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  (XI) Obj. ID: 6712 Torah finials ,, Afghanistan, 1978. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1987
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 214-1,3,4,5; 209-38,39
19 Remarks
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6712
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_1318:MED__:__Metal:NNO__:__214-1,3,4,5##209-_38,39:MH___:__347(overall)_140(shaft):MWI__:__115(overall):MD___:__24(shaft):MAT__:__Silver##Chased,_engraved:TYP__:__OR:RG___:__M_S__11_1987:LN___:__ENG=&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (12 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 48025 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48025 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1987
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S051808.jpg
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48025
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48026 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48026 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1987
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-38
19a Scan No. S051681
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48026
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48027 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48027 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1987
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-39
19a Scan No. S051682
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48027
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48028 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48028 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1987
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 214-1
19a Scan No. S051805
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48028
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48029 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48029 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1987
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 214-3
19a Scan No. S051807
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48029
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48030 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48030 Torah finials , , Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1987
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 214-5
19a Scan No. S051809
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48030
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48031 Torah finials , Description, Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48031 Torah finials , Description, Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-38
19a Scan No. S115009
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48031
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48032 Torah finials , Description, Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48032 Torah finials , Description, Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-38
19a Scan No. S115010
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48032
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48033 Torah finials , Description, Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48033 Torah finials , Description, Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-38
19a Scan No. S115011
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48033
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48034 Torah finials , Field documentation, Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48034 Torah finials , Field documentation, Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-38
19a Scan No. S115006
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48034
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48035 Torah finials , Field documentation, Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48035 Torah finials , Field documentation, Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-38
19a Scan No. S115007
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48035
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 48036 Torah finials , Description (Aleph), Afghanistan, 1978 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 48036 Torah finials , Description (Aleph), Afghanistan, 1978 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1978
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Afghanistan
|
8 Community Afghanistan
|
9 Collection Israel | Hulon | Sc_008
| 9
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Magen David
Menorah
Architectonic motif
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Buildings
Western Wall (Kotel) הכותל המערבי |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 209-38
19a Scan No. S115008
20 Description

The flat tulip-shaped finial consists of a shaft and a body. 
The cylindrical tapering shaft is decorated with a net of rhombuses enclosing flowers. The upper and lower borders are encircled by a foliate ring. The shaft is surmounted by a globular capital decorated with a pattern of scales. 
The flat body is inscribed and decorated on both sides; on top is a Star of David enclosing the word Zion, on the front Magen Zion (the shield of Zion), on the back, below the star are depictions of two sites: in front is the Western Wall topped by a palm tree, and flanked by two structures, representing the Temple-site and Solomon's School (Midrash Shlomo). Behind it is a walled city, inscribed "Simeon", representing the city of Shechem (Nablus). Below the inscription on the front is the sign of the tribe Reuben, represented as a rising sun and inscribed "Reuben", while on the back beneath the inscription is the seven-branched menorah (see: Remarks: nos. 1, 2).  
The Hebrew inscriptions are engraved in linear characters. The front is inscribed with Jacob's blessing to Joseph and sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (Gen. 49:22; 48:16; with some misspellings):


"בן פורת יו/סף בן פורת ע/לי אין (עין) (בראשית מט:כב) המל(א)ך הגו/אל  ייתי (אותי) מכל רע/ יברך את הנערים/ ויקר(א) בכם (בהם) שמי ושר (ושם) [אבותי]/ אב/רהם  יצחק וידגו לר(ב) בק/רב הארץ (בראשית מח: טז).

are misspelled, 

The back encloses a dedicatory inscription:

"לעילוי/ נשמת אבא יוסף/ בן מרחי פטירתו כ"ד/ לחודש טבת תשל"ח/ תל אביב ישראל תנצבה (תהא נשמתו צרורה בצרור החיים)/ מנוחתו בגן עדן"


"For the exaltation of the soul of Abba Joseph, Ben Marhi, who passed away on the 24th of the month of Tevet (5)738 (3.1.1978) Tel Aviv, Israel, may his soul be bound in the bond of life, May he rest in Eden."

A band formed by a running almond-shaped (boteh) pattern, frames both inscriptions. Chains are suspended from the body's rim and the globular capital, carrying flattened and slit drop-shaped bells.

 

Remarks:

  1. The rationale for choosing to depict two particular Tribes: Reuben and Simeon, is not clear. We do know that the visual depiction of the signs of the Tribes of Israel appeared in Jewish art, at the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, as part of the Zionist movement. A similar phenomenon is seen among the Bukharian and the Mountain Jews (Caucasus), who share common origins and a similar Persian cultural environment. For example see the group of finials from Kubachi in Dagestan (Sc. 477-4). For further reading on the depiction of the Tribes in Jewish Art see: Amar, The Tribes, Lexical Definition; Amar, L'art et L'artiste, 163-197. The Depiction of the Tribes in the Persian Jewish environment, cf. Amar, "Crown, Quill, and Crest" pp. 52 – 53, 62.
  1. The depiction of the Western Wall as a bricked wall flanked by two domes and topped by a palm tree, is a local visual interpretation of the holy site, as was customarily illustrated in Eretz Israel during the nineteenth century. The cypresses were replaced by a palm tree, and the structures, representing Midrash Shlomo and the Temple site, were depicted as two ordinary buildings. A similar depiction, identified and inscribed "כתל מערבי" "Western Wall", is depicted on Afghani ritual objects, made in the same period as two drinking bowls (Hanegbi, Afghanistan,pp.172 – 173, figs. 73, 74). For a similar visual convention see, Fisher, "Omanut ha-me'ah ha- teshah esre, be'eretz Israel" in Omanut ve-umanut, Jerusalem, 1979, pp. 96 – 100.  
  2. The inscriptions on both finials are similar, and are crudely engraved including errors and misspelled words. It seems that the silversmith who engraved the inscriptions copied them without understanding their meaning; the words are at times not divided correctly or the letters are incorrect. These errors may indicate the work of a non-Jewish silversmith or Jewish artisans unfamiliar with the Hebrew language. 
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration chased, engraved
25c Material Bonding screwed, soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001318
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48036
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a