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Obj. ID: 58
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  JHI Blue-Red Esther Scroll, Ancona (?), second half of the 18th century

© The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI), Photographer: Kwolek, Grzegorz, 09.2017

The scroll opens with a benediction sheet framed by the same ornamentation as the megillah itself. The text panels along all the membranes are framed by stenciled repeating decorations. They are composed of "white" (in reality it is the color of the parchment) pairs of stylized birds and floral motifs (only some elements of them are painted in blue, red, or gold), and gold palmettes. The background of the sections is alternately painted in red or blue. The scroll ends with a decorative cartouche with a coat of arms with a double-headed eagle. Another family emblem in a decorative cartouche is partly preserved on the right edge of the first membrane; probably it is a rampant lion turned to the left, with a palm (?) branch or a lulav in its forelegs.

The scroll is mounted on a wooden roller.

10 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
JHI Blue-Red Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
2nd half of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Italy | Marche | Ancona
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
251-260 mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The opening edge of the scroll is damaged. Parts of the text and decoration have flaked off. The first sheet (at the center of col. 3) is torn and was partly sewn up. A part of the second sheet is missing.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0–  Coordinates: 0.000000, 0.000000
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew preceded by the benedictions recited before and after the megillah reading, followed by a liturgical poem for Purim קוראי מגלה ("Korei megillah")

Codicology

The scroll consists of 8 membranes with 24 columns (3 columns per each membrane). 15 lines per column, except for the benedictions that are inscribed in 16 lines.

The column text space is (152-153) x (169-177) mm, except for col. 1 that is 147 x 171 mm and col. 3: 151 X 172 mm. The column with the section listing the names of Haman's sons: 153 x 177 mm. The text with decoration is 99-107 mm heigh.

Written on the flesh side in a square Italian script in dark brown ink. The piyyut is written in 8 lines in a smaller script and the names of Haman's sons are written in 11 lines in a larger script.

Ruling by a stylus on the flesh side; includes 15 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines per column that are barely visible. Pricking is not discernible.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
יעקב הכהן יצ"ו גרדיש ת"ו
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

The scroll is mounted on a wooden roller. The upper part of the handle is partly broken. The sheets are sewn together by a leather thread. 

Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available on http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

The ornamentation of the scroll shows a close relationship with several other decorated scrolls and ketubbot; see e.g. the scroll 36, Klau Library, Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati. On the basis of the latter, the manuscripts can be dated to the 2nd half of the 18th century and connected with artists active in Ancona and/or Lugo.  

For a related scroll in the Index see ID 37889.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Col. 2: Owner's inscription within a cartouche: "Jacob Ha-Cohen, Gardish (?)". The name Jacob is written on the erased name, Isaac, which is still discernible underneath. אדר Opening edge: the former shelfmark, 6012, is written on the back side. There is no new shelfmark. The scroll was probably transferred to the Jewish Historical Institute Museum in 1948 from the Central Storage of the Ministry of Culture and Art in Marozyn in the Klodzko region, Wroclaw county. Col. 22: the word "Adar" was later added to the top left corner by another hand in light brown ink.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Dagmara Budzioch, The Decorated Esther Scrolls from the Museum of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw and the Tradition of Megillot Esther Decoration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – An Outline [Polish: Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megillot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki], Warsaw 2019, 1:135, 2:11-16.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katzir; Dagmara Budzioch | 1994, 2020
Researcher
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katsir; Dagmara Budzioch | 1994, 2019, 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.