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  (XI) Obj. ID: 8920 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė,, Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820?. // Unknown edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780 - 1820?
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Viršulytė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19 Remarks
20 Description

The Great Synagogue was built in the late 18th to early 19th century, likely between 1780 and 1820 during the years when rabbi Ḥaim Perelmuter was in service. The synagogue was documented by Karol Kamiński in 1857. His drawings show a rectangular building with an almost square prayer hall with twelve windows; its floor is lower than that of the vestibule and accessed via four stairs. The Torah ark is situated in a niche on the middle pier of the eastern wall, and the octagonal bimah placed in the center of the hall. The main entrance in the middle of the western façade leads to the vestibule. On both sides of the vestibule there are staircases leading to the women’s section on the first floor. The photographs taken in the 1930s and in 1940 show a two-story building, covered with a tin mansard roof, with one-story annexes attached to its northern and southern façades.

These annexes do not appear in Kamiński’s drawing, however, they are likely to have been constructed between 1857 and 1889 as they appear on the 1889 scheme of the shulhoyf.

The main, western façade, was crowned by a two-tiered gable. Stepped pilasters divided the façade and the lower tier of the gable into five symmetrical bays. On the ground floor, there was a round-headed doorway in the central bay and a round-headed window in each of the four lateral bays. The first floor windows were round-headed, except for the central semicircular window, which had a depressed panel beneath it. The gable had three semicircular windows in its lower tier and one central semicircular window above them. Stepped moulded cornices surmounted the façade and the first tier of the gable. The volutes of the gable and the triangular pediment, as well as stepped pilasters and cornices of the five-partite façade, place the building within the tradition of 18th-century Baroque synagogues of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The eastern (back) façade contains four round-headed windows arranged on each side of the wide central pier correspondent to the interior location of the Torah ark. The gable is separated from the wall by a cornice, and is divided by two interim stringcourses into three tiers. Three blind semicircular niches, the middle of which contains a rectangular window, are set in its lower tier. Its second tier is pierced with an oculus. The southern and northern façades are similar to each other. In the eastern part, corresponding to the prayer hall, there were four round-headed windows set in molded frames with keystones in the upper tier, while the lower tier was concealed by the annexes. In the western part of the southern and northern façades, a pair of round-headed windows lit the women’s section on the first floor. On the ground floor there was a pair of windows on the southern façade, and a door with a rectangular window on the northern façade. The side façades are crowned with a molded cornice with a frieze composed of stucco rectangles and squares. All the round-headed windows of the building have lead glazing with Stars of David inserted into the top parts of the frames. The northern and southern annexes were modest structures, but had elaborate western facades: they were framed with corner pilasters and crowned with a gable. The lower tier of these façades included coupled round-headed windows; the gable protruding above the tin lean-to roof was pierced by an oculus. The side facades of the annexes had rectangular door and window openings. According to the memoirs of Ḥanokh Vitberg, one of the annexes housed a small prayer room, called a kloyzl.

A preserved photograph from 1929 apparently shows the upper carved wooden part of the kloyzl’s Torah ark: two rampant lions hold the Tablets of the Law topped with the Torah crown. According to the caption of the photograph, the ark was made ca. 1901, what could be affirmed by the appearance of the Stars of David on the tablets, which is a late feature.

In the Soviet period, the synagogue was rebuilt, the layout was altered and rectangular windows were installed instead of the former round-headed ones. A new first floor annex on the western façade bridged between the building and the former beit midrash at 4 Kauno St.; another extension was attached to the eastern façade. On the exterior, the pilasters on the western façade and the rectangular panels under the windows have survived. The interior was destroyed; only some fragments of pilasters and marks of round-headed openings have survived.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12)
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
8920
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (10 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 75273 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75273 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780 - 1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Viršulytė, Aistė
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A334708
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75273
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75274 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75274 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780 - 1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A334709
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75274
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75275 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75275 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780 - 1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A334710
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75275
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75276 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75276 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780 - 1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kazakauskaitė, Evelina
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A334711
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75276
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75280 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75280 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780-1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Česonytė, Kornelija
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A334800
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75280
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75281 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75281 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780-1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Česonytė, Kornelija
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A334803
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75281
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75282 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75282 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780-1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Česonytė, Kornelija
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A334804
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75282
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75283 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75283 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780-1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Česonytė, Kornelija
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A334805
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75283
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 75284 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 75284 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, , Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780-1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780-1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Česonytė, Kornelija
18 Photograph Date 2006
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. A334806
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
75284
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 232891 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, View from southwest, Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 232891 Great Synagogue in Marijampolė, View from southwest, Marijampolė (Mariampol), 1780 - 1820? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Marijampolė | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail View from southwest
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1780 - 1820?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė (Mariampol)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Kaunas | National M.K.Čiurlionis Art Museum
| NMKCDM, Neg. Nr.17833
10 Location Lithuania | Marijampolė County | Marijampolė
| 1 Senoji St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Baroque|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 1930s
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A09873
20 Description

The Great Synagogue was built in the late 18th to early 19th century, likely between 1780 and 1820 during the years when rabbi Ḥaim Perelmuter was in service. The synagogue was documented by Karol Kamiński in 1857. His drawings show a rectangular building with an almost square prayer hall with twelve windows; its floor is lower than that of the vestibule and accessed via four stairs. The Torah ark is situated in a niche on the middle pier of the eastern wall, and the octagonal bimah placed in the center of the hall. The main entrance in the middle of the western façade leads to the vestibule. On both sides of the vestibule there are staircases leading to the women’s section on the first floor. The photographs taken in the 1930s and in 1940 show a two-story building, covered with a tin mansard roof, with one-story annexes attached to its northern and southern façades.

These annexes do not appear in Kamiński’s drawing, however, they are likely to have been constructed between 1857 and 1889 as they appear on the 1889 scheme of the shulhoyf.

The main, western façade, was crowned by a two-tiered gable. Stepped pilasters divided the façade and the lower tier of the gable into five symmetrical bays. On the ground floor, there was a round-headed doorway in the central bay and a round-headed window in each of the four lateral bays. The first floor windows were round-headed, except for the central semicircular window, which had a depressed panel beneath it. The gable had three semicircular windows in its lower tier and one central semicircular window above them. Stepped moulded cornices surmounted the façade and the first tier of the gable. The volutes of the gable and the triangular pediment, as well as stepped pilasters and cornices of the five-partite façade, place the building within the tradition of 18th-century Baroque synagogues of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The eastern (back) façade contains four round-headed windows arranged on each side of the wide central pier correspondent to the interior location of the Torah ark. The gable is separated from the wall by a cornice, and is divided by two interim stringcourses into three tiers. Three blind semicircular niches, the middle of which contains a rectangular window, are set in its lower tier. Its second tier is pierced with an oculus. The southern and northern façades are similar to each other. In the eastern part, corresponding to the prayer hall, there were four round-headed windows set in molded frames with keystones in the upper tier, while the lower tier was concealed by the annexes. In the western part of the southern and northern façades, a pair of round-headed windows lit the women’s section on the first floor. On the ground floor there was a pair of windows on the southern façade, and a door with a rectangular window on the northern façade. The side façades are crowned with a molded cornice with a frieze composed of stucco rectangles and squares. All the round-headed windows of the building have lead glazing with Stars of David inserted into the top parts of the frames. The northern and southern annexes were modest structures, but had elaborate western facades: they were framed with corner pilasters and crowned with a gable. The lower tier of these façades included coupled round-headed windows; the gable protruding above the tin lean-to roof was pierced by an oculus. The side facades of the annexes had rectangular door and window openings. According to the memoirs of Ḥanokh Vitberg, one of the annexes housed a small prayer room, called a kloyzl.

A preserved photograph from 1929 apparently shows the upper carved wooden part of the kloyzl’s Torah ark: two rampant lions hold the Tablets of the Law topped with the Torah crown. According to the caption of the photograph, the ark was made ca. 1901, what could be affirmed by the appearance of the Stars of David on the tablets, which is a late feature.

///ID/19465/

In the Soviet period, the synagogue was rebuilt, the layout was altered and rectangular windows were installed instead of the former round-headed ones. A new first floor annex on the western façade bridged between the building and the former beit midrash at 4 Kauno St.; another extension was attached to the eastern façade. On the exterior, the pilasters on the western façade and the rectangular panels under the windows have survived. The interior was destroyed; only some fragments of pilasters and marks of round-headed openings have survived.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
232891
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a