox . If this be so,we may assume that the damaged portion of the other circle formerly contained the word "Menasseh",symbolized here by an ox.> Both these small interlacing circles are framed by plain strips. The outer circle was surrounded by a guilloche border. Of the inner circle only a small fragment of the guilloche border remains,and above it a triangle between two small circles of the tribes. In the triangular spaces between the small circles and the border of the big circle,dolphins are portrayed.One dolphin is complete,the other is destroyed,except for its tail.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 020
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006413
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
546
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An.7
NNO : 8333
RG : T.M. 10.1983 & G.W. 8.1992
BIB : Sukenik,E.L."The Ancient Synagogue at Yafa near Nazareth-Preliminary Report",Bulletin of the L.M. Rabinowitz Fund II(1951),p.17,fig.5,pl. VIII,IX.
REM : This panel presented a depiction similar to the zodiacs discovered in synagogues at Na'aran,Beth Alpha,Hammat Tiberias ext'. The excavators believed that it was not the signs of the zodiac that were portrayed here but the symbols of the twelve tribes. G.Forster supports the opinion of the excavators. D.Barag do not accept the excavators opinion because the description (in the small circles)is not in keeping with that in the Midrash(Bmidbar Rabba,82),were the ox is the symbol of Ephraim,and the buffalo the symbol of Menasseh. E.R.Goodenough claimed that the zodiac cycle is represented here. Barag finds it difficult to accept the opinion of Goodenough,too.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 546  
(VIII) ID: 545 Japhia synagogue, Lintel, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 545 Japhia synagogue, Lintel, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Lintel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Menorah
Flower |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description This stone depicts a seven branched candelstick on a three legged base. It is flanked by two incised geometric rosettes.The two narroe sides and the top of the lintel are carved in profile.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 018
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006587
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
545
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (R.B.) 10.1983 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 545  
(VIII) ID: 544 Japhia synagogue, Corinthian capital, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 544 Japhia synagogue, Corinthian capital, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Corinthian capital
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description This capital bears teo rows of acanhus leaves and volutes emerging from the caliculi:whiciare olso adorned with acanthus leaves.The carved head of a lion project from one side of the abacus and there are traces of similar carvings on the other three sides.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 016
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006589
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
544
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (R.B.) 10.1983 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 544  
(VIII) ID: 543 Japhia synagogue, Corinthian capital, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 543 Japhia synagogue, Corinthian capital, Japhia, 3rd-4th Century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Japhia synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail Corinthian capital
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 3rd-4th Century CE (?)
6 Period Late Roman (132-324) ,Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Japhia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Japhia
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion
Acanthus Leaf |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

This capital bears two rows of acanhus leaves and volutes emerging from the caliculi; whiciare also adorned with acanthus leaves. The carved head of a lion project from one side of the abacus and there are traces of similar carvings on the other three sides.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 017
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006589
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
543
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (R.B.) 10.1983 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 543  
(VIII) ID: 542 En Nashut Synagogue, General view, Unknown, 5th century CE edit view
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 542 En Nashut Synagogue, General view, Unknown, 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Nashut Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail General view
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
4c Maker Detail
5 Date 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The prayer hall was divided into nave and two aisles,by six columns (tree on each row) resting on pedestals.Three tiered benches lined all four walls. The floor was paved by light coloured plaster.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 012
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007602
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
542
48 Temp: Addenda
Addenda:
NO : AN.
MED : Basalt stone
M : Synagogue
ML : 12.5
MWI : 11.3
MAT : Basalt## Carved
RG : R.T. 1983 & R.B.A. 1993
BIB : Z.Maoz.,B.A 51,pp.116-128.
LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 542  


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