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  (XI) Obj. ID: 66 NLI Moshe ben Avraham Pescarolo Esther Scroll,, Ferrara, 1616. // Pescarol (Pescarolo), Moshe ben Abraham edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title NLI Moshe ben Avraham Pescarolo Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Pescarol (Pescarolo), Moshe ben Abraham (Scribe and artist)
5 Date 1616
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy | Emilia Romagna | Ferrara
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Illustration
Floral motif
Animals and Beasts
Vase with flowers
Ornament |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

One of three currently known lavishly illustrated scroll produced by Moshe ben Avraham Pescarolo. The opening part of the scroll is trimmed into a conical shape on which the inscription in Hebrew is inscribed (see ID 2739). The rectangular text panels are surrounded by a variety of decorative motifs. The upper margins are filled with figurative scenes depicting the narrative of the Book of Esther supplemented with Midrashic tales that are within rectangular frames. They are captioned in Hebrew with the short quotations from the Book of Esther or clear references to this text. They are separated by stylized herms, resembling male or female half figures, standing on a pedestal of inverted volutes. The lower margins - that are narrower than the upper ones - are decorated with panels containing foliate scrolls some with animals, hybrids, birds, butterflies, fruit, and floral motifs. The text panels are interspersed with a repeating floral motif that is a floral branch which extends upright from a vase standing at the bottom of each margin. All details are framed in variegated panels.

The scroll is mounted on a wooden handle.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Book of Esther in Hebrew
24 Codicology

The scroll is composed of 6 sheets, 29 text columns of inconsistent text space (98-117) x (70-80) mm, 15 lines per most columns. Written in light brown ink on the flesh side, in square Italo-Sefardic script.

Membranes are stitched.

Ruling by stylus including 2 vertical lines and 15 horizontal lines. Additional ruling for the frames by plummet and ink. Pricking is not discernible.

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 261-274 mm
26b Length 4285 mm
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon

The colophon is written on the bottom of column 29 within a blue panel: "מעשה ידי צעיר זעיר משה בכמה"ר(בן כבוד מורנו הרב רבי)אברהם פשקרול זלהה ש’ע’ז’ פה קרית פירארה" "Made by the young Moses son of our honored teacher Rabbi Abraham here in the city of Ferrara, 1616". The family name of the artist-scribe has several spellings: Pascarolo, Pascarol ("פַּשְׂקַרוֹל"), Piscarol, Pescarolo, Poscarel, Poscarela, Pescaroli, Pescaraolo. See M. Mortara, Indice alfabetico dei rabbini e scrittori Israeliti, Padova 1886, p. 49.

31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

For two other scrolls decorated by the same artist see IDs 35193 and 36155.

In literature different spellings of the surname can be found; the most popular are Pescarol and Pescarolo.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Hebrew inscription of one of the owners of the manuscript (Mordecai Joseph son of Eliyahu Ha-Levi from Brescello) opens the scroll.

Acquisited in 1983.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Bibliography lists the publications on all three currently known megillot Esther made by Moshe ben Avraham Pescarolo:

Florence Mansano Soulam, בסוד מגילותיו של הסופר-המאייר משה בן אברהם פשקרול: ניתוח מגילות פשקרול בתוך
הקונטקסט ההיסטורי של איטליה בראשית המאה השבע-עשרה [Unveiling the Secrets of the Scrolls of Moshe Pescarolo Scribe and Artist. An Analysis of Pescarolo’s Scrolls in the Historical Context of Italy in the Early 17th Century], doctoral dissertation: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2006.

Dagmara Budzioch, Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megillot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki, Warsaw 2019, 1:89-92.

Dagmara Budzioch, Midrashic Tales in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-century Illustrated Esther Scrolls, "Kwartalnik Historii Żydów” 2017, no 3 (263), 405–422, esp. 408, 410, 411, 414, 415.

Dagmara Budzioch, Italian Origins of the Decorated Scrolls of Esther, "Kwartalnik Historii Żydów" 2016, no 1 (257), 35–49, esp. 40–43.

Mendel Metzger, The John Rylands Megillah and Some Other Illustrated Megilloth of the 15th to 17th Centuries, "Bulletin of the John Rylands Library" 1962 (45), 148–184, esp. 166–171.

A Spectacular 400 Year-Old Scroll of Esther available on https://blog.nli.org.il/en/book-of-esther-ferrera/ (accessed on 16.10.2020).

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original Object
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
66
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&batch=0007&batch_num=099&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Tova Szeintuch 29.1.2017 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

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Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 2743 NL Pescarolo Esther Scroll, Col. 4, Ferrara, 1616 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 2743 NL Pescarolo Esther Scroll, Col. 4, Ferrara, 1616 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title NL Pescarolo Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail Col. 4
4a Artist/ Maker Pescarol (Pescarolo), Moshe ben Abraham (Illuminator,Scribe)
5 Date 1616
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Emilia Romagna | Ferrara
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | National Library of Israel (NLI)
| Ms. Heb. 4° 197/89
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Vashti's banquet (Es. 1:9) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 007088
20 Description

In the center of the panel, the crowned Queen Vashti, wearing a necklace and a sophisticated dress, is sitting on a high-backed chair at a long table with plates, bowls, goblets (?), forks, and a knife. On her both sides are two fashionable dressed ladies, with earings and their curly hair-dress is adorned with flowers. Above them a Hebrew inscription is visible: "גם ושתי המלכה / עשתה משתה נשים" - "Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women" (Es. 1:9).

In the section of the right-side panel below the floral decoration, a running rabbit is placed against a green ground.

In the lower frame, on both sides of a central butterfly, two heraldic long-tailed birs are standing on leaved branches.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
007088
45 Temp: Batch Number
007 | 088
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003954
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2743
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Ms.344$$15
:MED : Parchment
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a