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Obj. ID: 8943
Jewish Architecture
  Wooden Beit Midrash in Rozalimas, Lithuania

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Kravtsov, Sergey, 2004

The beit midrash is a wooden structure; its exterior clearly shows the interior division of space into a prayer hall and women’s section. The building has preserved its basic original form. The beit midrash is a rectangular log structure on a masonry foundation. Its log walls are reinforced with vertical posts and not protected with side planks. The rectangular structure is elongated on a northwest-southeast axis, and is 16.19 m by 11.62 m and about 7.78 m high above the foundation. The interior space comprises the prayer hall in the southeast, and a group of rooms, including the women’s section above it, in the northwest. The original partition wall between the prayer hall and the rooms on the northwest is still preserved. The prayer hall is rectangular (11.2 m x 10.5 m); it was lit by two pairs of rectangular windows in the southeastern wall and by three more in each of the southwestern and northeastern walls. The Torah ark stood in the middle of the southeastern wall, and the bimah was situated in the center of the prayer hall. All these elements are lost, as well as the original flat ceiling, and the hall is currently split into two floors with a new deck. The ground floor of the northwestern part of the building is currently divided into two chambers. The women’s section was situated in the first floor above it. The women’s section and the prayer hall were spanned with a common flat ceiling. The women’s section was lit by smaller rectangular windows, original location of which can only be surmised due to multiple later reconstructions. Two entrances to the beit midrash were probably originally situated in the northern part of the northeastern and northwestern façades. A new doorway was opened in the northeastern façade and a new gateway inserted in the northwestern one. The beit midrash has a half-hipped roof of a queen-post construction, covered with asbestos sheets. The northwestern and southeastern trapezoid gables are nailed with vertical planks.

After WW II the building served as a storage space; an annex of asbestos sheets was attached to its southwestern side and part of the southwestern wall is bricked over with white silicate bricks.

Summary and Remarks

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Name/Title
Wooden Beit Midrash in Rozalimas | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1880-1881
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
After 1945
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Šiauliai County | Rozalimas
| 2 Salomėjos Nėries St.
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius: VIlnius Academy of Art Press, 2010-12)

CJA documentation;

Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997) p. 31;

Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 141;

Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996), p. 632;

Marija Rupeikienė, "Medinės Lietuvos sinagogos," in Alfredas Jomantas (ed.), Medinė architektūra Lietuvoje (Vilnius, 2002), p. 77 with ills at the end of the book;

Hamelits, no. 40, 25, October 1881, p. 822

Type
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |