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Obj. ID: 62
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  JHI Birds Esther Scroll, Austria (?), 18th century

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

The text panels are framed by decorated borders on the upper and lower margins filled with floral decoration and birds such as parrots, goldfinches, and a stork or a heron. Probably an armorial device of Austria of a double-headed eagle with a shield on its chest is set above the first text illustration. The tendrils along the top border are interrupted by two episodes from the Book of Esther (above cols. 5 and 7). The text panels are flanked by 11 text illustrations set within oval panels. Additionally, the section listing the names of Haman's sons (col. 10) is decorated with a hanging scene in a panel set within the text column; it is followed by a figure of lamenting Zeresh (Haman's wife). The scroll ends with a depiction of a man in a sophisticated attire and stylized acanthus leaves. All illustrations and decorations are executed in ink and painted with colorful tempera.

17 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
JHI Birds Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
2nd quarter of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Austria
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
324-333 mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The scroll is crumpled and dirty, especially the first sheet. The ink of the text has partly flaked off in some columns.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0–  Coordinates: 0.000000, 0.000000
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Book of Esther in Hebrew
Codicology

The scroll consists of 4 membranes with 11 columns and 26-27 lines per column, except for the col. 10 with the names of Haman's ten sons which are written in 11 lines, in a larger script. The first membrane contains 2 columns, and each of 3 other membranes contains 3 columns of the text.

The text column is (209-222) x (107-185) mm and the col. 10 with the names of Haman's sons is 221 x 121 mm.

The text is inscribed on the flesh side in square Ashkenazi stam script, in dark and light brown ink. The ruling is made by a stylus and contains 26-29 horizontal lines ruled across the width of the membranes, and 1+1 vertical lines for each column.

Pricking is discernible on the top and bottom margins and on the opening edge of the scroll.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

The membranes are glued and reinforced with leather patches on the glued edges. A piece of parchment was sewn to the fourth sheet (that is the last sheet in the scroll) to complete the illustration.

The edges on both ends of the scroll are cut straight.

Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available on http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

It seems that until ca. 1932, the scroll belonged to the collection of Sally Kirschstein in Berlin.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
The former shelfmarks 192, L81-5 (on a sticker), 6714 and B-409 are written on the back side of the opening edge of the scroll, at the bottom. Transferred to the Jewish Historical Institute Museum in 1948 from the Central Storage of the MKiS (Ministry of Culture and Art), in Narozyn, in the Klodzko region in the county of Wroclaw (Jewish Historical Institute Museum card, November 24th, 1988). Museum No. C-254/2.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Marian Fuks, Zygmunt Hoffman, Maurycy Horn, Żydzi polscy. Dzieje i kultura, Warszawa 1982, 102 (a fragment of the scroll is reproduced).

Iwona Brzewska, Magdalena Sieramska, Katalog, rzemiosło artystyczne, [in:] Muzeum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego. Zbiory artystyczne, Auriga Wydawnictwa Artystyczne i Filmowe Warszawa 1995, 34, figs. 58, 59.

Die Judaica-Sammlung S. Kirschstein Berlin. Kultgeräte für Haus und Synagoge, Manuskripte, Gemälde, Miniaturen, Graphik, Urkunden, Bücher. Versteigerung in der Galerie Hugo Helbing München (...) [12–14 Juli 1932]. Ausstellung in der Galerie Hugo Helbing München (...) [8–11 Juli 1932], München 1932, p. 11, object no. 188.

Mendel Metzger, Die Illustration einiger Midraschim zum Buche Esther in der Jüdischen Kunst, „Das neue Israel”, 566–567.

Juedisches Lexikon, Berlin 1980, B. IV/I, color plate by the title page.

Dagmara Budzioch, Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megillot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki, Warszawa 2019, 1:248-272, 2:17-26.

Jewish Historical Institute Museum card no. C-254/2.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katsir; Dagmara Budzioch | 1994; 2019
Researcher
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katsir, Dagmara Budzioch | 1994; 2019
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
|
Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.